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Armadillo was the first animal that he 2. The Literary and Philosophical So. procured, and from this feeble beginning ciety, of which his Excellency the Goverhis industryand perseverance have brought nor is President. This association has the to public view the splendid collection lease of a spacious room for their sittings, which now graces our city. He has la. which are monthly. A number of excel. boured for several years under the disad. lent papers on various subjects have been vantage of having a house badly adapted read before this Society, of which one to the purpose of a Museum, but as this volume of transactions has been published, is now removed, he will for the future and there are other communications on have full scope for the exercise of his in- file sufficient for a second volume, whengenuity, and with the encouragement thus ever the funds of the Society will admit afforded him, much may be expected to their publication. result from his labours.

3. The Historical Society. His Excel. On the 2d July, Mr. Scudder compli. lency De Witt Clinton is also President of mented his patrons with the first view of this institution. They have a suit of the American Museum as newly arranged rooms. One is appropriated for the sitin the New-York Institution. The mem- tings of the Society, and in this, the bers of the Corporation, and those scienti. monthly meetings of several Bible Socie. fic gentlemen who had taken a particular ties are permitted to be held. Another interest in his success, together with their room contains the collection of books, pa: families, were invited to a gratuitous pers, manuscripts, &c. collected by the view, previously to opening the Museum Society, relating to the civil, ecclesiasti. to the public. We shall take some future cal, or natural history of our country. occasion to describe the excellent dispo. Two other large rooms are set apart for sition of the natural curiosities of this the cabinet of Mineralogy, Zoology, and BoMuseum, particularly the different groups tany, and considerable progress is made in and combinations of the preserved speci: these departments. These rooms were mens of animals.

.. once assigned to the New York City LiThe Museum now forms a part of the brary, but the lease was relinquished, and New-York Institution, which, though well they were subsequently given to the His. understood among ourselves, may require torical Society and to Mr. Griscom. some explanation to distant readers and 4. The Lyceum of Natural History. Dr. visiters to our city. The building which Mitchill is President of this institution, of is appropriated for the purposes of the In. which we gave some account in a former stitution, was formerly the New York number. The members consist principal. Alms-house,a brick building, 260 feet long, ly of young, active and zealous cultivators and three stories high. It is a plain edi. of the Natural Sciences. Their sittings fice, without ornament, having been built are frequent, and the communications for use, not for show. When it was vaca- made to the Society are numerous and im. ted in 1816 and the paupers removed to portant. The room occupied by the Ly. the new establishment at Bellevue, in the ceum was formerly assigned to General suburbs of the city, the Corporation ap. Swift, and occupied by bim, during the propriated it to different Societies, which war, when his services were wanted, and bad applied for apartments within it. his talents were employed, in planning Under the direction of the Committee of works of defence for this city. Being no Arts and Sciences, the building was leased longer wanted for that purpose, it has been for ten years, for a nominal rent, to dif. granted to the Lyceum. ferent persons and Societies, who are now 5. Mr. John Griscom, Lecturer on located in the building, and whose leases Chemistry and Natural Philosophy, has commenced on the 1st May,1816. The edi. a room assigned to him on the same terms fice, by its present designation, means the with the other Societies, provided he uses New-York Institution of Learned and Sci. it for thic purpose of delivering his lecture; entific Establishments, of which the followtherein and nothing else. ing are located there.

... 6. The American Museum, of which we 1. The American Academy of the Fine have spoken.' These six establishments Arts, of which Col. Trumbull is President and associations constitute the New York The other officers are stated in a former Institution. number of this Magazine, in which was The whole of this extensive building, commenced (p. 133) an account of the sub. except a small part occupied by the Comjects exhibited. These comprise painting missioners of the Alms-house, bas thus and statuary only.

been disposed of by the Corporation for the benefit of Science, and the reputation ment of a wound inflicted by a rabid ani. of the city. I am assured that the mal; it is its immediate destruction by citizens generally will not regret this dis- caustic, or by fire, in order to annihilate position of a small portion of the public the poison. The wound requires repeated property, though it has been said that a applications of escharotics, (such as corrobetter application might have been made. sive sublimate, or red precipitate) to keep Some have suggested to demolish the it discharging, and a judicious surgical building and sell out the fee for town lots; management according to its nature and but this would only afford a chance for situation. Until an experienced person speculation, and render it necessary to can be had to employ the powerful agency open Warren street, through the public of pure potash (caustic) it is proper to ground between the New York Institution burn linen, cotton, or tow, and even gunand the City Hall; and the great thorough- powder, on the wound. No internal reme fare, thus made near the Hall, would render dies are to be relied on without local apit impossible to attend to the business of plications; and Mosely says, destroying the courts from the constant rumbling of the part, and continuing the suppuration carts and carriages. It has also been sug- some weeks are sufficient to prevent all gested that if the Alms-house had been con- mischief. verted into offices it would have produced :“ These authors unite in the most un. several thousand dollars income. Be this qualified rejection of all remedies from as it may, I cannot but justify and ap- empyrics, quacks, or even well meaning plaud the Corporation for the generous persons, wño, being unacquainted with disposition they have made of the building; medical science, are not aware of their and I take the liberty of giving it as my responsibility, when they would waste preopinion that neither Warren nor any other cious time, and jeopardize many lives by street should ever pass so near the Hall as their nostrums, in preference to the cer. it must, if opened through the public tain and judicious means which are actual. ground, so long as the Courts of Justice ly put into our hands. hold their sessions therein, K.

« As the work of Dr. Bouriat is not yet translated into the English language, we

recommend that of Dr. Mosely, which as a Messrs. Editons,

vade mecum should have a place in every Notwithstanding the salutary ordinances of the corporation of this city, the unpar- i until the late great prevalence of canine donable negligence of its executive offi. madness in London, there were only a cers suffers the streets to be infested with few physicians who ever saw it; and that every manner of unclean beasts. Nor is after it, there was scarcely one who had the danger of suffocation from stench, or not had an opportunity of seeing it often.' of fever from infection, all that we have What warning for us to be prepared against to apprehend from the toleration of the so distressing an evil! In no other treatise vilest nuisance that ever was permitted to of the kind can be found more authenti. nauseate a civilized community Disgust. cated success in the mode of treatment. ing as swine are, they are not so much to more experience more of that useful inbe dreaded as dogs. As canine madness struction, which after many ages, has been is usually prevalent at this season, and as scattered among numerous books, than is we are so imminently exposed to suffer now condensed in this excellent performfrom its effects, I have thought that an ance of Dr. Mosely.” account of the means that have been sug « Before closing this article, we beg rested of preventing and curing the hydro• leave to repeat the simple but effectual phobia, would not be ill-timed.

treatment recommended by these expeA writer in the National Intelligencer, rienced physicians : under the signature of S. in May last, Destroy, as soon as possible, the bitten takes notice of the methods of treatment part by caustic or fire ; keep the wound recommended for recent wounds, by Dr. suppurating or discharging for a few weeks, Mosely. of London, and Dr. Bouriat, of and the patient is safe.” Montpelier, in France. He remarks, that William Coleman. Esg. editor of the there is an extraordinary coincidence in Evening Post, in remarking on the above, the ideas of these gentlemen, who publish- recommends a decoction of the scutellaria, ed their essays about the same time, with- or skullcap “as a safe and certain preventout any previous concert. The following ive, if taken at any time after the bite and is an extract from S's communication : before bydrophobia comes on.” Dr. Thach

" These physicians agree as to the er, of Plymouth, Massachusetts, in a let. speedly mode to be adopted in the treat. ter published in the first volume of the

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American Medical and Philosophical Re. made at Udine, the capital of Friuli, a gister, speaks respectfully of the virtues small province belonging to this repubof this plant. Dr. Thacher, also, mentions lic. The discovery is this : a poor man the benefits that have been experienced lying under the tortures of the hydrofrom the use of the lobelia inflata. He con- phobia, was cured with some draughts cludes his letter with saying,

of vinegar given him by mistake, instead " That the fatal consequences of the ra- of another potion. A physician of Padua, vaging evil in question, may, as far as pos- called Count Leonissa, got intelligence sible, be obviated, it is incumbent on pro- of this event at Udine, and tried the fessional men, to direct their attention to same remedy upon a patient that was the most eligible means of prevention on brought to the Paduan hospital, adminis. such alarming occasions. The first in tering bim a pound of vinegar in the mornpoint of importance or security, unques- ing, another at noon, and a third at sun. tionably is, the operation of cutting out or set ; and the man was speedily and perburning the parts in which the bite has fectly cured. I have diffused through been effected; but whether this be dis- Italy this discovery, by means of a periodi. pensed with or not, a careful and assiduous cal paper that I am writing; and I hope ablution cannot be too strongly inculcated. you will make it known in England, by If the wounded part be scarified within a means of your public papers. And as I few hours or even days, after the accident, am sure that this astonishing remedy will and water be poured on forcibly, and the have as happy an effect there as it had washing persevered in for a length of here, so I should be glad to be apprized of time, there is almost an infallible certainty it, that I may relate it in my said paper.” that in general the destructive poison may I have thrown together these facts and be completely eradicated before it can be opinions in one view, in the hope of aiding absorbed into the system. The above pro- the efforts of the faculty to discover some cess, however, should, for greater security, efficient specific for this frequently fatal, be followed by the application of the ni- and fatally frequent disease. trate of silver, or some other caustic in

HUMANITAS, solution, or if not speedily attainable, a New.York, July 9, 1817. valuable substitute may probably be found in the properties of strong unslacked

MESSRS. EDITORS, lime."

I offer for registry in your valuable jour. Dr. Hosack, in his observations on this nal a Talk, made to Dr. Le Baron by a letter, expresses some confidence in the Chippewa chief, to induce the President of efficacy of preparations of copper as a the United States to pardon Pe-to-big, one remedy, and agrees with Dr. T. that wash of their tribe. who had committed a mur. - ing for a length of time is the best pre- der, of one of our citizens, in 1810. My ventive. He denies the security of exci- friend. to whom it was addressed, un. sion, though immediate.

derstands so much of the language, as to In the fourth volume of the Medical and

edical and vouch for the correctness of the interpre. Philosophical Register, is a letter from the tation. The reader of this performance, late Dr. Rush to Dr. Hosack, in which he will class it among the best of the native mentions several cases, supported by good

speeches. authority, of cures effected by copious

You will herewith receive a map or geo. bleeding, followed up by calomel and

graphical sketch of the South shore of opium in large quantities. Dr. R. ex:

Lake Superior from the river Onatanagan presses a favourable opinion of this treat.

e opinion of this treat to the Ford du Lac, done by an Indian lad, ment, considering the hydrophobia a fe- who has no other education than he receiv. brile disease.

ed in a trader's hut. He was of a mixed In a late British magazine I met with blood, two-thirds Chippewa and one-third the following letter from the celebrated French. It is another proof, in addition Baretti, the friend of Burke, Johnson, &c. to the many I possess already, of the proto Dr. Brocklesby, another of their inti- ficiency of the Tartars, and other American mates, and a distinguished physician. indigenes, in geography. The letter is dated at Venice, May 20, I beg you to accept my respeciful salu. 1764. After adverting to the festivities tation. SAMUEL L. MITCHILL. of the season, (the marriage of the Repub. lic to the Adriatic sea,) he proceeds: A Talk held at the Council House in Detroit, " But if you were here you would be in 1811, addressed to Doctor Francis Le much more pleased with a discovery Baron, to be deiivered by him in person,

to the President of the United States, with of us in an hour of madness and folly has a white Belt of Wampum.

strayed from it! Forgive him, father, and MY FATHER,

evince to its your charity and your friendListen to what your children have to say, ship; the Great Spirit, in whose presence and l nd an ear to what is said,

we now speak, and who sees our actions, FATHER,

and knows our thoughts, has deigned to We were pleased to find on our arrival give us this day an unclouded sky in token here, by the smiles and conduct of your of His forgiveness. representative, (the governor of the terri- FATHER, tory, that anger reigned not in your breast, The tedious and solitary confinement of and your heart, emblematic of the white our brother has washed away his crime. walls that now surround us.

Think so, father, and unbolt the bars of FATHER,

your prison-door, and let our brother reListen to the words of your children turn to the bosom of his family and friends; they are the voice of three great nations- if so, father, we will be responsible for his Chippawas, Ottawas, and Pattawatties; future good conduct. you that reign over the seventeen great Father, fires, and have them at command, openThe chief that speaks to you is old, and your ears, and heart, and give attention to the nations he represents, respect him. what your children have to say.

FATHER,
FATAER

Listen to your red children, and pay atRemember, when you first came among tention to what has been said ; accept this us, remember our chiefs, and the solemn belt of white wampum, in token of the contract we then made for our mutual hap- purity of our feelings towards you. piness, and the promise you then made, to FATHER, treat us as your children : in trouble once, We will offer up, in common, a sacrifice you received us under your protection to the Great Spirit for Him to watch over, . we then buried the hatchet, with this so- and take care of you. Farewell. lemn appeal to the Great Spirit, never to (A true Copy,) raise it unless in one common cause.

FRANCIS LE BARON. These things are registered in the hearts of COUNCIL-HOUSE, our young men,

· Detroit, July 20th, 1811. FATHER,

NAGGs, Interpreter, Sworn. One of our brothers (Pe-to-big) in a moment of folly and madness, when the heart The editors acknowledge their obligawas blackened by intoxication, did so far tion to Doctor Samuel Akerly, of this city, forget himself, as to be guilty of the first in enabling them to lay before their read. crime ; he killed his fellow man, without ers, the following full and interesting accause! He has been given up to justice, count of the insect, commonly called the and has long been confined in one of your Hessian Fly. dungeons, loaded with irons.

AN ACCOUNT OF THE WHEAT INSECT FATHER,

Of America, or the tipula vaginalis tritici, Our French and British Fathers, punish commonly called the Hessian Fly. ed their red children, but not with death! The United States is an immense agriNo, never.

cultural country, and the injury comunitFATHER,

ted upon vegetation of all kinds by insects When intoxicated, we are all mad or is so great, and so frequently repeated, foolish ; your red children are weak and that it has excited attentive inquiry into oftentimes imprudent, and are more guilty this department of the natural sciences, of this indulgence than our white bre. This class of living creatures has been dia thren.-You, who are endowed with greater vided into several orders, one of which is strength of mind and good sense than we called DIPTERA, including all those insects are, must view with a charitable eye, and which have only two wings. The wheat hear with a liberal ear, this first offence of insect, that commenced anew its depreda. our brother.

tions upon our crops of grain the present FATHER,

season, has but two wings, and consequente When you first adopted us as your chil. ly belongs to the order of diptera. It was dren, you marked out for us a path to walk long since known, by its destructive effects, in, which was strewed with Aowers, and at various times, in different parts of the lighted by an unclouded sky; we have en- country, but its nature, the changes it undeavoured to walk therein, and, but one dergoes, and the means of destroying it,

have not been generally understood. Ha- amounting to more than one hundred and ving examined into the subject, and made thirty, hitherto described, most of them a drawing of the insect, the following is attaching themselves to particular plants, the result of the inquiry.

4s in “ Spain to a chrysanthemum, in Den. The wheat insect is a species of tipula, mark to a persicaria, in other parts of Eu. and an order to distinguish it from other rope to box, juniper, barberry, rye, while species of that genus of insects, Dr. Mit- others annoy orchards, kitchen gardens, chill has called it the “ wheat tipula," or and meadows, frequently committing the tipula vaginalis tritici The creatures of most destructive ravages."* this tribe or genus of insects are numerous,

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The tipula vaginalis tritici is a very The legs of a yellowish cast, and transpasmall black insect, not so large as the mos. rent ; head inflected, with a short procheto of this place, with two fine transpa. boscis. The cut here given will present a sent wings, from the roots of which three more correct idea of this little creature ribs diverge, as through the leaf of a plant. than any description. 'The body, when examined by a micro

scope, is found to be divided into four seg. * Dr. Mitchill's letter, as published in the New · ments, with a few hairs observable on each. York Gazette, 30 July, 1817.

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