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two unanimous resolutions were integrity and wisdom of thc frapassed; the first, returning thanks mers of the bill; and they republish to those members of the House of a former resolution by which Dr. Commons who supported the bill Milner, in consequence of a calumfor their relief, and directing a nious accusation against Mr. Butdeputation to convey their acknow- ler, was discharged from being a ledgments to some of the principal member of the private board of of them by name; the second, in the Britsh Catholics. It is obthe following words: - “ That, al- servable that a vote of thanks to though the Roman Catholics of the same gentleman was carried in Great Britain feel, as they neces.

the Irish Catholic board, though sarily must, the most bitter and by a small majority. poignant regret, that hopes so The Irish Catholic prelates folnearly realized are still to be de. lowed up their private resolutions ferred: nevertheless, their long and against the priociples of the bill patient sufferings have taught them by a pastoral address to the clergy not to sink under the present dis- and laily of their flocks, dated appointment; and, confiding fully May 26th, in which, after repeatin the wisdom of the legislature, ing the substance of their two tesothe increasing liberality of their lutions, they add a third, to the countrymen, and the justice of following purpose, " That their cause, they are sensible that would willingly swear, if required they would be unworthy of the by the legislature, that we will pame of Britons, if, for a moment, never concur in the appointment they relaxed their efforts to pro- or consecration of any bishop cure relief from the penalties and whom we do not conscientiously disabilities under which they suf- believe to be of unimpeachable fer; trusting and hoping, as they loyalty and peaceable conduct ;" most anxiously do, that the day is and further “ that we have not, Dear at hand, when every jealousy and that we will not have, any and every animosity on account of correspondence or communication opinions purely religious, will be with the chief pastor of our church, buried in eternal oblivion, and that or with any person authorized to in the present and most rapidly act in his name, for the purpose of increasing danger of the empire, overthrowing or disturbing the every subject of this united king- Protestant government, or the Pro- . dom may have an equal interest, testant church of Great Britain and by enjoying an equal participation, Ireland, or the Protestant church in the privileges, immunities, and of Scotland, as by law estabglories of their common coun- lished.” try."

At a meeting of the Catholic By a further resolution, they board in Dublin, July 17th, Mr. express their marked disapproba O'Gorman brought forward a motion of a paper intituled, "A

brief tion for addressing the Spanish memorial on the Catholic Bill," Cortes to request their interference and signed John Milner, D.D., in favour of the Catholics of highly injurious to the political Ireland. After stating various in

Stances of the interposition of fo- nected by a regular organization, reign powers in the domestic af- by an oath, and by secret proceedfairs of a nation, he moved a reso- ings, before the public were ap- : lution to refer the business of such prized of their existence. They at an application to the consideration length attracted the notice of parof a committee; which was car, liament, and a motion was made ried. A proposition, however, of on the subject in the House of such manifest absurdity, as that of Commons (See Debates). The ilcalling in as auxiliaries to a plan of legality and dangerous nature of enlarged toleration a body which such an institution was universally had declared it to be a fundamental acknowledged in that assembly; article of their new constitution, but it was thought that nothing that no other than the established

more was necessary than such a religion should be permitted to public censure, to effect their supexist in Spain, indicated the pre- pression in this part of the united valence of a spirit among a part of kingdom. Undoubtedly, if it the Irish Catholics which could not were possible to revive the dise fail to produce disunion, and to graceful outrages of 1780, the throw discredit on their measures. establishment of clubs of this kind Accordingly, we do not hear of would be the most certain means any further meetings of the gene- of doing it. ral body countenanced by persons If the religious zeal by which of weight and distinction; and the present period is so strongly upon the whole, the result of the characterized had any share in the attempts made dạring this year to formation of these societies, it must meliorate the condition of the Ro- be allowed to have been much man Catholics does not afford any more laudably employed in those immediate prospect of further suc associations for the distribution of cess.

the scriptures among the lower One extraordinary effect of the classes, both at bome and abroad, alarm excited by the idea of an ad- which have peculiarly distinguishmission of persons of this religion to ed the present year. Scarcely has a participation of political power has there been a town, or even a vilbeen the adoption in England of lage of any consequence, in the the Irish Orange Society, originally kingdom, which has not had its instituted in that country as a sup- Bible Society, independent or port of the Protestant ascendancy, auxiliary, generally consisting of and noted as the most inveterate members belonging to the esta enemies to every indulgence grant- blishment, and to all the different ed to their Catholic fellow-subjects. Sects, who have fraternally united Societies under this title, number- upon the simple purpose of rening among their members some dering the sacred writings accessipersons of high rank, had been ble to all the indigent who might formed in London, and in many of be qualified and disposed to make the most considerable provincial use of them. And though in some towns, and even in some regi- instances discouragement has been ments, and were mutually con thrown upon the plan by persons

end ;

who entertained a jealousy of the that the influence of the East Inconsequences which might result dia Company with the governfrom submitting the grounds of ment was exerted with powerful Christian doctrine to the judgment and progressive effect. Still, how

, of the unlearned, yet the idea of ever, a large scope is afforded by opening the scriptures to all ranks the new regulations, to that spiof people is so conformable to the rit of enterprise which so pecuprinciples and practice of the early liarly characterises the British reformers, that the opposition to it commercial body; and speculahas borne an unfavourable aspect. tion is doubtless already busied in It has been a more plausible ob- framing plans for future advenjection, that, as a charity, such tures. The passing of the bill in institutions were not at the present the House of Commons, on July time particularly wanted ; that the 13th, produced a minute from means were disproportioned to the the conimittee of the Courts of

and that the inatter has been Directors, dated on the 15th, in taken up like one of those rages which a detail was given of the which successively occupy the circumstances attending the nemind of the public, and foster ex- gociations between the company travagant and delusive expecta- and the government on the occations. Meantime it cannot be sion, with a view of the reguladenied that much occasional bene- tions in the bill, and the effects fit has accrued to the promoters on the company's prosperity which of these associations, by giving might be expected to result from exercise to their benevolent feel them. On the 21st, a general ings, and joining them in charita- court was held at the East India ble union with the well-disposed House, when the opinions from of different persuasions.

behind the bar being read in faThe agitation produced in the vour of accepting the bill for the commercial world by the proceed- new charter, a motion was made ings respecting the renewal of the to that effect by sir Hugh Inglis. charter of the East India Com. After some discussion, and the pany has been noticed in the ac- rejection of a proposed amend. count of the parliamentary trans- ment, the motion was carried actions relative to that important unanimously; and the chairman, national concern; and it cannot Mr. R. Thornton, congratulated be doubted that the changes in- the court upon the attainment of a troduced into the new charter, charter which, in some instances, (the principal of which are to be had exceeded their most sanguine found in our abstract of the bill) expectations. will render the present year an

The bounteous harvest which era in the history of British com- crowned the hopes of the year, merce. Those changes are in- has already produced the desirable deed less than were expected by the effect of reducing the price of the sanguine advocates for free and most necessary articles of human open trade ; and it was manifest, subsistence to half, or two-thirds, during the course of discussion of that which they bore during

all its early months. At the same No cause therefore now exists for time the greatly increased de- discontents among the lower ormand for the manufactures of the ders of the community ; and there country, in consequence of the is every reason to hope that the subversion of the French system calm produced by fear will be of their exclusion from the conti- succeeded by the more permanent nent, has given full scope for in- tranquillity consequent upon satisdustry, and raised the wages of fied labour. workmen to their former rates.

CHAPTER XI.

Naval Occurrences.-Loss of the Java.-Engagement between the Amelia

and a French Frigate.-Capture of a Flotilla on the Coast of Calabria.-Capture of the Isle of Ponza.-Loss of the Peacock sloop. Capture of a Convoy on the Dalmatian Coast. Successes in the Bay of Chesapeake.- Loss of the Vincejo.- Capture of the Chesapeake Frigate by the Shannon.--Capture of the Annaconda, and the Islands of Ocracoke and Portsmouth. Capture of Fiume. - Success at Cassis.Capture of the American-sloop Argus. Success in the Gulf of Cataro.

Capture of Le Weser and La Trave. Reduction of Batteries at Cuxhaven, &c.

I of ,

N this year, as in the preceding, 1812, off St. Salvador, on the

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afforded to the British navy to act which she gave chace. The ship a distinguished part in the course proved to be the American frigate of events which will ever render Constitution, which, shortening the period memorable. The French sail about two o'clock in the afternavy, reduced to inaction, or to a noon, came into action. The few petty and stolen attempts, has American manœuvred for some presented no occasion of fair and time to avoid close combat, aiming decisive combat ; and the blockade by firing high to disable the masts of the American coast has curbed of his antagonist, in which he obthat adventurous spirit which some tained some success, having shot unexpected successes appeared to away the head of the bowsprit with have excited in the infant navy of the jib-boom of the Java, and much the United States. Actions worthy injured the running rigging. Capt. of record have not, however, been Lambert, finding the enemy's rak. entirely wanting; and in several ing fire very heavy, ordered him to instances of co-operation with the be laid on board; but this was land forces, our seamen have found rendered impracticable by further room for the display of their ac- damages to the masts and rigging customed courage and activity.

which left his ship quite unmanageThe first event, however, to be able, with most of the starboard related, is one of additional mis- guns useless from the wreck lying fortune, though not of disgrace, to over them. At half-past three the the British Aag. His majesty's captain received a dangerous wound frigate Java, capt. Lambert, bound which obliged him to be carried to the East Indies, with lieuto-gen. below. From this time till a quar, Hislop, and the officers of his staff ter past four the Java could oply on board, descried, on Dec. 29th, fire two or three guns; but her

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