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be fools, their adherence to party will those boroughs, the proprietors of which doi make them wise : if they be knaves, sell them, as a marketable commodity; never ytt was party the cure for kna we abandon their owners to all the Fery.
vile epithets in Mr. Oldfield's vocabulary; The chief ohject of censure by Mr. O. they shall find no protection from us. is the enormous influence of the crown; ders; but let him be impartial, and
On these let himn dart his fiercest thunand this, possibly, may be judged on by a circunstance, to which the writer strike the offender, whatever be his has given no prominent situation. What-colours. Neither shall we affect to deny, ever be the complexion of the ministry, that the population is spread in a manwhether Whig or Tory, reputed parti- ner which departs too widely from the zans of liberiy, or of despotism, every tion contribute most considerably to the
representation. As masses of populaministry finds itself obliged to have re- National Treasury, so they ought, by course to this influence, If it be so nefarious as some affirm, how happens
their agents, to watch over the expendiit, that populur ministries, supported
ture of their property; for, in our opiby the voice of the people, understood
nion, as in that of our antient ancesa to be favourites of the nation, &c. &c.
tors, taxation and representation vught cannot do without this wicked infiu
to be inseparable. ence ? —Why do not they resignit: When our ancestors had no other proThey even go so far as to say, they perty than land and arms, the Agricui. find it hardly enough; barely enough : Tural and the Military interests were realone, it is a mere feather in the ba presented : when Christianity was estalance.
blished, the interests of the Church was
added in the national Council. But, the influence of the peerage is i complained of, because it seats a num We at this day, have innumerable
ber of presumptive heirs among the re- other interests—the Manufacturing inpresentatives of the people. Yet none terest,—the Commercial interest,--the can point out a better school, in which Shipping interest,-the East India interto initiate into public life, young est,-the West India interest, -the Co. men, peers expectant, hereafter to be- lonial,-the Bank, &c. &c. The House come perinanent legislators. Here they of Commons, to be a genuine represenlearn, that rank is no security for re tation of the nation, should be an epitome spect, or respectability ; that ihe exer- of all these: but, if population alone tion of talents alone, affords claim to were the basis of representation, how distinction : that if they desire honours, could these interests be represented ? they must earn them; a public senate, which of them would seat a single memlike death, levels all gradations. Here, ber? Yet taxation bears beavily on these, too, they witness the unrestrained dis- and if representation be inseparable from position of their countrymen, and learn taxation, these have a right to be repre
to know the people over whom they are sented. i hereafter to preside. Here they form Let this be well weighed: at present, connections, which connections carried
our Manufacturers, our Merchants, the into the Upper House, amply compen- Directors of our great public Companies, sate afterwards, for any influence ex- do form part of the Parliament, and they erted over them by their fathers, while do from time to time, furnish that inforthey were members of the Lower House.
mation to Parliament, which only such In short, this very defect, if it be persons, habitnally intimate with these one, proves a connecting link, hy which institutions, can furnish. Would it be the two Houses exert a mutual influence wise and politic to expel all these ? And, on each other, to their infinite advan- for what places are they visually returns tage, and the House of Commons may ed ? For what places have the men who be said, in a manner, to have its afterwards became our most famous
representatives in the House of Lords. As to Statesmen, made their entrée in the House
of Commons ? Who first seated William Vol. IV. No. 24. Lit. Pan. N. S. Sept. 1.
Pitt, fterwards Lord Chatham, Charles'structive as amusing, and some of them Fox, &c. &c.
inày demand, on the score of merit, a Now, if political parties be so equi- place in our pages. poised that the majoriiy of the counties, The venality of the rolex i boroughs, an of the cities, of the borouglis, compromise they are appropriately sivied, in choosing their votes, if the opposition can com their representaves, has long bren a sua inaad an equal number of votes with theject of complaint; and
leserves vol oy's ministry, as indivisuals, is the opposi- ihe attension of the legisla five buuis, but tion can bribe as bigl, and play off as
of the community.
Of this there appeared a striking inmany deceptions as their adversaries, in
stane. Admiral Cornish, one of the Election matters, which all the world
members for the horough of Shorelian, knows to be true, -low is the puislic bu-dhilig in the course of the poreceding vest, siness to be conducted in the representa an election caine ou for another represent tive Senate ? By what means shall the tive, when the returning officer, knowi: : wisest counsels be brought to maturity ? them jority of the electors to be fata There must be a preponderating division; bribed and perjured, returned a candidate and happily, there is always a number with only thirty seven votes, in prereme of uprighi, intelligent, well-informed, to one who had eighty-seven, Tor the high-iminded men, who support right, abuse of power, as it was deemed, he was
called before the house of commons, whea from whatever quarter proposed, and
he made such discoveries as overwhelmed who, in effect, govern the kingdom, by bis enemies with shame and confusion. governing the Public Officers, and the ru
From his information it appeared, that ling Powers. Every Session of Parlia- the greater part of the freemen of Sluote: ment witnesses the influence of these, ham had formed themselves into a societs, on public propositions. They follow the under the name of the Christian Club, Ministrr, so fiir ;---if he advance a stop with the pretended view of encouragia: beyond that line, ihry are found in the acts of charity and beneficence, while i
was no better than a mart of vrugih. rauks of opposition. They are well ac
The borough was sold to the highest bidur, quainted with Parliamentary tacties, but
and when lise election was over their jiothry usually despise them. Tlier cha
its were divided. For this offence a bu racters, and grabrally, their opinions, art
was brought i11, incapacitating eights kpown before hand, and the chiefs of the of the freemen or Shoreb?m fronı pohns mighly war of tongurs, cannot depend on at elections, and for extending the right finding these among their followers, un voting to the contiguous hundreds. The less in a direct approach to the clear and | vation applauded the spirit and constitdeliminate good of their Country.
tional tendency of this bill, which was
supported in the house by the uvanilice Human institutions afford but the aud zealous concurrence of all partics, choire of erils: if a superior recom " The Christian Club," fc. bat, we mend a candidate to the people, whom believe that its title at full length wa he knows to be a inan of sense and edu
" the Christian Club, for preserring cation, and hopes to be a man of honour the purity of Election.” So readily can and principle, an outcry is immediately fine names be found to conceal fou raised agaiust influence; and the people doings ! So easily is religion itself made are said to be sold like cattle in a
a stalking borse for irreligious motirea stall." Are the people themselves then
pretensions, and practices. cumprint judges of the qualifications of candidates, who offer their services in lel; let the reader reflect on Mc
Nor is this specimen without a prilmost humble terins? raise unwortly in n to stations becom- history of ing the worihr only? In shorı, do the penple never sell theinselves, or corrupt
The ancient history of this borough is the caudidate from whom they expect to given in the first volume of this work, p be corrupted ? or as some express it, do 61, where it is proved to have been a Sasa
borough, and to have sent members to the they not tempt the devil to tempt then pariiament, or witena gemote, of the Sasce Mr. O.'s volumes afford many instances in the time of king Athelstan. This right of this vendition, they are equally in was accordingly recognized by king !
ward III. in the twelfth year of his reign,
These honest electors had once the forand it has ever since sent members to Par-tune to have a candidate as siippery ils liament by prescriptive or inherent right. themselves: he distributed drafts for large The modern history of this borongh is of
sims payable in London; treated the voters a very different complexiou. If any one
with dinners and entertaniments; and went borough in the country is more corrupt
off a day or two before the election, leave than another, it is this. The expences of ing his agents, managers, and the unfortua candidate at a contested election here,
wate landlord, who was an innocent mini, is from ten to thirteen thousand pounds having neither a vote nor any concern in The right of voting is in the corporation, the election,) all unpaid, as were his drafts and about four hudred burgesses, not more
upon Londol, which he hu the folly to be! thau a fourth part of whom reside in the lieve would secure his election. town. The rest are distributed in London, WEYMOUTH AND MELCOMBE Regis. Bristol, the East and West Lulies, Botany Buy, and all over the world. About seventy
Weymouth and Welcombe Regis have
been subject to continual contests and peof them reside in London, and are continually upon the bunt for candidates, under conimittce was appointed to try the merits
titions from 1801 til the present day. A pretence that one of their menbers is ill of the petition of John Arbuthnot, Esq. on or about to accept a place, or to be created
the 10th of February, 1804, against the rea peer, so that a vacancy is expected, and
turn of Sir James Pulteney, bart., Mr, the person applied to is sure to be closen, Steward, Mr. Gusthshore, and Mr Adams. if he will but give a dinner or a supper to
The case of the petitioner (onsisted almost the burgesses residing in Londou, and a few cutiieiy in a charge of occasionality aggiust guineas to each by way of a retaining fee. the freeholders who voted for the sitting They will, on these conditions, be certain members. The counsel for the latter, reto write to their friends in the comiry to inform them what a generous candidate marking that there had never yet been any
resolution as to the right of election in this they have procured. This will produce an invitation from those who reside there, to borough adopted by the house, delivered
in a statement of a particular right for the gentleman who has made so good a be gioning, to come down and be elected which they meant to contend in the fol. One or two of these managers, as they call dermen, bailiffs, and capital burgesses, in
lowing words." That it is in the mayor, althemselves, are to be sent down with their habiting within the borough; oud in per, pockets well supped, to give a supper at
sons seized of entire freeholds within the said Bristol, and another at Barnstaple, and get borough; whether by descent, devise, or pir. the invitation signed. They return with chase, and not split or dividid, unless split by the triumphant instrument. The cudi- descent or devise; and not receiving ains. date accordingly arrives; he is usherel in The counsel for the petijoner delivered to the borough with ringing of bells, is in a statement of the right in the terms of drawn round the town by the populace, the agreement in 1730, admitting the split and may think himself fortunate if he gets freeholds. away without being ruined.
The committee determined in favour of Above a score gentlemen we could name, the statement delivered in by the petitioner. can bear witness to the losses they have
In consequence of the above determinasuffered by these impositions: even a learued knight and doctor of civil law is minus tion, two bundred frethods were immeabout a thousand pounds by the excitement ders of Weymouth were to be found in
diately split into two thousand. Freehol. held out to him of becoming meinber for London, and in almost all the towns and Barustaple.
villages to the land's-end in Cornwall, and · When a candidate arrives at this place, in the islands of Jersey and Guernsey, the very burgesses who sigued their names | whence many hundreds were afterwaris to the invitation, make no siruple of refus- i brought at an enormous expense to vote at ing hin their voles, informing him they every election for this borouglı. Soo.e only set their names to the paper to bring even voted for the thirtee: hundredth part of him down that they might see how they u sirpenny freehold. (pon the deaih of liked him; and we have kuown a great Sir Jub Johnstone, father of the present number of the freemen of this place re iufant proprietor, no less than tuelve hu. ceive six guineas each to bear their charges dred freeholds, created for occasional vot. from London to Barnstaple at an election, ing, and made for the joint lives of Sir and at the poll every one of them has voted Johu Johustone, and the freeholder, beagainst bim to get their expences paid over came extinct; and it cost more tha ten again by avother candidate.
thousand pounds to renew the parchments
for creating a new set of surreptitious vot Not the least wonderful part of eleco ers, who are made for the joint lives of tion watters, is the infatua tion of the Mr. Ure, one of the trustees of the estate
candidates. Who does not know ilof Sir John Frederic Johwstone, and the
stances of gentlemen, possessing pery nominal freeholder.
The reader may, perhaps, be surprised pretty estates, who, wiih Sir Francis that so many persons can be found to ap
Wronghead, have run the estairs swer such a time-serving corrupt purpose;
out at elbows,” by elertioneering cosa but suh is the state of political morality in
tesis? Who do-s not know of “ worthy this country, that we have seen numbers knights” condemned to the purlieus oi male interest amongst the attorneys em a jail, or, at best, to a state of perpetual plo ed for ihe purjose, to get their names sufferance, for the rest of their lives, ininserted in the deerls
, that they may para suring also the beggary of their families! take of the drunkenness and entertain. If there be any person so fortunate as ments that are going on upon these occa
not to know such instances, let them pe sions.
ruse Mr. Oldfield's vilumes cartfu"}, So then the split freeholds of the and they will find many. I'sually, too, Isleworth millers was not an original the embarrassmeuts arising froin 1:45: thought! instead of being the master-.party atiempts run through several sto piere of invention, behold, it is in truth, 'nerations of borough meddlers; and pobut a clumsy imitation of Weymouth verty spreads her blasting wings oper worthies, voting for the thirteen hun-the Mortimers, the Bryants, and the dredth purt of a sixpenny freehold! Benfields, successor after successor. Were there no creditable freeholders in the County of Middlestx whose hearts were inflamed at this gross outrage on
Travels in various Countries, by their privilege?
E. D. Clarke, L.L.D. After all, it often happens, in the
'(Resumed from page 759.) most merous towns, that parti.s are Dr. Clarke is well entitled to the che equally poised. Every reader can re racter by which Homer distinguishes collert justances of this; as striking an Ulysses, of having seen the manuets of instance as any, is the
inany men and many places. Touter City or GLOUCESTER.
a confined space was that famous tra
veller's voyages limited, compared with This rity has had but two remarkable those of our adventurous countryman ! contests for many years. The first was up. Our countryman, too, had more numer on the death of Sir Charles Barrow, in 1789, when their present member, Lieury
ous objects of research than the kin; Iloward Molineux, Esq. and the late John of Ithica, who, if he could but sare Piti, of this city, Esq. were candidates himself from present danger, was conVoters were brought from all parts of the tented to assume disguises, and to diskingdon, and not a single freeman that play dexteritjes, foreign from his mga could be found was left unpolled. After character. Yet Ulysses is muci ore the contest had lasted fifteen days, and frequently commended by his bard for more than 5000 eleciors bad poller, Mr. being Polymetis, wise in all purposes, Pitt succeeded by a majority of one vote. Mr. Iloward Molineux was chosen the
and wary in all places, than for being
Polytropos, skilful in many mens' maiother member in 1790.
Whoever folloss The next contest was on the death of ners and fashions. Mr. Pitt, when the Duke of Beaufort at Dr. Clarke in his route through some tempted to establish an interest in the city of the same countries as Ulysses visited of Gloucester similar to that which prevails will be convinced of the necessity for in the county. Lord Arthur Somerset was vigilance and presence of mind, at erer; proposed by his Grace, and opposed by moment: for sometimes displaying arRobert Morris, Esq. a banker of this thority and power, and sometimes corplace, who succeeded by a very great ma cealing them; for occasionally declisjority.
The corporation are in the interest of the ing what he much wished to possess Duke of Norfolk, who is an alderman and
or averting his steps from a place which biz! steward of Gloucester, and has nomi- he greatly desired to inspect
. pated oue member ever since the year
Neither were the enquiries of the tem1790.
dern traveller directed exclusively to
the characters of the people whom he yet, in point of taste, it is so exceedingmet with in his journey; he wished to ly superior to the more ornamented and ascertain the scenes of events, long ago crowded capital which was alterwards deprived of importance in the woild, of introduced, ihat both the rival connuscities, whose very names are unknown centi of Aiheus, Lusteri and tourel, to their present masters, of rivers, mour- have designed and modelled it ; and tains, grottos, plains, marked by his- they bave spoken of its discovery as tory, but not always intelligibly, and forming an epochu in the history of the distinctly, marked by nature. Antient art.” The Di, mentions this article in Geography is under great obligations three places; but has reused to grairy to Dr. Clarke ; as it is also to several our curiosity with so much as an wui. Gentleinen who travelled about the line of it; is it possible, that as men of same time. They have retraced by laste, we should pardon this negligence ? their ruins, many towns once flourishing, and have thrown considerable light | Antiquities he visited, is hig!ıly inter
Dr. C.'s report on the state of the on many interesting subjects of an
esting. Among them we distiuguish tiquity. This volume opens with an account which is rendered inuch more intelligi
the Cave of Trophopius, the entrance of of numerous discoveries of vases, com- ile by a plate than otherwise it would monly called Etruscan, in the tombs be;-the grove of the Muses, the birth of Greece; and these curious subjects, place of liesiod, &r, on Mount Helicon; formerly attributed solely to italy, are à Mountain that we are happy to find now found to have been common to bas its fertile spaces, which “ have both countries. Dr. Clarke also, distin- been cultivated from immemorial time.” guishes in the convolutions of a certain Nor must we forget the number of toubs water plant, the origin of the lonic of illusttions persons identified by our Volute. We have been rather accustom- trav«iler, but with different digrees of ed to accept the horn of a sacrificed credibility ;--such as, the tomb of Oranimal, as that origin; and there are pheus, near Dium; the tomb of Hesiod, instances of the Volute winding like a near Orchiomenus; the tombs of the goats' horn, yet remaining from the days Macedonian Kings, entered, and left ol'antiquity. We should be glad, never- undisturbed, by Mr. Fictt, at Edessa ; theless, to see this plant ascertained; who being, as he confesses “
a novice and its properties submitted to modern in the Sexton trade," left the bodies, the cognizance.
ornaments, the clothes, and the vases, We are obliged to Dr. C. for many just as he found them. This might be a interesting Engravings, which highly il- very honest feeling; but the man who lustrate his volumes; but, are rather sur-could indulge it, must never expect to prized that he did not favour the admirers obtain distinction as an Antiquary. No, 01 Eschylus, with such a plan of the city no; what reason can be given why of Thebes, as would have formed a very those who were buried two thousand acceptable companion to his play of years ago, and have enjoyed these nonthe Seven Chiefs against Thebes. An necessaries long enough, should not reomission of the same kind, vexed us sign their property to honest Antiquaheartily, on the subject of a Corinthian rian travellers, who want them for the capital, “ without Volute for the corners, purpose of enriching their collections; and having a single wreath of the sim- and who, in fact, cunnot do without plest Acanthus foliage to 'crown its them, as all their learved brethren are base. There is not in Europe a single ready to testify by athidavit before Miinstance of this most elegant variety of or Rhadumanthus liimself, il nethe Corinthiun in any modern struc- cessary. ture. In fact, it is only known to those The numerous inscriptions of ancient persons who have seen the very few origin, contained in this Volume acord esamples of it that exist among the much curious inatter, with occasion for ruins of the Grecian cities. There is deep reikartion. We find the people no trace of it among the ruins of Rome; bonouring with coramemorative applause