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8. The Old Tolbooth, 9. The Regalia, 10. Heriot's Hospital, from the Grassmarket, 11, Game of Golf, - 12. The Scott Monument, 13. The Royal Institution, 14. Newhaven Fishwomen, 15. Roslin Castle, 16. Melville Castle, 17. Abbotsford, 18. Melrose Abbey, 19. Linlithgow Castle, 20. Stirling Castle, 21. Stirling Castle from the Ladies' Rock. 22. Queensferry, . 23. Falls of Bracklinn, 24. Loch Katrine, 25. Loch Lomond, 26. The Tontine, Glasgow, 27. Bothwell Castle, 28. Scottish Wild Ox, 29. Fall of the Clyde at Stonebyres, 30. Greenock, 31. Inverary Castle, 32. Fingal's Cave, Staffa, 33. Iona, . 34. Ancient Cross in Iona, 35. Lochleven Castle, 36. Dupplin Castle, 37. The Queen Planting the Fir, Taymouth, 38. Killin and Auchmore, 39. Cottage in Glen Ogle, . 40. Lochearn-Head, 41. Fall of Bruar, 42. Scene in the Morayshire Floods, 43. Glammis Castle, 44. Noss Holm, Shetland, 45. Shetland Pony,

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PREFACE.

THE plan and execution of the present volume will be found, in an important respect, to differ from any other work devoted to the same object. In the compilation of Guide-Books, it appears to the Publishers that much eloquence is often needlessly expended in ambitious eulogiums on the beauty or grandeur of natural scenery, of which no adequate idea can be conveyed to the mind by any written description, however graphic and minute. In the present work, such attempts have been studiously avoided. A plain and intelligible account has been given of the scenery most worthy of the attention of strangers, without dictating the amount of admiration with which' any given scene is to be contemplated. By adopting this course, space has been found for the incorporation of a large amount of Traditionary, Historical, and Literary illustration, by which it is conceived a recollection of the scenery will be more permanently fixed in the memory of the tourist, than by any original description of its features which the author could himself have given.

Neither labour nor expense has been spared to give the work the greatest possible degree of accuracy. To secure this object, the several sheets, in their progress through the press, have been transmitted to individuals conversant with the topography of the respective districts; while the descriptions of Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Aberdeen, have been wholly contributed by natives of these cities.

The expense of travelling, and the gratuities paid to servants at hotels, are subjects so materially influenced by the habits of the traveller, and the style of the establishment at which he sojourns, that it is difficult to afford precise information in regard to them. At the same time, the Publishers have reason to believe that a few particulars on these heads will be generally acceptable to tourists, and they have accordingly embodied, in the following note, the result of the inquiries which they judged it proper to make upon the subject.

For the favourable reception of former editions the Publishers return their best thanks. They, at the same time, express their acknowledgments to the public press for numerous laudatory notices, which, if not unmerited by the three former editions, will be found to be still better deserved by the present.

TRAVELLING EXPENSES.

The expense necessarily attendant upon travelling, must be admitted to be a considerable drawback from its pleasures. Still the evil is inevitable ; and it may be satisfactory to tourists to be enabled to estimate the price to be paid for their enjoyment.

The following scale shows the average charge for the several items which enter into the traveller's bill. The prices in the first division of the scale are rarely exceeded in any of the Inns in the smaller towns in Scotland; while in some villages, charges even more moderate may sometimes be met with. The prices in the second division show the charges in Hotels of the highest class in Edinburgh.

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Breakfast, 1/6 to 2/ ................ 2/ to 31
Dinner, 2 to 3/ .............................

3) to 47 Tea, 1/6 to 2)..............................

2/ to 3/ Supper, 1/6 to 2.........

According to what is ordered. Port or Sherry, per bottle, 5).... Porter or Ale, per bottle, 16 to 1/....... Brandy, per gill, 1/6.......... Whisky, per gill, /9 ............ Bed, 1/6 to 3)........................

| 3/6 to 4/ *** If the Traveller require his table to be furnished beyond the ordinary scale of comfort, he must be prepared for a proportionate increase of charge.

In the inferior country Inns, Wine, Brandy, and Malt Liquor are frequently not to be met with, or, if kept, will probably be of indifferent quality.

Posting, ls. 6d. per mile ; postboy, 3d. per mile.
A one-horse four-wheeled carriage, ls. per mile, or 15s. per day.
A gig, 10s. 6d. to 12s. per day.
A riding-horse, 6s. or 78. ; a pony, 58. per day.
** In large towns the charges for carriages and riding-horses are about 20 per cent.

above those here quoted. Where the hire is for several successive days, an

abatement may be expected. The posting is the same in town and country. The payment of the gratuities to servants at Inns is a source of great annoyance to travellers. It would very largely contribute to the tourist's comfort, were the charges under this head included among the other items of the landlord's bill. Although this practice has been adopted by a few Hotel-keepers in other parts of the kingdom, it is believed that it has not yet been introduced into any of the Inns in Scotland.

To enable them to furnish tourists with some information on this subject, the publishers have applied to two hotel-keepers of the first respectability (the one in Dublin, the other in Liverpool) by whom the practice of charging for servants is adopted, and the following are averaged ,rom the rates charged in their establishments :

A single gentleman, taking the general accommodation of the Hotel for one

or two meals as a passing traveller, Waiter, 6d. ; Chambermaid, 6d. ; Porter or Boots, 6d. This includes the removal of any reasonable weight of luggage; but extra messages and parcels are charged separately.

2. A single gentleman, staying a day and night, and taking his meals in the

hotel, ls. 6d. or 2s. for servants, and if he stays several days, ls. or Is. 6d. per day.

3.

A gentleman and his wife, occupying a sitting-room and bedroom, 25. 6d.

to 3s. 6d. per night for servants. If accompanied by sons or daughters,
or other relatives, half this rate from each ; but no charge for children
under nine years of age.

4.
A party of four or six for one night, about 1s. 6d. each.

Upon submitting this scale to several of the most respectable hotel-keepers in Edinburgh, they consider the rates to be a fair average. In country and village inns, even the lowest of the payments above quoted may be unnecessarily liberal, while in some of the fashionable hotels in London, the highest may be considerably under par.

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