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Catholics to vote for members of lished Protestant churches of these parliament when duly qualified; kingdoms; or any correspondence also to hold and exercise all civil at all with such persons or tribunals, and military offices or places of on any matter not purely ecclesitrust or profit, with the following astical. A further enactment proexceptions, namely, the offices of hibits any person born out of the lord high chancellor, lord keeper United Kingdom, except such as or lord commissioner of the great are born of British or Irish parents, seal of Great Britain, or lord lieu- from exercising any episcopal functenant, lord deputy, or other chieftions in it; and also requires a governor or governors of Ireland; certain term of residence within also, to be a member of any lay the United Kingdom before such body corporate, and to hold any functions can be exercised. civil office or place of trust therein. We shall now proceed to give A proviso is subjoined, that nothing an uninterrupted, though necesin this act shall extend to the re- sarily very compendious, view of peal of any laws in force for estab. the further parliamentary proceed. Jishing the uniformity of public ings relative to the Catholic ques. worship in the episcopal church of tion, during the remainder of the England and Ireland; or to make session. any change in the ecclesiastical On May 11th, the day.appointed judicature of the realm ; or to 'for the second reading of Mr. enable a Roman Catholic to pre- Grattan's bill, sic J. Cox Hippisley sent to any ecclesiastical benefice rose according to the notice he whatsoever; or to make it lawful had given, to make a motion for him to advise the Crown as to which he stated to be to the folthe disposal of any preferment in lowing purpose: “ That a select the Protestant churches of Eng. committee be appointedto examine land, Ireland, or Scotland. and report the state of the laws

It is further enacted, that every affecting his majesty's Roman Caperson now exercising, or who tholic subjects within the realm : shall hereafter exercise, any spiri. the state and number of the Rotual function belonging to the Ro- man Catholic clergy, their religious man Catholic religion, besides the institutions, and their intercourse oath and declaration above-men- with the see' of Rome, or other tioned, shall take a specified oath, foreign jurisdictions: the state of the tenor of which is that the per- the laws and regulations affecting son will never consent to the ap- his majesty's Roman Catholic subpointment of any bishop or vicar-jects in the several colonies of the apostolic but such as he shall deem United Kingdom : the regulations to be of unimpeachable loyalty and of foreign states as far as they can peaceable conduct ; that he will be substantiated by evidence, rehave no correspondence or com- specting the nomination, collation, munication with the popè or see or institution of the episcopal order of Rome, or with any tribunal of the Roman Catholic clergy, and established by their authority, or the regulations of their intercourse with any person authorised by with the see of Rome." If this them, tending to disturb the estab

were conceded, he should move

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that the committee consist of twen- last speaker, in secondinga motion ty members, whom he named. brought forward by a favourer of The hon. member then made an a cause which he had always opelaborate speech, in which he en- posed, made a speech full of wit tered into many particulars relative and eloquence, in which he exto the opinions of different Roman posed to ridicule the idea of going Catholic clergymen, as to oaths and into such a voluminous inquiry as tests required by government, and the hon. baronet had suggested, other circumstances tending to and stated the necessity of proshow the necessity of farther in- ceeding without delay to an advestigation, before the proposed justment of the matter in question. concessions were made. He con- He then went to the consideration cluded with the motion above re- of certain points relative to the cited, which was seconded by Mr. bill, on which he had prepared Ryder.

amendments, and communicated Mr. Grattan then rose to object them to Mr. Grattan. The first to the motion of his hon. friend, was, the ascertaining the loyalty of whose former good services to the the Catholichierarchy; the second, cause he liberally acknowledged, the prevention of foreign influon the ground of the long and in- ence; the third, the finding some definite protraction of the mea. security that the concessions to sures for the relief of the Roman · the Catholics should be met by a Catholics, which, after a discus- corresponding spirit of conciliation sion that had already subsisted on their parts. He touched upon - twenty years, it would occasion. the principle of his amendments, He gave several reasons against though the time was not yet come the proposed investigation; and for their discussion. then took a summary view of his Mr, Bathurst and the Earl of own bill, and replied to various Desart having spoken in favour of objections to its provisions which the hon. baronet's motion, and had appeared in the newspapers lord Castlereagh against it, the as coming from the Roman Ca. House divided, For the amendtholics, but which, he contended, ment (the order of the day) 235; had not proceeded from any public for the motion, 189: Majority body, but were only thrown out against the motion, 48. by individuals. He concluded On May 13th, Mr. Grattan with moving, by way of amend. moved the second reading of his ment, the order of the day.

bill. An attack upon it was open.. Mr. Ryder asked what would ed by Dr. Duigenan, who conclud. satisfy the Protestants should this ed his speech by moving, that the bill pass into a law.? and he en- bill be read a second time on that tered into some argumentation to day three months. Of the debate prove the necessity of such a fur- that ensued, it is unnecessary to ther inquiry as that proposed by give any particulars. Dr. Duigethe hon. baronet, whose motion nan's motion was rejected on a di. he should support.

vision, 245 against 203, and the Mr. Canning, after expressing bill was read a second time, and his surprise at the versatility of the committed for the following day.

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The bill, as amended by the when the right hon. the Speaker committee and ordered to be print. rose. He began with inquiring, ed, contained a number of new whether by means of this bill, the clauses, the principal scope of desirable basis of general satisfacwhich was, to appoint two separate tion and concord was likely to be commissions, one for Great Britain established ? As far as we knew of and the other for Ireland, consiste the proceedings of the Roman Ca. ing of roman catholic ecclesiastics tholics, some of the most distinexercising episcopal functions, lay guished of the laity had declared roman catholic peers or common- against it; and the clergy were ers, and privy counsellers, the prin. loud in their cry against its eccle. cipal secretary of state being one, siastical provisions. Of the Proto which board of commissioners testants, it was needless to ask the name of every person of the whether they could be satisfied román catholic religion proposing with placing the government, if to assume the functions of a bishop not the crown, of Ireland, within or dean shall be notified, and the the reach of the Roman Catholics, said board shall report to his ma- and creating the means of sur. jesty, or to the lord lieutenant, rounding the sovereign himself whether they know or believe any with ministers of state of a religion thing which tends to impeach the hostile to his own right of succesloyalty or peaceable conduct of sion. The right hon. gentleman such person; after which, it shall then proceeded to show that the be lawful for his majesty, or the principle of our constitution was lord lieutenant, by and with the exclusion of non-conformists to advice of the said commissioners, the established religion from polito approve or disapprove of the tical power, and that if it had been said person ; and any one exercis. relaxed with respect to Protestant ing the above functions after dis- Dissenters, it had been maintained approbation, shall be guilty of a in full force against the Roman Camisdemeanor.

tholics; and he went on to argue To the same board likewise is why it ought to be so. He spoke to be delivered any bull, dispensa- of their admission into the parliation, or other instrument from the ment, the privy-council, and the see of Rome, or any foreign person judiciary bench, as points that neor body acting under its authority, ver ought to be conceded. He or under any other spiritual supe- tben noticed some matters of nerior, which is to inspect it, and if cessary restrietion, and some of fouod to be unobjectionable, shall concession, which had been omitreport the same to his majesty, or ted in the bill ; but were they supthe lord lieutenant, when it shall plied, he must repeat his strong be enrolled in the office of the se- protest against the larger innovacretary of state, and then return. tions; they were departures from ed to the person delivering it. principle, and breaking down bar.

On May 24th, the house being riers against danger. He next adcalled over according to order, it verted to the guards and securities resolved itself into a committee proposed by the bill, and attempt. upon the bill as above amended, ed to show their insufficiency; and Vol. LV.

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he spoke of the papal supremacy, the Catholics in a dissatisfied state and its consequences, as a point of after their long expectations, were faith which will continue fixed and as forcibly insisted upon by the unalterable among the Roman Cat other. At length, the question betholic population of this kingdom. ing loudly called for, a division He concluded with moving, that took place, on which the votes the words “to sit and vote in ei- were, for the clause, 247 ; against ther house of parliament,” in the it, 251: Majority for its rejecfirst clause, be left out of this bill. tion, 4.

As the personal weight of the The numbers being declared, Speaker, and his train of argu- Mr. Ponsonby said, that as the bill, ment, seem to have exerted the without this clause, was neither principal influence on that side of worthy of the acceptance of the the question, it would be superflu. Catholics, nor of the further supous to notice the repetition of the port of the friends of concession, he same arguments by others : nor in would move that the chairman do the replies to them from the oppo. now leave the chair ; which was site side, was any thing important carried without a division; and produced which had not been re- thus the bill was abandoned. peatedly urged in the long discus- The only further proceeding in sions of this topic. The clause in the house relative to the Catholic debate was by both parties regarde question in this session, was a noed as of the most fundamental im- tice given on May 31st, by Mr. portance in the proposed bill; and Grattan, that early in the next seswhilst the dangers of admitting it sion, he should move for leave to were mustered in their most formi. bring in a bill for the relief of his dable colours by one party, the majesty's Roman Catholic subjects evils to be expected from leaving in Ireland.

CHAPTER

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Motion of Marquis Wellesley relative to the conduct of the war in the

Peninsula. Motion of the Earl of Darnley for an inquiry into the circumstances of the war with the United States, particularly the naval part of it.

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N March 12th, the Marquis and to that end he first took into

Wellesley rose in the house consideration the state of affairs in of lords, to make a motion rela- Spain, and the exertions of this tive to the conduct of the war in country in her aid. The object of the Peninsula.

6 What secret

our policy, he said, was to admocause (said his lordship), what nish those nations which required malign influence, amidst the re- our assistance, that they had only joicings and acclamations of tri- to assert their independence in orumph, has counteracted the bril. der to obtain it. It was always his liant successes of our arms, and has own firm conviction, expressed converted the glad feelings of a both in and out of the house, and just exultation, into the bitterness in the cabinet, that the hope of of regret and disappointment ?" Europe lay in the exertions of After some other questions to this Spain and Portugal, aided by the purpose, which, he said, deserved British arms. It was perfectly their most serious attention, he known to his majesty's ministers, concluded, that if their lordships that as early as April, 1811, Russia should find that these events are was laying the foundation of the not to be attributable to want of great effort she has made, and is resources in the empire, but to the now making. The disposition of imbecility of those who directa large part of the army and popu- . them, it would be their duty to lation of Prussia was in favour of pronounce judgment upon the men the cause of Russia ; and Austria who have enfeebled our means, was desirous of asserting her indeand betrayed a mighty cause; but pendence, but did not dare to do if it should appear that England it. The situation of Sicily also, has done her utmost, and her ex- through the wise conduct of lord ertions are vain and hopeless, it W. Bentinck, was become such as would be for them to consider to set at liberty the great British whether we should not tread back force by which it was held, to coour steps, and cease to contend operate in the common causé. against an impossibility. He then These and other advantages renstated the object of his inquiry to dered it now proper to make great be, whether the ministers had ade. exertions on ihe Peninsula, where quately managed the resources of the experiment had first been tried the country during the last year ; on a smaller scale.

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