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tion of the assessed taxes; this mated it would produce 100,0001. augmentation was on the whole of The alteration in the postage their amount estimated at 25 per duties, which had been agreed to cent. It did not, however, operate by the legislature, he calculated to generally as a duty of 25 per cent. produce 15,0001, and a regulation because persons in the lower ranks of the excise duty on leather, of life, and who might be sup- which was estimated at only 5,0001. posed unable to bear it, did not The whole amount of these duties come within its scope to that ex- would be 610,0001, being 15,0001. tent. Its principle produce was more than the charges created by expected from the rich; taking, the loans. The recapitulation was therefore, the whole tax, he esti- as follows:

..........

.

Customs with Excise on Tobacco .. £. 265,000
Malt, Ss. per barrel

115,000
Spirits, 6d. per gallon

110,000
Assessed Taxes, increase of 25 per cent, and
upwards

100,000
Postage, alteration in duties

15,000 Leather ....

5,000

£.610,000

He had laid before practical In 1802, the year immediately subpersons, conversant in calculations, sequent

to the Union, the nett proseveral of these proposed duties, duce of the revenues of Ireland and they had estimated their pro- (the customs and excise being duce at a much greater amount taken together), was 2,169,4661. than he had taken them at. In 1810, the customs alone amount. Having thus stated to the com- ed to 2,508,9181.; being 300,0001. . mittee the taxes intended to be more than the amount of the raised, it would not be amiss to customs and excise in 1802. In compare the general state of Ire- 1811, the nett produce of the cusland at the present day, with that toms amounted to 1,555,663l.; in of former years. Those, he be- 1812, to 1,838,6531., and in 1813,

, lieved, who were acquainted with to 2,157,5917.; being as much as the state of Ireland, and the nature the whole amount of the customs of her resources, and who consia and excise in 1802. The whole dered the calls which had been statement produced this result, that made upon her since the Union, the nett revenue of Ireland, which in could not suppose it possible for 1802 was 2,441,3851., had increasthat country to have made greater ed greatly, taking the average of sacrifices than she had dore, dur. 'the four last years, of which the ing the period which had elapsed. year 1811 was remarkable for the

. Still, however, she had increased number of defalcations. The year in prosperity, as might be perceiv- 1810 produced 4,335,0161.; 1811, ed by a cursory view of the docu- 3,678,7141. ; 1812, 4,241,0351. ; ments which he held in his hand. 1813, 4,975,0001. Here was an Vol. LV.

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increase of more than 700,0001. in twelve years. Whatever opinions the present year above that which gentlemen might hold on the act preceded it, and of 1,300,000). of Union itself, however strong above the year 1810. With respect the objections which they might to the debt of Ireland, it would be have imbibed against it-(objecsufficient to state, that the re- tions which he meant not to deemed debt, in 1801, was only oppose, for, if he had had an op. 1,000,0001. while in the present portunity, he would perhaps also year it amounted to 16,886,345l. have urged them at the time) At the former period, the propor- still, it was evident, from a comtion of the sinking fund to the un- parison of the official value of exredeemed debt, was one to eighty- ports for twelve years preceding, one; while, at the present time, it and twelve years succeeding the was as one to fifty-With respect Union, that they had greatly into trade and navigation, they had creased in the latter period. increased very much in the last

The total amount of official value of the Ex

ports of Ireland, for twelve years imme

diately preceding the Union, was...... £.56,155,000 For the twelve years subsequent

65,948,000

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of years

And the like favourable result twelve years, unless the country would appear if any other averages was in a flourishing state, parti

were taken. Now he cularly when gentlemen considered was aware, that it might be argued what the articles of import were, that the increase of imports was being principally the consumption not always a proof of the increase of the higher classes of society. of wealth; but it could not be sup- The number of ships which posed that so great a difference entered inwards in the twelve could be produced in the course of yearsTo 1801, was

88,396 To 1813, was

105,048

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And a similar increase was ob- right hon. gentleman then enumeservable in their tonnage. The rated the principal articles of ex

a

ports, viz. barley, oats, wheat, more moderate rate, and with much Hour, oxen and cows, sheep, swine, greater ease than formerly. The bacon, butter, and pork, and point- difference in the rate at which the ed out the increase which had nett revenue of that department taken place in their exportation had been collected, being 20 per during the last twelve years, and cent. less than the preceding year. noticed that the export of wheat The right hon. gentleman then in the last two years was 703, 846 observed that Ireland would not barrels, which exceeds the exports bear, in addition to the taxation of the twelve years immediately already imposed upon her, those preceding the Union—and he strong direct taxes in the contemhoped for still more extensive re- plation of some gentlemen, withsults if the beneficial measure out trenching on those resources which his hon. friend, sir Henry which were the foundation of her Parnell, was to introduce, and prosperity. He was favourable to which he should certainly support, en union of the financial departshould receive the sanction of the ments of the two countries, from legislature.

which he conceived most benefiWith respect to the general im- 'cial results would be derived. He provement of the country, it was was aware that a more efficient pretty evident from the state of control of the departments would the exchange between Great Bri- be one of the first consequences tain and Ireland, which, notwith- of establishments, and a diminution standing the sums annually trans- of expenditure. He went however mitted to absentees, was very no further than to desire to unite much decreased. The rate of ex. the treasuries and to consolidate the change was formerly as high as debts. For if gentlemen supposed 17; but in the present year it fell that Ireland could afford a contrito five one-half, or one-fourth. bution on the same principles as Many objections had been made England, even in the proportion in former years, when the Irish which her growing means and budget was brought forward-one increasing population might induce of these was the high charge of them to reckon on, they would the collection and management of find themselves greatly mistaken the revenue.

He was happy to indeed; even those who calculated announce, that a very great im- on a great increase of general reprovement had taken place in that ceipt, by the imposition of those respect. The right hon. gentleman taxes which Great Britain paid, then entered into a statement to were deceiving the country and show the saving which had taken themselves. Ireland now paid place in the collection of the re- taxes on her consumption, from venue since 1811; from which it which Great Britain was exempted appeared, that the gross revenue - the principle articles of that conwas now collected five per cent. sumption were of British manufacunder the rate of that year; and ture and of British produce and the nett revenue eight per cent. In besides those articles, which were the Post-office department, the re- charged with heavier imposts, Irevenue was now collected at a much land paid nearly 300,000l. per

a

annum, on the importation of into the state of the exchanges articles, most of them of prime between Great Britain and Ireland necessity, none of which were' -at the same time he had little liable to any internal duty in doubt that the proportion of absenGreat Britain. It would scarcely tees was greatly increased. The be contended by the warmest ad- number who had followed the seat vocate for what was called vigor- of legislation and of government ous taxation, that if the financial was pecessarily great, and he was system of the two countries were sorry to say, that many who had to be in other respects assimilated, not the same excuse, daily added the Irish people were still to be to those who drew the sole sources subjected to duties such as these; of their support from the country to preserve them as protecting which they deserted.

The two duties would be in his mind the heads which he adverted to would most puerile economy; since it was altogether diminish the general no other than to compel every supply of Great Britain by the consumer in Ireland to pay more amount of half a million, while than the article of his consump- the duties on articles of consumption was worth, or than he ought tion imported into Ireland, and the to pay for it ..

produce of your hearth and other Here then there would be a loss duties, which he was prepared to of near 300,000l. per annum in contend you could not, if you introour customs, which the new system duced, or rather attempted to inof finance must supply. But there troduce the taxes paid in Great was much more. The property. Britain, any longer retain, would tax payable on the interest of the shew you that one million per Irish debt received in this country, annum of this expected revenue would surely be considered appli- which was to flow into the imcable to the Irish supply, and ought perial treasury, was not in fact any to be carried to the account of that addition or increase to the general country which provided with such resources of the state. difficulty for its charge. The same The right hon. gentleman then result would arise respecting the made various observations to show property of Irish absentees; at the difficulties under which Ireland least in equity he was sure it ought, laboured in extending her proporand the deduction on these two tion of the supplies to governlast-mentioned grounds be at leastment, and the great exertions she half a million from the general re- had already made; and he consources of the empire. On this he cluded with moving the first resoonly estimated the remittances to lution, relative to the additional absentees at two millions, which duties on spirits. A desultory was the amount presumed in the debate followed, after which all. year 1804, when a committee of the resolutions were agreed to. the House of Commons inquired

CHAPTER

CHAPTER IX.

Debate in both Houses on the Swedish Treaty.--Discussion in the House

of Commons respecting Orange Lodges in England.-Vote of Credit.Prorogation of Parliament, and Prince Regent's Speech.

N June 11th the “ Treaty of, of one million sterling. He also

O

tween his Britannic majesty and possession of the island of Guadathe king of Sweden” was laid be- loupe in the West Indies, and fore both Houses of Pa ent. transfers to him all his rights over The following are its principal that island. The king of Sweden articles. The King of Sweden reciprocally grants to the subjects engages to employ a corps of not of his Britannic majesty, for twenless than 30,000 men in a direct ty years, the right of entrepôt in operation on the continent against the ports of Gottenburgh, Carlthe common foe, in concert with sham, and Stralsund for all coin.. the Russian troops under the com- modities of Great Britain, or her mand of the prince royal of Swe- colonies, upon a duty of one per den, according to stipulations al- cent. ad valorem.' ready existing between the courts A separate article, added to the of Stockholm and Petersburgh. His treaty, relates to the conditions on Britannic majesty accedes to the which Guadaloupe is to be held by conventions made between those Sweden. See State Papers. two powers, in so much as not Notice was given in each House, only to oppose no obstacle to the of a day for taking this treaty into annexation of Norway to the king- consideration. dom of Sweden, but to assist, if On June 14th, Earl Grey rose necessary, in obtaining that ob- in the House of Lords to put some ject by a naval co-operation; it questions to the earl of Liverpool being however understood, that re- respecting the Swedish treaty. course shall not be had to force, He recited the article relative to unless the king of Denmark shall the annexation of Norway to the previously have refused to join crown of Sweden, and observing ihe alliance of the north upon the that Great Britain was bound to conditions stipulated in the engage- co-operate by force in its acquisiments between the courts of Stock. tion in the event of a refusal of holm and Petersburgh. His Bri- the court of Denmark to accede to tannic majesty engages, inde

inde- the northern alliance upon certain pendently of other succours, to terms not yet known to their lordfurnish to Sweden for the service ships, he wished to be informed of the present campaign, the sum what were the conditions in the

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