« 前へ次へ »
Leipzic from the north-west along glorious lot of that brave and able its left bank, whilst the army from commander, general Blucher, who Bohemia was making its approach had already found so many occaby Chemnitz and Altenburg from şions of distinguishing himself
, to the south. This movement it was lead the way to victory. Advancdetermined to execute, notwith- ing from his position at Halle on standing the demonstration made October 14, to Gros Kugel, he by the enemy 'on the Elbe towards pushed his van on the great road to Torgau and Wittenberg, and which Leipzic, occupying the villages on gave an alarm to Berlin. On the each side of it. The Crown Prince 10th, the armies of the Crown gave orders to march to Halle on Prince and Blucher joined at Zor- that night; but when his troops big, when the passage of the Saale were in march, he took up his was concluded upon. This was head-quarters at Sylbitz, Blucher effected by Blucher at Halle; and found the French forces under at this time information was re- marshals Marmont and Ney, and ceived that Platoff with his Cossacks general Bertrand, occupying a line was at Pegau, nd that and in an open country, comprehendWitgenstein, with the vanguard of ing several villages. As his opera. the Bohemian army, was approach- tions are not to be understood ing Altenburg. At this momen- without an accurate plan, we shall tous period an important accession not enter into the detail of his was made to the cause of Germany attack, but confine ourselves to by a treaty of alliance and concert some of its incidents. The enemy, between Austria and Bavaria, signed after the first onset, gave up the on the 8th by prince Reuss and advanced villages, and retired to general Wrede, in virtue of which some distance, but obstinately held
, the latter, with 55,000 Bavarian some of the more defensible. At troops, was to act with the Austrians. one of these, named Mockern, a When the ancient enmity between very bloody contest took place, it these powers, and the particular being taken and retaken five times. favours conferred upon the latter The corps of D’Yorck was engaged by the French ruler, are consider- at this spot, and suffered great loss. ed, a more convincing proof of the At length this position was forced, prevalent disposition throughout and the enemy were driven beyond Germany to unite in freeing the the Partha. The villages in the country from the yoke imposed woody ground on the right were upon it by the ambition of Napo. also the scene of sharp action, in leon could not be given.
which the Russians under Lange. It was impossible that the nu. ron fought against the corps of merous troops collected round Leip- Ney. They were however finally zic could long remain without successful, and night put an end to coming to action; indeed, the the battle. Napoleon, it is said, allies, full of hope and spirit, had witnessed the latter part of this concentrated their force with the defeat of his troops. The loss of resolution of becoming assailants the allies was severe, amounting to the moment their dispositions 6 or 7,000 killed and wounded, should be completed. It was the among whom were many commanders of brigades in D'Yorck's attack on that city. The first corps. The fruits of victory were operation of the Crown Prince's 12,000 of the enemy killed, army was, to force the enemy's wounded, and prisoners, an eagle, right, and obtain possession of the and forty pieces of cannon. heights of Taucha. This was ef
On the 16th the grand army fected, and general Winzingrode made a general attack to the south took about 3,000 prisoners and of Leipzic. The country being some cannon at Taucha. The peculiarly adapted for cavalry, they enemy's infantry soon after abanwere chiefly employed in this en- doned the line of the Partha, and gagement, with a tremendous artil- retired over the plain towards lery of six hundred pieces on both Leipzic, occupying in strength sides. Two solitary buildings in some villages to cover their retreat. the centre of the enemy's position In the forcing of these, considerable were occupied by several battalions resistance was experienced by the of infantry, and after repeated corps of Langeron and Bulow, but attacks by the Russian infantry, at length they were all carried. A were carried with great carnage. retiring solid square of French inMurat then brought forward the fantry was thrown into such conwhole of the French cavalry, and sternation by the rocket brigade made a desperate push at the centre under captain Bogue, that it surof the allies, which for a time was rendered after the first fire. During
a forced, but a charge of six regi- the action in this part 22 guns of ments of Austrian cuirassiers, which Saxon artillery joined the allies, and nothing could withstand, restored were instantly turned against the the position; and after much enemy; and two Westphalian reslaughter the two armies remained giments of hussars, with two batnearly on the ground on which the talions of Saxons, also came over, combat commenced.
and readily accepted the offer of The 17th chiefly passed in pre- the Crown Prince to lead them imparation for a renewal of the con-mediately against their former ally. test. The Crown Prince moved On the southern side whence the from his head-quarters at Lands- grand allied army made its attacks, berg, to Brittenfield. Winzing- the enemy resisted with great obrode's cavalry and artillery had stinacy at various points, but were moved forward in the night finally driven from their posts, and near the heights of Taucha. The a communication was established enemy showed himself in great between the two assailing armies. force in a good position on the The result of this important day left of the Partha, upon a ridge was, a loss to the enemy of 40,000 parallel to that river. Some Meck- in killed, wounded, and prisoners, lenburg bussars pushed into the among the latter of whom were suburbs of Leipzic, and took three many generals, 65 pieces of artilpieces of cannon and a few pri- lery, and the desertion of seventeen soners. On the morning of the German battalions, which joined 18th the different armies of the the victors with their generals and allies advanced from the villages staff. The conquering armies reround Leipzic for their grand mained during the night on the
ground they had won. On the Erfurt, Gotha, and Eisenbach, morning of the 19th the king of general D'Yorck closely attending Saxony sent a flag of truce to the their march, and taking every opemperor Alexander, requesting him portunity of harassing them. The to spare the town of Leipzic; but following particulars are copied that sovereign, considering it as a from a report of the operations of feint to gain time, ordered an im- the Silesian army in pursuit. mediate assault. Leipzic was taken “ An advanced corps of marshal after a short resistance, the allies Blucher's came up with the rear of entering it at eleven, two hours the enemy at the entrance of the after Napoleon had made his escape. defiles in the mountains, within There were captured with it ihe about a German mile of Eisenach ; king of Saxony with all his court, the blowing up of several ammuthe garrison and rear-guard of the nition waggons, the destruction or French army, amounting to 30,000, abandonment of baggage, and the all the sick and wounded, com- capture of several stragglers, was puted at 22,000, the magazines, the immediate consequence; but artillery and stores. Nothing could the enemy had penetrated far into bemore complete than this success. the defiles, where the ground was The emperor of Russia, the king not favourable for the advance of of Prussia, and the Crown Prince cavalry, and it was only by following of Sweden, each at the head of his march for the three subsequent their respective troops, made their days, that the precipitancy and disentry from different points, and asters of his flight became obvious. met in the great square, amidst the For an extent of nearly fifty Enguniversal acclamations of the peo- lish miles, from Eisenach to Fulda, ple, which were doubtless sincere, carcases of dead and dying horses, since that unfortunate town had without number; dead bodies of been a dreadful sufferer from being men, who had been either killed made the great hospital of the or perished through hunger, sickFrench army; and the Saxons had ness, or fatigue, lying on the roads long manifested an impatience to or in the ditches; parties of .pribe delivered from that thraldom to soners and stragglers brought in by which their sovereign's engage the Cossacks; blown up or destroyments with the French had con. ed ammunition, and baggage wagsigned them.
General Blucher's gons, in such numbers as absolutely great services were rewarded by to obstruct the road, sufficiently the rank of field marshal ; and attested the sufferings of the enemarshal prince Schwartzenberg my; whilst pillaged and burning was decorated with orders by the towns and villages marked, at the emperors of Austria and Russia, same time, the ferocity with which and the king of Prussia.
he had condụcted himself. The The retreat of the French army number of the dead bodies on the was full of confusion and disorder, road had been considerably augand the pursuers were daily mak- mented, from a resolution that had ing prisoners, and capturing cannon been taken to carry off
' all the sick and other accompaniments of an and wounded, not resulting surely army. It was conducted across the from any principle of humanity, Saale by Weissenfels, thence to but probably as matter of boast, in
the relations that might be given had with him from 60 to 80,000 to the world of the event, as several ;
and as the allies, in conseof these men were found abandon- quence of detachments, were much ed on the road, in the last gasp of inferior in number, their general hunger and disease, the dead and the found that he should be unable to dying frequently mixed together, prevent the enemy from reaching lying in groups of six or eight, by Frankfort. In order, however, to half-extinguished fires on the road impede their march, he drew up side. Several of these men must his troops before Hanau, where have been compelled to move on they were attacked by Napoleon foot, as their bodies were found on with all his force. A bloody enthe road with the sticks with which gagement ensued, of the respective they had endeavoured to support losses in which very different actheir march, lying by their sides. counts are given by the opposite The number of dead bodies might parties. The French certainly have been counted by hundreds, took a considerable number of priand in the space from Eisenach to soners from the allies, who them. Fulda, could certainly not have selves acknowledge a loss of 7,000 amounted to much less than a in killed and wounded; general thousand. The enemy continued Wrede being among the latter ; to be closely pursued during and it appears that they evacuated the three days? march from Eise- Hanau, which was entered by the nach to l'ach Hunfeld and Fulda, French. The latter, however, were and frequent cannonading ensued driven out again, and continued at the head of the advanced their retreat in great disorder to guard; but the nature of the Frankfort, which was their headcountry not permitting the cavalry quarters on the 31st; and on Nov. to aet, the enemy escaped with 2nd Napoleon arrived in security only such losses as have been enu- at Mentz. His dispatches boast of merated.”
his having brought back 100,000 The combined Austrian and Ba. men out of the hosts which he led varian army under General Wrede, to the Elbe and Oder. This is after taking Wurtzburg, posted probably a great : exaggeration; itself at Hanau to intercept Napo- yet his countenance at Hanau was leon on his retreat to Frankfort. undoubtedly such as could scarcely On October 29th the advanced have been expected after the disguards of each came to action, and asters at Leipzic. In this state we the French are stated to have had shall leave the history of the war 4,000 made prisoners, with two on the Germanic quarter, and progenerals and two pieces of cannon. ceed to take up the series of events On the 30th Wrede made a recon- in another and scarcely less intenoissance, by which it was ascer- resting theatre of military operatained that the French emperor tions.
War in the Peninsula.-Longa's Success at Sedano.--Lord Wellington's
Visit to Cadiz and Lisbon.-French attack at Bejar repulsed.-Position of their Armies.—Sir J. Murray's Advance to Castella.--Attack of Šuchet repulsed.-Castro taken.- Lord Wellington begins his march.--- Advance to Burgos, and thence to Vittoria.-Battle of Vittoria.- Castro recovered.-Pamplona invested, and Tolosa taken.Clausel pursued to Saragossa.-- Sir J. Murray's Investment of Tarragona, and precipitate Retreat. French driven from the Valley of Bastan.—Mina's pursuit of General Paris.--Valencia evacuated by the French.--Soult's General attack on the Allied Posts on the Borders. -Failure of an attack on St. Sebastian.-Saragossa surrenders to Mina, --Lord W. Bentinck obliged to retreat from Tarragona.-St. Sebastian taken by Storm.-The enemy's attempt to relieve it, repulsed.Castle of St. Sebastian taken.-Lord Bentinck's Advance driven from the Pass of Ordal.- Lord Wellington enters' France.- Pamplona surrenders.-- French Positions before St. Jean de Luz forced. -Actions on passing the Nive.-Proceedings of the Cortes.--Remonstrances of the Clergy concerning the Edict abolishing the Inquisition.—The Regency dismissed, and a Provisional Regency Installed.—Dispute with the Pope's Nuncio, who is expelled the Kingdom.-Lord Weilington's Letter to the Spanish Secretary at War. The Extraordinary Cortes resigns.-Speech of its President.–Attempt to remove the Government to Madrid defeated.- Ordinary Cortes assembled.
NHE narrative of the war in by Longa, and entirely routed,
the Peninsula, during the last with the loss of 700 killed, includyear, terminated with the returning the general and several other of the army under the marquis of officers, and nearly 500 prisoners, Wellington, at the close of No- two pieces of cannon, all their vember, to its quarters of Frey- baggage, provisions, and plunder. nada on the frontier of Portugal, Sixty of the inhabitants of Sedano, whilst the enemy were marching destined to be taken as hostages to towards the Douro. On Nov. 30th, Burgos, were also liberated. In the celebrated partisan Longa made December, the French main army a report to his general, Mendiza- under Drouet was in cantonments bal, of a successful action against a in the neighbourhood of Salamanbody of men under the French ge- ca, and Valladolid, and they ocneral Fremant, who were posted cupied various posts on the line of in the valley and town of Sedano, the Tagus. King Joseph was at, near Burgos. They were surprised Madrid, and Soult had his head