before they had got more than half way up, fear proved more predominant than

INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE even avarice, the ruling passion of the Persians, and they all returned without effecting their object,

BRITISH SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA. A story of much the same nature, is told of Mount Ararrat: that the cold and clouds

PROGRESS of so elevated a region should deter natives of a warm climate from reaching the sum

CHRISTIAN RELIGION, mit is not surprising; but whether they

AMONG THE NATIVES. would deter natives of Switzerland, like those who ascended Mont Blanc, formerls,

The following is from the Missionaries or the Finster Aarhorn, the second highest employed by the Church Missionary Sopeak of the Alps, lately, may be questioned. ciety. It may be more than questioned, whe

Feb. 2, 1815.-An agreement having ther they would find any beams of Noah's been made, by the Corresponding ComArk on the summit, when they had arrived mittee, with the owner of a house in Mathere.

dras, for fifteen pagodas a month (or 61.),

we proposed to occupy the same. It is si. On the southern shore of the Araxes, and tuated in a pretty large garden. almost opposite Erivan, is the famous Mount

We are here in the very midst of idolaArarrat, where, in conformity with orien ters; and, since the owner of our house tal tradition, Noah's Ark is said to have and garden is a native, we have, in this rested. Indeed they still assert and believe

very garden, close to the holise, a place that a portion of it yet remains ou the ex

of Heathen Worship. This consists of a treme peak of the rock, which is inaccessi- tree, with extended branches; its trunk ble to man.

surrounded by little black stones cut into Ararrat is a detached mountain with figures, which are the idolaters' gods, and two summits. It is called Zagros byl before which they offer their adorations. Strabo, and Mosdius by Pliny, and the Although the owner bas strictly forbidden people in its vicinity give it the names of any one to continue worship here (since it Agridugii, Aghergada, and Mosius. lu

seems to be but a private place of worship), one of its flanks is an abyss or precipice of

nor to use the tank close by for washing, procligions depth, and of a rough and black and desired us not to suffer those things, appearance.

It is covered with smoke, yet three men seem determined not to and Doctor Renieygs says that ie and his cave ots: they come every morning, and companion saw it vomit fire for three days have here their morning service. successively,

Iliad the following conversation with Tourneiurt attempted to asceud this the idolater: “ Why do you do this?"pointmountain in vain, but Sluss, the Dutching to the stones. ---“Sir, that is our god.” traveller, succeeded in reaching the her. But can this stony god hear you? Can he mii's cell, travelling each day at the rate

sce you ?" He laugbed, and of course of five miles. He passed through many

would not say yes. clouds, and found the bermit in a small March 6. – The idolater mentioned on cave, hewn out of the rock, where he had the 17th of February still continues to orresided 30 years.

nament bus stones with flowers, and to The following observation may happily adore them. I called him in to-day, and prove of use to some of our traders in the asked him why he continued this practice,

potwithstanding the good advice I had Gulf of Persia.

given him The Port of Cangoon, containing 6 or He said, at last, that if I would not have 7,000 inhabitants, and also subject to an it, he would pot come any more to these independent Arab Shiek, has one of the stones. safest road-steads on the Persian shere, March 8.-Walking early in the mornwhere a frigate may ride at anchor in the ing in the garden, I found a man gathermosi boisterous weather. Here good wa- ing flowers from the shrubs round our ter and fire wood (a very scarce com- house, for ornamenting their gods. lasked modity in the Gulf) can be procured at all him why he did so. He said for the Swami times.

(Gods). I entered then into conversation



128 103

11 17




on the folly of serving gods that have ears,

TRANQUEBAR. but cannot bear; mouths, but canuot

We have occasionally reported the state speak; and eyes, but cannot see; and shewed bim the reasonable service of God of Dr. John's Schools, at Tranquebar: the in Jesus Christ. Ile listened with atten- following is the latest report that has tion, and assented to what I said about reached us. We are happy to see Heathen the idols.

of several Castes, in conjunction with MaApril 8.--Two Heathens of the Pandaran homedaus, &c. Tłuis also augurs well. Caste, one of them a teacher, came and desired to hear the Word of Truth. Their

Jan. 2, 1815.--According to custom, stony and wooden gods, he said were fool

we received congratulations for the New ish things : he wished to know the true

Year from various persons Amoug them God.

were the Scholars of the Malabar and Eng. The Roman Catholics, when asked the lish, and the Portuguese Schools. Among reason of their desiring the Testament, the former were also those boys who higave us in general this answer: “ In our therto attended my weekly instructions. Church we hear Latin, which we do not Some of them delivered, in the name of understand; we wish to read and under the rest, a written congratulation, which stand ourselves." An aged person among they had learned by heart. Its simplicity them seemed to be a zealoi. Lis business, was pleasing, and the whole was affectiog. he said, is to converse with the Heathen

To end Jan. to about the truth, When receiving the Tes.


of June tament; he appeared to be greatly joyful; Into the English and Tamul Schools : and, in a pathetic manner, sang the fol. lowing lines in Tamul, which, when I Protestant Christian did not understand them, he gave after

Ronian Christian wards in writing to our servant:-“The

Brahmin Heathen

67 16

Sootra Heathen true God sent you, his chosen, for our

905 213

Mahomedan sake. For that you have gladly given us

1492 the Gospel, in order to learn it, and to Into the Pariah Schools: walki faithfully, in peace and according to


Protestant Boys the truth, we give you, Sir, our united

Ditto Girls thanks."

Ditto Boys and Girls Last week some of the Pariah Christians Roman Catholic (the lowest Caste, came and requested us

Heathen to take their children into our School. We


493 did not hesitate to admit them ; but, as the Malabar Caste dare not even touch

Total 1985 the Pariah Caste, and would think it a

CEYLON. pollution to stand together with the children of that Caste before the same card,

We are desired to correct an inadverit occasioved some consideration.

tency in our Report of the Conversion of a June 19. — There are now above 110 Budha Priest, by the instrumentality of Mr. children in the School, consisting of chil. Clough, in Vol. III. p. 100. N.S. That Gendren of Protestant Christians, of Roman tleman was sent out by the Wesleyan Me. Catholics, and of Heathen. We have the satisfaction to see little scruple about their thodist Society for Foreign Missions, and Castes. High and low Castes learn toge arrived at Ceylon about Midsummer, 1814. ther.

The foilowing is part of the General RcThe reader cannot but be pleased to see port, concerning this island and its natives. the most inveterate of the Hindoo preju The climate, though warm, is not intodices giving way before the zealous stea- lerable. For two hours in the morning, diness of these worthy promoters of Truth and two in the evening, it is most delightand knowledge. As Caste is the great ob- ful. The inhabitants are exceedingly in

dolent. The cocoa-nut tree is a nursery stacle to the progress of Christianity, which for idleness, as a small garden of them supconsiders all men as brethren, made of the plies a family with every thing they want; same blood, every instance of the distinc- from them they get meat, drink, oil, &c.

and even timber to cover their houses, tion conferred by that ancient notion, being Very few, even of grown men, wear any removed, is well entitled to attention.

clothing higher than their loins ; so that

• 238


13 32


the most of the pupils are naked from the , and fruits I never before saw collected towaist up, and several of them are young gether. Several, both men and women, men: but we hope in some time to prevail who could not bring great offerings, made on them to cover all their bodies ; for no- it up by consenting to be placed in the thing must be attempted on a sudden with aisles with lamps upon their heads; some the natives.

of whom engaged to stand twelve, some A converted Moorman has from five to fourteen, some sixteen hours: during that forty Mahomedans with him every day, to time they were not to move a limb: the whom be reads such parts of the Koran as reward would be, that, when they are mention Jesus Christ, and shews the same born again into this world, the god Budhu to them in the Malabar Testament; and will take care that they have plenty of what is most astonishing, he lives in peace light. The same reward they expect in and safety in the midst of them, and they all their other offerings. One of the hear lim patiently, and with apparent sa- grand tenets of their religion seems to be tisfaction.

the transmigration of souls. Before the It is singular to see the difference of high-priest and the inferior priests assemcharacter between the Budhist Priests bled, our attention was particularly atand the Brahmins of the Continent. tracted by a band of Malabar Singers and The Bralımins are of a reserved and for Musicians, who all sat upon the ground; bidding disposition : they spend their time the singers forming a circle, with the mus chiefly in their temples; and, when an sicians in the middle. European, or a Christian, approaches and About nine o'clock the priests came in would enter, they retire, and close the great pomp, and ascended the two pulpits. doors and themselves within; for they con One preaches in the Cingalese language, sider it as one of the most horrid profana- and it requires another to interpret. The tions of their temple, for a Christian to subject of their preaching is nothing more enter. But the Priests of Budhu are men than the relation of great actions which of a mild, affable disposition ; and it seems bave been performed by Budhu. But I to afford them pleasure when Europeaus ought to have observed that this service visit their temples: they readily admit began by prayer. It was offered up by a them into any part, and will answer any Cingalese to the high-priest after he had questions which are proposed to them. ascended the pulpit: the subject of the pe

The priests are known by having their titivn was, that the priest would preach heads clean shaved. They are dressed well to the surrounding multitudes. This in a loose yellow garment, and live chiefly was in the Shanscrit Language. After by begging. Those of them who have a this, the priest read their Commandments; temple are rather better circumstanced, and, at the end of each, all the people utthough their income is very small: for the tered aloud a word, which signifies “That people, in general, are miserably poor. is good !" or “ Amen.” After this he began When they go to worship, they carry to preach; and, every time he mentioned their offering; some, a particular kind of the name of Budhu, the people cried out flowers, (this is the lowest degree of offer as above, at the same time bowing theming,) others a little fruit, &c.

selves down. This noise was so loud, that Speaking of their Festivals, says the

we could hear it a mile from the place. writer,

The most remarkable was at the open. The inhabitants of the northern part of ing of a new preaching temple. It conti-the island are Malabars. They speak nued two days and two nights. All their Tamul, and profess the Hindoo Religion. places of worship are built on the highest Their superstitious prejudice in favour of hills which they can find. We got thither their own religion is almost unconquerable. about eight o'clock in the evening. When They contract marriages at a very early we arrived nearly at the summit of the age. I saw a married couple: the hus. hill, a report of our coming, going before band twenty-one, and his wife only seven us, we were met with blazing torches to years of age. The Brahmins are a most convey us to the place.

deceitful and treacherous set of men; and The place covered a square of about fif by their art, they succeed in imposing on teen yards, open on all sides for entrance. the minds of the people the most absurd Two pulpits stood in the centre. It was tenets. The most learned amongst them Jighted up with lamps in every direction. are, in general, infidels! Many of them Crowds of people assembled from all quar are very intelligent men, well acquainted ters; none coming without an offering of with Oriental Literature, and have a consome kind. Such quantities of eatables siderable knowledge of general history.

I have had the pleasure of conversing with tradition; till, after a lapse of several hun. some of them, whom I have been surprised dred years, a set of priests, in concert, to find not so inimical to the spread of wrote of him. Their tradition, in respect Christianity as is generally represented. of the earth, is, that it is supported on They say it is written in their books, that three rocks; that these rocks are supported a religion will come from the West, and on water; and that the water is supported prevail throughout the world. On asking on the winds ! The priests wear long what religion they supposed it would be? yellow garments: they are very abstemithey said, the Christian. I have had seve ous, shave their beads, never marry, nor ral very iuteresting conversations with the drink wine or spirits of any sort, and eat head Brahmin in the island. We conversed only once a day. They are much in. largely on the principles of the Hindoo Re-Muenced by fear; and dread the power of ligion. On the subject of Christianity evil spirits, which leads them to pay relihe displayed much candour, and seemed gious adoration to the Devil. On entering willing to know the truth. He told me a new-built house, they offer -sacrifices, there were four crimes that could bever be and earnestly intreat the Devil not to visit pardoned; murder, blasphemy, theft, and them with afflictions. When any one is iying.

ill, a large concourse of people assembles On that part of the island there are also together; and, by sacrifices, music, dancseven thousand Moormen (Mahomedans.) ing, singing, and praying, they endeavour These are, in general, a very inquisitive to prevail on the evil spirit to leave the race. Many of them have laiely begun to sick body. read the Scriptures with great attention;

The Roman Catholics are not one reand some are almost persuaded to be move from the Heathen. They have only Christians. One has embraced Christia. changed the names of the Heathen Gods, nity with all his heart. He goes among his and given them Christain Names, retaiocountrymen, proclaiming to them the word ing all the heathenish superstitions. of life. Some listen with great seriousness,

The Protestants, so called, are not in and others are much exasperated: indeed, a much better condition than either the sometimes his life has been in danger. i worshippers of Budhu or the Roman Cathoasked him, if he was not afraid: he replied, lics. But, in the midst of this abounding “ Afraid! no; why should I be afraid wickedness and ignorance, there is a wil. God is with me!"

lingness to hear; and, this being the case, The Cingalese, who inhabit the south of this part of the world.

I do not doubt of seeing glorious days in the island, and are worshipers of Budhu, are a most indolent and ignorant people. gion, that the King of Candy was pro

It was a principle of the Budhist ReliThey seem to possess fewer proindices iected by Budhu, and that, consequently, against Christianity than the Malabars; he could never be dethroned. Many begin but I think this arises chiefly from their great iudifference about all religion. It is to stagger, in consequence of recent events. extremely difficult to ascertain what are

The conversion of the Budhist Priest to their religious principles. Out of about Christianity has occasioned great alarm, one thousand priests, who are on the island, and some Budhists are beginning to tremthere are scarcely two to be found who ble for the safety of their religion. The agree in their sentiments.

They say

Priest is now employed in translating the that Nahabrachmea is their great god; Scriptures into the Čingalese and Pali. - and that he dwells in the highest There are several schools established in heaven, but does uot trouble himself with Ceylon, as in other places, also; they will, the affairs of this world. Besides him, no doubt, in time produce exteusive bethey have gods, whose names they can nefit. North America bas lately sent four mention., to the number of THIRTY THOU Missionaries to this island. SAND! They deny the existence of a Creator, and maintaju that the world owes There seems to be a spreading convicits being to chanee! They hold the doc- tion among the people of ludia, of the des. trine of the Transmigration of Souls for a picable nature of Idols: when conversed certain term, and then Total Annihilation. With on the subject, they very rarely venBudhu is the object of their worship; be- ture to defend them. It may justly be cause they think that he superintends all hoped that, as this prejudice abates, the the actions of men. They tell us that patrons of these Idols, the Brahmins, and Budhu has been incarnated several hun- priests of the temples, will lose their juflu. dred times, and has always done something ence, and that as this corruption disappears, for the benefit of mankind. They admit the splendour of truth will beconie, and be that nothing was ever known but by oral scen to be, more conspicuous,




The following information, which states, the progress of the press among a people POSSIBILITY OF PENETRATING which greatly need instruction., is pleasing. These advantages they owe to the benevo

THE INTERIOR OF AFRICA. lent exertions of the Edinburgh Missionary Society.

We understand that the vessel called Here Messrs. Mitchell and Dickson are the Congo, has departed for her destinastationed. A printing-press is established ; nation; and that the adventurous travellers and, on the 20th of November (the date of who propose to enlighten Europe on the the last letter), three sheets and a half of an Edition of the Psainis, translated into subject of African communications and Turkish by Mr. Dickson, were thrown productions, have departed in her for that off. James Peddie and Andrew Hunter, purpose. If report speak truth, the expetwo of the ransomed Natives, were engaged in the Printing Office, along with be contemporary with another, that is to

dition proposed up the river Congo, is to Mr. Mitchell; the former at the press, and the latter at the cases: besides a German follow the route taken by Parke, and to pressman, from Georghiwskie From the be conducted on the same principles as beginning of September, when they first guided that unfortunate traveller. We received permission from the Governor 10 bave found our best informed friends differ commence their MISSIONARY labours, they had distributed nearly 200 copies of the in opinion from ourselves, on the propriety Turkish or Tartar New Testament printed of accompanying this attempt by a military at Karass, together with a great number force. Our judgment is, that a knowledge of Tracts in the same language, among the of the country should be previously ob. Tartars in the city, but chiefly among Persian Merchants; by whom they were re

tained by traffic; and, that traffic might ceived with uncommon eagerness, com enable those appointed to conduct it, to pletely understood, and carried away with obtain information essentially necessary them to Derbent, Shirvan, and even to Ispahan. 'There is every prospect, there before any considerable number of persons fore, that when the Persian New Testa- be committed to such undertaking. That ment, publishing by the Russian Bible So the time of the year is of the first importciety, is ready for distribution, it will ob. tain an easy entrance into the Persian Do- ance, cannot be denied; and we hope miuions, and be gratefully received by the every thing from the zeal, spirit, and ininhabitants. At Astrachan, also, the reformation of those engaged, who may derive pugnance of the Tartars to the circulation the most essential advantages from the of the New Testament, which at first was extremely great

, appears to be consider- oversights of their adventurous precursor. ably diminished; and, in particular, one

The following is translated from a French of the most powerful of that tribe, from work on Africa, mentioned in our third having threatened to injure the Missiona- vol. page 415. N. S. It forms the eighth ries, is become so friendly, as to have re- chapter of the first volume of that work. ceived a New Testament himself, and to have expressed a willingness that others of

Within a few years the passion for dishis countrymen should accept of copies, if covery, united with the dictates of philanthey were so inclined.

thropy, have excited the desire to peneIn itinerating among the Kirghisian trate into the interior of Africa. The liTartars who are settled in tents in the beral ideas promulgated by the Society neighbourhood of Orenburg, Mr. Macal- for suppressing the Slave Trade, have pro. pine is assisted by Walter Buchanan, a

moted the hope of carrying civilization converted Circassian, one of the youths and liberty into one of the greatest divi. ransomed at Karass, whose piety, know- sious of the ancient world; a quarter of ledge of the Scriptures, and Christian the globe wbich seems to have been at all Zeal, the Missionaries speak of in the times devoted to slavery, and which, in highest terms. The Kirghisians, though spite of the progress of ages, still remains Mahomedans by profession, are represented plunged in the deepest barbarity. The to be in general ignorant of the hateful doc: travels of Vaillant (the writer should rather trines of that religion; and have welcomed have said, of the Missionaries, and others, and received instruction in the truth of who have penetrated to Latakoo) in South Christianity with gratitude and earnestuess. Africa, of Mungo Park, in the interior of

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