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That their shot right hard and grievous,
BARBOUR’s Bruce, pp. 147, 8.
. Disjoined from the main body. . 2 That I speak of, 3 Spur. 4 Set upon their lank. 5 Numbers.
6 Ransom. 7 Dispersed. & Every one, » Make. 1o Driven backi
Although the success of this manouvre was evident, it is very remarkable that the Scottish generals do not appear to have profited by the lesson. Almost every subsequent battle which they lost against England, was decided by the archers, to whom the close and compact array of the Scottish phalanx afforded an exposed and unresisting mark. The bloody battle of Halidown-bill, fought scarce twenty years afterward, was so completely gained by the archers, that the English are said to have lost only one knight, one esquire, and a few footsoldiers. At the battle of Neville's Cross, in 1346, where David II. was defeated and made prisoner, John de Graham, observing the loss which the Scots sustained from the English bowmen, offered to charge and disperse them, if a hundred men at arms were put under his command. “But, to confess the truth," says Fordun," he could not procure a single horseman for the service proposed.” Of such little use is experience in war, where its results are opposed by habit or prejudice.
Note XIX... .te . Euch braggart churl could boast before,
! Twelve Scottish lives his baldric bore !-St. XXIV.p. 255. Roger Ascham quotes a similar Scottish proverb, “ whereby they give the whole praise of shooting honestly to Englishmen, saying thus, that every English archer beareth under his girdle twenty-four Scottes. Indeed Toxophilus says before, and truly of the Scottish nation, ** The Scottes surely be good men of warre in theyre owne feates as can be ; but as for shootinge, they can neither use it to any profite, nor yet challenge it for any praise."-Works of Ascham, edited by Bennet, 4to, p. 110.
It is said, I trust incorrectly, by an ancient English historian, that the “ good Lord James of Douglas” dreaded the superiority of the English archers so much, that when he made any of them prisoner, he gave him the option of losing the fore-finger of his right hand, or his right eye, either species of mutilation rendering him incapable to use the bow. I have mislaid the reference to this singular passage.
Note XX. Down! down ! in headlong overthrow, Horseman and horse, the foremost go. St. XXIV. p. 256. It is generally alleged by historians, that the English menat-arms fell into the hidden snare which Bruce had prepared for them. Barbour does not mention the circumstance. According to his account, Randolph, seeing the slaughter made by the cavalry on the right wing among the archers, advanced courageously against the main body of the English, and entered into close combat with them. Douglas and Stuart, who commanded the Scottish centre, led their division also to the charge, and the battle becoming general along the whole line, was obstinately maintained on both sides for a long space of time; the Scottish archers doing great execution among the English men-at-arms, after the bowmen of England were dispersed.
i Note XXI..' .in. ' And steeds that shriek in agony.–St. XXIV. p. 256.. I have been told that this line requires an explanatory note; and, indeed, those who witness the silent patience with which horses submit to the most cruel usage, may be permitted to doubt, that, in moments of sudden 'or intolerable anguish, they utter a most melancholy cry. Lord Erskine, in a speech made in the House of Lords, upon a bill for enforcing humanity towards animals, noticed this remarkable fact, in language 'which I will not mutilate by attempting to repeat it. It was my fortune, upon one occasion, lo hear a horse, in a moment of agony, utter a thrilling scream, which I still consider the most melancholy sound I ever heard.
rolinii. Note XXII. - '. ..
Is firm as Ailsa-rock;!. 9:19. ? .
I with my Currick speurmen, charge.--Št. XXVII. p. 261. -:When the engagement between the main bodies had lasted some time, Bruce made a decisive movement, by bringing up the Scottish reserve. It is traditionally said, that at this crisis, he addressed the Lord of the Isles in a phrase used as a motto by some of his descendants, “ My' trust is constant in thee." Barbour intimates, that the reserve “ assembled on one field,” that is, on the same line with the Scottish forces already en
gaged, which leads Lord Hailes to conjecture, that the Scottish ranks must have been much thinned by slaughter, since, in that circumscribed ground, there was room for the reserve to fall into the line. - But the advance of the Scottish cavalry must have contributed a good deal to form the vacancy occupied by the reserve. ". **?".
;" Note XXIII. -
And mimic ensigns high they rear.-St. XXX. p. 264. The followers of the Scottish camp observed, from the Gillies’-hill in the rear, the impression produced upon the English army by the bringing up of the Scottish reserve, and, prompted by the enthusiasm of the moment, or the desire of plunder, assumed, in a tumultuary manner, such arms as they found nearest, fastened sheets to tent-poles and lances, and shewed themselves like a new army advancing to battle. : , '".
6 Yeomen, and swanys,' and pitaill, a
Swaios. 4 Lying.
2 Rabble. 5 Selves.
4 Kept the provisions. 6 Somewhat.