Of covetousness.

James. of intemperance. 17 But the wisdom that is sisteth the proud, but giveth from above is first pure, then grace unto the humble. peaceable, gentle, and easy to ✓ Submit yourselves, therebe entreated, full of merey and fore, to God. Resist the degood fruits, without partiality, vil, and he will flee from you. and without hypocrisy.

8 Draw nigh to God, and 18 And the fruit of right. he will draw nigh unto you. eousness is sown in peace of Cleanse your hands, ye sinthem that make peace.

ners; and purify your hearts,

ye double minded. CHAP. IV.

9 Be afflicted, and mouro, 1 Against covetousness, 4 in- and weep; let your Jaughter temperance, 5 pride, 11 de- be turned to mourning, and traction, and rash judgment. your joy to heaviness.

FROM whence come wars 10 Humble yourselves in and fightings among you ? the sight of the Lord and he come they not henee, even of shall lift you up. your lusts, that war in your 11 Speak not evil one of members :

another, brethren. He that 2 Ye lust and have not; ye speaketh evil of his brother, kill, and desire to have, and and judgeth his brother, speakcannot obtain ; ye fight and eth evil of the law, and judg. war, yet ye have not, because eth the law; but if thou judge ye ask not.

the law, thou art not a doer of 3 Ye ask, and receive not, the law, but a judge. because ye ask amiss, that ye

12 There is one lawgiver, may consume it upou your who is able to save, and to lusts.

destroy; who art thou that 4 Ye adulterers and adul- judgest another teresses, know ye not that the 13 Go to now,c ye that say, friendship of the world is en- To-day, or to-morrow, we will mity with God ? whosoever, go into such a city, and contherefore, will be a friend of tinue there a year, and buy the world, is the enemy of God. and sell and get gain ;

5 Do ye think that the scrip 14 Whereas ye know not ture saith in vain,a The spirit what shall be on the morrow; that dwelleth in us lusteth to for what is your life ? It is envy ?

even a vapour that appeareth 6'But hegiveth more grace;b for a little time, and then vanwherefore he saith, God rea Saith in vain, speaketh falsely.

15 For that ye ought to say,d b But he, that is, the Spirit, giveth cGo to now, come now. more grace; wherefore the Spirit d For that ye, &c. Instead of which saith, &c. Prov. iii. 34.

ye ought to say.

isheth away.

Of patience

Chap. v.

in affliction. If the Lord will, we shall live, 7 Be patient, therefore, and do this or that.

brethren, unto the coming of 16 But now ye rejoice in the Lord. Behold, the husyour boastings; all such re- bandman waiteth for the prejoicing is evil.

cious fruit of the earth, and 17 Therefore to him that hath long patience for it, unknoweth to do good, and doeth til he receive the early and it rot, to him it is sin.

latter rain.

8 Be ye also patient; stabCHAP. V.

lish your hearts; for the com1 Of wicked rich men, 7 Of pa- ing of the Lordc draweth

tience, 12 To forbear swear. nigh.
ing, 13 To prayin adversity. 9 Grudge not one against
GO to now,a ye rich men, another, brethren, lest


be weep and howl for your mise- condemned; behold the judge ries that shall come upon you. standeth before the door.

2 Your riches are corrupted, 10 Take, my brethren the and your garments are moth- prophets, who have spoken in eaten,

the name of the Lord, for an 3. Your gold and silver is example of suffering affliction, cankered ; and the rust of and of patience. them shall be a witness against 11 Behold, we count them you, and shall eat your flesh happy which endure.

Ye as it were fire. Ye have heap- have heard of the patience of ed treasure together for the Job, and have seen the end of last days.

the Lord ; that the Lord is 4 Behold, the hire of the very pitiful, and of tender labourers which have reaped merer: down your fields, which is of 12 But, above all things, you kept back by fraud, cri- my brethren, swear not; neieth; and the cries of them ther by heaven, neither by the which have reaped, are enter- earth, neither by any other ed into the ears of the Lord of oath ; but let your yea be

yea; sabaoth.b

and your nay, nay; lest ye
5 Ye have lived in pleasure fall into condemnation.
on the earth, and been wanton; 13 Is any among you affiet-
ye have nourished your hearts, ed ? let him pray. Is any
as in a day of slaughter. merry ? let him sing psalms.
6 Ye have condemned and


among you ? killed the just ; and he doth let him call for the elders not resist you.

the coming of the Lord, to destroy a Go to now, come now.

Jerusalem and to break the power of b The Lord of sabaoth, the Lord of the unbelieving part of the Jewish

dation, draweth nigh.

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14 Is


of prayer


in adversity. of the church; and let them 17 Elias e was a man subject pray over him, anointing him to like passions as we are, and with oil in the name of the he prayed earnestly that it Lord :

might not rain; and it rained 15 And the prayer of faith not on the earth by the space shall save the sick, and the of three years and six months. Lord shall raise him up; and 18 And he prayed again, if he have committed sins, and the heaven gave rain, and they shall be forgiven him. the earth brought forth her

16 Confess your faults one fruit. to another, and pray for one 19 Brethren, if any of you another, that ye may be healed. do err from the truth, and one The effectual fervent prayer convert him; of a righteous man availeth 20 Let him know, that he much.

which converteth the sinner

from the error of his way shall d Shall save the sick, &c. In the

save a soul from death and first of the church, many posages

shall hide a multitude of sins. sessed the gift of miraculously healing the sick. This power has long e Elias, Elijah, was a man of like been discontinued.

infirmities with us.

I Kings, xvăi.



Simon, whose surname was Peter, was a native of the town of Bethsaida, which was situated on the western shore of the lake Gennesareth. He was by occupation a fisherman, which business he left for the more important work, to which he was appointed by Jesus Christ, who, foreseeing the fortitude he would exercise in preaching the Gospel, honoured him with the name of Cephas or Peter, which signifies a rock or stone.

Peter being made an apostle, shewed the strongest faith in Jesus Christ as the Messiah, and the most extraordinary zeal in his service. He was one of the three apostles whom Jesus admitted to witness the resurrection of Jairus' daughter, before whom he was transfigured on the holy mount, and with whom he retired to pray in the garden the night before he suffered. It was he who in the fervour of his zeal for his master cut off the ear of the high priest's servant, when the multitude came out against Jesus, as against a thief, with swords and staves to take him. Yet this same Peter, a few hours after thrice denied




Chap. i.

remarks. his master, even with oaths, in the palace of the high priest. But being stung with remorse for the baseness of his conduct, Jesus forgave him. From this time Peter never faultered in his faith, nor shrunk from his master's service. He ever after acted a conspicuous part among the apostles, and devoted the remainder of his life to the defence and support of the Gospel. After having preached to the Jews, who were dispersed through Asia Minor, it is said, he went to Rome, where he was crucified with his head downward, having himself requested this particular mode of execution.

In proportion as the Christians of the first age multiplied, their sufferings became more general and severe ; quence of which the apostles considered themselves, as especially called upon to comfort and encourage them. With this view Peter wrote this first Epistle to the Christians in Pontus, and the neighbouring provinces in Asia, in which he shews, it is the duty of Christians to be willing to suffer for their religion, and suggests a variety of motives to induce them to suffer cheerfully. In order to enrage both the magistrates and the people against the Christians, their enemies represented them every where, as atheists and enemies to mankind, as seditious and addicted to every species of wickedness, because they would not comply with the common idolatry; nor obey the Heathen magistrates in things contrary to their religion. Peter therefore besought the brethren to behave both towards magistrates, and towards their Heathen neighbours in a harmless manner, and to be exemplary in every virtue; and, that they might know how to conduct themselves on every occasion, he gave

them a particular account of the most important duties both in civil and social life.

It is generally thought, that Peter wrote this Epistle about A. D. 66 or 67, at Rome, which place he, as well as the apostle John, figuratively calls Babylon, to signify that Rome would resemble Babylon in its idolatry, in its opposition to true religion, and its persecution of the church of God, and that like Babylon, it would be utterly destroyed.

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1 Ile hlesseth God, for his man-

ifold spiritual graces ; 10
sheweth that the salvation in
Christ had been foretold by

the prophets of old ; 13 and exhorteth them to a godly conversation, forasinuch as they are now born again by the word of God.


Of God's manifold I. Peter. spiritual graces, &c. ETER, an apostle of Je 8 Whom having not seen,

sus Christ, to the stran. ye love; in whom though now gers scattered throughout Pon- ye see him not, yet believing, lus, Galatia, Cappadocia, A- ye rejoice with joy unspeakasia, and Bithynia,

ble, and full of glory; 2 Elect according to the 9 Receiving the end of your foreknowledge of God the Fa. faith, even the salvation of ther, through sanetification of your souls. the Spirit unto obedience and 10 Of which salvation the sprinkling of the blood of Je- prophets have inquired,c and sus Christ; Grace unto you, searched diligently, who proand peace, be multiplied. phesied of the graee, that

3 Blessed be the God and should come unto you; Father of our Lord Jesus 11 Searching what,d or Christ, which according to his what manner of time, the Spir. abundant mercy, hath begot it of Christ which was in them ten us again unto a lively hope, did signify, when it testified by the resurrection of Jesus beforehand the sufferings of Christ from the dead, Christ, & the glory that should

4 To an inheritance incor follow. ruptible, and undefiled, and 12 Unto whom it was reChit fadeth bot away, reserv

vealed, that not unto them. in heaveu for you,

selves, but unto us, they did 3 Who are kept by the minister the things which are puwer of God through faith now reported unto you,by them into salvation, ready to be re- that have preached the Gosvealed in the last time: pel unto you with the Holy

6 Wherein ye greatly re- Ghost sent down from heaven; joice, thuugh now for a season which things the angels desire (if need be)a ye are in heavi- to look into. Chess through manifold tempta 13 Wherefore gird up the îions;

loins of your mind,e be sober, 7 That the trial of your and hope to the end, for the faith, being much more pre- grace that is to be brought uncious than of gold that perish- to you at the revelation of Jeeth, though it be tried with sus Christ :f fire, might be found unto

c Of which salvation concerning the praise, and honour, and glory, nature and manner, &c. at the appearing of Jesus d Searching what people, &c. Christ;b

e Gird up the loins of your mind, keep

the faculties of your minds in a fit a If need be, since it is needful.

condition to discern this great salvab The appearing or revelation of tion. Jesus Christ means here his coming f Revelation of Jesus Christ. See to raise the dead & judge the world. verse 7, note b,

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