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trample on the laurel, provided he can Martin Luther in the following aniobtain a maple chaplet. As, however, mated lines. we have not room to be minute on the Kind Heaven relenting look'd on human grief,

And pitying sent, in Luther's form, relief.

By virtue led, his mind with wisdom fraught, 3- "Good will to man and peace on earth” het

Reason delighted, on his accents hung; en

His warning voice through groaning nations rung; author has exhibited himself to most Resplendent Truth, flash'd through the awful gloom,

And Freedom rose majestic from the tomb. advantage. When he comes among * civilized people, he pays his respects In a strain of good sense and good first, as is meet, to the ladies. In feeling, he speaks to the following treating this part of the subject, he effect on the style of preaching most makes some very judicious remarks calculated to benefit society, and puri. on the character most proper for wo- fy the heart.

Ye holy Pastors, wherefore then contend?

Your creeds to spread and dogmas to defend ? compliment to his fair towns-women, Are ye not all commission'd from above,

Heralds of peace and ministers of love? calling them household deities, he

One God ye worship and one Saviour trust,
And all alike are children of the dust.
The faithless hearer, listening as you preach,

And wondering at the mysteries you teach, wife ; and then throws together, with

Is train'd to doubt, and thence advancing fast,
Becomes a perfect infidel at last.
Why to vain tenets strive recruits to win,

Rather than save immortal souls from sin ? which constitute a bad wife, and mar Sather

IT See, while ye waste in vain disputes your time, all the enjoyments of home.

How the vast earth is overrun by Crime.

Arm'd in his cause, or following in his train, He next reviews the profession of To spread his conquests and confirm his reign, the law, in the course of which he What,

Behold what hosts acknowledge his command,
What myriad victims fall beneath his hand.
Skill'd in the art the grand campaign to plan,
See Dissipation lead the powerful van,

War, like the Indian, by deceit and stealtb, and the other of a stupid, ignorant and Anan

And sap the works of innocence and health,

Then ope an easy and a certain way, corrupt justice of the peace, the vin- Through which Diseases rush to seize their prey. dictive tyrant of the neighbourhood, We have thus endeavoured to give and which, if they be not executed in about equal portions of the better and the first style, are yet very correct the poorer parts of the poem before us, Jikenesses. He takes a survey also of and shall only remark, further, that the clergy and the faculty, and in there is, throughout, evidence of conwhat he says in connexion with the siderable facility in composing, though former, he seems to have felt more it appears like the facility of a mind of roused and energetic than in any part moderate powers employed on easy of the poem. After a succinct account subjects, and not that resistless move. of the extravagance and tyranny of the ment which characterizes genius when Romish superstition, he introduces excited to put forth its strength.

son

ART. 6. TRANSACTIONS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES. UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF The names of those who have been apNEW-YORK.

proved by the Trustees are forwarded to the COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. Regents of the University, who return an CIRCULAR.

equal number of Diplomas, under the signaINQUIRIES being frequently made, by ture of the Chancellor. They are afterwards 1 persons resident at a distance, relative signed by the Professors. to the course of studies, and requisites for By the 20th of March, the candidate shall graduation, in the College of Physicians and deliver to one of the Professors a Disserta. Surgeons of the University of New York, as tion on some Medical Subject. He is pubalso concerning other matters interesting to licly examined on the same, in the College the Students who resort to this School of Hall, the first Monday in April, and may pubMedicine, the Trustees of the College, with lish, with the approbation of one of the Proa view of removing the inconvenience of fessors, either in the English, French, or answering so many individual applications, Latin Languages. The Degrees are conferand of gratifying those whom it may con- red by the President, the next day, at a pubcern, have ordered the present Circular to lic Commencement. be published for general information.

From the provision thus made, it will be The College opens, annually, on the first seen, that the various Courses of Lectures, Monday in November, and the several delivered in the College, are so arranged, as courses begin, successively, that week, after to constitute a complete system of Medical tbc Introductory Lectures of the respective Education. The Board of Trustees, bowProfessors. The Session closes the last day ever, think it incumbent on them to state, oi February

that it has been their unremitted endeavour LECTURES IN THE FORENOON to increase, as far as practicable, the, means

Theory and Practice of Pliysic. by Dr. of instruction, and to render the advantages Hosack, from nine to ten o'clock, daily. enjoyed by the College, at least equal to

Principles and Practice of Surgery, by Dr. 'those of any other similar establishment in Mott, from ten to eleven, daily.

the United States. The Anatomical MuseAnatomy, Physiology, and Surgery, by um, of large extent, has been augmented by Dr. Post, from eleven to twelve, daily. some rare and valuable preparations, and

The Clinical Practice of Medicine, by Dr. very important additions have been made to Hamersley, and attendance at the New- the Chemical Apparatus and Laboratory. York Hospital, from twelve to one, daily. The Cabinet of Natural History has also · LECTURES IN THE AFTERNOON. been greatly enriched by numerous speci· Natural History, including Mineralogy, mens, native and foreign; and in the illusBotany, and Zoology, by Dr. Mitchill, from trations of the Geology and Mineralogy of one to two, daily.

the American States, is peculiarly rich. Chemistry and Materia Medica, by Dr.. It is proper further to state, that although M'Neven, from five to six, daily.

the most liberal and extensive system of Obstetrics, and the Diseases of Women Medical and Philosophical instruction has And Children, by Dr. Hosack, from four to thus been provided the expense of educa. fire, on Mondays and Thursdays.

tion to the candidate for Medical honours is Clinical Lectures, by Dr. Hamersley, from not increased beyond that of any other Col. four to five, on Wednesdays and Saturdays. lege in the Union; as the courses are not

Institutes of Medicine, by Dr. Francis, made indispensably necessary for graduation, from four to five, on Tuesdays and Fridays. and the student is at liberty to attend any

Legal Medicine, by Dr. Stringham, from course or courses he may think expedient: scren to eight, on Mondays and Tbursdays. the Professors insist upon the attainments of GRADUATION.

the candidate, and not upon the number of It is expected that a candidate for gradua- courses nor the number of years he may tion shall have attained the age of twenty- have attended at the Uuiversity.-The 'Trus. one years.

tees believe their plan of education satisfac. On or before the first day of February, the tory, and they indulge the hope that nothing candidate shall make known his pane and will be wanting to fulfil the just expectations intention to one of the Professors, by whom and liberal views of their patrons, the Hon. he will be informed of the time and place of ourable the Legislature, and the Regents of examination. This first examination is by the University of New-York. the board of Professors only: it is private

By order, and conqdential.

SAMUEL BARD, M. D. President. A second examination is held before the John W. Francis, M. D. Registrar. board of Trustees, to whom, on this occa N. B. The Student of Medicine has abunsion, an appeal lies, and before whom there dant opportunities of prosecuting private disis offered an opportunity of redress, if a can- sections, under the immediate direction of didate thinks bimself in any wise aggrieved:, the Professors of Avalowy and Surgery, as the College enjoys the peculiar advantage of James L. Hannah, of St. Martins, Westbeing able to procure subjects from the State Indies, on digestion. Prison, under the sanction of an act of the Jobn Hill, A. B. of North-Carolina, on an. Legislature.

gina pectoris. Čity of New York, Jan. 28th, 1817.

Jesse Hamor, of Pennsylvania, on dysen

tery. Annual Medical Commencement in the Unio Ezekiel Hall, of North-Carolina, on hy. versity of New York. ---Agreeable to a resolu- drothorax. tion of the honourable the regents of the Asa Hillyer, junr. A. M. of New Jersey. University of the state of New-York, the an- on the passions. nual commencement, for the purpose of con. Ellis C. Harlan, of Pennsylvania, on ce. ferring the degree of doctor of medicine, in phalitis. the college of physicians and surgeons of this Cornelius P. Heermans, of Ontario coun. city, was held on Tuesday, the 8th day of ty, N. Y. on the medical topography of On. April, 1817. The exercises took place in the tario county. hall of the college, and were honoured with John J. Ingersoll, A. B. of Connecticut, the presence of a numerous and respectable on animal heat. audience, besides the trustees, professors, Reuben King, of Massachusetts, on here. and other officers of the institution. The ditary predisposition to disease. degree of doctor of Medicine was granted to Roderick Murchison, of South-Carolina, the following forty gentlemen, who had been on the absorbent system. students of the University, had undergone J. B. Ricord Madiana, of France, on inthe several examinations required by its laws, sanity. . and publicly defended their respective in: William L. Mitchell, of New York, ON augural dissertations. After the candidates concussion of the brain. were vested with their academic honours, Michael O'Brian, of South-Carolina, os the venerable and learned president, Samuel the anterior operation for cataract. Bard, M. D. L. L. D. delivered an interest- James Roane, of Tennessee, on pneumoing address to the graduates.

nia typhodes, as it appeared in Nashville. Nathaniel Allen, A. B. of Connecticut, on Stephen C. Roe, of New-York, on ammo. the vis medicatrix naturæ.

nia. John B. Beck, A. M. of Schenectady, N. Zabina Smith, of Massachusetts, on the Y. on infanticide.

chemical effects of light. Lewis D. Bevier, A. B. of New York, on James Seaman, of New-York, on ergot. hydrophobia.

Abraham Van Gelder, of New York, on 'Thomas W. Blatchford, of New-York, on the nature and constitution of the atmosfeigned diseases.

phere. Isaac Motte Campbell, A. M. of South- James S. Watkins, A. B. of New-York, Carolina, on amputation.

on the agency of electricity and galvanism. John Colvill, junr. of New-York, on Egerton L. Winthrop, A. B. of New York, phthisis pulmonalis.

on indigestion, and its influence on certain Alexander Chisholm, of South Carolina, diseases. on tetanus.

Thomas Waties, junr. A. M. of South. John Julius Conturier, of South-Carolina, Carolina, on the operation of cold. on pneumonia typhodes.

· W. Williamson, A. M. of New-York, on William N. Clarkson, of South-Carolina, stone in the bladder. on arthritis.

The degree of doctor of medicine was Samuel P. Dunbar, of New York, on uri- also conferred on John D. Jaques, of Newnary calculi.

York, a trustee of the college. Nicoll H. Dering, of New-York, on hydrocephalus internus.

MEDICAL SOCIETY Charles Doughty, of South Carolina, on OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK. fungus hemodules.

Agreeable to Statute, this Society met at Henry M. Dueachet, of South-Carolina, the Capitol in the city of Albany on the 4th on the action of poisons.

day of February last Harvey Elliot, A. M. of Connecticut, on The annual address was delivered by the the asclepias tuberosa of Linnæus.

President, Joseph White, M. D. being an in. Benjamin Rodolphus Greenland, of South- genious discourse on the subject of While Carolina, on the medical properties of the Swellings of the Joints; which has been prenanthes virgata.

published at the request of the Society. The James A. Gray, of Virginia, on cynanche Society then proceeded to the Election of trachealis.

Officers for the present year-when the folThomas J. Gibbons, of New-York, on he- lowing gentlemen were chosen ; John m rhage. ...

Stearns, M. D. President, Henry Mitchill, M. Stephen Hasbrouck, A. B. of New-York, D. Vice Pesident, James Low, M. D. Secreon insensiblc perspiration.

tary, Charles D. Townsend, M. D. Treasurer, Drs. Theoderick R. Beck, James Low, taneous or originating within itself, and not Charles D. Townsend, David Hosack and derived from currents of water or air. BeWilliam Patrick, junior, Censors. Drs. David ing now convinced it was an animal, they Hosack, John Miller, Stephen Reynolds, discovered his course to be directly across Samuel L. Mitchill, Amasa Trowbridge, the ships direction. They continued straight Joshua Lee, and Joseph Gilbert-Committee forward with the expectation of passing aof Correspondence.

head of him. But his progress was such that After disposing of the various subjects there was a necessity of running foul of birn, which came under their consideration, the or of keeping away to go behind bim. The Society adjourned on the 6th.

ship was first kept away to clear him, and NEW-YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY. immediately after passing his wake, brought Sitting of May 6th.

round a litile to reconnoitre him. He was DR. MITCHILL communicated, with some mostly under water ; but a part apparently specimens of Zoology, &c. contributed by of the size of a ship's boat upside-down was Capt. Edmund Fanning of this city, the fol. above the waves. His visible magnitude lowing observations, which, on account of was estimated at one hundred and len feet, their importance, we have copied verbatim or more, from side to side. This surface from the journal of the sitting. ““But, in ad- was uneven, as if covered with moss, weeds, dition to these articles, Capt. Fanning has and barnacles or shells. He paid no regard given us more information concerning that whatever to the ship, and the billows rolled enormous inhabitant of the ocean, which ap- over him as over a shoal or rock. It was pears to surpass in magnitude, all the living supposed that his eyes were discovered, as creatures belonging to the terraqueous also, something like fins or a tail in action. globe."

But no determinate judgment of his bulk, "On a former occasion I endeavoured to figure, or manner of swimming could be collect and state the evidence which New. formed, partly by reason of his vastness, York afforded concerning such huge pró- and partly because of his concealment under ductions of nature. It then appeared from water. On the whole, the crew were glad the testimony of seven independent and res. to leave him unmolested; and some of the pectable witnesses, that the existence of seamen, for several days, retained the terror creatures larger than whales, and different of the inpression so strongly that they were from whales, could not be doubted. By constantly on the watch for krakens, and comparing this mass of intelligence with that feared that they might all be lost, by encollected, from all sources within his reach, countering such an enorinous creature in by Dennis Montfort, in his elaborate history the night." of Molluscas, I was led to believe this pró. Dr. Mitchell also stated that, in conse. digious animal was the sepia octopus, or quence of a request from Professor Bigelow eight armed cuttle fish. These particulars of the University of Cambridge, Massachuwere arranged in the form of a Memoir, and setts, he had noted the flowering of the folprinted in the 16th vol. of the Medical Re. lowing trees, shrubs and plants in this city pository, page 396-406.

and its vicinity, this season, which are arAfterwards, the declarations of other ranged in their chronological order. persons, unexceptionable in point of credi- April 1111. Red mapie, dandelion, and bility and character, were taken. They core common eim.-15th. Currant and gooseberroborated the foriner conclusion, by a fur. ry; yellow narcissus or daffodil ; dogs-toothther mass of powerful evidence. All these violet, (erythronium lanceolatum.) 16th. matters were recorded in the before-men- Marsh marygold, (caltha palestris.) 19th. tioned work, vol. 17. p. 388–390.

Wood avemone, (A nemorosa,) and clayto"After all this, as is to make assurance nia virginica. 2016. While narcissus. 21st. as certain as possible, Cap:. Fauning basen- Peach tree flowered ; 26th. in full bloom.tered on the Journal of the ship Volunteer, 25th. Clierry tree tiowered ; May 2, in full commanded by him, bound to the Sonth blooin. 26. blood-root plant, (sang canad) Seus, that being in about the Latitude of 30° June-berry or bilberry, (Pyr. botryapium.) south, on the Atlantic Ocean, sailing towards May 1. Apple tree dwarf, (Pyr. malus paraTerry del Fuego, be sair one of these mons. disaica,) Plumn tree. May 2.' Pear tree, (P. sters of the deep. It was in the month of com.) 4. Apple tree orchard common. 5. Augasi, when the ocean was calm, and the Lilac, (syring. vulg.) dwarf almond. veszel proceeding at the rate of four miles Dr. Mitchill made soine remarks on a spe. the hour. During the brightness of a fair cimen of Lumachelia marble, which he de. day, while the captain and officers were ta. posited in the cabinet of the Society, being a king their food below, the bontswain alarm- slab large enough for a inearth, received from ed them by stating that he descried a rock Roger Strong, Esq. of this city, who bad obat some distance a-head of the ship. They tained it from the quarry in the town of Coey. all proceeded to the deck, and soon satisfied mans, in the county of Albany. It is tilled themselves that the supposed rock was a with the calcareous remains of Molluscas. moving body, and that its impulse was spon- Traces of six kinds of shells and creatures applied.

are clearly discernible. Most of them are of By the committee to whom has been ins species extinct, or not now known to exist. trusted more particularly the cultivation of The learned Doctor enumerates the follow. Botany and Vegetable Physiology, I am di. ing among the varieties that may be made rected to solicit your co-operation in promot. out; Belemnites, Encriniles, Terebratulas, Pec. ing and carrying into effect the designs of tinites, a Cardium exhibited in various frac- this institution. tures, and a spherical flesh-coloured body, As it is our intention to assemble, as far as which he conjectures to be an Actimia. may be practicable, all the various Trees,

The Lumachella of Coeyman's, were it not Shrubs, gramineous and herbaceous plants of for its flinty ingredients, would be nearly our country, whether they are cultivated for equal to the Italian Lumachella.

their alimentary qualities, their medicinal vir

tues, or their use in the arts, or are distin. CIRCULAR."

guished for other important or remarkable New-York Institution, April 8th, 1817. qualities, yonr contributions, by sending us SIR-By request of the Mineralogical com- the living plant, or the seeds, roots, cuttings. mittee of the New-York Historical Society, layers, offsets, or other means of cultivating I have the honour to forward to yon a notice or propagating it, will be particularly acceptof their intention to form a collection of the able, and will be duly and gratefully ackpow. minerals and fossils of the United States. ledged by the Historical Society; at the same The object of this undertaking being of great time that we can now confidently assure public utility, they trust that it will meet with you, they will be cultivated with great care, general encouragement. Allow me, Sir, in at the Botanic Garden, the state establishtheir behalf, to request of you such donations ment, in the vicinity of this city. of minerals and petrefactions of the United We also request the favour of you, to acStates as you may have it in your power to company such conimunications by a descripprocure for us, and such information is your tion of the more prominent characters of the self or friends may possess of the mineralogy plant, and of the several uses to which it is of any part of the United States. I have the honour to be,

A specimen of the dried plant, prepared Sir, very respectfully,

in the manner pointed out in the subjoined Your obedient servant,

directions, to be placed in the Herbarium of GEORGE GIBBS, Chairman. the Society, will also be acceptable.

Another object of the Society is to collect CIRCULAR.

specimens of the various woods, which are AMERICAN ZOOLOGY AND GEOLOGY. employed in any of the 'arts of life, or which

New-York Institution, March 11, 1817. in any way administer to the benefit of man;

SIR-In behalf of the New-York Historical shonld it be in your power to contribute to Society, I beg leave to solicit your assistance the cabinet, you will oblige the Society by toward the formation of a Zoological Muse. sending specimens of a size that will admit um. For the purpose of becoming more of a block being formed of about 6 inches in extensively acquainted with the animal crea- length, and 4 in width, with an account of tion, a plan has been digested for collecting the purposes to which such woods are sevespecimens and productions from the different rally applied. Specimens of these dimen. tribes. These it is intended to preserve and sions, if carefully selected, will show the tex. arrange in an apartment allotted for their rc- ture and character of the wood. ception. The document annexed to this let. The various Barks and Roots which are in ter, contains some of the leading subjects of like manner made use of in diet, medicinc, inquiry. Every fact and article relative to or in the various arts and manufactures, will this exalted department of Natural History be an acceptable addition to the collection will be thankfully accepted and duly estima- now forming in this Institution. ted I beg you to accept the assurance of Preparations illustrative of the internal my good will and respect.

structure and economy of the vegetable body SAMUEL L. MITCHILL, Chairman, and of the diseases to wlich plants are liable,

more especially those which frequently fall CIRCULAR

under the notice of the farmer or the hortiNew-York Institution, April 8, 1817. culturist, will be gratefully received, and will Sir-It was one of the original objects in claim the particuiar attention of this Society, the establishment of the Historical Society l am, Sii, respectfully, of New-York, to attend not only to the civil Your humble servant, and ecclesiastical, but also to the natural his.

DAVID HOSACK, Chairman. tory of our state and country: At a late meeting of this institution, com.

DIRECTIONS mittees were selected from its members for To be observed in Collecting and Preserving the cultivation of the several departments of

Plants. Zoology and Geology, Botany and Vegelable I. As the fower and the leaf are the parts of Physiology, and Mineralogy.)

a plant from which the Botanical charac

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