He was

as a

many years' anxiety and toil. Accordingly, early in 1833, we once more find him upon the waters on his passage to Ceylon. He bad previously married Eliza Hawksley, daughter of John Cartwright, Esq., of Bawtry, whose cheerful spirit and devotedness were well calculated to assist him in his work, and who still survives him.

But this term of labour was shorter than the former ones. appointed Chairman of the Tamul as well as of the Singhalese District ; and in one of his official visits to the northern part of the island he caught the jungle-fever. This brought the strong man low, and forced on all his friends the conclusion that his Missionary life was over, and that his residue of days must be devoted to the work of the Christian ministry at home. A summary of his Missionary character, and of the estimation in which he was generally held, cannot be given better than in the words of the Rev. Robert Spence Hardy, to whose recollections this memoir is much indebted, and who was for some time a beloved colleague: -“ Few Missionaries, who have resided for twenty-five years on a foreign shore, have left it with a more blameless character; the consistency of his deportment having been maintained, throughout the whole period, in unsullied purity. By his fellow-labourers, both native and European, he was much beloved. They will long remember with grateful affection his kindness of spirit, bis amiability of temper, his perseverance under difficulties, the wide expansiveness of his generous heart, and his fine flow of almost unbroken cheerfulness. In diligence and success linguist, he has left a bright example to all who may be called to follow him in the same privileged course. For a considerable period he was Chairman of the District, Financial Secretary, Superintendent of the press, and Secretary of the Bible and Tract Societies ; in addition to his labours as a Missionary. As a translator of the Scriptures, and as the author of various elementary works and tracts in the native languages, he has bequeathed a name that the present generation will pass onward with profound respect. The vividness of his imagination, and the occasional terseness of his style, rendered him well fitted to rivet the attention of a native audience. Tidings of his death will cause sorrow in many hearts when they reach Ceylon; but the living stones that he has been the means of bringing to the church of God will abide for ever, and in due time he will see them placed by the great Master-Builder in the celestial temple, whither he has himself gone, to enjoy the rest of eternity.”

After the lapse of a year, (during which, when not laid aside by illness, he was almost incessantly pleading the cause of the Heathen whom he loved so well) Mr. Clough entered upon the work of an English Circuit, and travelled successively in Sheffield West, Deptford, Maidstone, Bramley, and Wakefield, with considerable acceptance and

His long absence from his native land, the habit which he had acquired of thinking in a foreign tongue, the conversational style of preaching to which he had been accustomed, and the manifold public engagements which had abridged his opportunities for study, all combined to render it impossible to do himself full justice in an


English pulpit : though, with all these drawbacks, his vivid fancy, the soul which he threw into his public addresses, and his bold and fearless advocacy of truth, made his ministry edifying and approved. Those who consider that, after twenty-five years of arduous labour on a foreign station, he started in his fiftieth year in a Circuit like Sheffield with six English sermons, will deem it a marvel, that, by the grace of God, he should have succeeded so well. By his colleagues he is had in most affectionate remembrance; and as a peace-maker, a Pastor, and a friend, he lives in the hearts of multitudes of the people of his charge.

Mr. Clough was no ordinary man. His weaknesses and failings were few, and they sprang out of his excellencies. He had a commanding presence, and a noble soul. Frank and generous in his disposition, strictly honourable, hating, even to scorn, anything like finesse or meanness; a genial and brotherly companion, tender in his home-relations, world-wide in his magnificent charity, an untiring philanthropist, and an unfailing friend, he endeared himself to the companions of his youth, and gathered round him in his declining years “honour, love, obedience, troops of friends."

“ The tear that we shed, though in secret it rolls,

Shall long keep his memory green in our souls.” At the Conference of 1852 he felt it needful to retire from the full work of the ministry, and fixed his residence in Southwark. In that Circuit he laboured, as his strength would permit, to the edification and delight of the people, who hoped that a gradual and tranquil decline would follow long and honourable service. But the Master had ordered otherwise. It had long been his desire to die suddenly. His prayer was granted. The sun set with him without a twilight, as in an oriental sky. He died on the 13th of April, 1853, in the sixty-second year of his age. “He lay down and slept”-and he was "satisfied,” when he awoke, “with His likeness."

In Southwark chapel he was solemnly ordained to the work of the ministry. In Southwark chapel he bore his last testimony for Christ. And in Southwark chapel his mortal remains are deposited, awaiting “the adoption, to wit, the redemption of the body."




(PUBLISHED BY REQUEST.) “ Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.” (Rev. ii. 10.)

The book of Revelation is confessedly mysterious. The predictions it contains seem to have a voice, “It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in His own power.”

Events will unfold their meaning. But the addresses to the seven churches are plain; their application is so easy, that “the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein.” When excellencies exist, they are noted and commended; when blemishes are found, they are with like fidelity condemned. No fault is found with the church at Smyrna, and hence its members are exhorted to steadfastness.

Here is the beloved disciple, the holy Evangelist, the inspired Apostle; venerable in age, and banished to the isle of Patmos “ for the testimony of Jesus Christ ;" receiving, “in the Spirit on the Lord's day," a message to the churches. With what thrilling interest must these letters have been received by the parties addressed !-the “angels," or ministers, trembling to read, and all in the churches listening with silent awe.

To us, also, God now directs a solemn message through the death of one of His saints. She, " being dead, yet speaketh.” Her entire course supplies a comment on our text. She was “ faithful unto death ;” and she wears the “crown of life.”

Let us inquire, what is implied, what is expressed, and what is promised, in these words.

I. The text implies that something sacred is committed to us.That deposit is an immortal soul. Each of us is rendered accountable for the acceptance and securing of salvation. Fallen, guilty, totally depraved, utterly helpless, we are yet redeemed by the blood of the Lord Jesus ; we are objects of His intercession, and subjects of the gracious operation of His Spirit. We are left in our fallen estate, then, without excuse. “ The true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world,” is designed to lead the soul to "glory, honour, immortality.” All needful aid is to be had for asking: “If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children ; how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask Him ?” Thus, most powerfully assisted, “work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of His good pleasure.” The voice of mercy affirms, “ He that taketh warning shall deliver his soul.” When a man neglects the great salvation, he frustrates the Divine purpose ; for God “will have all men to be saved.” “ As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked ;" (no, not “in the death of him that dieth ;”) “but that the wicked turn from his way and live.” On this protestation the appeal is founded, “ Turn ye, turn ye from


for why will ye die ?“ Him that cometh to Me,” says Christ, “I will in no wise cast out." “Come, for all things are now ready.” “Ye will not come unto Me, that ye might have life.” What a betrayal of sacred trust !—"for what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul ?”

Salvation implies the favour of God, enjoyed in conscious pardon. Only “in His favour is life.” Fallen, guilty man can be reconciled to God only by the death of Jesus. The ministry of reconciliation is accompanied with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven. Thus the

evil ways ;

Gospel is “the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth.” St. Paul exercised this ministry by " testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ,” as the unalterable conditions of pardon. All who come thus to God, who "was in Christ, reconciling the world upto Himself,” are graciously forgiven. God “blotteth out as a thick cloud their transgressions, and as a cloud their sins," and lifts upon them the light of His countenance.

Salvation implies the witness of adoption. Without re-admission into the family of God, there is no promise of the crown of life. “ If children, then heirs ; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ." When God pardons, He receives the forgiven one into His family, as the prodigal was received. He summons all heaven on the festive occasion, announcing, “ This My son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found.” “And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.” “The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God.” “Hereby we know that He abideth in us, by the Spirit which He hath given us."

Salvation implies regeneration. Without this change of heart, there is no meetness for the heavenly Jerusalem ; for “there shall in no wise enter into it anything that defileth.” “ Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.” Those whom God adopts into His family, He renews by His Spirit. He makes His children “ partakers of the Divine nature.” “ The love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us." Believers are His temple, and “the temple of God is holy.” They dwell in love, dwell in God, and God dwells in them. The fruits of the Spirit are produced in the soul, and manifested in the life, “to the praise of His glory” who hath made them accepted in the Beloved.

This state of grace our deceased sister attained. Her conversion to God occurred in the year 1812. In the chain of instrumentality employed by grace and providence, were “ The Dairyman's Daughter," some of the writings of Hannah More, and other religious tracts. Perusing these, she woke up to a conviction of her fallen, guilty state. She felt the insufficiency of worldly pursuits to make her happy, and of religious formality to save her from imminent and endless ruin. She truly repented, and firmly trusted in Christ, believing with the heart unto righteousness. She found redemption through His blood, and rejoiced in Him as saving His people from their sins. A change vas now manifest to all. Her conduct was henceforth marked by deep seriousness. She continued steadfast in the faith, exemplifying St. Paul's testimony: “The life which I live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave Himself for me." Her constancy adorned the doctrine of God her Saviour in all things.

Are we saved “ by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost ?" If we are not, at least, earnestly seeking this great change, we are betraying our trust of deathless souls. “If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature ;” and out of Christ there is

no salvation. You who knew the deceased, and often, perhaps, heard her warning voice ; let her example direct you to the only Redeemer, who gives rest by His pain, life by His death. II. The text expresses fidelity to Christ. He who says,

" Come unto Me,” says also, “ Abide in Me,” and “Follow Me." St. Paul directs accordingly: "As ye have received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk


in Him." Be thou faithful,” seeking continually to walk in the full light of the Divine favour. “ I love them that love Me :" “Continue ye in My love.” Be thou faithful,retaining the happy relation of a child of God, and walking as Jesus walked. Be thou faithful,never grieving the Holy Spirit, but always willing to be led by Him. So shall loving obedience prove that “ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus."

To be faithful in this high filial calling implies much. “As obedient children,” says St. Peter, “pot fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance; but, as He which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation : because it is written, Be ye holy, for I am holy.” As new-born babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby”—to young men, then to fathers ; yea,

“unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ.'

To illustrate the purposes of the Christian life, God represents His children as sustaining various relations to Himself; to each of which the monition given in the text applies.

They are subjects.-" The Lord is our King." He says, “My kingdom is not of this world ;” and again, addressing his disciples, The kingdom of God is within you.' St. Paul likewise describes this kingdom as consisting in “ righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost;" thus decisively attesting its spirituality. It is a kingdom in the mind; a rule over intellect; a subjection of the undivided powers of the soul to the dominion of Christ. He claims an entire consecration : “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart.”—Our deceased sister was a faithful subject of her Lord. She loved her Saviour supremely. She steadily endeavoured to attain the fulfilment of that apostolic prayer,—“That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith ; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.” She loved the word of inspired truth. She read the Old Testament regularly through, ten times ; and the New Testament, thirty-two times. In perusing the sacred page, and treasuring up its promises, she emulated the holy zeal of David: “Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against Thee.” “ The word of Christ ” dwelt in her “ richly in all wisdom," and was the rule of her life. Her attachment to the house, the ordinances, and the people of God, can need no comment. A regular attendance in this place, of nearly half a century, is her “epistle," “known and read of all men."

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