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of Buonaparte after his flight from bill, made an address to his royal Russia, a notification of the terms highness, recapitulating the vaon which alone he would listen to rious transactions of the year, and peace, among which was that his the chief public proceedings in dynasty must reign in Spain. As parliament, with a pointed and re. a case prima fucie he had no right markable reference to the rejection to say that we were indisposed to of the Catholic claims. Şee State a peace on terms consistent with Papers. our independence and honour. As

The Prince Regent then closed to the cases of Finland and Po- the session with a speech to the land, how was it that they never following purport. He began with heard from the hon. member that alluding to the successes of the France was also bound to divest marquis of Wellington in Spain, herself of her aggrandizements ? in particular at the battle of Vita

After Mr. Abercromby had spok- toria, affording the best prospect en in defence of the sentiments of delivering the Peninsula from and propositions of his hon. friend the tyranny of France, and justi(Mr. W.); and Mr. Marryat had fying the wisdom of parliament in made some observations on the persevering with steadiness in the impossibility that this country could contest. He then touched upon treat with France while she made the failure of the French ruler in the treaty of Utrecht the basis of his designs against Russia, and the our maritime rights; the resolu- events which had since taken tion for a vote of credit was place in Germany, and mentioned agreed to.

the cordial union subsisting be. Mr. Whitbread then 'rose, and tween himself and the courts of having protested against some of Petersburgh, Berlin, and Stockthe inferences drawn by the noble holm, and his trust that with the lord from his speech, moved an aids so liberally granted, he should humble address to the Prince Re- be enabled to repder this union gent, expressing the confidence of effectual for the accomplishment the House, that while they voted of its great purposes. He lamented a sum of unexampled magnitude the continuance of the war with to be placed at the discretion of the United States of America, and his Royal Highness, he would not asserted his unabated desire of refail to use his utmost exertions in establishing friendly relations beprocuring to the country a peace tween the two countries, but said founded upon a secure, , honour- that he could not consent to purable, and permanent basis. chase peace by a sacrifice of the

The address was negatived with maritime rights of the British emout a division.

pire. His Royal Higbness then On July 22nd, the House of Lords expressed his satisfaction with the

, having assembled, the Prince Re. measures adopted for the redempgent entered in state, and being tion of the national debt, and the seated on the throne, the Speaker provision made for the prosecution of the House of Commons, hold- of the war with the least practicaing in his hand the vole of credit ble addition to the public burdens.

He stated his entire approbation in such a manner as may be best of the arrangements made for the calculated to reduce the extravagovernment of the British territo- gant pretensions of the enemy, ries in the Indies, and the regulation and facilitate the attainment of a of commerce in that part of the safe and honourable peace. world; and he concluded with The lord chancellor then anhis resolution to employ the means nounced the prorogation of parput into his hands by parliament liament.

Vol. LV.

[H]

CHAPTER

CHAPTER X.

Domestic Occurrences.- Termination of internal Disorders.-- Public

Interest in the Transactions respecting the Princess of Wales.-- Affairs of the Roman Catholics.Orange Societies in England.-Bible Associations.-East India new Charter.- Reduction of the Price of Provisions.

FA
NEW years have passed in tried by special commission at

which more internal public York, struck a terror which put
tranquillity has been enjoyed by an end to all further disturbances
the people of these islands than of that kind.
the present. There has, indeed, For a considerable period, the
been a lamentable frequency of public feelings were much agi-
private crimes, many of an atro- tated by the transactions which
cious nature, which may lead to took place with respect to the
the apprehension that the long Princess of Wales. In our account
continuation of a state of war, and of parliamentary affairs a relation
the wants and distresses of the has been given of all the occur-
lower classes, have communicated rences in the great assembly of
a tinge of savageness to the na- the nation which had a reference
tional character; but scarcely any to this delicate and interesting sub-
acts have occurred of open resist- ject, and of the causes which
ance to the authority of law and brought it under discussion; and
government. Much of this quiet among the State papers will be
and submission has doubtless been found some of the documents pro-
owing to the vigorous exertions duced on the occasion. In the
made for the suppression of that progress of the inquiry, a very
spirit of riot and depredation which general impression was made on
had arisen to so alarming a height the public, that an illustrious
in the last year, and had rendered stranger, a woman and a mother,
necessary some unusual measures had been treated with harshness
of restraint and severity. A few and injustice, and even that mea-
instances of the destruction of sures of additional severity were
frames and other outrages by the meditated against her; and with
people called Luddites were re- that zeal in favour of the oppressed
ported in the early part of the which is one of the fairest traits of
year; but the execution of the the British character, defenders of
murderers of Mr. Horsefall, and the honour and safety of the Prin-
afterwards that of fourteen rioters cess started up on all sides. Of

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public bodies, the livery of Lon. interest ; the obnoxious proceeddon was the first to take up herings with respect to the Princess cause. At a common-hall con. were suspended, so that her situavoked on the 2nd of April, an ad- tion afforded no longer any cause dress to the Princess was moved; for apprehension; and before many and though it was opposed by months were elapsed, the whole some who thought it would be an matter appeared to be sunk in obliudseasonable interference in a vion. It will, however, remain matter which might probably be upon record as an example, not settled in an amicable way between void of instruction, of the power the parties concerned, yet the sense exerted by a manifestation of the of the meeting was general with public feelings, when imprudently respect to the treatment she had called forth by measures which experienced, which was censured place an individual in the light of in the warmest terms, even by an injured and persecuted object. those members of the corporation With respect to the high personwho are regarded as most under ages concerned, it is to be lathe influence of the court. The mented that what has passed must address was carried almost unani- tend to render more irreparable mously. It stated the indigna- a breach which has been the tion and abhorrence” with which source of so much règret to the the livery of London viewed “the nation. fout conspiracy against the honour Another principal object of doand life” of her Royal Highness, mestic interest during this year was and their “ admiration at her mo- the claim of the Roman Catholics deration, framkness, and magnani. for admission to the full rights of mity under her long persecution." citizens. To the parliamentary The address was presented in great proceedings respecting this matter ceremony; was followed by ano- we have already devoted a chapther from the corporation of Lon. ter; but it will be proper to subdon; and a number of other public join some notice of the more li. bodies imitated the example. At mited exertions to which this imlength, however, a party began to portant contest gave birth. It has interfere. It was thought that been mentioned that the opposition those who were disaffected to the to the Catholic claims by petitions present order of things made use from the clergy and laity, which of the occasion to render the per- commenced in the last year, was son and government of the Prince carried in this to an'extent appear. Regent unpopular ; as indeed that ing to comprise the greater part of effect was at first produced in no the Protestant population. The inconsiderable degree. The friends most observable circumstance in a of the court and ministry, of course, historical view with regard to this discouraged these addresses, which interposition is, that altbough much were perhaps conceived in a style zeal and activity was displayed in of exaggeration and'intemperance; promoting these petitions, yet that the topic grew stale, and was sus the whole was conducted with per, perseded by others of more general fect order and quiet, unattended

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with any riotous disposition to pending in parliament for Catholic wards the persons or worship of emancipation. It was observed the Catholics; affording a demonthat the bill was narrowed to the stration that the question was be- relief of Catholics alone, without come, in the public mind, rather comprehending the other classes one of political expedience than of of Dissenters, whose uniform lie religious controversy. Security to berality had given them weighty the church establishment against, claims upon the gratitude of the not the Catholics only, but all those Catholic body that there are exwho are subjected to the opera- ceptions in the bill with regard to tion of the test laws, was ob- certain places, founded upon a viously the consideration which ac principle of exclusion which they tuated the great body of the pe- cannot recognize that the enacttitioners.

ment for admission into corporaThe English Catholics, whose tions keeps the Catholics still pracproceedings have always been cha- tically excluded by leaving them racterised by great prudence and to the mercy of bye-laws; and moderation, held a meeting on that other disabilities are left, provMarch 20th, Lord Clifford in the ing the imperfection and inadechair, which passed two resolu- quacy of the bill; on wbich actions, the first declaring their gra- count the board feels the propriety titude to the House of Commons of nominating additional delegates for its decision in favour of taking to attend in London to the progress into consideration the laws affect of the bill. ing the Roman Catholics of the If this measure was calculated united empire, and their hopes of to throw an impediment in the a beneficial result'; the second, ex- way of the proposed bill, the resopressing their anxiety to afford lutions of the Irish Roman Catholic every facility for an amicable ad- prelates at a general meeting on justment, and affirming that “the May 27th, were much more adaptsatisfaction they look to in being ed to produce the same effect. admitted to the benefits of the They unanimously declare, that constitution will be greatly dimi- the ecclesiastical clauses contained nished, if not accompanied by the in the bill are utterly incompatible cordial concurrence of their Pro- with the discipline of the Roman testant fellow subjects,whose good. Catholic church, and with the free will they have been anxious to exercise of their religion, and that conciliate, and for the attainment they cannot, without incurring the of which they are, and ever shall guilt of schism, accede to such rebe, willing to make every sacrifice gulations. that is not inconsistent with their The British Catholic board, even religious principles."

after the disappointment of their On May 1st, a full meeting of hopes, continued to maintain the the Irish Catholic board took place same moderate and dignified conat Dublin, when a discussion was duct. At a numerous meeting, entered upon respecting the civil held in London on May 29th, the enactments, solely, of the bill then Earl of Shrewsbury in the chair,

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