Exhortations to charity. I. Corinthians. Timothy commended.

56 'The sting of death is when I shall pass through sin; and the strength of sin Macedonia ; (for I do pass is the law.

through Macedonia ;) 57 But thanks be to God 6 And it may be that I will which giveth us the victory, abide, yea, and winter with through our Lord Jesus Christ. you, that ye may bring me on

58 Therefore, my beloved my journey whithersoever I brethren, be ye steadfast, un- go. moveab:e, always abounding

u For I will not see you in the work of the Lord; for- now by the way; but I trust asmuch as ye know that your to tarry a while with


if labour is not in vain in the the Lord permit. Lord.

8 But I will tarry at Ephe

sus until Pentecost.a CHAP. XVI.

9 For a great door and ef1 The brethren's wants must fectual is opened unto me,

and be relieved. 10 Timothy com there are many adversaries. mended. 19 Friendly admoni 10 Now, if Timotheus tions, and salutations.

come, see that he may be with NOW, concerning the col- you without fear; for he worlection for the saints, as I have keth the work of the Lord, as given order to the churches of I also do. Galatia, even so do ye.

11 Let no man, therefore, 2 Upon the first day of the despise him; but conduet him week let every one of you lay forth in peace, that he may by him in store, as God hath come unto me; for I look for prospered him, that there be him with the brethren. no gatherings when I come. 12 As touching our broth3 And, when I come,

er Apollos, I greatly desired whomsoever


approve him to come unto you with the by your . letiers, them will I brethren; but his will was not send to bring your liberality at all to come at this time, but wto Jerusalem.

he will come when he shall 4 And if it be meet that I have convenient time. go also, they shall go with me. 13 Watch ye, stand fast in 5 Now I will come unto you, the faith, quit you like men,

be strong. Where now, O Death! is thy sting, 14 Let all your things be with which thou killedst the saints? done with charity.b Christ has wrested it from thee; and where, O Grave! who so long

15 I beseech you, brethren, hast held them captive, is now thy a Pentecost was an annual feast of victory, since they all, by the captain the Jews, in commemoration of givof their salvation, are rescued from ing the law on mount Sinai. thy dominion ?

h Charity, love.


of our


Chap. xvi.

and admonitions. (ye know the house of Ste 20 All the brethren greet e phanas, that it is the first you. Greet ye one another fruits of Achaia, and that they with an holy kiss. have addicted themselves to 21 The salutation of me the ministry of the saints, Paul with mine own hand.

16 That submit your 22 If any man love not the selves unto such, and to every Lord Jesus Christ, let him be one that helpeth, with us, and Anathema, Maran-atha. f laboureth.

23 The

Lord 17 I am glad of the coming Jesus Christ be with you. of Stephanas, and Fortuna 24 My love be with you all tus, and Achaicus; for that in Christ Jesus. Amen. which was lacking on your part, they have supplied.

The first epistle to the 18 For they have refreshed

Corinthians was written my spirit and yours; there

from Philippi, by Stefore acknowledge ye them that

phanas, and Fortunatus,

and Achaicus, and Timo19 The churches of Asia

theus. salute. d you. Aquila and Priscilla salute you much in

of Anathema signifies a thing dee the Lord, with the church that

voted to destruction ;-Maran-atha is in their house.

signifies, The Lord comes. He, who

loveth not the Lord Jesus Christ, Have addicted, &c. Have devoted will be accursed at his coming ; or themselves to assisting the saints, and the words may here signify, let him to preaching the Gospel.

be forever excommunicated or sepade Salute, greet ; to wish peace, rated from your communion and sohealth, and prosperity.


are such.



Paul in his first Epistle xvi. 5, had promised to visit the Corinthians ; but as he had in that letter given orders for the correction of certain abuses, and for the punishment of a notorious offender, he thought best to defer his visit longer, than he at first intended, that, before he appeared in person, he might know the state of the church, and what regard they paid to his letter. But Titus not returning so soon, as was expecteil, and Paul anxious for his safety, set out to meet him. He first went to Troas, but not finding him there, he proceeded to Mac

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The church

II. Corinthians. comforted, &e. edonia, where after tarrying a few days Titus arrived. Much encouraged by the favourable account which he gave of the Corinthians, Paul wrote this second Epistle about A. D. 57, within a year after writing the first, to confirm the sincere in their attachment to him, and separate the rest from the false teacher, who had led them astray.

In order to understand this Epistle, we must recollect, there were two parties in the Corinthian ehurch, one of which Paul commends for its fidelity and obedience; the other he sharply reproves for its irregularity, and for the suspicion it endeavouted to excite respecting his apostleship.

In this Epistle the apostle reegunts his suffering for the sake of the Gospel-apologizes for deferring his visit-requests a liberal contribution for the poor brethren in Judea-assures the Corinthians, that he had laboured to teach them, not from ambitious motives, but with the single desire of promoting their best goodvindicates himself from the aspersions of those, who had presumed to question his authority as an apostleand exhorts to unity, peace, and perfection.

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be able to comfort them which + The apostle encouraget them are in any trouble, by the

against troubles, 12 shereth comfort wherewith we the sincerity of his preaching selves are comforted of God. 15 and excuseth his not com 5 For as the sufferings of ing to them.

Christ abound in us, so our AUL, an apostle of Jesus consolation also aboundeth by

Christ by the will of God, Christ. and Timothy our brother, unto 6 And whether we be afthe church of God which is at ficted, it is for your consolaCorinth, with all the saints tion and salvation, which is which are in all Achaia : effcctual in the enduring of the

2 Grace be to you, and peace same sufferings which we also · from God our Father, and suffer ; or whether we be from the Lord Jesus Christ. comforted, it is for your con.

3 Blessed be God, even the solation and salvation. Father of our Lord Jesus

~ And our hope of


is Christ, the Father of mercies steadfast, knowing that as ye and the God of all comfort; are partakers of the sufferings,

4 Who comforteth us in all so shall ye be also of the conour tribulation, that we may solation,


The sincerity of

Chap. i.

Paul's preaching 8 For we would not, breth ledged us in part,c that we are ren, have you ignorant of our your rejoicing, even as ye also trouble, which came to us in are ours, in the day of the Asia, that we were pressed Lord Jesus. out of measure, above strength, 15 And in this confidenced insomuch that we despaired

I was minded to come unto you even of life:

before, that ye might have a 9. But we had the sentence second benefit; of death in ourselves, that we 16 And to pass by you into should not trust in ourselves, Macedonia, and to come again but in God which raiseth the out of Macedonia unto you, &

of you to be brought on my 10 Who delivered us from way toward Judea. so great a death,b and doth 17 When I, therefore, was deliver; in whom we trust thus minded,e did I use lightthat he will yet deliver us; ness ? or the things that I pur

11 Ye also helping togeth- pose, do I purpose according er by prayer for us, that, for to the flesh, that with me there the gift bestowed upon us by should be yea, yea, and nay, the means of many persons, nay? thanks may be given by many

18 But as God is true, our on our behalf.

word toward you was not yea, 12 For our rejoicing is this, and nay.f the testimonyofour conscience, 19 For the Son of God, Jethat in simplicity and godly sus Christ, who was preached sincerity, not with fleshly wis- among you by us, even by me, dom, but by the grace of God, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, we have had our conversation

c Ye have asknowledged us in pari, in the world, and more abun- that is, a part of you have acknowdantly to you-ward.

ledged and rejoiced in me as an 13 For we write none other apostle. things unto you, than what


d In this confidence-; in this persuaread and acknowledge, and I sion, that ye believe me a faithful

apostle. trust ye shall acknowledge e When I was thus minded, or was even to the end :

determined, to visit you, did I lightly 14 As also ye have acknow or without reason, alter my determi

nation? or the purposes I form, do I a Trouble. This was probably form them according to the flesh, Paul's being constrained to fight that with me, yea should be changed with wild beasts at Ephesus. See I into nay, as might best suit my per

sonal interest? 6 So great a deatb ; this terrible of Our word toward you, &c. My death, from which Paul was deliver- purpose to come unto you, was not, ed, was being torn in pieces by wild as some insinuare, yea and nay, as

suited my worldly purpose.

Cor. xv. 32.


Paul excuseth himself: II. Corinthians. his reasons wherefore. was not yea and nay, but in having confidence in you all, him was yea.

that my joy is the joy of you 20 For all the promises of all. God in him are yea, and in 4 For out of much affliction him amen, unto the glory of and anguish of heart I wrote God by us.

unto you with many tears, not 21 Now he which stablish- that ye should be grieved, but cth us with you in Christ, and that ye might know the love, hath anointed us, is God : which I have more abundantly

22 Who hath also sealed unto you. us, & given the earnest of the

5 But if any have caused Spiritg in our hearts.

grief, he hath not grieved me, 23 Moreover, I call God for but in part; that I may not a record upon my soul, that to overcharge you all.a spare you I came not as yet 6 Sufficient to such a man into Corinth.

is this punishment, which was 24 Not for that we have inflicted of many.b dominion over your faith, but 7 So that contrariwise ye are helpers of your joy; for ought rather to forgive him, & by faith ye stand.

comfort him, lest perhaps such

a one should be swallowed up CHAP. II.

with overmuch sorrow. 1 The reasons of his not com 8 Wherefore I beseech you,

ing unto them. 6 Of the ex- that ye would confirm your communicated person.

14 love toward him. The success of his preaching 9 For to this end also did I in every place.

write, that I might know the BUT I'determined this with proof of you, whether ye be myself, that I would not come obedient in all things. again to you in heaviness. 10 To whom ye forgive any

2 For if I make you sorry, thing, I forgive also ; for if | who is he then that maketh forgave any thing, to whom I me glad, but the same which forgave it, for your sakes for is made sorry by me? gave 1 it in the person of

3 And I wrote this same Christ; unto you, lest, when I came, I 11 Lest Satan should get an should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; a If any have caused me grief, it is

only a

a part of you : I would not overe & Who hath also sealed or marked charge or censure you all. me, as an apostle, and as evidence of b And sufficient for the

person it, hath given the earnest or pledge the punishment of excommunication, of the spirit in my heart ; that is, which was inflicted on him by the spiritual gifts abiding in me. See majority of you. (What this punishalso Ephes. .. 13, 14,

inent was, see i Cor. v. 5.)


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