abere he says

tator, og account of his youth. In the next engage- ceedingly well. Mr. Bass and Mr. Younge, together weigh a feather with me. To those who are disposed to straipeal, and scarcely equalled; in spite of the prayers to their parts; the two former, especially, are, I only to remark, that whenever the poor players have his

neglected their duty to us, your pages can testify that as mush danger as the common soldier. By this think, making rapid improvements.

they have not been spared and shali we forget what we be not only inspired his men with admiration However, a powerful alloy to the pleasure I ex

owe to them, without having the circumstance even once re for his person, but was the means of infusing perienced this evening, was the comparatively small whispered in our ears? This would be very reasonable courage throughout the whole army, which was ani- audience. I was, in fact, astonished that a per- indeed, and quite in conformity with the fashion of the nated by his example. From the Percy Anecdotes. former of such ability, merit, and celebrity as Mr. times! O tempora, O mores !

Vandenboff (on his first appearance io a character) I sat down with an intention to attempt something in

should not attract a mure crowded and splendid the shape of a critique on Virginius, which was acted The Drama.

audience, especially in the spirited and enlightened on Monday evening last; but the mortifying recollectown of Liverpool. Had a meteor from the South hitherto maintained the ascendancy ; and the conviction

tion of vacant boxes, with their dreary concomitants, has been to make an appearance, there is little doubt of my total inability to do justice to the extraordinary LIVERPOOL THEATRE.

but there would have been a crowded and a splendid powers displayed by Mr. Vandenhoff in the part of

audience : the reason of this is too difficult for me Virginius, now weighs so heavily on my mind, that I TO THE EDITOR..

to define. The performers of Liverpool are, I think, know not how to proceed. Yet, proceed 'I must," for

a credit to the place, and merit more encouragement. I am nothing if I am not critical!" Save occasionally, SIR,-On Monday evening last, I had the pleasure

Your coustant reader,

during the two first acts, Mr. Vandenhoff never once of vitsessing Mr. Vandeo boff's performance in the 24th October, 1820.

J. H. reminded us of the actor ; we saw nothing but the Rocharacter of Virginius. I disl not see the Magnus

man : not the ideal creature of Mr. Knowles's imagi.

nation, but the identical Virginius of whom we read in A pollo in that character, and therefore I cannot jedge of the relative merits of the parties; however,


history. We participated of all his feelings; wept with

him, rejoiced with him, were afflicted with him, and from what I have seen of Mr. Macready, I am very

almost mad with him. We witnessed the pleasures, far frea coinciding with your correspondent, G. N. has latterly been conducted with such distinguished abi the magnanimity, the sorrows, the indignation, the

of Mr. Macready is certainly a first-rate actor; and lity, that I scarcely can prevail upon myself to trouble mental aberration, of a Roman, and a Roman’s death. tili, in my opinion, Mr. Vandenhufi is second to determined to abstain from every thing of the kind in soldier, and a man who had concentrated in himself

zone ; and I have little doubt (if you saw his per- future, having observed with pleasure, that the subject knew no such person as Mr. Vandenhoff. I have often cormance on Monday evening, allowing for its being had fallen into far abler hands. Much, however, as * is first appearance in that character) but that you I despair of being aided by either the unassuming elo- seen what has pleased me for the moment, and what I

till agree with me. His figure had a most noble quence of T. Q.; the sterling, irrefragable solidity of thought would not soon be effaced from the tablet of ind dignified appearance. He has a good command G. N.; or the arch and playful, yet rich and splendid, my memory:" these, however, are now forgotten ; but

so long as memory holds a seat within the volume of froire, and makes a fine and affecting transition vivacity of Clio: fearful that none may be found hardy rom the boldness of an enraged hero, to i he mellow enough to combat the odious, illiberal, and foolish pre my brain," the remembrance of Mr. Vandenhoft's

Vir. athus and melting softoess of a duating father of our town, I once again appear before you, as the adjudice which has long been a disgraceful characteristic ginius, will there be registered.

I have no reason to retract one iota of what I advan1 His attitudes were frequently truly grand, and ex. vocate of justice; with this infallible conductress for ced in my last, relative to the other performers, who ented the passions as much as an oration of Cicero. my guide, it is only necessary to tell “ a plain, unvar- appeared in this piece."

Mrs. M'Gibbon is indeed Ha interview with Virginia in the second act, exli. nished tale ;" religiously observing the charitable and

Virginia. 2 bits some of the finest and most exquisite touches truly christian-like injunction of hin we all admire: Liverpool, 28th Oct. 1820. DRAMATICUS. genuine Nature I ever beheld. lo the same act,

“ Nothing extenuate,
“Nor set down aught in malice."

Stop, Icilius !

Anong the laudable endeavours of our Managers to
Thou seest that hand ? It is a Roman's boy;

amuse and gratify a fickle, I had almost said an ungrate- SIR,– From the very great success which attended "Tis sworn to liberty. It is the friend

ful, public, none are more praiseworthy than their ef- the amateur performance for the benefit of the pub. Of honour.

forts to procure, from London, the annual visits of what lic charities, that took place at the Theatre Royal Here he makes a masterly display of an exalted and ther the treasury be ultimately much benefited thereby about three years since, I am anxious to know if it Independent soul, that scorns a' mercenary act. That we should wish to see these yeleped luminaries is be in contemplation to have another, after the close When he is taking bis leave of Virginia and prepar. natural enough, and it is true they sometimes shed a of the present season ; feeling satisfied, that were ing for the camp; this scene has a powerful effect, lustre on our stage, that warms while it dazzles; bat they our worthy managers solicited for the use of the and is exceedingly well performed. When he is seldom emit such overwhelmingly, resplendent beams, Theatre, that we could find a most respectable body mourning over bis mordered Dentatus, and it is as to operate, when looked upon, like the piercing and of young gentlemen, who would volunteer their stimated that there are ill tidings from him; his scorching rays of the sun, by making us blind to the services for that evening, ou so laudable an occasion. ction, whea be says, "I am prepared," is, in fact, absurdity of these enlightened times, that it would be Hoping to have a reply on the subject, I am, Sir, ablime: but when he is inforined that his dear, bis quite un fashionable to visit the theatre, unless the play

Yours, respectfully, ovely Virginia has been dragg‘d to the Forum, and bills were graced, and that too in extra large characters,

26th October, 1820.

I, P. Xposed to the eyes of Rome, the contending pas- with the name of some metropolitan prodigy. There are pose of rage, revenge, and paternal affection mock certain members of the “old Drury," and Covent Garden description. His arrival just in time to conduct family, whom I have long known and admired; and there.

Correspondence. Firginia to the Forum, is a scene that would melt fore, in order to be fashionable, I must, of course, loathe be heart of stern Vulcao himself. The Forum, and despise every son and daughterof the illegitimate race in Williamson-square! “Throw" fashion to the dogs.

TO THE EDITOR. owever, is the grand climax. His rage and irony, l'u none of it." With some few exceptions, our corps hen he addresses the woman that is to give evi- dramatique, united, are stronger of themselves than when eace against Virginia ; likewise, when he addresses any of their situations are filled by London substitutes ; time past to smother my indignation at some des

SIR-I bave been rainly endeavouring for some laudius, “ She is mine," &c. &c.; then immedi. still, preposterous as it may seem, the mere fact of an tely bis return of overflowing fondness for his Vir- actor or actress coming from the metropolis, will often perate innovations and prerogatives assumed by a inia; bis beseeching Appius Claudius for one attract a respectable audience to witness a very indifferent part of the community who inhabit this town, and cou. oment longer, &c. were all executed in the first performance, while greater abilities and real talent are ident, that my complaint will meet with a partial and tyle of excellence. The prisun scene, where he generally exhibited by our own company alone, to empty syimpathising auditor, that I address myself particu., sks Appius for his daughter, and says, “ Were 1 benches. On no occasion have I ever withheld my meed larly to you. I belong to a species of people vulgarly Obrast my haud into thy busom,” &c. has a very vent-garden heroes and heroines as merited it. I never inches high in my bouts, and am certainly what the

of approbation from such of the Drury-lane and Co-called "small of stature," being just five feet two De and imposing effect.' lo short, he performed will do so: nor will I ever cease to inveigh against the world calls comely, being backed in this opinion by broughout the whole, I think, in the first style of monstrous system of condemning unseen and unheard, xcellence. I cannot remember any defects; and, every knight and lady of the sock and buskin, no matter the authority of a brace of maideo aunts, and half a there were any, they were of that animalcule sort, how meritorious, who cannot boast the great city as a dozen country cousins, whose beauty I am whenever hat cannot be descried, except by the microscopic sort of handle to their names, though frequently more I go down to visit them. My mind is well stocked ye of prejudice.

deserving of that distinction than many who, adorned with classic lore, belles lettres, and a taste for the I am wholly at a loss how to confer op Mrs. with this honourable badge, (I will not say how worthily) fine arts; and my bosom bas often heaved the tender

Gibbon her just meed of praise. She is a most arrogantly force themselves upon our ' notice, as the sigh of soft sensibility; yet with all these perfec. xcellent and truly admirable performer ; and I

" The fashion of 'my speech" will not, perhaps, be tions, I am doomed to be miserable and unhappy, aestion whether she is excelled by any now on the over palatable to a certain portion of your readers, and merely from my Lilliputian cut and dwarf-like

di. Luglish stage. She performed the part of Virginia I shall probably be told that these observations are pettishmensions. It was but yesterday, when a great carta in Monday evening, (as she always does) most ex-) and ill-timed: well, be it so; such considerations never iu Lord-street, confronting me with his gianı form,


resolutely lifted his right leg and passed it over my well worthy the attention of the highest authorities | The extract which ZERO has been at the pairs to tree bead, thus saving himself the trouble of stepping amongst us; and none more so ihan one which scribe, is very acceptable, and shall be atter.ded aside to let me pass, whilst his brother Goth asked annually occurs about the latter end of Oetober, or There are no subjects upon which we delight to dadi me, in bis vile Lancashire dialect,“ If I was ony re- the beginning of November.

- so much, as those which “ Lead from nature lation to that there queer wee mon in Church-street?" Now let the sage matron, dressed in her best

nature's God." meaning, I suppose, that very respectable gentle bombasine, or the gay morning visitor, arrayed in My. KEAN.-In reference to the note of J. B. M. C. man, Mr. Paap. her emblematical white, beware how they proceed

have to observe that we cannot bring ourselves to the Now, Mr. Editor, are not these beart-rending in to their various destinations ; for now has the conclusion that any thing which Mr. Krax thought dignities? but, alas, they are mere bagatelles, com- changing schoolboy, wearied of his repeated attempts

fit to say to our fellow-townsmen upon the occasa pared to an ocurrence which happened last night, to break up the pavements of the streets by the aid

of his taking his leave, is of sufficient importante at the theatre. You must know I possess a heart of bis suckers, assumed ' a more warlike attitude,

to warrant our resuming the subject, after barre as soft as virgin wax, or sighing southern gales, and and forth he sallies, armed with a weapon, direfni

so recently recorded his valedictory philippic

. Nottega this tender beart has lately fallen a victim to the un- indeed to every silk or muslin gown, which shall

we have heard has had any tendency to shake the case utterable eharms of a young lady of this town. dare to enter within the limits of a contest, knjwn

nion we so lately expressed on the propriety of the att

assumed by Mr. Kean, on the occasion to which ma Koowing she intended going to bear Miss Stephens, under the appellation of a game at Bandy. Now allude; although we are not ignorant that our time on a certain night, I had the temerity to go also ; let no scavenger be tou careful in the sweeping of men were not only treated more cavalierly, bu se I was recompeused by the 'heaven of her smiles, the streets, or the speedy removal of his collections lutely affronted in the grossest manner by one di K: and the dulcet tones of her voice, for at least one of mud, lest, by so doing, he should deprive some Kean's great predecessors, the highly-talented

, lepa half hour. I was just in the iniddle of a very fine youthful candidate for striking fame, of ibe gratifi

bate Cooke ; who chose to say of us, upon dhe ich quotation from Shakspeare: “ If music be the food cation of exercising his powers of competing with

sion, that we were all sprung from rum punches -"wben in banged a great bulking ugly man, Obadiah’s horse, at the critical moment when our

and sugar hogsheads; to which he thought it is cake six feet high, at least; and without ever taking the wives and daughters may not only have an oppor.

an addition which we suppress, because the tal smallest notice of me, or even pretending that he tunity of witnessing his prowess, but likewise have

in which it originated," has ceased to dismaz the

country and to cast a reproach upon our site de saw me, shoved me aside with one hand, and with the pleasure of remembering it in changing their the other established a lodgement by the side of my dresses; now let no mayor, or magistrate, issue or. The question of GUILLAUME T-» is rather and the Dulcinea (whom it seems he was acquainted with), in ders to the police, to annoy with their interference An annual volume of weekly numbers vir the very spot I had hitherto possessed. You may these aides du camp of surgeons, glaziers, and

course comprise 52, and sometimes 53 numbers; byt? gless, Sir, my indignant feelings at this intrusion, washerwomen, under the mistaken idea that the loss

we are quite at a loss to know how the numbers maail and how much they were enhanced on observing of an eye, the breaking of a limb, or of a parlour

by any process be reduced to 40. the manifest.pleasure with which the lady listened to window, or the spoiling of a suit of clothes, ought S. D. or H. D. or R. D. (we cannot distinctly make his speeches, although he spoke with a vile Irish to be put in competition with the advantage arising which) must permit us to use our own discretion at brogue; but resisting my choler, I ventured to re. to the community from a game at Bandy.

the time for introducing any communication

. The noastrate with the gentleinan on the illegality of

F.S, G.-26. insertion of some of the subjects proposed by 2 D his proceeding; however, on his affectiog repeatedly

would be an experiment upon the patience of our not to bear me, I was wound up to a pitch of despe.

An instance occurred, not many years ago, in this

readers which we must not venture to make. The ration, and struck him furiously on his elbow. He town, of the loss of an eye in consequence of this nui- Vision of Mirza, Sir Bertram, and some others turned suddenly, and surveying me with looks of sance. Every, reader will be able to apply the above

suggested by our correspondent, are known as infinite pity, threatened, in the calmest manner, and rious accidents resulting from the same source. observations, in a greater or less degree, as regards va- most every ordinary reader; some of them we were

heard of.' The narrative of the great plague mira in the hearing of the faithless fair one, to stuff me,

interest our readers, and deserves attention; but the ay, to stuff me in his coal-pocket, or dangle me at

interesting account of the great fire of Londos

, ar bis watch-chaio, for a bauble. What could I do, To Correspondents.

corded by the celebrated ÉVELYN, may be kerto Sir? I always had a dislike for gunpowder, and could

the first volume of the Kaleidoscope, (old series par nerer commaod nerve sufficient to draw a trigger ; | SIEGE OF LATHOM HOUSE.-We have the pleasure

30 and 46. besides, these Trishman seldom Ainch when they think their bonour is coucerned, and most of all

to announce, that we have been favoured with an ori- INDISTINCT HAND WRITING. The trouble of a

Editor arising from this source, is endles a when there is a lady in the case ;-80, overcome with ginal and important document, expressly intended for

scribable; and the rejection of many commutana shame, I rushed from the house, aud have sat down the Kaleidoscope, and which will not only deeply in- (otherwise probably elligible) is often to be serial to impart iny griefs to you, hoping that you will terest our Liverpool readers, but also the county at to this cause. There is one suggestion we would seda bring forward some remedy to stop the growth of large. It has been copied out from a manuscript in

ture to urge upon this occasion; which is, that ota disrespect which is now constantly launched against

any article, recommended for a place in our pages

the Ashmolean Library: the subject is the seige our poor unfortunate species. I am,

derived from some printed work, easy of accesi, With the greatest respect, your humble servant,

of LATHOM HOUSE, in this county, by GENERAL of our correspondents as are conscious that they di BOB TRIPPET. FAIRFAX; in the course of which LADY DERBY, in write very legibly, will either employ an amata

on the occasion, or will refer us to the pages orele the absence of the EARL, her husband, exhibited an

original work, which we would rather consum GYMNASTIC DIARY. almost unexampled degree of firmness, courage, and impose upon our friends the useless

labour of Kerti devotion to the cause of him whom she considered as what cannot be read. We shall make no incizza I am well aware, Mr. Editor, that you already her legitimate monarch. We feel most deeply obliged

application of this remark; but leave the hinte et have to attend to many periodical subjects; for in- to X. L. D. for the distinction conferred on our jour

rate upon the consciences of those especially

, a from 'mere

haste and carelessness, convert the first stance, the ladies must bave montbly information

nal in selecting it as the vehicle of this original, inter- English character into the semblance of Egyptian of the manner in which their clothes are cut in the

esting, and spirited narrative, and shall not fail to com. hieroglyphics. metropolis; whether velvet or sarsnet is most frequeutly cut into pieces, for the manufactory of

ply strictly with the injunctions of our correspondent, G. N. on Mr. Vandenhoff's Virginius and Brutus, et spencers; and, whether certain ladies of ton, in in return for the signal favour shown to us on this occa. week. their anatomical researches, have found out, that sion. The first portion shall appear in our next numthe female waist is in the same place in October, as ber; and in the mean time we respectfully solicit the

Printed, published, and sold it occupied in September; or whether, like the baropromised continuation.

BY EGERTON SMITH AND CO. meter, it is raised or depressed half a degree. Then

Liverpool Mercury Office. you liave to gratify the admirers of the works of our TADEE CHILDREN AT A BIRTH.. The fact of a poor Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-lane : Meses bountiful Creator, by a monthly insertion of the woman (living in Bachelor-street,) having been de.

Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castle-street; Mr. Tad Naturalist's Diary; a source of much instruction

livered of three children, as stated in the last Liper

Smith, Paradise-street ;' Mr. Warbrick, puble and entertainment. All the summer, too, you are

pool Mercury, has excited much interest; and as we

Library, Lime-street ; Mr. G. P. Day, Newsmith called upon to entertain your readers with the dif.

have been frequently questioned as to its truth, we Dale-street; Mr. Lamb, Hanover-street ; and Me

take this occasion to repeat that it is literally true, ferent opinions of Dramaticus,-G.N.-Appius

John Smith, St. James's-road, for ready money tu

and that we have seen both the mother and her inT-Q, and various others, on the merits of any fants, who are all living, What renders the situation

For the information of our distant friends me bare particular Theatric, whom Messrs. Lewis and Co. of this female still

more entitled to commiseration, is leave to state that the Kaleidoscope may now be has a may, in the wisdom of their calculations, think pro. the impression she labours under, that her husband the following agents. per to exhibit upon the stage; and I can assure you, has perished in the recent gales, in his passage from London, Sherwood and Co. that very many of your readers are of opinion, that Ireland. If her apprehensions on this subject should Dublin, J. K. Johnston & Co. Preston, Mr. Whittle, much more of your miscellany is appropriated to unfortunately prove well founded, we shall conceive Manchester, Mrs. Richardson. Stoke, Mr. Tomkinso2

Stockport, Mr. Dawson.

Hanley, Mr. Allbut these criticisms than is needful. I can likewise

it our duty to bring the case once more before the

Leeds, Mr. Dewhirst.

Wigan, Messrs. Lyon. assure you, that the Gymnastic Diary shall not in


Bolton, Mr. Kell. trude upon you very frequently; but there are cer. The selections by FLEUR DE Lis are very acceptable, Hull, Mr. Perkins.

Blackburn, Mr. Rogers taia changes which may be classed under this head, although the first is rather too long.

Lancaster, Mr. Bentham

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Warrington, Mr. Harriso

Ormskirk, Mr. Garside

Northwich, Mr. Kent

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Mollineuxs' (3) regiment, and (4) Sir Gil-given or lost by (9) Blair, the Scotchman,

bert's out of Lancashire, Sir Thomas Salis- who there commanded in chief, whereof $ In the first volume of the old series of our Kaleidos- buries (5) out of Wales,) with purpose to her Majesty, then at York, having intelli. cope, there appeared a variety of articles under the have attended his sacred Majesty in person, gence, sent express command to his Lordspecting the history or antiquities of Liverpool, or the was at the request of the truly-noble (6) ship not to engage bis army in any service neighbourhood. The following most interesting do- Sir Gilbert Houghton and others, sent back till she had sent him aid, which his Lordship cument may with propriety be ranged under the same for Lancashire, by his Majesties special a fortnight expected every day, but being head; and we proceed to present it to our readers as a narrative peculiarly connected with the history of the command; where with naked men, or thinly disappointed in his hopes, and the enemy country, and exhibiting traits of female heroism armed, he sustained the fury of the rebells, grown insolent by his stillness, he was moved never surpassed in the history of any country. and kept the field against them for seven by the Lord Mollineux, Sir Thomas Tildes

months together, storming several of their ley (10), and other gentlemen with him, to towns, and defeating them in sundry battles, repair to the Queen in person, to hasten the himself in every assault and skirmish, charg- promised supplies; whom, after a fortnights ing in the front to encourage his soldiers with attendance, fell out the unfortunate surprize exemplary resolution, whom the multitude of the Lord Goring, in Wakefield, which of the enemy exceeded in number, by the utterly disenabled her Majesty to spare him advantage of two or three to one, till his any relief, which the Governour of War

Lordship, unhappily called to crush the rington, Colonell Norris (11), understandTO THE EDITOR.

thriving sedition in Cheshire, withdrew hising, after five days siege gave up the town,

horse into that country. The enemy, now the greatest key of the country, to the ene$12.–The following journal written during the siege spying an opportunity for action in his ab- my; and all his Lordships forces, then with

Lathom House, 1644. is transcribed from a MS. preserved in the Ashmolean Library (A. Wood, M.S.S.D. sence, drew out their garrisons, and with the Lord Mollineux and Colonell Tildesley, 16.) and has never been printed. The author's name their whole strength assaulted the town of marched down to York. At the same time is inserted on the first leaf "Wherein I wounded, Ed. Preston; which, not yet fortified, and sud- her Majesty received intimation of the Scot

As this name does not occur either in denly surprised, notwithstanding the brave tish design for the invasion of England, with the following account, or Seacombe's very imperfect nar. ration, it was very probable he was very young at the endeavours and resolute resistance of Sir signification of their intention to ship from time. The energetic style of the MSS. and the frequent Gilbert Houghton, the mayor, and other the north of Ireland to the Isle of Mann, and display of school learning which it contains, confirm this gentlemen, was lost to the enemy. (7)

so for England; wherefore it was the Queens opinion, and in a letter (Rymer, vol. 20.) dated Madrid, June 1650, recounting the means used to discover the Upon his Lordship's return he found him. pleasure expressly to command him to the zurderers of Anthony Ascham, Cromwell's late resident self straitened to a narrow compass ; yet,

island, to prevent their passage


way. * Madrid, it is mentioned that five persons have been opposing loyall thoughts to dangers, and (12) At his arrivall there, he found the Englishman, of the Dutchy of Lancaster of 23 years of labouring to keep life in the business by whole country there in sedition and insurzge, Knight." The family of Halsall had, in 1644, speedy action, he drew into the field, (8) rection; some turbulent spirits, tutored by een resident at Halsall, in this county, for fourteen and marched about twenty miles into the their brethren the Scots, having taught the enerations.

enemy's country, taking Lancaster and re-Commons the new trick of rebellion, under October, 1820.

gaining Preston by assault, when the rebells, the mask of defensive arms for the preservaA BRIEF JOURNAL

with a numerous army, were within six tion of their religion and liberties. And

hours march pursuing him. After this, his indeed this subtle poyson had so wrought Siege against Lathom House. Lordship giving two or three days to refresh in the little body, that the whole country (THE FIGURES REFER TO THE NOTES).

his soldiers, toiled out with ten days restless was swelled to one tumour, which had broke

service, the enemy got fresh supplies from out within three dayes with the death of The (1) Earl of Derby, in the rise of Yorkshire, Cheshire, Staffordshire and Der- the Bishop and Governour, and loss of the this rebellion, having, on his own charges, byshire, so that now again swelled into a island. To prevent this rupture, his Lordbrought up near (2) 3000 of his best men numerous body, they attempt an assault of ship presently raised the horse of the counand arms to the King's standard, (the Lord Wigan, which, with little service was either try, apprehended the persons of those sedi

X. L. D.


tious agents, duing execution upon some, restless in his malice, sought all occasions thence, by as many marks and signs as ever imprisoning others, and striking a general to disturb her quiet, senng

out his troopsdi he had given of antichrist, proving the Lady terrour into all, which suddenly calmed the to plunder her next neighbours, and sur

Derby to be the scarlet whore, and the madness of the people, and drew a face of prise such of the king's good subjects as itself, whose walls he made as flat and thin

whore of Babylon, and Lathom to be Babell quiet upon the country, Yet to remove had fled unto her for safety. In the begin- as his discourse. Indeed, before he des

. the ground of this disease, required both ning of February her garrison soldiers had patched his prophecy, he thumpt 'em down, skill and time, as well to prevent a relapse a skirmish with a party of horse, command-reserving the next verse to be a triumph to of the countrymen, as an invasion of the ed by Captain (17) Hindley, wherein they Tuesday the enemy took their quarters

27th February, 1643. On Scots, who still promise for conscience sake rescued some of her friends taking prison-round the house, at the distance of a mile, to abett them in their rebellion, it being the ers Lieutenant (17) Dandy, first wounded two, or three at the farthest. 28th. On good fortune of that ungratefull nation to his cornett, and some troopers. By his Wednesday Captain (17) Marland brought be esteemed angells for troubling and poy- unjust report of this action, and some other a letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax, and with soning all waters. His Lordship, by the slight “skirmishes”* within musquet shot of it an ordinance of Parliament, the one rou Queen's command, having spent much time her house, he wrought with (18) Sir Tho- house upon such honourable conditions as

quiring her Ladyship to yield up Lathomin this unhappy business, is at last called mas Fairfax and the parliament officers to he should propose, and the other declaring back by his Majesty, to attend his Parlia. his own purpose.

the mercy of the Parliament to receive the ment at Oxford, and, at his return to Eng. On Saturday the 24th of February (1649) Earl of Derby, would he submit himself land, is welcomed with the news of a siege it was resolved, in (19) a counciil of the in which business Sir Thomas Fairfax proagainst his lady, which had been long in holy states at Manchester, after many for. mises to be a faithfull inststrument. To consultation, and is

mer debates and consultations to the same which her Ladyship gave answer, that she now matured for

purpose, that (20) Mr. Ashton of Middle- much wondered that Sir Thomas Fairfax tion.

ton, (21) Mr. Moor of Bank Hall, and would require her to give up her Lord's Upon the surrendry of Warrington, May Mr. Rigby of Preston, (Parliament Colo- house, without any offence on her part done 27, 1613, a summons came from (13) Mř. nells) should with all speed come against to the Parliament, desiring, in a business Holland, Governor of Manchester, to the broken intelligence on Sunday morning, and ligion and life, that so nearly concerned

Lathom, of which her Ladyship had some of such weight, that struck both at her ree (14) Lady Derby, to subscribe to the pro- therefore dispatched a messenger to her se- her soveraign, her Lord, and her whole positions of Parliament, or yield up (15) cret friend, one acquainted with their de- posterity, she might have a week's consie Lathom-house: but her Ladyship denied terminations to receive fuller satisfaction. deration, both to resolve the doubts of cona both : she would neither tamely give up care to furnish her house with provisions and honour ; not that her Ladyship was unexed

In the mean time using all diligence and science, and to advise in matters of law and her house, nor purchase her peace

with the

men, which was a hard work, considering she in her own thoughts, but endeavouring to loss of her honour, but being then in no had been debarred of her estate for the space gain time by demurres, and protractions of condition to provoke a potent and malicious of a whole yeare. Yet in those straits she the business, which haply the good knight enemy, and seeing no possibility of speedy used not the least violence to force relief from suspecting, denyed her the time desired, assistance, she desired a peaceable abode any of her neighbours, though some of mooving her Ladyship to come to Nes in her own house, referring all her Lord's with her own small stock, and the charity in her coach, (no mean favour believe it them were as bad tenants as subjects ; but Park, a house of her Lord's, a quarter of a

mile from Lathome: and to come thither estate to their disposing, with promise only of some few friends, by the industry of her in her coach, (no mean favour believe it to keep so many men and arms as might careful servant Mr. (22) Brome, provided where himself and his Colonells would meet herself to bear the worst of a cruel

her, for a full discourse and transaction of defend her person and house from the out

enemy. of their common souldiers, which was had assurance of their design, who were rages The messenger returneding on Monday she the business. This her Ladyship resi

with scorne, and anger, that notwithstand

. hardly obtained.

then on their march as far as Bolton, Wigar, ing her present condition, as an iguale From this time she endured a continued and Standish, with pretence to go for West- and uncivil motion, returning only this siege, only with the openness of her gar- fold against a house that their fathers and condition, she remembered both her Lord's

moreland, to carry on the multitude blind- answer, “That notwithstanding her present dens and walks, confined as a prisoner to

themselves, whilst their


honour and her own birth; conceiving

had her own walls, with the liberty of the castle- ever honoured, reputing Lathom, in most more knightly, that Sir Thomas Faitan yard; suffering the sequestration of her innocent times

, both for magnificence and should wait upon her, than she upg whole estate, daily affronts and indignities hospitality, the only court of the northern him."

Thursday and Friday (Feb. 29th 334 frem unworthy persons, besides the unjust parts of the kingdom, when the good men and undeserved censure of some that wore

would, in mere love, vent their harmless Masch 1st) were spent in letters and me

invasion. “God save the Earl of Derby sages, his Generallship at last requiring tre the name and face of friends; all which she and the King !" But their factious minis- access for two of his Colofells, and all patiently endured, well knowing it no wis- ters, very dutiful sons of the Church of rance of safe return, unto which her Lady dom to quarrel with an evil which she could England, made the pulpit speak the design ship condescended.2d March, on Satu not redress : and therefore, to remove all aloud. One whereof (23), Bradshaw, to day, Mr. Ashton and Mr. Rigby vouchsured pretences of violence and force against her, more sober and pious foundations, Bra. being authorised by the Generall topropom

the dishonour of that house that had given to venture their persons into Lathome-hous she restrained her garrison souldiers from all senose) took occasions before his patrons

the following conditions:-Ist, That all arms provocation and annoyance of the enemy, in Wigan to prophane the fourteenth verse and ammunition of war, shall be forthwick and so by her wisdom kept them at a more of the fifteenth chapter of Jeremy: from surrenderd into the hands of Sir Thoma

Fairfax.—2ndly, That the Countess of Desu favorable distance, for the space of almost whole year (16). Rigby all this time, / substituted * skirmishes." * The original is a word like “relitations ;" I have by and all the persons in Lathome-house.

shall be suffered to depart with all the

were open,


goods to Chester, or any other of the ene- of whom, in her treaty, she showed an ho- to keep her House for the service of his mies quarters, or upon submission to the nourable care. These propositions returned Majesty, against all his enemies; on Sunorders of Parliament, to their own houses. by Mr. Ashton, were interpreted to the day they employed six neighbours of the -3rdly, That the Countess with her menial right sense, being apprehended too full of best rank, in a petition to her Ladyship, servants, shall be suffered to inhabit in danger and policy to be allowed, as only having thrust a farm into their hands, and Knowsley-house, and to have twenty mus- beating at more time and means: that her prepared their heads with instructions, as quets allowed for her defence, or to repair Ladyship might use that opportunity to con- by confession now appears: That in duty to the Earl her husband in the Isle of Man.- firm herself in her fastness: and therefore to her Ladyship, and love to their country,

Athly, That the Countess for the present, in his answer, Sir Thomas thus qualified they most humbly beseech her to prevent 3 untill the Parliament be acquainted with it, them to a better understanding. 1st. That her own personall danger, and the impo

shall have allowed her for her maintenance, the Countess of Derby shall have the time verishing the whole country, which she | all the lands and revenues of the Earl her she desired, and then liberty to transport might do, if she pleased to slacken some- ausband, within the hundred of Derby, and her arms and goods to the Isle of Mann, thing of her severe resolutions, and in part

that the Parliament shall be moved to con- excepting the cannon, which shall continue condescend to the offers of the Gentlemen. nitinue her this allowance.

there for the defence of the house. 2dly, These her Ladyship received with all courThese conditions her Ladyship rejected, That her Ladyship by ten a clock to mor- tesie, discoursing unto them the nature of pes in part dishonourable, in part uncertain: row disband all her souldiers, except her former treaties, and the order of her protdding withal, she knew not how to treat meniall servants, and receive an officer and ceedings, and this so smoothly and win

rith them, who had not power to perform forty Parliament souldiers for her guard. ningly, that the good men were satisfied u heir own offers, till they had first moved This, as the last resolve of all their coun- and had little more to say, but,-'God save

he Parliament ; telling them it were a more cells, with some terrible presages of the the King, and the Earl of Derby! For aber course, first to acquaint themselves danger she stood in, was delivered to her answer to their paper, she told 'em, “ It ith the pleasure of the Parliament, and Ladyship by one (17) Morgan, one of Sir was more fit that they petition the Gentlemen sen to move accordingly; but for her part Thomas's colonells, a little man, short and who robbed and spoiled their country, than le would not trouble the good Gentlemen peremptory, who met with staidness and her, who desired only a quiet stay in her > petition for her, she would esteem it a judgment to cool his heat, and had the ho- own house, for preservation, not spoil of reater favour to permit her to continue in nour to carry back this last answer, for her her neighbours. One of the six, of more ar present humble condition. The two Ladyship could serve them to no more de- ability and integrity than the rest, reported olonells being blank in their treaty, spent lays. That she refused all their articles, the whole business of their answer and leir stay in wise instructions to her Lady- and was truly hoppy they had refused hers

, entertainment, as a true subject to his ap, and unjust accusations of her friends protesting that she would rather hazard her Majesty, and a faithfull friend to her Ladyad servants, which she not only cleared, | life than offer the like aguin; that though a wo- ship, with which the noble Colonells were ut nobly and sharply returned upon their man, and a stranger, divorced from her friends, moved to more propositions, in meer mercy, eligious agents ; so that the grave men and robbed of her estate, she was ready to if you might believe 'em, to her Ladyship emg disappointed both of their wit and receive their utmost riolence, trusting in God and ber children. The next day, there. lalice, returned as empty as they came. both for protection and deliverance.' Being fore, Captain (17) Ashurst, a man that Junday was their sabbath; on Monday Mr. now disappointed in their plott, who ex. deserves a fairer character than the rest, Ashton came again alone, with power to re-pected a quick dispatch with the afflicted for his own civil behaviour, brought a new ceive her Ladyship's propositions, and con- lady, by a tame surrendry of her house, message to her Ladyship in these termes: vey them to his Generall, (a notable and having scattered very fearful apprehensions 1st, That all former conditions be waived.

trusty employment) in those terms :- 1st, of their great guns, their mortar-piece, their -2ndly, That the Countess of Derby and *** Her Ladyship desired a months time for her fire-works, and engineers; after all their all persons in the House, with all arms,

quiet continuance in Lathome, and then consults they prepare for action, when they ordnance, and goods shall have liberty to jerself and children, her friends, souldiers, find her ladyship as fearless of their empty march to what part of the kingdom they od servants, with all her goods, arms, and terrours, as carefull to prevent a reall dan- please, and yield up the House to Sir yrdinance to have free transport to the Isle ger: ne minimo quidem casui locum relinqui Thomas Fairfax.—3rdly, That the arms of Mann, and in the mean time that she debuissi. She is willing to understand the should never be employed against the Parshould keep a garrison in her house for her power of her enemy, and studious to prevent liament.—4ihly, That all within the House own defence.-2ndly, She promised that it leaving nothing within her eye, to be ex- excepting a hundred persons, should deaeither during her stay in the country, nor cused afterwards by fortune or negligence, part presently, and the rest within ten ifter her coming to the Isle of Mann, any adding to her former patience a most re- days. the arms should be employed against the solved and Christian fortitude.

The message read, her ladyship perceived Parlia:nent.-3rdly. That during her stay All the treaties broke off, Righy being of they began to cool in their enterprize, and n the country, no souldiers, should be the same judgment with him in the histo- therefore to lend 'em some new heat, returnquartered in the Lordship of Lathome, nor rian, ÇOtho(24) in Tacit. lib. 1.] That no ed this answer by the Captain—“That she afterwards any garrison to be put into La- delay in that enterprise is to be used, which scorned to yield herself a ten days prisoner thome, or Knowsley-house. -4thly, That now will commend before it be ended, fell to her own house, judging it more, noble nose of her tenants, neighbours, or friends, immediately into execution. The next whilst she could, to preserve her liberty by then in the house with her, should, for morning discovered some of the enemies armes, than to purchase a peace with slavery. asisting her, suffer in their persons or works which were begun about musquet Par servientibus gravior quam libris bellum. states, after her departure.

shot from the House, in a stooping, declin- -[Liv. lib. 30.) And what assurance," In the first of these she struck at more ing ground, that their pioneers by the na- said she, “ have I, either of liberty or the ime. In the second she understood the ture of the place, might be secured from performance of any conditions when my Parliament of the three states at Oxford our ordnance on the towers, and so in an strength is gone? I have received under with his Majesty, knowing no other. In orb or ringwork, cast up much earth every the hands of some eminent personages, that the third she laboured to remove impedi- day, by the multitudes of country people your Generall is not very conscientious in ments that might hinder the victualling of forced to the service. After three days the performance of his subscriptions ; so hier house. In the fourth she gave a colour (7th 8th and 9th March) finding a fixed- that from liim I must expect an insincere of her deport and content to her souldiers, Iness and a resolution in her Ladyship still agreement. Pax Samnitica, pax infida, pat

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