sympathy with the brain, the sensation of sinking is in all cases referred directly to the stomach, which is seized with such instantaneous retching, that no person who has not been so situated can form a just conception of it.* In thus referring the sensations of sea sickness in so great a degree to the agency of mere mechanical pressure, I feel confirmed by considering the consequence of an opposite motion, which, by too quickly withdrawing blood from the head, occasions a tendency to faint, or that approach to fainting, which amounts to a momentary giddiness with diminution of muscular power. At a time when I was much fatigued by exercise, I had occasion to run to some distance,

and seat myself under a low wall for shelter from a very heavy shower. In rising suddenly from this position I was attacked with such a degree of giddiness, that I involuntary dropped into my former posture, and was instantaneously relieved by return of blood to the head, from every sensation of uneasiness. Since that time, the same affection has frequently occurred to me in slighter degrees, and I have observed, that it has always been under similar circumstances of rising suddenly from an inclined position, after some degree of previous fatigue; sinking down again immediately removes the giddiness; and then, by rising a second time more gradually, the same sensation is avoided.

.A conscientious Bookstealer.

A person who exposes books for sale in his open shop window in London having observed that he lost a number of books, notwithstanding he always found the exact quantity, abating those that were sold, on taking them in at night, and besides this, finding several books among his own, of which he had not the least knowledge, was at length induced to watch a demure looking young man rather closely, whom he had constantly seen looking at his books, but scarcely ever making a purchase. In this employment his surprise was very soon increased, by observing his customer put abook in his pocket and pull another from under his coat, which he placed among the rest on the board, and deliberately walked away. Being, however, desired, rather harshly, to walk back again,

and account for his conduct, the trembling culprit at length acknowledged that he had been in the constant habit of exchanging good carnal for what he called indifferent shiritual books; which he thought advantageous to the bookseller, and as a proof of his assertion, pulled out of his pocket a volume of old Puritanick Divinity, for which he averred, and the fact proved it, he had deposited a well bound volume of the works of Pope, by way of a conscientious exchange | His youth and simplicity had such an effect upon the bookseller, that after making him sensible that even these exchanges would expose him to a prosecution for theft, he let him go, with advice, in future, always to consult the owner of property before he attempted to transfer or exchange it under any pretext whatever.

* There is one occasion upon which a slighter sensation of this kind is perceived, and

it appears to indicate the direction of the motion from which it arises, to be downwards. “In a country subject to frequent returns of earthquakes,” it is said; that “a few minutes before any shock came, many people could foretel it by an alteration in their stomachs; an effect which (it is added) always accompanies the wave-like motion of earthquakes, when it is so weak as to be uncertainly distinguishable.” (Michell, Phil. Trans. vol. 51, p. 610.

It seems that the vapours to which these tremendous concussions are owing, immense in quantity, and of prodigious force, being for a time confined on all sides, elevate the surface of a country to a vast extent until they either find vent, or meet with some partial cause of condensation; and hence the alternate heaving and subsidence of the ground will produce much the same effects as the rising and falling of the swell at sea. f Phil. Trans. vol. 42, p. 41.


With whatever contempt a Christian may regard the faith of Mohammed, certain it is that the strictness with which the observance of religious ceremonies is enforced, the alacrity with which the performance of moral duties is distinguished, and the reverence paid to the koran by most of his followers, might be usefully imitated by the professors of purer doctrines. A singular instance of forbearance, arising from the powerful influence of religious principles, is recorded in the history of the Caliphs. A slave one day during a repast, was so unfortunate as to let fall a dish which he was harding to the Caliph Hassan, who was severely scalded by the accident. The trembling wretch instantly fell on his knees, and quoting the koran, exclaimed: “Paradise is promissed to those who restrain their anger.” “I am not angry with thee,” replied the Caliph, with a meekness as exemplary as it was rare. “And, for those who forgive offences,” continued the slave. “I forgive thee thine,” answered the Caliph. “But above all, for those who return good for evil,” adds the slave. “I set thee at liberty,” rejoins the Caliph, “and give thee ten dinars.”



IT is related in the papers of Richard, earl of Cork, that towards the conclusion of queen Mary's reign, a commission was signed for the persecution of the Irish protestants; and to give greater weight to this important affair, Dr. Cole was nominated one of the commissioners. The doctor, in his way to Dublin, halted at Chester, where he was waited upon by the mayor, to whom, in the course of conversation, he imparted the object of his mission, and exhibited the leather box that tontained his credentials. The mistress of the inn where this interview took place being a protestant, and having overheard the conversation,

seized the opportunity, while the doctor was attending the mayor to the bottom of the stairs, of exchanging the commission for a dirty pack of cards, on the top of which she facetiously turned up the knave of clubs. The doctor, little suspecting this trick, secured his box, pursued his journey, and arrived in Dublin on the 7th of October, 1558. He then lost no time in presenting himself before lord Fitz-Walter, and the privy council, to whom, after an explanatory speech, the box was presented, which, to the astonishment of all present, was found to contain only a pack of cards! The doctor, greatly chagrined, returned instantly to London, to have his commission renewed; but while waiting a second time on the coast for a favourable wind, the news reached him of the queen’s decease.

This tale greatly diverted queen Elizabeth, to whom it was related by lord Fitz-Walter, and she afterwards allowed this woman, whose name was Elizabeth Mattershad, an annuity of forty pounds a year.


Description of the Fournas, or hot waters in

the island of St. Michaels, the chief of the

.Azous. From Steele's Tour.

WHEN we had ascended about a quarter of a mile, we saw a thick steam issuing from the side of the mountain which we were climbing. It produced a dampness at the aperture, too hot to bear your hand near it; even this, either from custom or stupidity, and, perhaps, from both, the guides carelessly passed, without pointing it out as worthy of notice. On gaining the summit, the change of climate was very considerable, and we felt the effect as we journeyed on the flat for about two miles, and on which we passed a beautiful lake, situated between two mountains, and abounding in fish of many species, particularly of the gold and silver kind. An instance of the infallible instinct of the ass here occurred to me. I was riding at the

[merged small][graphic][graphic][graphic][graphic]

best pace along the widest road, when he suddenly turned off, and crossed into a less trodden path; this, he persisted in, though, by beating him on the other side of the head, he found I wished him to continue where he was, as the slightest tap, in general, guides, and is the method the peasants use in directing them on ordinary occasions; but, on rising higher up, I was surprised to find, that had he continued a few yards further below, we must both have been precipitated into a vast and dreadful abyss, which the peculiar flature of the ground absolutely concealed from the sight, till on the very brink. We were informed that this part of the road had fallen in very recently, and, if we may judge from appearances, a few years will make this place very dangerous, if not absolutely impassable. A beautiful vale now opened upon us, in which the Fournas are situated, and the village so called. The cottages have a sweet effect, being neatly whitewashed; and with the church, trees, &c. form a striking contrast to the vast amphitheatre of mountains, by which they are encireled. The descent to the village is very abrupt for about three quarters of a mile. On entering it, we agreed with some peasants for the use of their huts, which they gladly gave up for a trifling present, and attended with much civility, contenting themselves, during the night, with a slight shelter under a neighbouring

tree. Naturally anxious to witness

the extraordinary phenomenon, for

which we had come some leagues

by water, and crossed the dangerous

mountains, we hastened to the Fournas, a name which is derived from

the Latin, formacula, a furnace. Vast columns of steam marked the spot,

and impregnated the air with sulphur.

After crossing some hot springs, we

came to the large basin of boiling

water; the whole of which was in

violent agitation, and, in the middle, was thrown up several feet. We

boiled an egg in two minutes, and

one of our men boiled some ship

pease, to the no small amusement of his comrades, who made some of those quaint remarks, on this “devil

of place,” as they termed it, that could originate only in such eccentrick characters. It was many yards

in circumference; the heat it emitted

was excessive, and in some positions, from a neighbouring cause,

absolutely suffocating. On crossing a high bank, we found that this was occasioned from another crater, concealed in a vast cavern, infinitely

more powerful, with a mighty roar,

throwing up vast quantities of mud and water, visibly boiling. It is im

possible to contemplate this extraor

dinary appearance without emotion, and a fearful admiration of that great

Being who calmly forms these mira

cles to operate on the minds and conduct of his creatures. There can

be no doubt of the powerful effect

of these waters as a medicine.


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