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are the relations signified by the two Words are like leaves; and where they most froms. The poor old Pope, too, has been abound,
Much fruit of sense beneath is rarely found. made, not an Apennine, but an Ararat, and in the very incarceration of his con
False eloquence, like the prismatic glass,
Its gaudy colours spreads on every place; finement, to make a humble attempt at The face of nature we no more survey, an imitation, that is to say, while he AU glares alike without distinction gay. svas " mid the damps of the dungeon," We do not deny Mr. Phillips talents, he “ towered sublime like the last moun- nor his speeches argument, but he sometain in the deluge, majestic not less in his times certainly forgets the decorum of elevation, than in his solitude, immutable prose, and the restraints of good sense, amid change, magnificent amid ruin, the and indulges himself in a strain of ranting last remnant of earth's beauty, the 'last bombast, which is no otherwise prose, resting-place of heaven's light.” Now if than in not being poetry, and is so empty Pius VII. had, amid the turmoil of revo- of meaning, as, in our view, to degrade lution and war, sustained his authority, his subject, and bring himself into ridiand, by the extent of his power and influ- cule. He is much fonder of pretty turns ence, been enabled to yield protection to of phrase, and that delectable sort of senthose, who might flee to him, the compar- timent and language that belong to ison might have been proper enough, in lisping ladies, who write love stories, point of fact; but to apply it to one who than becomes the man who is engaged was completely reduced, overwhelmed, in the support of civil rights, and by among the first, by the surging billows of whom “the violated law speaks out revolution,-whose power became “less its thunder;" or, than consists with the than nothing and vanity," is to make dignity of one, who undertakes to vindian application, which either contradicts cate the rights of a nation, and deter by history, or has no meaning. Besides, his eloquence, the encroachments of if it were figuratively true, it is not well power. Among the fopperies in which said. To say of a mountain, that it is the style of Mr. Phillips abounds, are the " majestic not less in his elovation, than use of the possessive case, with its governin his solitude,” is to misplace words, and ing noun, instead of using the preposition wholly destroy the force of the illustration. "of,”--the perpetual and nauseating use Elevation, is the universal attribute of of alliterations, and the use of words, endmountains ; solitude, is an adventitious ingin "less;" of the latter, if he cannot find one: “ elevation,” and “ solitude,” therc- any, he makes them. Thus, these speeches fore, should change piace, in the compa- ' are full of such phrases as “world's rison, for it could not have been the de- vanity," “ world's decoration," "world's sign of the author, to fix attention chiefly wealth," "world's frown," « friend's peron what is common to all mountains, at fidy,” “nature's loveliness," “ heaven's least all that we have seen, and neglect melody," "altar's pledge,” “world's chithe very quality, which gives individuality valry." His alliterations are innumeraand force to the comparison. But when ble : we will quote a few. “ The venal Mr. Phillips starts a comparison, he and the vulgar and the vile;" “ the merimmediately loses himself among the ciless murderer, may have manliness to new images that come associated with plead;" “ shame, sin, and sorrow;" “ the that which first furnished the resem- frightful form of vice, phantom of infirmiblance, and he dashes through the de- ty;" though all that the venom of a venal scription of the whole heterogeneous turpitude could pour upon the patriot, train, with the eagerness of a boy, who, must with their alternate apparition, af- · sent on an errand, turns aside to chase flict, affright, and,” &c.; "in solitude a butterflies, entirely forgetting that the solace;" "glorying in the garland that onobject of a comparison is simply to illus- ly decorates him for death;" and these trate or exemplify, not to furnish a topo- are not the thousandth part of them. Of graphical account of the object from words ending in “less, we have store, which it is drawn, or give a history of all some of which are erroneously applied, the author or speaker may know cons and others are fresh from Mr. Phillips's cerning it. In reading these speeches, mint, to the introduction of which into the following lines from the Essay on Cri- the republic of letters, as much resistance ticism have often come to our recollec- ,ought to be made, as was made to the intion, and though we would soften a little troduction of Wood's half-pence, into Ire. the application of the first couplet, yet land, and for a similar reason, both are we know not where the remaining lines base, and destitute of the genuine stamp could be more appositely exemplified that should entitie them to universal cirthan in the volume before us.
culation. We have in one place, one after
another, "kindless," "heartless," prayer- pose to ensnare; he looks at the crow, less ;" then there is "peaceless," "pa- Mr. President, and the crow looks at rentless,” “Weedless," i priceless," " for him; but the moment he attempts to retuneless," “ cureless," "pretentionless," proach him, he banishes away, like the "reposeless," “ conscienceless," " proof- schismatic taints of the rainbow, which it less," and a great many more,all used, for was the astonishing Newton that first deought we can discover, because Curran plored and enveloped the cause of it." Mr. once said " returnless."
O’Bother'em, also, exhibits nearly as reHis comparisons are so numerous, as en- fined a relish for “the beauties of nature," tirely to overload his style, and they of- and draws about as just and tasteful a ten put us in mind of Mr. O'Bother'em, in picture of domestic felicity, as Mr. Philthe “School for Orators," a performance lips. “ Cannot the poor man, Mr. Presiwhich we would recommend to Mr. Phil- dent,” says O'Bother'em,“ precipitate in lips's perusal. On the question, “Does all the varied beauties of nature, from the riches or poverty tend most to the eral- most loftiest mountains, down to the most tution of the hum in mind,” Mr. O'Both- lowest vallies, as well as the nian possesserem, having surmised the key-stone of ed of luxury? Yes, sir, the pour man, his argument, says, “he shall proceed to while trilling transports crowns his views, compare" “ riches and poverty in such a and rosy hours attunes his sanguinary way, as you will find there to be no com- youth, can raise his wonderful mind to parison at all." In the course of his elo- that incompressible being, who restrains quent harangue, vihich, if we may judge the lawless storm; who kindles up the from the success it met with, was never crushing and tremendious thunder, and surpassed, he breaks out into an eloquent rolls the dark and vapid lightning, through and learned description of the life: “ of the intensity of space, and who issues the man possessed of luxury," of which the awful metres and roll-a-borealis, through following is a part. “He cannot, Mr. the unfathomable legions of the fiery hePresident, cat a single mcal, unless he is mispheres. Sometimes seated beneath surrounded all around, with the lucuriunt the shady shadow of an umbrageous tree, and extatic productions of both atmos- at whose venal foot, flows a limping brook, pheres! Is not the rich chency cup, he so he calls about him his wife and the rest of lunguishingly and affectingly raises to his his children ; here, sir, he takes a retronauseated lips, are they not, I repeat it, spective view into futurity; distills into sir, brought from the deserts of Arabia ? their youthful minds, useful lessons, to Is not the flagrant and chromatic tea found guard their juvenile youth, from vice and in the undiscovered regions of Chili, which immortality; and extorts them to perspire there is there the highest mountains in the to endless facility, which shall endure forWorld ?" (by the way, the old Pope ever. Here, sir, on a fine, clear evening, might have been compared to Chimbowhen the silvery moon shines out with all razo,) " Is not, I say, sir, the dashing so- its emulgence, he learns his children the Ta, on which he declines his meagre and first rudiments of astrology, by pointing em Ticipated form, made from the maho- out the bull, the bear, and many more gany of Ilispaniola, from the shores of bright consternations and fixed stars, ladostan, and the cedar of Lebanon, from which are constantly devolving on their Mount Parnassus; ornamented with the acle-trees, in the azure expense of the blue richest and most munificent oriental silks, creolean firmament above." from the East Indies abroad?" AfterF rom the book before us, we extract the iraving given vent to this “ torrent of elo- following passage ;-it is in the speech for quence, which he felt smothering within O'Mullan against M*Korkill, and exhibits, him, and ready to burst into a hurricane,” in compendious form, many of Mr. Phil
Ir. O'Buther ein goes on to speak of the lips's besetting faults; his love of allitera"yaan prossessed of poverty," and after tion, and antithesis, and that kind of parahaving ventured on some remarks, which doxical use of epithets, of which we have he feared might be considered “as ha- before spoken; his passion for metaphor Bardous voyuncures on his part," he ate and simile; his hyperbolical extravatributes the superiority of the "man pos- gance; and his general inflation and sessed of porerty to the fact that he eternal strut.
decline's hais expectations upon a low “ Who shall estimate the cost of pricepinnale or Nisse;" for," says Mr. O'Bo- less reputation—that impress which gives thereu brouhing forth into a most strik- this human dross its currency, without ing corujariste "happiness is like a which we stand despised, debased, depreaperchedona distant mountain, whi ciated? Who shall repair it injured? Who her sports owly tries to a
red 'st? 'Oh! well and truly
does the great philosopher of poetry es- fallen-it only smoothered his asperities" teem the world's wealth as “trash” in the (i.e. Mr. O'Mullan's asperities,) "the wind comparison. Without it, gold has no of the tempest beat-it only blanched his value, birth no distinction, station no dig- brow: the rod, not of prophecy, but of nity, beauty no charm, age no reverence; persecution, smote him; and the desert, or, should I not rather say, without it glittering with the gospel dew, became” every treasure impoverishes, every grace (i. e. the desert became) “a miracle oi the deforms, every dignity degrades, and all faith it" (what?) “would have tempted." the arts, the decorations, and accomplish- Mr. Phillips in another place, speaks of ments of life, stand, like the beacon-blaze “ą divine vanity that exaggerates every upon a rock, warning the world that its ap- trifle" (in the eye of a parent) “into some proach is danger-that its contact is death mysterious omen, which shall smooth his The wretch without it is under AN ETER- aged wrinkles, and make his grave a monYAL QUARANTINE; no friend to greet ument of honour.” We never knew beon home to harbourhim. The voyage of his fore that omens were used as cosmetics. In life becomes a joyless peril; and in the many cases, sense is obviously sacrificedor midst of all ambition can achieve, or ava- forgotten in the fondness of the orator for rice amass, or rapacity plunder, he tosses some pretty word, especially if it can be on the surge-a BUOYANT PESTILENCE! used in the way of trope. Thus we have But, Gentlemen, let me not degrade into the Roman catholic clergy "rearing their the selfishness of individual safety, or in- mitres in the van of misery;" Mr. Phildividual exposure, this universal principle: lips, doubtless by this, intended to speak it testifies an higher, a more ennobling in praise of the reverend clergy, but, with origin. It is this which, consecrating the his military metaphor, he has made them humble circle of the hearth, will at times the very field-marshals of calamity,' and extend itself to the circumference of the contradicted all the rest of the passage. horizon; which nerves the arm of the pa- Mr. Phillips speaks of the hovels of the triot to save his country; which lights Irish peasants, as the 6 wretched bazars the lamp of the philosopher to amend of mud and misery ;" that is, according man; which, if it does not inspire, will to the meaning of bazar, places where yet invigorate the martyr to merit immor- they sell mud and misery. A very glowtality ; which, when one world's agony is ing character of the Irish peasantry, by passed, and the glory of another is dawn- which it would appear, that they are nearing, will prompt the prophet, even in his ly perfect, is wound off in the following ehariot of fire, and in his vision of heaven, language: “In short, God seems to have to bequeath to mankind the mantle of his formed our country like our people :" memory! Oh divine, oh delightful legacy (here is anothertotally wrong arrangement of a spotless reputation! Rich is the in- of words; it should be, our people like our heritance it leaves ; pious the example it country)“ he has thrown round the one its testifies ; pure, precious, and imperisha- wild, magnificent, decorated rudeness ; he ble, the hope which it inspires ! Can you has infused into the other, the simplicity conceive a more atrocious injury than to of genius and the seeds of virtue:" he says filch from its possessor this inestimable audibly to us, “ give them cultivation." benefit--to rob society of its charm, and How a people marked by the simplicity solitude of its solace ; not only to outlaw of genius, can resemble a country, the life, but to attaint death, converting the features of which are wild, magnificent, very grave, the refuge of the sufferer, into and ornately rude, we cannot understand; the gate of infamy and of shame! I can nor do we see how a people can with conceive few crimes beyond it.”
propriety, be described as simple, of whom Besides the faults of this passage which it has just before been said, "their look is have been already noticed, we cannot but eloquence, their smile is love, their retort is remark, that “ eternal quarantine,” and wit, their remark is wisdom-not a wis" buoyant pestilence," appear to us ludi- dom borrowed from the dead, but that crous, and that, after the superlative style with which nature has inspired them; an in which it is all felt and uttered, the con- acute observance of the passing scene, and clusion strikes us as a very sad falling off: a deep insight into the motives of its “ I can conceive few crimes beyond it.” agents. Try to deceive them, and see Oh! most lame and impotent conclusion, with what shrewdness they will detect; after an “ eternal quarantine,” and “a try to outwit them, and see with what hubuoyant pestilence." Mr. O'Mullan is mour they will elude ; attack them with compared to “ the rock of Scripture be- argument, and you will stand amuzed at fore the face of infidelity.” “The rain of the strength of their expression, the rapithe deluge" (or the deluge of rain ?) “had dity of their ideas, and the energy of their
eesture!" What a simple people!-What abound in worn-out ideas, mawkish sentià consistent character! What just dis- ments, inflated style, and extravagant crimination!
passion, to a degree we have never seen There are in the course of these equalled. His clients are all painted speeches, some sentences parallel to pas- alike, and all his pictures are most exbages in Curran, both in their strain of travagantly overcharged. His wives and sentiment and in their style; but we do daughters are all divine, all breathing panot think Mr. Phillips ought to be con- radise around them, splendid as three or sidered as an imitator, either of Curran or four suns, and as fragrant as a whole Grattan; for these resemblances are only flower-garden. And then, his seducers occasional, and always point to the worst and adulterers are as much worse than specimens of those illustrious men.- count Manfred as count Manfred is worse There is, also, one passage in which Mr. than the Evil One. He regales us, too, Phillips seems to have had Erskine in with such exquisite and chaste and deliview, and to have designed not only to cate pictures of connubia) happiness, that, imitate, but to surpass him. We refer to if it were not for the occasion on which the passage in which an “Eastern Bra- these pictures are exhibited, we should min' is supposed to address a Christian think Ireland not only had no snakes, Missionary, and make the schisms and but that she was exempt from every crimes and follies of Christendom, par- smut of vice, and every wrinkle of caticularly the persecution of the Irish Ca- lamity. But, alack for human frailty and tholics, his reason for declining to be human wo, these are only pictures, come a convert. This is a plain imita- sketched and coloured by the fancy of tion of the celebrated speech put by Er- Mr. Phillips, a fancy that flies like the skine into the mouth of a savage chief, messenger of Juno; when he makes him remonstrate with
Mille trahens varios adverso sole colores; the governor of a British province against the encroachments of “the restless foot and the unfortunate, youthless, husbandof English adventure.” We think, how- less, and peradventure toothless, Mrs. ever, Mr. Phillips has by no means equal. Wilkins comes in to tarnish the perfecled his prototype. Personification is a tion of Irish beauty, and furnish an opfigure of speech, that, in order to be suc- portunity for a great advocate to ridicule cessful, requires, more than any other, an aged female client. severe and quick-sighted judgment, that We agree generally with Mr. Finlay as it may be appositely introduced ;-exten- it regards the object of oratory, and the sive and accurate knowledge, that no im- manner in which its purposes are to be portant circumstances connected with answered, but when he makes success, The subject of it may escape ;---the most without any qualification, the evidence of rapid exercise of the imagination, that all merit, we think he goes entirely too far. these circumstanees may be seasonably There are many circumstances, which brought together and embodied; and a may operate to give efficacy to the words nice and discriminating taste, with a su- of an orator, altogether extraneous to the preme control of language, that the most style of his eloquence, and which may give characteristic circumstances may be se- him success, even thoug!) skill in selectlected to give individuality to the picture, ing and arranging his topics be notoriand round it into life and beauty. Mr. ously wanting, and though his arrangePhillips has introduced his prosopopeia ment may be inconclusive, and his lanin a very appropriate place, but he has guage grossly inelegant. The subject on
welt on it too long, he has weakened it which he addresses his audience may be hy expanding it, and has given no further so connected with their sympathies, that individuality, than by making the subjeet there will be need only to touch the train, of it appeal to Brama. Into Erskine's to produce the most brilliant and astoundspeech are introduced all the circumstan- ing effect; and in such case it surely can ces necessary to mark the condition and make little difference whether the match the manners of the rude chief, and his be applied with the left hand or the right. language is energetic and compendious. The person, voice, and action, also, of Comparing Mr. Phillips with himself, we the orator, may be so persuasive of themthink he has exhibited most talent, of- selves, as to stand instead both of argufended less against taste, uttered more ment and illustration; and if these qualijust thoughts, said more good things, and fications are united to tolerable skill in made less parade of common-place ideas, selecting topics, and any zeal in urging in his speeches on public occasions than conclusions, and above all if there be suin his speeches at the Bar. The latter peradded an imagination fertile in ime
WILD WITH THIS
ges, no matter whether they are perti- ruption of taste, which in these effernent and illustrative or not, the tempo- vescing times, has wrought as many rary success may be great, and yet the strange metamorphoses as the cup of speech actually delivered, when examin- Circe or the horn of Oberon, the speeches ed coolly and without bias, appear defi- of Grattan and Curran will be descending cient in all, or most of the qualities which through generation after generation with give value to composition, whether it be accumulating honours. read for the wisdom of its thoughts or Mr. Finlay says, that “ the dictate of resorted to as a model of style. And this the imagination is the inspiration of orawe believe, from Mr. Finlay's account, as tory, which imparts to matter animation well as from the evidence of his speeches, and soul,” and that “ without it, the to have been exactly Mr. Phillips's case. speaker sinks into the mere dry arguer, Surely it will not be sought by any one, the matter-of-fact man," &c. This is an even of Mr. Phillips's most unhesitating erroneous sentiment inelegantly expressadmirers, to set him above all his coun- ed. The dictate of imagination, is not trymen as an orator, to heap on his tem- the inspiration of oratory, and very few ples the palms and the laurels which of those men, who have most distinguishhave shaded the brows of Grattan and ed themselves by their eloquence, hare Curran; and yet his success, according to displayed, or even possessed much imaMr. Finlay's mode of estimating it, has gination, in the sense in which Mr. Finlay far exceeded theirs. The speech of uses the word. Demosthenes, for examGrattan on the subject of tithes, in the ple, was so far from owing his efficacy to Irish Parliament, is a magnificent monu- his imagination, that scarcely has therc ment of knowledge, argument, pathos, ever been an orator of any eminence, fancy and wit, that Mr. Phillips can who has manifested so little. No-his never hope to equal, and yet this noble orations derived their power from the effort of genius and patriotism was heard manner in which he felt his subject, and without conviction. And why? Be- the energy of his feelings was imparted to cause prejudice or self-interest had blunt- his words. The liberty of Greece deed the perceptions of the mind and closed pended on his tongue, and full of the the avenues of the understanding. Cur- grandeur of this theme, and feeling all his ran's speeches in behalf of those who were soul moved within him, he could not stop tried for treason, the speeches, for in- the strong current of his argument, stance, in behalf of Rowan and Finerty, and wait for fancy to weave garlands, for purity of style,-variety of know- The imagination, of which Mr. Finlay ledge, strength and ingenuity of argu- speaks, belongs almost exclusively to the ment,-depth of thought-felicity of al- poet; the inspiration of the orator, is paslusion,unaffected fervour of emotion, sion, it is that divine warmth of soul, and splendour and pertinency of illustra- which gives to the lips of the orator, an tion, are as far above any thing Mr. Phil. energy as if they had been touched with lips has ever produced as “from the cen- a live coal from off the altar Or if great tre, thrice to the utmost pole;" and yet, orators have sometimes been distinguishpowerful as they were, they could not pro- ed for the richness of their fancy, they cure a verdict of acquittal. And why have been cautious of indulging it, and in could they not? The deep-seated preju- fact, even their eloquence has been most i dices of an alarmed and jealous govern- powerful, when it has been most direct ment forbade. The eloquence of Cur- and simple. ran and Grattan, (we mention these Though we think Mr. Phillips's speeches names because they are Irishmen, and on public occasions, his best speeches, yet have made their greatest efforts in Ire- they are too often deformed by the exland, compared with that of Mr. Philtravagance of a totally undisciplined fanlips, is like a deep broad river, moving its cy, and are too uniformly inilated. Still, vast volume of water against the base of however, they contain striking passages, an everlasting hill, compared with the many just sentiments, and a tone of feelnoisy torrent pouring down its side. If ing somewhat proportionate to the subject. the hill be not borne from its foundation We will quote one passage, which furby the one, and if the soil be washed nishes we believe one of the least excepaway by the other, is it because the latter tionable specimens of Mr. Phillips's style, has more power than the former? Truly, and which, at the same time, contains an no: and when Mr. Phillips's Speeches interesting detail of the names of those have got in their whole harvest of ap- Irishmen, who have figured so conspicuplause, and are no longer remembered ously in the service of the British governexcept as proofs of that temporary cor- ment. The extract is from the speech at: