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Signs of Christ's

Chap, iii.

coming to judgment.. great swelling words of vani- ken before by the holy proty, they allure through the phets, and of the commandlusts of the flesh, through ment of us the apostles of the much wantonness, those that Lord and Saviour: were clean escaped from them, 3 Knowing this first, that who live in error.

there shall come in the last 19 While they promise them days a scoffers, walking after liberty, they themselves are

their own lusts, the servants of corruption; 4 And saying, where is the for of whom a man is over- promise of his coming? for come, of the same is he brought since the fathers fell asleep, in bondage.

all things continue as they were 20 For if after they have- from the beginning of the creescaped the pollutions of the ation. world, through the knowledge 5 For this they willingly of the Lord and Saviour Jesus are ignorant of, that by the Christ, they are again entan word of God the heavens were gled therein, and overcome, of old, and the earth standing the latter end is worse with out of the water and in the them than the beginning. water:

21 For it had been better 6 Whereby the world that for them not to have known then was, being, overflowed the way of righteousness, than, with water, perished : after they have known it, to v But the heavens and the turn from the holy command-, earth, which are now, by the ment delivered unto them. same word are kept in store,

22 But it is happened unto reserved unto fire against the them according to the true day of judgment and perdition proverb, The dog is turned to of ungodly men. his own vomit again; and, 8 But, beloved, be not ignoThe sow that was washed to rant of this one thing, that one her wallowing in the mire. day is with the Lord as a thou

sand years, and a thousand CHAP. III.

years as one day. 1 The certainty of Christ's coming to judgment. 11 An

a The last days. See 1 Tim. iv. I. exhortation to rodliness. 6 Some have thought, that the

THIS second epistle, be- meaning of verse 5th would be better loved, I now write unto you; conveyed, if rendered as follows: in both which I stir up your according to Moses, the heavens, that

These scoffers willingly forget, that pure minds by way of remem

is, the atmosphere, and the earth

were, by the word of God, originally 2 That ye may be mindful of made of water, and through water the words, which were spo

the earth consists.

brance ;

Caution against seduction. II. Peter. Of growth in grace.

9 The Lord is not slack 14 Wherefore, beloved, seeconcerning his promise, as ing that ye look for such things, some men count slackness; be diligent that ye may be but is longsuffering to us. found of him in peace, without ward,c not willing that any spot, and blameless. should perish, but that aú 15 And account that the should come to repentance. long suffering of our Lord is

10 But the day of the Lord salvation; even as our belovwill come as a thief in the ed brother Paul also accordnight; in the which the hea- ing to the wisdom given unto vens shall pass away with a him, hath written unto you; great noise, and the elements 16 As also in all his episshall melt with fervent heat, tles, speaking in them of these the earth also and the works things; in which are some that are therein shall be burn- things hard to be understood,

which they that are unlearned 11 Seeing then that all these and unstable wrest, as they do things shall be dissolved, what also the other scriptures, un. manner of persons ought ye to to their own destruction. be in all holy conversation and 17 Ye therefore, beloved, godliness,

seeing ye know these things 12 Looking for and hasting before, beware lest ye also, beinto the coming of the day of ing led away with the error God, wherein the heavens be- of the wicked, fall from your ing on fire shall be dissolved, own steadfastness. and the elements shall melt

18 But grow,


grace, with fervent heat ?

and in the knowledge of our 13 Nevertheless, we accord- Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. ing to his promise, look for new To him be glory both now and heavens & a new earth, where- forever. Amen. in dwelleth righteousness.

6To as-ward, toward us.

ed up




ST. JOHN, who wrote this Epistle, and the Gospel which bears his name, was the son of Zebedee and Salome, and the brother of James. He was the disciple whom Jesus loved, and on whom he bestowed particular marks of favour and friend. ship. For a sketch of his life, see Prefatory Remarks to John's Gospel

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John describeth the

Chap. i.

person of Christ. At the time this Epistle was written, the church was infested by numerous false teachers, whose doctrines were, as well inconsistent with each other, as they were subversive of morals and the religion of the Gospel. The person and offices of Christ were the subject of various and opposite opinions. Some, following the Jewish high priests, elders, and scribes, condemned Jesus as a blasphemer, because he called himself the Son of God. Some denied the humanity, others the divinity of our Lord; not believing it possible, that the same person could be both human and divine. And because Paul had taught the doctrine of justification by faith without the works of the law, some believed, and taught, that all works were useless; that Christ had set men free from all moral obligations, and that the knowledge and profession of the Gospel were alone necessary to salvation. Wherefore, to oppose these pernicious errors, which were the source of great corruption and licentiousof manners, and to establish the truths conce

cerning the

person and offices of Christ, John wrote this Epistle, which every where breathes the gentle spirit of its author, and of that religion, which is peace and love. It is supposed to have been written in Judea, a short time before the destruction of Jerusalem, which took place a. D. 69. It was designed for believers generally, but more particularly for the Christians in Judea.





2 (For the Life was mani. 1 He describeth the person of fested, and we have seen it,

Christ, in whom we have and bear witness, and shew eternal life, by a communion unto you that eternal Life with God, 5 to which we which was with the Father, must adjoin holiness. aud was manifested unto us ;) WHAT which was from 3 That which we have seen

the beginning,a which and heard declare we unto we have heard, which we have you, that ye also may have seen with our eyes, which we fellowship with

and truhave looked upon, and our ly our fellowship is with the hands have handled, of the Father, and with his Son Jeword of life;

sus Christ.

4 And these things write a That which was from the begin

we unto you, that your joy ning of the Gospel, which we apostles have heard, seen, and handled, con


be full. cerning the Word of Life or the life

Š This then is the message of the Word, that is

, of Jesus Christ. which we have heard of him, declare we wnto



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Comfort against I. John.

sins of infirmity. and declare unto you, that for ours only, but also for the God is light,b and in him is sins of the whole world.b no darkness at all.c

3 And hereby we do know 6 If we say we have fel. that we know him, if we keep lowship with him, and walk bis commandments. in darkness, we lie, and do not 4 He that saith I know him, the truth :

and keepeth not his command7 But if we walk in the ments, is a liar, and the truth light, as he is in the light, we is not in him. have fellowship one with an 5 But whoso keepeth his other; and the blood of Jesus word, in him verily is the love Christ, his Son cleanseth us of God perfected; hereby know from all sin.

we that we are in him. 8 If we say that we have no 6 He that saith he abideth sin, we deceive ourselves, and in him, ought himself also so the truth is not in us.

to walk c even as he walked. 9 If we confess our sins, ie 7 Brethren, I write po new is faithful and just to forgive commandment unto you, but us our sins, and to cleanse us an old commandment, which from all unrighteousness. ye had from the beginning;

10 If we say that we have the old commandment is the not sivned, we make him a li- word which ye have heard ar, and his word is not in us. from the beginning. CHAP. II.

8 Again,

a new command1 Comfort against sins of in- ment I write unto you, which firmity. 3 To lenow God is thing is true in him and in to keep his commandments. you; because the darkness is 18 beware of seducers ; past,d and the true light now 20 from whose deceits the shineth. godly are safely preserved by 9 He that saith he is in the faith and holiness of life. light, and hateth his brother,

MY little children, these is in darkness even until now. things write I unto you that ye 10 He that loveth his brosin not. And if any man sin, we ther abideth in the light, and have an advocate with the Fa- there is none occasion of stun. ther, Jesus Christ the righ- bling in him : teous:

11 But he that hateth his 2 And he is the propitia. brother is in darkness, and tion a for our sins; and not

b Of the whole world, of penitent b God is light, is holiness and truth. persons, who forsake their sins. & Darkness, ignorance and error. 6 To walk, to live.

a Propitiation, & sacrifice of atone d The darkness of heathenism and ment, which procures pardon or for- of the Mosaic dispensation, is past, giveness.

or is passing away.


Of loving the world. 1. John

Of seducers, &c. walketh in darkness, and come, f even now are there knoweth not whither he go- many antichrists; whereby eth, because that darkness we know that it is the last hath blinded his eyes.

time. 12 I write unto you, little 19 They went out from us; children, because your sins are but they were not of us; for forgiven you for his name's if they had been of us, they sake.

would no doubt have continued 13 I write unto you, fa- with us; but they went out, thers, because ye have known that they might be made manhim that is from the beginning. ifest, that they were not all of I write unto you, young men, because


have overcome the 20 But ye have an unction wicked one. I write unto you, from the Holy One,g and ye httle children, because ye havé know all things. known the Father.

21 I have not written unto 14 I have written unto you, you because ye know not the fathers, because

ye havé truth, but because ye know it, known him that is from the and that no lie is of the truth. beginning. I have written un 22 Who is a liar, but he to you, young men, because ye that denieth that Jesus is the are strong, and the word of Christ? He is antichrist that God abideth in you, and ye denieth the Father and the have overcome the wicked one. Son.

15 Love not the world, nei 23 Whosoever denieth the ther the things that are in the Son, the same hath not the world. If any man love the Father: [but he that acknowworld, the love of the Father ledgeth the Son, hath the Fais not in him.

ther also.] 16 For all that is in the 24 Let that therefore abide world, the lust of the flesh, in

ye have heard and the lust of the eyes, and from the beginning: If that the pride of life, is not of the which ye have heard from the Father, but is of the world. beginning, shall remain in you,

17 And the world passeth ye also shall continue in the away, and the lust thereof; Son, and in the Father. but he that doeth the will of 25 And this is the promise God, abideth forever. 18 Little children, it is the

of That antichrist shall come ; for last time je

this prediction see Matt. xxiv. 5, II.

have heard that antichrist shall false Christ, the other opposers of

Antichrist has two meaningsone a

Christ. e It is the last time of the dura g An unction from the Holy One, the tion of the Jewish church and state. inspiration of the Holy Spirit

you which

and as ye

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