« 前へ次へ »
of all classes of the community, on the return of gage in the Sisyphean toil of climbing the steeps peace, into the vortex of trade. The reflux of of German mysticism the wave gives us now an opportunity to repair its We have much to congratulate ourselves upon ravages.
. in the disenthralment of opinion which has been A good historical and didactic treatise on the achieved during the latter part of the last centuagriculture of the United States is a desideratum. ry, and the beginning of the present; and we E.
have sull more to hope from the spirit of free inDissertation First : Exhibiting a Gene- quiry, upon every subject, which has gone abroad. ral View of the Progress of Metaphysical The reaction of the mind, naturally incident to and Political Philosophy, since the Revi. its emancipation from the bondage of superstition, val of Letters in Europe, by Dugald Stew
has contributed more to the efficacy of its endea· art. esq. F. R. S. London and Edinburgh, intellectual vassalage, than all the aids furnished
vours to burst the shackles of civil tyranny and &c. &c. Part 1. 8vo. pp. 260. Boston, by the champions of pneumatology. We are Wells & LILLY. New-York, KIRK & MER. not among those who calculate upon the discoveCEIN.
ry of latent faculties in the human mind, or upon This is the first part of the first in a series of the inventiou of a patent process of ratiocination.-Five Dissertations, prefixed to the Supplementary We rejoice in the prostration of past systems, not volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica, in in the hope of any more satisfactory substitute, which it is intended to exsibit a summary view but in the belief that mankind will, at last, be of the progress and present state of metaphysical, willing to apply themselves to the cultivation of matheinatical, and physical science. The public their intellectual powers, instead of spending cation before us brings down the history of the their lives in a preliminary abstract inquiry into moral and intellectu
liscussion of their nature and economy. The time that has which, for some ages, constituted the employment, been thrown away in frivolous controversy on and consumed the talents of the learned, to the points beyond our comprehension, and of no pracdawning of the day-star of reason on the Cimmeri- tical value if ascertainable, is the strongest posan night of the schools. The sequel of this prelimi- sible evidence of our.ignorance of that with whici nary discourse will take up the consideration of we have thought ourselves most conversant. It the writings of Locke and Leibnitz, and trace is something, however, to have learnt, at length the progress of the science of mind to its present that there are limits which we cannot pass, and if advancement. The high reputation of Professor we will but profit by experience, and give our exStewart is sustained by his present performance. ertions to the attainment of objects within our He has taken a wide and liberal survey of his reach, we may grasp much that is useful, which subject, and unbiassed by prejudice, and unaw. we have heretofore overlooked in our longings ed by authority, has evinced a loyal adherence to after ideal good. The world will be probably the supremacy of common sense. He has been more
has been more benefited by the institution of experimental very successful in exposing the fallacies of doc- courses of education, than by any a priori spetrines that for centuries enslaved the understand. culation on the origin of ideas, or the modes of ing ;-it remains to be seen what other than nega- reasoning. It is enough for this object, to know tive advantages have resulted from their demo- that axioms are not innate, and that wisdom is in lition. For ourselves, we consider all specula- some way to be acquired. tions upon nousogony, to coin a word adapted to The history of the advances that have been designate that branch of metaphysics on which made in the new science of political economy so much study has been wasted, as worse than shows the steady progress of reason, where it has nugatory, inasmuch as ignorance is preferable to data to go upon, and equally evinces the fallacy error. Let us be content, without attempting to of unfledged theories. We shall await with imsearch into what is inscrutable, to adopt as the ter- patience the continuation of this able dissertation. minus to which all just investigations must ulti- E. mately tend, the truth. contained in the text of The Seasons; with the Castle of Indolence. Scripture, which Dr. Reid wisely adopted as his By James Thompson. New York. W. B. motto,-“ The inspiration of the Almighty has Gilley. 12mo. pp. 287. given (man) understanding,"--and diligently apply ourselves in imitation of his example, to the
We do not take up this volume for the pur
W discovery of the means for its proper conduct. We pose of expressing our admiration of the poet, cannot too cautiously guard against yielding our which would carry us nearly the length of ex. selves to the impulses of imagination, in subjects claiming with Collins, wholly foreign to its province. Those magnifi- “Yet lives there one whose heedless eye, cent vistas into the regions of mind, which have Shall scorn thy pale shrine glirmering near! 80 often dazzled the vision of philosophic fancy, With him, sweet bard, may Fancy die, have proved to the weary pursuit of painful medi And Joy desert the blooming year." tation,
It is from the rareness of the opportunity of com“ Long passages that lead to nothing."
mending an American edition of a British work, -To the faculty of imagination we must refer, not that we feel bound to notice the remarkable neatmnerely poetical creations, but every arbitrary fic. ness of this, which is executed in a superior style tion, as distinguished from fact-every species of of typography, and ornamented with some of the reverie. It was the enticement of the illusions of most elegant wood cuts we have seen. Whether this power that erst betrayed reason into the la- the text be more accurate than the run of publibyrinths of ontology, and again seduced it to en: cations from our presses, we have not examined VOL. I. NO, III.
ion of some half dozen polish the affirmative.
it sufficiently to say-unless, indeed, the exemp- the opinions on the subject of school discipline we tion of some half dozen pages, that we have looked wish might spread. at, from error, may establish the affirmative.
The Sacrifice of Isabel. A Poem. By Ed
ward Quillinan, Esq. New-York. VAN Essays on Hypochondriacal and other Ner- WINKLE & Wiler. 12mo. pp. 52. vous Affections. By John Reid, M. D. Mem. This poem appears to have been founded upon ber of the Royal College of Physicians, Lon- fact, and from the subject, the air of mystery don; and late Physician to the Finsbury which is thrown around it, and its beauties of lanDispensary. Philadelphia. Carey & Son. guage and sentiment, of which there are some, New-York. KIRK & MERCEIN. 8vo. pp. 209. "
000 it is rendered not a little interesting Though the title of this Essay would lead us to
Peace-Republican's Manual ; or, The
Pear suppose it a professional work, and though it is in
French Constitution of 1793, and the Declafact the production of professional skill and observation, its use and its interest are not confined
įration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens ; to the members of the faculty. It is in truth an
with an to which are added Debates on this Constitu
. essay upon the connexion subsisting between tion in the National Convention; translated the physical and intellectual and moral systems, extracts from pieces seized in Babæuf's Rooms; with rules to preserve the healthy action of all. extracts from Rousseau's Work on the Social The style, as well as the subject, will eommend it Contract, &c. &c. New York, Sold by JOHN to general perusal, whilst an attentive study of Tirbour & Sons. 8vo. pp. 161. its principles will enable one to detect the preten- The Bower of Spring, with other Poems, sions of empiricism, and a firm adherence to its
by the Author of the Paradise of Coquettes. precepts will go far to dispense with the necessity of resorting to the pharmacopeia. We cannot but Philadelphia. M. THOMAS. New-York. wish a wide circulation to the enlightened and KiK & MERCEIN. 18mo. pp. 107. beneficent opinions of Dr. Reid.
The praise more liberally than judiciously bec.
stowed upon this author's first production, has Some very Gentle Touches to some very stimulated him to empty his porte-feuille upon the Gentle-Men; by an bumble country Cousin public. Happily, its contents are small, and not of Peter Pindar, Esq. Dedicated io all the offensive. The first poem in the collection, and Little Girls and Boys of the city of New- "
which gives its title to the volume, contains a York. 18mo. with cuts. pp. 16. Riley &
good deal of poetical epithet and scenery, but its
descriptions, with all their particularity, want dis. ADAMS.
tinctness, and fail of effect. The writer has not We are glad that the continuance of a filthy the faculty of seizing upon the prominent features nuisance which disgraces the police of our city, of the landscape, and presenting a picture at can be productive even of the single good effect once to the eye. His lyrics are still more indifof furnishing amusement to children. But, like ferent than his heroics. The conceits on which many other coarse jokes, whilst it may make the most of his minor pieces turn, are uuskilful laugh,' it cannot but inake the judicious . - o Far-fetched, and little worth.” griere.'
The Reformer, or Essays on some import. The Glory of Columbia, Her Yeomanry, ant subjects. By a Friend to his Country. a Play, in five Acts, by William Dunlap, New-York. Sold by different BOOKSELLERS. esq. New-York. David Longworra. 12mo 12mo. pp. 201.
pp. 56. The subjects of these essays are, as stated in “prichtone
Frightened to Death, a Musical Farce, the title, important, but the writer has not discussed them with much ability. Most of the senti- in two Acts, as perforined at the Theatre ments, we do, indeed, think correct, but as a Royal Drury-Lane. By W. C. Oulton. well-connected train of thought matured into sys- New York. David LONGWORTH. 12mo. tem and set forth perspicuously and forcibly, the pp. 34. book can have no claim. In treating the several
Bombastes Furioso, a Tragic Burlesque topics as they arose, the author seems to have lost sight too much of what he says elsewhere, and Opera, in one Act. New-York. DAVID there are consequently many incoherencies in the LONGWORTH. 12mo. pp. 15. statement of his thoughts and opinions. His style, r*. Booksellers in any part of the United too, is very faulty, and there are in the book some grammatical errors, which can hardly be charged States, who wish to bave their publications upon the printer. He has read the in Pursuits of noticed in this Catalogue, will please to send Literature, "and has attemptedto imitate the man- copies of them to the Editors, as early as ner of' that anomalous performance in his criticism possible. - We shall give the publications in and satire, without having the talents and erudi- the names of all those from whom we re. tion requisite for success. Still, however, the ceive copies, putting the original publisher general strain of feeling is laudable, and most of first.
Art. 14. MATHEMATICAL LUCUBRATIONS.
QUESTION 1, BYM, T. N. YORK. terials of which are to be taken from a
trench, to circumscribe it at the distance VEN, r3 — 73 7, and x2 + xy
ty of two yards from the base : the perpendiU + y2 = 7 to find x and y.
cular depth of the trench to equal its width QUESTION 2, BY ANALYTICUS, N. YORK. at the earth's surface; the inclination of
16 is required to cut a given cone by a the inside to be the same with that of the plane passing through the vertex, so that mound, viz. 10°, from the perpendicular the area of the section may be the greatest and the outside, which is perpendicular, possible.
must enclose an acre exactly. QUESTION 3, BY ANALYTICUS, N. YORK. It is required to know the expense of the , 'It is required to determine the position workmanship at six cents the cubic yard. of a body from three simultaneous observed angles of elevation, at three givenh
*** Solutions to these questions must
'be sent, free of expense, to KIRK & MERplaces on the same horizontal plane.
CEIN, New-York, the publishers. Solutions QUESTION 4, BY MR. MICHAEL O'CONNOR, to the above will be published in the numTeacher of the Catholic Lancastrian School, ber for October, and must be furnished by Barclay-street, New-York
the 1st of September next; and as a geneA mound in the form of the frustum of ral rule, answers must be returned in two a cone 21 feet perpendicular height, is to months from the proposition of the prob. be raised upon a horizontal plane, the ma. lem.
Art. 15. REPORT OF DISEASES TREATED AT THE PUBLIC DISPENSARY,
NEW-YORK, DURING APRIL AND MAY, 1817.
Contusio, 7; Vulnus, 15; Abcessus, 5; TEBRIS Intermittens, 8; Febris Remit. Ulcus, 23;, ulcera Fauci
ris Remit. Ulcus, 23; Ulcera Faucium, 1; Aphthæ, I'tens, 3: Febris Continua. 8: Febris In. 3; Ustio, 4; Caligo, 2 ; Odontalgia, 40; fantum Remittens. 33 : Phlegmone. 4: Morbi Cutanei Chronici, 83. L'aronychia, 2; Ophthalmia Acut. 20; With the exception of a few mild days, Catarrhus, 2 ; Cynanche Pharyngea, 2; Cy. the weather, during this interval, has been nanche Trachealis, 3 ; Pertussis, 5; Pneii. uncommonly cold for the season; and from monia, 41; Pneumonia Typhodes, 5 ; Bron. the want of those frequent refreshing chitis Acut. 2; Hepatitis, 1 ; Hysteritis, showers that usually usher in the Spring, 1: Rheumatismus Acut. 12; Hæmoptysis, there was little appearance of advancing 1; Cholera, 1; Rubeola, 5; Roseola, 1; vegetation, until the first of May. The Erythema, 2; Erysipelas, 8; Herpes, 2; winds have been variable; but the N. W., Vaccinia, 206 ; Convulsio, 3; Morbi In- W., and S. W., have chiefly predominated. fantiles, 8.
North-easterly and South-easterly winds
have occasionally blown, and with, what is CHRONIC AND LOCAL DISEASES. usual, considerable chillness and atmos.
Asthenia, 12; Vertigo, 10; Cephalalgia, pherical humidity. The maximum of the B; Paralysis, 1; Dyspepsia, 15 ; Vomitus, thermometer, in the shade, for April, was 3; Gastrodynia, 4; Enterocynia, 7 ; Cho. 80° on the 16th, with the wind from the rea, 2; Epilepsia, 4; Asthma, i; Hyste. S. W.; the minimum on the 11th was 33° ria, 3; Colica, 1; Hypochondriasis, 1; at 6 o'clock in the morning, making a difMania, 1; Dyspnea, 9; Catarrhus chron. ference of 47° in five days. The mean 15; Bronchitis Chron. 5; Rheumatismus 'temperature at 7 in the morning was 44° Chron, 35; Lumbago, 7; Pleurodynia, 5; -at 2 in the afternoon, 58°—and at sunset Cephalæa, 3; Hæmorrhois, 3; Diarrhæa, 51°. In May, the maximum temperature 3; Leucorrhea, 1 : Urethritis, 12; Icterus, was 76°; and the minimum, 45o. The 1; Obstipatio, 40; Chlorosis, 1; Ame. mean of the thermometer for the morning norrhea, 5; Dolor Uteri, 2; Plethora, 23; was 51°; for the afternoon, 62° ; for the Anasarca, 2; Hydrothorax, 1; Ascites. 1; evening, 56o. Lithiasis, 1 ; Scrophula, 3; Tabes Mese. The Records of the Dispensary, present, senterica, 3; Verminatio, 23 ; Syphilis, since the last Report, an increased propor14 ; Pseudo-Syphilis, 1 ; Tumor, 6 ; Scir. tion of inflammatory diseases. The prorhus, 1; Carcinoma, 1; Hydarthrus, 3; longed coldness of the weather, and somellernia, 1; Subluxatio, 8 ; Fractura, 3; times considerable vicissitudes of temperature, multiplied, as usual, the cases of Townsend had the charge of the patient Flieumatic complaints, and afiections of after the 7th day. The Antiphlogistie the thoracic viscera, in all their forms. In- treatment was still continued, together flammations of the eyes were also frequent. with the general warm bath. The disease In several instances, when, in consequence terminated favourably on the 12th day. of previous Ophthalmic inflammation, The Infantile Remittent Fever, (the Fe. specks, ulcerations, or pustules, had form- bris Infantum Remittens of Authors,) was ed on the cornea or the conjunctiva, the very prevalent among children from the most evident advantages were derived age of 5 or 6 months, to that of 10 or from a complete division of the vessels, 12 years. Although this complaint visited which supplied them with nourishment, children in all ranks of society, yet, it parby means of scarifications by the lancet. ticularly affected those in the lower orCases of typhus fever were sometimes ob- ders, who, either from greater exposures, served ; but some of the most prevalent from small, crowded, ill ventilated or uncomplaints, next to those just mentioned, healthy apartments, and from the use of were, dyspepsia, torpor of the bowels, and improper food, or other causes, experienother affections of the stomach and intesti- ced its effects in an uncommon' degree. nal canal. These appeared to be frequent. In some it bore a strong resemblance to inly owing to the debility of want, or defec- Aammation of the lungs or pleura, and in tive nutrition, as well as the habitual abuse others to Hydrocephalus. of spirituous liquors; and in no instance, The invasion of the disease, so far as the perhaps, were they the effects of a deran- Reporter had opportunities of observing it, ged state of the biliary or digestive or was, generally, very gradual. It usually gans, produced by the operation of exter- manifested its advances, by more or less nal heat.
impaired appetite and digestion; by disThe return of Spring brought with it ordered bowels, which were sometimes re. several cases of Erysipelas. A severe at. laxed, but commonly constricted ; by dul. tack of this disease, attended with much ness, languor, and aversion to bodily exerinflammatory fever, occurred in an infant tion, or by a peevish and fretful disposiat the breast, aged six months ; the mother tion ; by feverishness, particularly in the af. of which was of a gross plethoric habit of ternoon or towards evening, during which body, and strongly predisposed to erysi. the hands were hot, the head painful, the pelatous affections. The complaint made breathing more hurried than natural, and its appearance first on the back of the neck, the pulse one hundred or more in a and the occipital portion of the head. minute. These premonitory symptoms From thence it travelled progressively having continued, in a greater or less de. over the scalp, face, and front of the body, gree, for some days, the little sufferer downwards to the extremities ; each re- was suddenly seized with a more severe newed succession of the disorder becom- paroxysm of fever, preceded, for the most ing gradually less severe, in proportion as part, by chills, and sometimes by vomiting. it receded to a greater distance from the "The pulse now rose to 130 or 140 in a part originally affected. The tumefaction minute. The disorder being thus fully of the head and face was prodigious ; the formed, the prominent or leading symptoms eyes were swollen shut, and the features were--urgent fever; rapid pulse ; quicken. could scarcely be recognized. Vesications ed respiration, that was often attended by appeared on the scalp on the fourth day. cough; flushed cheeks ; pungent heat of The Reporter was called to the child on skin, particularly of the head, abdomen, the second day of its illness. The first in- and palms of the hands ; listlessness and intention was to relieve the disordered and aptitude to motion ; drowsiness and someconstipated bowels, by an active cathartic, times a disturbed state of the sensorium, and they were afterwards kept soluble by amounting even to delirium ; picking of the use of senna and manna, with a small the nose, lips or other parts of the face; portion of neutral salt, and the occasional depraved appetite and aversion to food ; interposition of a dose of calomel and rheu. irregularity of the bowels, and an offensive barb. Gentle diaphoretic Medicines were state of the alvine discharges, which at the same time empioyed, together with were either of a blackish or greenish the frequent use of the pediluvium. As colour, and mixed with much mucus, slime, an external remedy, the diluted liquor am- or shreds of coagulated lymph. moniæ acciatis, was ordered to be kept The duration of the fever was various. constantly applied to the inflamed parts. For the most part, however, it continued In consequence of the Reporter's changing from 5 or 6 days to a fortnight, and in one n.his district, his friend and colleague Dr.
stance to more than five weeks. In this last the stomach and intestines. On these case mercury was freely had recourse to, principles, it was successfully treated by but not with those beneficial effects, that purgatives at intervals; by gentle diaphosome have ascribed to it. The Reporter retics; by ablution with tepid vinegar and must here observe, that he cannot, either water; and by the use of tonics, as soon from theory or experience, approve of the as the state of the system would permit. use of mercury in this disorder to the An active .cathartic of calomel and rhuextent recommended by Mr. Coley, in his barb was generally ordered to be taken imlate work on the Remittent Fever of In- mediately, and repeated every second or fants. As a purgative, it may be advan- third day, according to circumstances; tageously given, and in those few instan- and on the intermediate days, the bowels ces, perhaps, in which there may appear to were kept gently open by senna and manbe an evident torpor of the liver, with de- na in conjunction with a neutral salt, and ficiency of the biliary secretions. His sometimes by a combination of magnesia, objections to the einployment of this ac- rhubarb, and tartrite of antimony. tive medicine, so as to affect the system. The subsequent observations on the inare founded not only on its well known de- creased pulsation of the Aorta in the Epi. bilitating effects on the constitution, or gastic Region, were intended to have been its more primary operation in augmen: inserted in the last Report; but were una. ting the phlogistic diathesis of body, and voidably deferred for want of room. They the motion of the blood vessels ; but also are still deemed of sufficient importance on its pecaliar influence upon the brain to be now communicated, inasmuch as they and nerves, as well as its power to relate to an extraordinary symptom, which increase the action of the e.thalent vessels. though not necessarily of serious appreFor a lucid and satisfactory view of this hension in itself, may be the cause of great modus operandi of mercury on the sys. alarm by being confounded with another tem, the reader is referred to a learned disease of the aorta, incurable in its nature, and practical Inaugural Dissertation by Dr. and commonly of fatal tendency. The atJohn W. Francis, and to some valuable re- tention of the reporter was directed to this marks of this Writer on the same subject, pulsation during the preceding winter, by published in the last volume of the Ameri. Dr. Hosack, who stated that he had obcan Medical and Philosophical Register. served three instances of it in this city,
In every case of Infantile Remittent, the last of which occurred at the period just there is evidently more or less affection mentioned, and was by an eminent pracof the brain, as is clearly evinced by the titioner mistaken for an aneurism of the frequent stupor, drowsiness, delirium, and aorta. The aorta, it is well known, has, pain in the head : and from the great de. like the artery at the wrist, a constant termination of blood towards that organ, pulsation, which, however, is not percep. there is necessarily produced a strong pre- tible to the touch, in consequence of the disposition to hydrocephalus. The exci- great depth to which the vessel lies buting of a mercurial action in the system, un- ried beneath the surface of the abdomen, der such circumstances, must be highly im. This motion of the aorta might at any proper, on the principle of its augmenting time be felt, provided the parietes of the the local excitement of the brain, and abdomen could be brought in immediate thereby increasing the tendency to dropsi. contact therewith. Accordingly, the learncal effusion. In confirmation of the correct. ed Dr. Parr remarks that," any person, if ness of this opinion, it may be observed thin, will often, if lying on his back, that instances of Hydrocephalus in chil. perceive a pulsation somewhat below the dren have been known to arise from the pit of the stomach, and if low spirited or internal use of Mercury. Several cases of hysteric, will be alarmed by this unexpected this kind have fallen under the observa- sensation." This symptom, though it may tion of Dr. Hosack, who has long since, in be a source of alarm to the person esperi. his public Lectures, given practical cau. encing it, can scarcely be considered a tions on this subject.
disease. It is mentioned here for the purThe infantile remittent being a disease pose of distinguishing it from an actually of the whole system, connected with a increased pulsation, which being a real disordered state of the stomach and other morbid occurrence, or at least symptoma. Chylopoietic Viscera ; its treatment is to tic of disease, is for the most part not only be conducted on the principle of cleansing perceptible to the patient internally, or the prima viæ; diminishing excitement by the hand externally applied, but such both general and local; and giving tone to is its force, that it is sometimes visible