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nity of their profession. Nothing keeps it ture, and obtained admission into polite sodown in public estimation but the illiterate- ciety. Nature must have done much, and ness and supineness of the greater part of education more, to form a consummate ac. those who attach themselves to it. The stage tor. It is for this reason that those who ought to be made a school of rhetoric, at are truly great in this profession are always least as it relates to all its exteriors. It should reckoned among the eminent men of their age. exhibit the refinement of polished manners, We have taken this opportunity to make and should be a model in pronunciation. But these remarks, the theatrical season baving no one can teach what he has not learned. terminated with this week. Hereafter we Great actors must possess great acquirements. shall restrict our dramatic criticisms to a They must have read something more than monthly review of the state of the stage. the prompter's book. They must in fact E. have taken a liberal view of elegant litera.

Art. 12. MONTHLY SUMMARY OF POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE.

EUROPE.

funded in Great Britain, and the loans to the GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. · Emperor of Germany, 7,502,6331., and the THE Prince Regent has recommended it loans to the Prince Regent of Portugal

I to Parliament to prolong the suspension 859,5221.) is 1,115,199,6001, 5s. 3 3.4d. 01 of the Habeas Corpus Act, and communicated this sum, 342,434,6621. 10s 3d. bave been rethe documents on which the advice is deemed by the commissioners, or transferred grounded.

for life annuities, or cancelled by redemp. The question of the Catholic Claims has tion of land-tax, &c. leaving the debt unrebeen revived in the House of Commons by deemed and due to the public creditors Mr Grattan. His motion was the same as 772,764,9371. 9s. O 3-4d. The unfunded debt that made in 1813 on the same subject, viz: in exchequer bills outstanding, amounts to " That a committee should be appointed to 46,772,0001. Total of funded and unfunded take the claims of the Roman Catholics into debt 819,536,9371. 9s. O 3-4d. The total consideration, with a view to release them charge, or annual interest of funded debt is from their present disabilities, and to give 42,206,2181 4s. 53.4d. every security to the protestant establish. The trade of England seems to be reviving: ment, and ultimate satisfaction to all orders Russia has sent large orders for a supply of of men.". The motion was supported by clothing for her army; and the revolụtions in Mr. Grattan himself, Mr. Yorke, Sir I. C. South America open the most animating comHippesley, Sir H. Parnell, Mr. Elliot, Lord mercial prospects. Goods, it is stated, to Castlereagh, and Mr Canning, and opposed the amount of 600,0001, were shipped to Chiby Mr. Foster, Mr. Webber, Mr. Bragge Ba- li, in six weeks from the 10th of March, and thurst, and Mr. Peel. The debate was long the demand for British goods at Buenos and animated, and on a division there ap- Ayres is so great, that the warehouses on the peared 221 in favour of the motion, and 245 La Plata could not satisfy it; in consequence against it. Lord Castlereagh and Mr. Can- of which orders have been transmitted for ning are said to be the only ministers who new and large supplies. are in favour of the “ Claims ;” and the The Lords of the Committee of Privy friends of the Catholics have decreased since Council for Trade have communicated their 1813.

opinion that, as the Congress of the United Mr. M. Sutton, about the first of May, States have passed a law for refunding to brought in a bill to amend and consolidate British merchants the Alien Duties which had the laws relative to the residence of the cler- been levied from the 16th August to the 22d gy. The Bench of Bishops lent their aid to December, the commercial convention rethe preparation of the bill, and much practi- quires that, on the part of England, the auc. cal benefit is expected to result from its en- tion duty and that upon exports, so far as I actment.

regards the United States, should be refunded Mr. Manners Sutton has been chosen for the above period. Speaker of the House of Commons, in the An Order in Council has been issued, proplace of Mr. Abbot, who resigned after hav- bibiting the exportation of gunpowder, salting held the station fifteen years. Mr. Ab- petre, arms or ammunition, to any place on bot is created Baron Kidbrook, and will bave ihe coast of Africa, or in the West Indies, a seat at the council board.

or the continent of America, except to the From the official account of the public English possessions in America, or the lerrie funded debt of Great Britain as it stood on tory of the United States. the first of February last, it appears the whole Despatches have arrived from China con (including the debi of Ireland 103,032,7501. taining official accounts of the affair betwees

the Alceste and the Chinese forts ; and sta- who were obliged to soll their bread at 18 ting that a better understanding exists be- sous for 4 pounds; and though the price of tween the Chinese and British now, than had bread be now 20 sous, yet the amount of the existed for several years before. .

daily indemnity granted by the city is stated The season in Scotland is fine, and the at 75,000 francs The barvest of this year, crops promising In Ireland provisions ap. however, is said to be abundant, and the pear to be scanty; the prices high and discono prospect is brightening tent considerably extended.

From a report, made to the Council-Gene. The collectors of the revenue in Ireland ral of Hospitals in Paris, on the state of those have received notice of the discontinuance of establishments from 1803 to 1814, it appears 395 four-wheeled carriages; 2565 two-wbeel that these bospitals are divided into two ed do. 1785 horses, 624 servants, 2226 win- classes, called Hopitaux and Hospices; the dows, and 5564 hearths.

- former, ten in number, being for the sick : An Embassy has proceeded from England and the latter, of vehich there are nine, afto Constantinople, carrying costly gilts for fording provision for infants, and incurables, the Grand Seignior.

who are destitute. The Hotel Dieu, the most The stock of sheep in Great Britain is sta- ancient hospital, contains 1200 beds. In the ted at 42 millions; more than 30 millions of Hospice de l'Accouchement, in 1814, were dewhich are of the short woolled kind.

livered 2,700 females, of whom 2.400 conFRANCE.

fessed they were unmarried. From 1804 to Though the Paris papers represent the an. 1814, were admitted into the Hospice de niversary celebration of the King's return to l'Allaitement, or Foundling Hospital, 23,458 the throne as splendid and joyous, yet the boys, and 22,463 girls, total, 45,921 cbildren, country does not appear to be entirely tran- of whom only 4, BO were legitimate. During quil. A plot against the government bas the ten years,355,000 sick were admitted into been detected at Bourdeaux Twenty eight the Hopitaux, and 59,000 poor persons into conspirators are stated to have been appre' the Hospices

the Hospices. Of the mapiacs, there are hended, and fifteen convicted : nine of whom more women than men. Among the younger have been sentenced to imprisonment, and females, love has been the most common six to death. The names of the latter are cause of insanity, and among the others, Randon, Maury, Therun, Beduice, La Pote, jealousy, or domestic discord. Among the and Cassagno.' The ministers of the allied younger males, it is the too speedy developepowers have also had a conference on the ment of the passions, and among the older, subiect of Lucien Bonaparte, at which they the derangement of their affairs, that bas agreed not to grant him passports for himself crazed them. The calamities of the Revolu. or his son to proceed to America, and also to tion have been another cause of madness, and remove his residence from Rome and further it is observed that the men were mad with from the coast, to prevent his escape. Ma- aristocracy; and the women with democradame Regnault de St. Jean d'Angely has been cy; excessive griet occasioning lunacy in the arrested on account of an intercepted letter former,and ideas of independence and equallfrom her to her husband, who is in the Uni- ty in the latter. ted States. She has been put in confinement,

SPAIN. though she is permitted to receive visits from As soon as the forcible occupation of a her family. The Dutchess de Duras has part of the Spanish possessions on the river written to the Duc de Richelieu in her be- La Plata, by the Portuguese, was known in half; Madame de Stael, though dangerously Europe, Spain made complaint to the allied sick berself; has written, with the same view, powers, and asked their mediation. The Alto M. de Cases; and a relative of the countess lies, forthwith, through their ministers, exhas had an interview on her account with pressed their approbation of the conduct of the Minister.

Spain, in this affair; and declared their surM. De Blacas, who had been for some time prise at the procedure of the Portuguese, in honourable exile as Ambassador at Rome, stating that a refusal, on the part of the go. has returned to Paris. Whether this step were vernment of Portugal, to explain its views authorized or not, he is said to have been gra- and do justice to Spain, will be sufficient to ciously received by the King, in whose coun: throw on that government the whole odium cils there is a prospect of his regaining his as- of any disturbance of the present pacific recendancy. After publicity was given to his lations between the European powers, that return and reception, M. de B's Hotel was may result from the step which it has taken. thronged with complaisant courtiers, who vied Report says that a very considerable body of with each other in the warmth of their con troops has been ordered to the frontiers of gratulations.

Spain and Portugal, and that the garrison at The price of meal has been so high, that Badajos will be strongly reinforced. Still the city of Paris has been obliged to disburse an open rupture is not generally expected, 37 millions of francs to indemnify the bakers, Conspiracies and rebellions appear in veri.

IH

ous parts of Spain, and the country is repre- be an agent appointed to receive passage sented to be in a very disturbed state. The money to America. vicinity of Madrid is so infested with hands

GERMANY of robbers, that the aid of the military is ne. The German Diet opened its sittings on the cessary for safety

28th April. The most important subject sub. The ordinary revenues of old Spain have mitted was, the establisbment of an army of been estimated at 48.000,000 dollars, and the 40,000 men to be furnished by the Germanic income from the colonies, at 12,000,000 dol. confederation, and be at the command of the lars, in all 60,000,000. But the revenue from Diet ; and it was expected that, this project the colonies has greatly diminisher, and the would be favourably received at the respecexpenses of government, on its peace estab- tive courts. A meeting of German manufaclishment, exceed the whole amount. turers was beld at Leipsic in April, to consiITALY.

der the ruinous state of their affairs, and de: The Holy See, in conjunction with Eng. vise ineasures for their protection. Jand, is said to have engaged the Ottoman A pamphlet has been published at FrankPorte to tolerate the exercise of the Roman fort, entitled “ Colonel Mapenbach to the Catholic religion in Turkish Provinces. Rome Germans," and dedicated to the King of Prusis represented as having been thronged, the sia, which has excited much sensation. The last spring, by strangers, who go to make ob. writer insists on the necessity of a yational servations upon history and the arts; and a representation in Germany. The book has letter from this twice imperial city states, been seized that “more than 4000 workmen are now The Archdutchess Leopoldine, the betroth(May 5) employed on public works; the ex. ed spouse of the Prince Royal of Portugal, has cavations surpass all experience; many va declined going to the Brazils, on account of luable monuments have been discovered, the disturbances there. and we shall soon see ancient Rome again. The Manuscrit de St. Helene, has been restanding, with her temples, groves, and foun: printed, not only at Ghent and Brussels, but tains."

at Frankfort also, to the number of some The Pope's health is said to be very low; thousands, and its publication is announced and intrigues have already commenced at Weimar, Leipsic, and other places. The among the cardinals, for the succession to Einperor of Austria has given the regiment of the triple crown. The revenue of the papalter the late General Lindewall, to the young ritory is in a very embarrassed state, and is prince of Parma, ci-devant king of Rome. not more than a third of its amount prior to The Prince Regent has instituted an order the revolution.

of knighthood in the Kingdom of Hanover, NETHERLANDS.

called the Guelphs, with the same gradations

of honour as those of the Bath. The insig. The King of the Netherlands seems benton

erlands seems benton nia of Grand Cross of the Order bave been settling his government and pursuing a sys

it and pursuing a sys. sent to the Princes of Brunswick, and the tematic and wholesome plan of policy. As a reigning Prince of Lippe-Buckberg. means of making himself more thoroughly acquainted with the state of the nation, he

SWEDEN. has been performing a tour through the coun:

The Crown Prince has begun to legislate try and inspecting the public works. Govern

for the trade of Sweden, and among other ment, also, has banished from the kingdom things, bas prohibited the importation of cof. some editors, who are said to have endea. fee, because it amounts to nearly balf tbe voured, by their inflammatory publications, value of the exports of iron. Some officers to excite disturbance. Those banished are, bave been arrested as conspirators, troops Couchois, Lorraine, and Groget, proprietors have been marched to Stockholm, and much of the Naine Jaune and Vrai Liberal, Lalle. vigilance is exercised to keep suspected and mant, of the Journal of East and West Flan- unknown persons out of Sweden. It is staders, and Brissot, of the Constitutional Jour. ted that some difficulties exist between Swenal of Antwerp

den and Denmark, but what they are, bas The German and Swiss emigrants are not been explained. crowding the Dutch towns on their way to

RUSSJA. the United States. It is stated, that in May By an Ukase, recently published in Russia, there were not less than 4,000 of them in it is required of foreigners that, on entering Rotterdam, and about 500 in Amsterdam ; that country, they shall be provided with that Utretcht was full of them, and that the passports from the Russian ministers or numbers in all these places were increasing. agents in the countries from which they Their appearance is represented as novel;- come. All passports must be exbibited at they are very inoffensive, and go about in the barrier towns, and if there be no special little bands. Many of them are begging, in prohibition, the persons presenting them, if consequence of baving been cheated out of they are in proper form, may proceed with their money by a German, who pretended to out molestation

Mr. Storch states that there are in Russia and alarm bas existed in this country, on ac20,000,000 roubles in gold and silver coin; count of the drought. The Dey, and the 25,000.000 in copper, and 577,000.000 in på- Governor of Orans have morched barebeadper. The whole of the copper is equal to ed and barefooted in a religious procession, only 612,000 roubles at par, and the paper is to supplicate the Deity for rain. The Jews at a discount of 75 per cent. Government have met every where in their Synagogues, is endeavouring to raise the value of money for tbe same purpose. by withdrawing paper from circulation.

AMERICA.
TURKEY.
A particular treaty has been concluded, .

SPANISH AMERICA: hetween the Turkish government and Great

BUENOS AYRES. Britain, relative to Parga, a strong place on

It is reported that the Buenos-Ayrean army the coast of Albania. opposite to Corfu, which has taken Monte Video and Rio Grande, and is said to have been ceded to the English.

molish that a native priest has been apprehended The Grand Seignior is taking into his ser

ori and executed as a spy at Bahia. He was sent vice foreign officers, acquainted with the

ith the from Pernambuco. Many letters in cipher modern tactics, and is very much engaged

ced were found upon him, but he would not disin the organization of his army. Many of close bis secret, which died with him. the Turkish provinces are said to be in a .

CHILI. state of rebellion. Troops are assembling in An attack was expected upon Conception, Romania, and the garrisons are receiving in March, by the patriot army from Buenos supplies. The policy of the Sublime Porte Ayres. Two large armies bad crossed the towards the Christians of Jerusalem, seems to Cordilleras ; one was near St. Jago, and the have changed. An order has been issued to otber approaching Conception. The Patriots the Pacha of this province, to restore what have laken Valparaiso. he has extorted, and exact no more than the

VENEZUELA. stipulated tribute.

Bolivar is said to have captured Angustura,

by which means he has secured a communiASIA.

cation with New Grenada Angustura is EAST-INDIES.

situated on the river Oronoko, about 400 Much hostility appears to exist on the part miles from its mouth, and about 200 from of the natives toward the English. A letter Cumana. Barcelona is said to have been from Penang states, that a boat's crew froni again taken by the Patriots. The following the ship Elphinstone, which had gone ashore statement will give a view of the condition to cut down a tree, was attacked by a party of the patriot forces in the provinces of Veneof Malays, and many of them severely zuela and Guayana :- General Simon Boliwounded.

var, at the head of the main army. bis bead The English have concluded a treaty of quarters at the Meza before Angustura, bepeace with the Rajab of Nepaul, in which the sieging new and old Guyana, with the divi. latter renounces all claim to the lands which sions under Generals Piar, Arismendi, Cedewere the ostepsible cause of the war, and no, Bermudez, Valdez-about 7000 strong, cedes many territories to the East-India infantry and cavalry. General Paes, with company, in perpetuity. The Rajah also the armies of Lower Apure, about 6000 agrees never to take into his service any strong, mostly cavalry. General Sarasa, at British subjects, nor the subject of any Euro Chapana, in the Province of Barcelona, rear pean or American state, without the consent of Caraccas, with 1500 cavalry and about of the British government; and in order to 600 infantry. General Monagas, in the rear secure the observance of the treaty, accredi. of Barcelona, with 700 cavalry and 300 inted ministers from each are to resile at the fantry. General Marino, in tbe Province of court of the other.

Cumana, with 2500 infantry and 300 cavalry.

General Razas, at Maturin, with 700 cavalAFRICA.

ry and 200 infantry. The vessels under TUNIS.

the command of Admiral Brion, with a comThe Tunisian cruisers have lately entered plement of 3,500 men,destined for the Oronothe British Channel. They have boarded ko, which sailed from Carupano 6th June, several Dutch vessels, but allowed them to 1817, are sloops of war, Congress, Indio, proceed; saying, the Dey of Tunis bad de- Libre. Brigs, America Libre, Conquestador, clared war only against the Hanse Towns. Valiente, Terrible, Formidable, Carpolican. One of them has been taken by a British Cut. Hermaphrodite Superbe. Schooners, Cen. ter, and carried into Deal.

taur, Jupiter, Grerrere, Brion, Gen. Marino, ALGIERS.

Tartar, Gen. Arismendi, Constitution, Gen. Letters from Algiers say, that the Dey ma. Farasas, Condor, Venganza, Conesor. nouvres bis fleet daily, and that he has bought

MEXICO. , several American vessels. Much suffering General Mina succeeded in landing at So

to la Marina, and after having refreshed his has recently been to Quebec, to make ararmy, which was increased from about 1000 rangements with the Governor in Chiet for men to 1500 by the inbabitants, set out for the reception of future emigrants, who may New St. Andero, about 50 miles to the westcome by the way of New York. The fol. ward. This place is the capital of a district lowing, from the office of Mr. Buchanan, exof the same name, and contains about 5000 bibits the number of British subjects who inbabitants. The patriots have great confi. received, between the 10th of March and 10th dence in their commander, are well appoint of May, passports to proceed, principally to ed, and are encouraged by their prospects. Upper Canada.-Farmers 87, labourers 37, · EAST FLORIDA.

manufacturers 37, mechanics, 186, women The patriots have raised their standard also 185, children 458–total 990. Of this, oumin East Florida, and are said to be gaining ber were, English--men 124, women 73, strength. General M Gregor has captured children 132, total 329 ; Scots-men 61, wo. Amelia Island, not far distant from the coast, men 28, children 89, botal 178; Irish-men and is supposed to be preparing for an attack 159, women 84, cbildren 238, total 481. Num. on St. Augustine. The patriots have some ber last autumn 349. Grand total 1328. naval force lying at Amelia. The General

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. has established a Post Office, and a Court of Admiralty ; and it is said a Newspaper, in

The President of the United States did not English, will soon make its appearance."

- proceed farther east than Portland, District

of Maine. He will cross from that place, by PORTUGUESE AMERICA.

the White Hills, to Burlington, in Vermont; PERNAMBUCO.

cross lake Champlain, visit Plattsburgh, proA counter-revolution has taken place at ceed to Sackett's Harbour, uo lake Ontario, Pernambuco, and was effected by the sailors along the frontier and up lake Erie to De.. belonging to the Portuguese merchant ships, troit. He will return through Obio, Pennto the number of 1100,headed by their respec- sylvania and Maryland, to Washington; thus tive officers. General Martins is said to have completing a journey of more than 2000 escaped. Before the sailors got into the miles place, the patriots had fought two battles The following military posts are occupied with the royalists, and repulsed them both on the North Western frontier. Fort Harritimes. They have now, however, fled into son, on the Wabash, about 70 miles above the interior, and many of their leaders have Vincennes. Fort Clark, on the Illinois, 250 killed themselves or been taken. The restora. miles above the mouth of tbe Missouri. Belle tion of the Royalists to power is represented as Fontaine, on the Missouri, 15 miles above St. favourable to trade, for under the patriots all Lou

11 Louis. Fort Osge, on the Missouri, 300 confidence was destroyed, many taking ad- miles above its mouth. Fort Edwards, on vantage of the situation of things to avoid the Mississippi, 220 miles above the mouth their debts.

of the Missouri. Fort Crawford, at Prairie

du-Chine, on the Mississippi, 600 miles above BRITISH AMERICA.

the mouth of the Missouri, and is the adNOVA SCOTIA.

vanced post connecting the Mississippi with The Lieutenant-Governor of this, and the

the lakes, between wbich, and the post at other British Provinces, has received orders

S Green bay, on lake Michigan, there is not from the English government, by Rear-Admi.

u more than three miles land transportation. ral Milne, to prohibit American fishermenn

"On the upper lakes, above Detroit, there are from frequenting the harbours, bays or creeks

at present but three military posts; at Maco of the province, unless driven into them by

oy kinaw, at Greenbay, and at Chicago, the actual distress; and, also, that no anchor

* southern part of lake Michigan. age, light-money, or any fees whatsoever, be"

e The President has recently constituted a received from vessels belonging to American p

can Board of Inquiry, consisting of two officers of subjects; and these orders have been commu

the corps of engineers, an officer of the navy, nicated to the collectors of customs.

and the assistant engineer, Gen. Bertrand. CANADA.

The duties of the Board are to examine all It is estimated that nearly seven hundred the exposed situations of importance through individuals arrived at Quebec during the ear- out the Union, and select such sites for forti, ly part of this season, from the mother coun- fications as shall be necessary for the secu. try, to settle in the Canadas. James Bucha- rity of the country. The Board are now ex. nan, esq. the British consul at New-York, ploring the vicinity of New Orleans..

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