Contemporary Socialism

Swan Sonnenschein & Company, 1891 - 508 ページ
The first of three major books by the then assistant editor of the Contemporary Review: it was followed in 1894 by Eight Hours for Work and in 1895 by his admirable Life of Adam Smith. Rae's description of contemporary socialism includes studies of Ferdinand Lassalle, Karl Marx, The Federalism of Carl Marlo, the Christian Socialists, Henry George, the Federalism of Carl Marlo and Russian Nihilism.

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146 ページ - Centralization of credit, in the hands of the State, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly.
354 ページ - According to the system of natural liberty, the sovereign has only three duties to attend to $ three duties of great importance, indeed, but plain and intelligible to common understandings : first, the duty of protecting the society from the violence and invasion of other independent societies...
485 ページ - What I, therefore, propose, as the simple yet sovereign remedy, which will raise wages, increase the earnings of capital, extirpate pauperism, abolish poverty, give remunerative employment to whoever wishes it, afford free scope to human powers, lessen crime, elevate morals, and taste, and intelligence, purify government and carry civilization to yet nobler heights, is — to appropriate rent by taxation.
439 ページ - The truth that I have tried to make clear will not find easy acceptance. If that could be, it would have been accepted long ago. If that could be, it would never have been obscured. But it will find friends — those who will toil for it; suffer for it; if need be, die for it. This is the power of Truth.
460 ページ - Why, in spite of increase in productive power, do wages tend to a minimum which will give but a bare living...
353 ページ - Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man, or order of men. The sovereign is completely discharged from a duty, in the attempting to perform which he must always be exposed to innumerable delusions, and for the proper performance of which no human wisdom or knowledge could ever be sufficient; the duty of superintending the industry...
463 ページ - I assert that in any given state of civilization a greater number of people can collectively be better provided for than a smaller. I assert that the injustice of society, not the niggardliness of nature, is the cause of the want and misery which the current theory attributes to over-population. I assert that the new mouths which an increasing population calls into existence require no more food than the old ones, while the hands they bring with...
5 ページ - While we repudiated with the greatest energy that tyranny of society over the individual which most Socialistic systems are supposed to involve, we yet looked forward to a time when society will no longer be divided into the idle and the industrious ; when the rule that they who do not...
5 ページ - Socialistic systems are supposed to involve, we yet looked forward to a time when society will no longer be divided into the idle and the industrious; when the rule that they who do not work shall not eat, will be applied not to paupers only, but impartially to all; when the division of the produce of labour, instead of depending, as in so great a degree as it now does, on the accident of birth, will be made by concert on an acknowledged principle of justice...
357 ページ - ... and equitable ; but it is sometimes otherwise when in favour of the masters. Thus the law which obliges the masters in several different trades to pay their workmen in money and not in goods, is quite just and equitable.