レビュー - レビューを書く
他の版 - すべて表示
afford annual produce bank bank of England bill BOOK bullion butcher's-meat cattle cent century CHAP cheap cheaper circulating capital cloth commodities common labour commonly consequence continually cultivation dealers dities division of labour duce effectual demand eight employed employment England Europe exchange expence fame farmer fertile frequently gold and silver greater quantity improvement increase industry interest landlord less London manner manufactures master ment merchant mines money price natural price necessarily necessary obliged occasion paid paper money parish particular pence perhaps Peru pound sterling pound weight precious metals present money price of corn price of labour profits of stock proportion quantity of labour quantity of silver raise real price regulated rent revenue rise rude produce scarce scarcity Scotland seems seldom shillings sirst society sometimes sort subsistence sufficient supply supposed things tillage tion tivated town trade turally value of silver wages of labour wheat whole workmen
46 ページ - The real price of every thing, what every thing really costs to the man who wants to acquire it, is the toil and trouble of acquiring it. What every thing is really worth to the man who has acquired it, and who wants to dispose of it or exchange it for something else, is the toil and trouble which it can save to himself, and which it can impose upon other people.
23 ページ - But man has almost constant occasion for the help of his brethren, and it is in vain for him to expect it from their benevolence only. He will be more likely to prevail if he can interest their self-love in his favour, and show them that it is for their own advantage to do for him what he requires of them.
188 ページ - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. The patrimony of a poor man lies in the strength and dexterity of his hands; and to hinder him from employing this strength and dexterity in what manner he thinks proper without injury to his neighbour, is a plain violation of this most sacred property.
44 ページ - The things which have the greatest value in use have frequently little or no value in exchange; and on the contrary, those which have the greatest value in exchange have frequently little or no value in use. Nothing is more useful than water: but it will purchase scarce anything; scarce anything can be had in exchange for it.
8 ページ - But if they had all wrought separately and independently, and without any of them having been educated to this peculiar business, they certainly could not each of them have made twenty, perhaps not one pin in a day...
160 ページ - We trust our health to the physician ; our fortune, and sometimes our life and reputation, to the lawyer and attorney. Such confidence could not safely be reposed in people of a very mean or low condition. Their reward must be such, therefore, as may give them that rank in the society which so important a trust requires.
7 ページ - ... those employed in every different branch of the work can often be collected into the same workhouse and placed at once under the view of the spectator. In those great manufactures...
19 ページ - The shepherd, the sorter of the wool, the woolcomber or carder, the dyer, the scribbler, the spinner, the weaver, the fuller, the dresser, with many others, must all join their different arts in order to complete even this homely production.
18 ページ - In the progress of society, philosophy or speculation becomes, like every other employment, the principal or sole trade and occupation of a particular class of citizens. Like every other employment too, it is subdivided into a great number of different branches, each of which affords occupation to a peculiar tribe or class of philosophers; and this subdivision of employment in philosophy, as well as in every other business, improves dexterity, and saves time.
16 ページ - The habit of sauntering and of indolent careless application, which is naturally or rather necessarily acquired by every country workman who is obliged to change his work and his tools every half hour, and to apply his hand in twenty different ways almost every day of his life, renders him almost always slothful and lazy, and incapable of any vigorous application even on the most pressing occasions.