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reasons for this custom, which certainly | Leipsic, and may be considered as either has prevailed in most nations, even the the commencement of a new series, or a most polished as well as the barbarous, at continuation of the former, as the twentydifferent times. On the other hand, good fifth volume. The work cousists of origireasons are given for placing the restraints nal memoirs, chiefly of a practical nature ; to which the sex ought to submit, rather and of translations of valuable articles from on their minds than on their persons ; and foreign papers. for producing the most powerful effects, The Society for Encouragement of Arts rather by the operation of excellent prin- and Trades at Hamburgh, has published at ciples implanted, than by the jealousies its own expense, Ueberdas Bunuesen, &c. of perpetual imprisonment. The benefits | A Memoir on the Art of Construction, and received by allowing liberty to the female
on the Method of directing the Construcsex, are very reconcileable with the preser. tion of Public Buildings and Public Works vation of their own honour and that of in general, in a manner at once economical their families.
and solid. It includes also Observations on Perhaps, however, this treatise may the principles of Cheapness, as comected prove extremely à propos at Paris, for cer with the Building of Private Houses. tainly the intrigues for which French Report affirms, that among the great women are so famous, and which they lets which daily issue from the press in
quantity of speculative writings and pamphmanage with a dexterity unattainable and Germany on political affairs, and especially incredible, by other nations, could not pos on Constitutions, distinction is due to a vosibly be conducted, as they conduct them, lume by J. C. Betarens, intitled Ueber were the agents and prime movers of them the Constitution of a State. It is dedicated
Staatsverfassung, &c. Considerations on secluded à la Chinoise.
to priuce Hardenberg; and deserves, it je New Journal.
said, his patronage. A new journal has been started at Paris, under the title of Le Diable Boiteur. It
Botany promoted. professes to be critical and literary; and if
Count Haller, of Hallerko, has laid out a it possesses but half the wit and the
spirit botanical garden in the park of his resiof observation which distinguish Le Sage's dence, ať Fiezegyhoz, in Transilvania, famous novel of the Devil on two Sticks, it wherein he proposes to cultivate every cannot fail of meeting applause and supplant raised in the province of Transilvaport. It appeared for the first time on the nia, together with a selection of exotics. first day of April, and from that date it appears every fifth day: each number contains a sheet and a half.
Antiquities. National Institut : Gilding on Copper. Messrs. Rosini, Passetti, and Scotti, at. Among other prizes proposed by the Naples, continue their assiduity in unrolNational Institut, one is to discover a ling the MSS. of Hercalaneum. Several simple and easy method, at the same time, works which have been transcribed are cheap; to prevent all the dangers which proceeding at the press. attend the use of mercury, and which The excavations at Pompeii are advancarise from the vapour of the mercury, em-ing with great activity. Since 1806, three ployed in the art of gilding on copper. hundred men have been labouring at re
moving the earth, &c. in order to get at the
ruins: before that time the number emAntient Poems Published.
ployed was scarcely more than a dozen. The two most antient German poems—A portion of the marble ceilings and beams of the eighth century,--have lately been which have been recovered, have been carpublished at Cassel, for the first time, in ried to the gallery of the Royal Museum, their original metre: the subjects are, 1. and others to the Academy of Arts as ob. The Song of Hildebrand and Hadubrand. jects of study to the young artists. 2. The Prayer near the White Fountain.
Antient Chronicle Recovered.
The Armenian Academy established at The work intitled Neue Sammlung, &c. Venice, in the island of St. Lazarus, has New Collection of Medical Memoirs, was had the good fortune to discover a manuclosed in 1807, at the twenty-fourth vo- script complete of the Chronicle of EuseJume: the first and second numbers of an bius, of Cesarea. It is translated into the additional volume appeared in 1815, at Armenian language, and is of the fifth
century. The Academy proposes to pub- | begun some years before by M. de Engellish the Armenian text with a Latin trans.hardt, in Germany and France. For this lation facing it.
purpose he joined company with Dr. Fre. Distribution of Prizes—Machinery.
deric Parrot, who proposed to examine the On the 4th day of October, 1815, being and of Wallachia, and to correct and com
vegetation of Southern Russia, of Moldavia, the anniversary of the birth of the Empe. I plete by coincident observations, the baroror of Austria, a distribution was made of metrical levels of these mountains. the prizes given at Milan for the encou After a residence of some months in the ragement of sciences and arts. The prizes Crimea, the travellers, in July, 1811, visitwere medals of gold or of silver.
ed Taman, and took their route along the A gold medal was adjudged to Sig. Kuban, to Batal Paschinsk, near ConstanAnt. Marie Guaita, proprietor of a manu- tivogorsk, whence they proceeded to Mos. factory of cloth, at Como, for several instru- dok, and to the sources of the Terek, the ments of machinery, adapted to perfect the
course of which they followed to its disoperations necessary in that process. Also charge into the Caspian sea. 10 Sig. Giovanni Carlinetti, of Milan, for a
The work is accompanied by several new Balance suited to weighing of the
maps heaviest loads. Also, to Sig. Luigi Rosa, of levels of the Black sea and Caspian, &c.
and plates, explaining the relative Milan, for a machive for raising heavy articles, and marking their weight with great exactness.
Now Journal : by Authority. The silver medals were given for various
By order of the Minister for Public In. instruments, for dividing the coccoons of struction in Russia, Dr. Merkel has been insilk, by vapour--for a new Areonieter, and vited to publish a Journul of Literature other philosophical instruments—for chro. and the Arts, at Petersburgh. matic Telescopes--foran astronomic pendu We have not seen the following work, lum-for instruments to measure distances, but suppose it may be interesting equally circles, &c.—and for a new powder, which to the scholar as to the antiquary. gives the most beautiful polish to steel. Dissertatio Academica de Libris linteis The bookseller Alvisopoli, of Venice, an Antiquorum. Pars prior, Auctore Matth.
a History of the Pontificate of Kalm : Pars posterior, Auctore, C. A. GruPins VII. under the title of Storia del Pon ner. pp. 22. in Quarto. Abo. 1815. tificato di Pio Papa VII. gloriosamente reg. nante, dal di dell' esaltatione sino al faustis
Portraits of Illustrious Men. simo di lui ritorno alla Sanla Sede.
Lucas Cranach was the principal portrait The work will form six octavo volunes, painter of the Elector of Saxony: in the and will be published at the rate of one years 1520, 1543, and 1546, he painted a volume per month. The first has already series of portraits in miniature, on parchappeared.
ment, which have been preserved with The Typographic Society at Brescia an great care, and from which engravings nounces the publication of Stephani Antonii have lately been made with great accura. Marcelli, Africa Christiani. The work will cy. They are nearly eight inches high, form three volumes in large quarto, accom and are signed at bottom with the hand. panied with maps, and containing also a writing of the persons represented. This Portrait of his Holiness Pius VII.
series comprises the most eminent personSome Jesuits are preparing to depart for ages of the time: Frederic III. of Saxony, Asia, and two of that order arrived from Melancthon, aged 46, and the painter him
called the Wise; Martin Luther, aged 60; Russia, have been presented to his Holi
self, aged 80.
The text contains the principal events of
the lives of the parties. Fac-similes of their Reise in die Krym, &c. Travels in the writing are given on a separate plate; wita Crimea and in Caucasus: by Maurice de the citation of Luther to Worms, &c. Eogelhardt and Fred Parrot. 2 vols. large octavo, with maps and plates. Berlin. 1915.
Echibition at Zurich. This work is published by the School The sites affording most interesting inLibrary. The journey was undertaken in gredients for landscape composition are so 1811, and ended 1812. The object of it numerous in Switzerland, that it can excite was to continue among the mountains of no wonder that the Artists of that country, Russia those researches which had been perpetually resident among them, should
find themselves irresistably drawn to this branch of art, and should excel in painting INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE landscape. The late Exhibition of works of art at Zurich proves ibis beyond all doubt. Out of about a hundred and fifty BRITISH SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA. pieces, the major part was landscapes : and among these the greater number was of
PASSAGE FROM CHINA. Views in Switzerland. A few Portraits and Sculptures were also exhibited. The The recent arrival of thirteen large art of engraving is practised with great ef- heavy laden ships of the East India Com fect and merit.
pany from China in our Channel, in one Visit to the Holy Land.
hundred and nine days, is a triumph of We have formerly mentioned to our rea. mercantile uavigation, and a combinatiou of ders the adventures of a Norwegian sailor, nautical skill with good fortune, of which who determined on visiting Jerusalem, there is nothing equal upon record. To Bethlehem, &c. in the Holy Land. We cut through fifteen thousand miles of ocean have now to report an expedition somewhat in that short time, is without example in similar, published under the title of Schik- marine experience. With similar passages sale eines Schweizers, &c. The Adventures we ought to communicate with our Asiatic of a Swiss, during his Journey to Jerusalem Presidencies within six months, instead of and Mount Lebanon, written by himself.
once in twelve to fifteen months. Vol. I. St. Gall. 1815.
The ships lately arrived from Chioa bad The adventurer was Mr.J.M. H. Mayr, a
heard of the battle of Waterloo and capcommercial agent at the little town of Ar ture of Paris before their sailing, and left bon, on the Lake of Constance: his object China in consequence, in three squadrons, was to extend his commercial connections which all reached St. Helena together; in the Levant, and to obtain orders which
were despatched from that rock two and might furnish employment and subsistance two, and all made the Start Point in our to a great proportion of his workmen, who Chanuel at once ; a proof of skill
, and an had been thrown out of work, by the stag- has no parallel. All the particulars of this
instance of good luck in navigation, which nation of commerce, and the distressing events of the war.
extraordinary passage deserve well to be The Journal has been revised by the carefully collected and noted, for some Curé Appenzeller, of Arbon. The style is evidence and guide in the practice of navisimple and natural. The observations on
gation. The concurrent observations of so the manners of the Wallachians, the Greeks, many able seamen would be instructive, the Turks, and the Jews, are evidently dic and of an authority to admit of no dispute. tated by truth and impartiality. We The writer was once, on a passage to should think it equally instructive and en
India, 140 days out of sight of all land, tertaining
and in that long time did not make more
than three parts of the distance which has Dr. Baumgarten, of Segeswar, who un
now been run through in one hundred and
nine days! dertook a Botanical journey for the purpose of inspecting the vegetable productions of
This eventful voyage ought not to be Transylvania, in June 1812, proposes to passed over without some reference to what publish a Flora Transylvanica.
would have been the incredulity of the anDr. Seetzen. There are reports abroad, exploit. When it is next asked, whether
tients had they been informed of a similar not forbidding hope that this adventurous the moderns have made any improvements traveller is not dead; but, that he has been
on ancient skill, let this voyage be quoted: imprisoned by the Imam of Mascat; so that, it must have its weight, as evidence. And there is a possibility of his re-appearance. His friends on the Continent are anxiously seamen, Lancaster, Middleton, Drake, &c.
we trust that the manes of our departed looking to England for intelligence; but, &c.who navigated those seas, will not take we believe, that nothing to be relied on has been lately received respecting him, would have thought of a voyage from
amiss our appeal to them,-as to what they from any of our countrymen residing in India, in one hundred and nine days. Arabia, or trading to the Arab dominions on the Red Sea.
Тңє DURGA PooЈАН, become of that portion of his papers, which Or Annual festival of the Goddess Durga, it is understood, was saved from the gene at Calcutta, has repeatedly occupied our ral destruction.
pages ; aud we have had occasion to re
mark the diminished splendour of the sa- substance of these subterraneous growths cred ceremonies, The principal merchants was of a reddish colour, like soondre, soft of the city emulate each other on this occa- and moist, still preserving the graiu of the sion; but Rajah Ram Chundur stil main - wood. . On inquiry, it was found that tains bis superiority. He secured for the this natural curiosity was by no means return of the season in 1815, the famous singular. About six or eight years ago, a female singer Nikbee, whose voice never similar appearance offered itself on cleansfails of attracting an admiring auditory, asing the Laldiggy, in Tank Square ; and well of British as of native residents. It is very lately at Dum Dum, not only trunks said, however, that a formidable rival has of trees, but bones, and deer's horns, were started up, iu the person of a female song found at a great depth from the surface of stress, scarcely passed ber infancy," whose the ground, on the occasion of sinking a astonishing talents are likely to eclipse all new tank. It is even said that the body of meaner rivals." The performances of the a boat was dug up under similar circumdancers and jugglers lost none of their abi stances at Garden Reach. tient spirit. The Mahomedan show-men,
It does not seem to be extremely difficult dancers, &c. were conspicuous. The cere to account for these appearances. That monies euded, as usual, with committing ihe earth may bave sunk in these parts, is the image of the Goddess to the waters.
possible; but the greater probability is, that The images of the goddess, thus amually layers of soil brought down by inundacast into the waters, were, perlaps, inations, or other means, have accumulated, former times of greater value, as to their and formed the coverings of these buried material, than at present. A golden image articles. How far the same conception of the Durga, seated on a lion, is now in may account for the fossil trees, &c. frethe possession of Radha Kishun Bysak, quently found in England, we presume not who belongs to the general treasury, which to say; but, we believe, that these appear. was found in the iniddle of last month in ances are seldom, or never, found on elethe excavation of a tank at Huus hulee, a vated spots, and in places remote from the place near Kisengurh. The image, which operations of water, The same causes is more than fourteen inches high, and is appear to produce the same effects all over in good preservation, was found at the the globe. depth of twenty-five feet. The gold is inferior in quality, being of the descriptiou called by the natives, pagoda gold. The
Ft. In. goddess is valued at 20,000 rupres, and is at this time the great object of adoration Length from the snout to the stump
of the tail
16 6 and wonder.
Ditto of the head
3 Ditto ditto body
6 A short time since, the Calcutta natu- Ditto ditto tail
0 ralists were called upon to assign causes Ditto ditto fore leg for an interesting phenomenon, which has Ditto ditto binder leg presented itself at the great tank before Greatest breadth of the body 2 2 the junction of the Chouringhee road, Ditto ditto head
1 8 witli that of Esplanade Row. The bottom Length of the mouth
1 8 of this great bason being sandy, suffered Breadth ditto
1 1 the water to filter through it and escape, so
Thus, the whole length of the animal, as to leave the tank dry in the hot season.
when alive, must have been little less than To reniedy this evil, it was determined to
18 feet, and the circumference of his body, remove altogether this sandy layer. А number of workmen were employed, and where thickest, about six feet. had not dug above four feet, when they
His teeth were of various sizes, irregucame to a group of full grown trees.larly placed iu the jaw, but the largest not These trees were standing perpendicularly bearing the same proportion to the size of at short distances from each other, and the animal that the tusks of wild beasts had the appearance of trunks lopped off bear to their magnitude. within three or four feet from the roots. On opening him, amidst a quantity of In general they were about a foot and a bones were found the baugles that had behalf or two feet in diameter. They were longed to some bapless Mussulmau boy, and firmly fixed in a dark loamy soil, into the bangles also of an Hindoo woman. To which their roots spread in every direction. tbese exuvix was added a more recent capThe elbows where the trunk separated into ture, which still retained its proportions its roots, were distinctly marked. The entire, viz. a goat.
DIMENSIONS OF AN ALLIGATOR LATELY
KILLED IN GARDEN REACH.
FOSSILS: SUBTERRANEOUS TREES.
fered a great deal from sickness in the boat, We have already reported the capture of but the King shewed no sign of fear, and the King of Kandy, with the precautions behaved like a man. When the whole taken for his security, and his behaviour in circamstances of his situation are taken a state of captivity. It having been into consideration, and it is recollected that thought proper, by the British Government in addition to his natural feelings on in India, that he should be entirely sepa leaving an island where he had lived so rated from his people, and lois late do long in barbarous state, he was carried minions, and sent away to a situation which through a rough sea, which he had not been precluded all hopes, by parties forming in upon since his infancy, to an English man his favour, that event took place at the be- of war, which he had never seen before, ginning of the year in the following man
it must be acknowledged that his whole Der :
deportment indicated considerable dignity This day, the 24th January, the King of allotted very spacious accommodations to
and firmness of mind. Capt. O'Brien had Kaudy, with his family, embarked on board H. M. ship Cornwallis, for Madras: the Kandyan family, and his behaviour
was in all respects so kind and attentive, -a very great concourse of people as
that we are confident every possible comsembled to witness this extraordinary em
fort will be given to the royal captives barkation. It was late in the afternoon when they ceeds to Madras in charge of the King and
during their voyage. Mr. Granville proleft the shore in the boats of the Corn- bis family, antil they are delivered over to wallis, the King with his wives and mo
the care of the Madras government. ther-in-law, under the care of Mr. Granvilie, in the Captain's barge, and the at
CHINA. tendauts in another.-Col. Kerr, commandant of Colombo, and Mr. Sutherland; the
Emperor of China, against the converts
The persecuting Edicts lately issued by secretary for Kandyan affairs, went with Capt. Ở Brien, in a third. The master cuted : several persons have been put to
to Christianity, are but too implicitly exeattendant's boat and several others followed to the ship. In conducting the
death ; and many are sentenced to banishfemales of the King's family to the boat, ment, under circumstances of extreme se
verity. We do not hear that it has had and in receiving them on board the ship, due attention was shewn to preserve that any influence on the Emperor's treatment decorum with which all Indian women of of the Company's servants; but, it is un
derstood, that the present set of Chinese in high rank expect to be treated,
office, have rather assumed greater airs of In regard to the King himself, every feeling of hostility had ceased from the consequence than were usual among their
predecessors. moment he became a captive, and his wishes had been always indulged as far as
Opium : not English. they could be gratified with safety and By a letter, dated Canton, 3d October, propriety. He was taken to the water we learn that the Americans had begun to side in the governor's own carriage, and import Turkish opium into China. The his ladies were carried in palapkeens. - first parcel sold at 1400 dollars per pecul ; They were closely veiled as they went into and the second, a pretty large quantity, at the boat-and during their embarkation, 770. Five ships daily expected, were which took up some time, the King stood known to have a considerable quantity on by, and assisted by giving orders to bis board, the delivery of which would maown people, with much composure and terially tend to reduce Bengal opium to its presence of mind. He was very hand natural level. The price at which it stood somely dressed, and his large frowsers 1480 dollars, was understood to be purely drawn close together upon his ancles, re nomiyal. minded us very much of the figure of
London, July 1916. Rajah Singal, as given by Kuox. The Chinese returned to their own Country. wind was high, and the boats encountered The Princess Amelia, Captain Balston, a good deal of sea in their passage to the 1,200 tons, has been taken up for a voyage ship. The women were first takey on to China direct, for the purpose of taking board, and the King followed. They were home the forloru Chinese sailors, who all drawn up in a chair, and the whole have lately crowded our streets. The was managed with the regularity and pre- Princess Amelia is to be afloat on the 13th cision which are so remarkable in every June, to sail to Gravesend the 22d, and thing that is done on board an English will sail about the middle of July; it is man of war. Some of the ladies were of supposed she will take near 1,000 Chinese course much alarmned, and some bad suf- I to their native country,