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to the assistance of his friend. While approaching, he perceived that the English were falling into disorder, and that the perseverance of Randolph had prevailed over their impetuous courage.' Halt,' cried Douglas, those brave men have re. pulsed the enemy ; let us not diminish their glory by sharing it.'”-DALRYMPLE's Annals of Scotland, 4to, Edinburgh, 1779, pp. 44, 45. · Two large stones erected at the north end of the village of Newhouse, about a quarter of a mile from the south part of Stirling, ascertain the place of this memorable skirmish. The circumstance tends, were confirmation necessary, to support the opinion of Lord Hailes, that the Scottish line had Stirling on its left flank. It will be remembered, that Randolph commanded infantry, Daynecourt cavalry. Supposing, therefore, according to the vulgar hypothesis, that the Scottish line was drawn up, facing to the south, in the line of the brook of Bannock, and consequently that Randolph was stationed with his left flank resting upon Milntown bog, it is morally impossible that bis infantry, moving from that position, with whatever celerity, could cut off from Stirling a body of cavalry who had already passed St Ninians,' or, in other words, were already between them and the town. Whereas, supposing Randolph's left to have approached St Ninians, the short movement to
· Barbour says expressly, they avoided the New Park, (where Bruce's army lay,) and held “ well neath the Kirk,” which can only mean St Ninians.
Newhouse could easily be executed, so as to intercept the English in the manner described. .
berte; nin -13..Note XV. : .. s Responsive from the Scottish host, t i s i 3. Pipe-clang and bugle-sound were toss'd-St. XX. p. 249.
"There is an old tradition, that the well-known Scottish tune of "«Hey, tutti taitti,” was Bruce's march at the battle of Bannockburn. The late Mr Ritson, no granter of propositions, doubts whether the Scots had any - martial music, quotes Froissart's account of each soldier in the host bearing a little horn, on which, at the onsét, they would make such a horrible noise, as if all the devils of hell had been among them. He observes, that these horns are the only music mentioned by Barbour, and concludes, that it must remain a moot point whether Bruce's army were cheered by the sound even of a solitary bagpipe.--Historical Essay prefixed to Ritson's Scottish Songs. ; ' . .
It may be observed in passing, that the Scottish of this period certainly observed some musical cadence, even in winding their horns, since Bruce was at once recognised by his followers from his mode of blowing. See Note X. on Canto IV.
But the tradition, true or false, has been the means of securing to Scotland' one of the finest lyrics in the language, the celebrated war-song of Burns,
The countless ranks of England drew. St. XXI. p. 250. Upon the 24th of June, the English army advanced to the attack. The narrowness of the Scottish front, and the nature of the ground, did not permit them to have the full advantage of their numbers, nor is it very easy to find out what was their proposed order of battle. The vanguard, however, appeared a distinct body, consisting of archers and spearmen on foot, and commanded, as already said, by the Earls of Gloucester and Hereford. Barbour, in one place, mentions that they formed nine BATTLES, or divisions; but from the following passage, it appears that there was no room or space for them to extend themselves, so that, except the vanguard, the whole army appeared to form one solid and compact body :
2 Schiltrum.--This word has been variously limited or extended in its signification. In general, it seems to imply a large body of men drawn up very closely together. But it has been limited to imply a round or circular body of men so drawn up. I cannot
That they were in, to bide fighting ;
BARBOUR’s Bruce, vol. II, p. 137.
Note XVII. See where yon bare.foot Abbot stands, * And blesses them with lifted hands.—St. XXI. p. 251.
“ Maurice, abbat of Inchaffray, placing himself on an eminence, celebrated mass in sight of the Scottish army. He then passed along the front, bare-footed, and bearing a crucifix in his hands, and exhorting the Scots in few and forcible
understand it with this limitation in the present case. The schiltrum of the Scottish army at Falkirk was undoubtedly of a circular form, in order to resist the attacks of the English cavalry, on whatever quarter they might be charged. But it does not appear how, or why, the English advancing to the attack at Bannockburn, should have arrayed themselves in a circular form. It seems more probable, that, by Schiltrum in the present case, Barbour means to express an irregular mass into which the English army was compressed by the unwieldiness of its numbers, and the carelessness or igoorance of its leaders. Frightening
words, to combat for their rights, and their liberty. The Scots
And cut the bow-string loose !"-St. XXII. p. 253. * The English archers commenced the attack with their usual bravery and dexterity. But against a force, whose importance he had learned by fatal experience, Bruce was provided. A small, but select, body of cavalry were detached from the right, under command of Sir Robert Keith. They rounded, as I conceive, the marsh called Milntown bog, and, keeping the firm ground, charged the left flank and rear of the English archers. As the bowmen had no spears, nor long weapons, fit to defend themselves against horse, they were instantly thrown into disorder, and spread through the whole English army a confusion, from which they never fairly recovered.
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