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made a number of particular ob- point of opening the trade to the servations relative to the policy Company's possessions in India, ocproper to be adopted in Indian cupied the committee on June 2nd affairs, which are incapable of and 3rd, and was productive of a abridgment: but upon the whole great variety of statement relative he decidedly approved of admitting to the Company's principles of goprivate merchants to a participa- vernment in that country, the contion in the trade.

dition of the natives, their capabiLord Wellesley's motion for the lity of improvement, the effect of production of papers was then put intercourse with strangers, and the to the question, and carried. probable consequences at home of

On May 31st, Lord Castlereagh rendering the trade free, which was moved the order of the day in the chiefly a repetition of topics alreaHouse of Commons, for resolving dy frequently discussed in speech itself into a committee of the whole and writing. The question was at House, to consider further of the length put, and carried without a affairs of the East-India Company. division. After a debate concerning the or- A number of other resolutions der in which the resolutions were were agreed to, some only pro forto be considered, his lordship ma; and Mr. Lushington reported *moved the first, which was, to from the committee all the resoludeclare the expediency of the con- tions, in number fourteen, which tinuance of the East-India Com- were ordered for further consider"pany with its privileges, &c. for a ation, further period, with the exception On June 16th, the resolutions of certain limitations and modifi- being brought before the House, cations. This motion gave rise to several were read and agreed to. some long and eloquent speeches, The 8th, relative to India-built in which the friends and opposers shipping, was negatived, lord Casof the company's exclusive privi- tlereagh having stated that he inleges produced their copious store tended omitting this subject in his

of facts and arguments. The reso- bill. lution, however,' was agreed to The discussion of the third bewithout a division.

ing resumed, Mr. Baring moved On June 1st, Lord Castlereagh an amendment, to confine the removed the second resolution, de- turn of vessels from India to the clarative of the expediency of leav- port of London ; and he intimated ing the intercourse with China, that if this amendment was agreed and the tea trade, in the hands of to, he should propose to limit this

the Company. A debate followed, arrangement to the period of five in which the Company's monopoly years. A debate ensued, in which was opposed by some speakers, as many of the former arguments reinjurious and unnecessary, and de- lative to opening the trade were fended by others. The resolution repeated. On a division the votes · was, however, carried without a were, for the amendment, 43; division,

-against it, 131. Majority 88. The debate on the third resolu- Some other proposed amendtion, comprehending the important ments were negatived without a

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division. Lord Castlereagh then adopting them. The resolutions proposed an amendment, providing being read and agreed to, the that with respect to places out of Earl of Liverpool moved that the the Company's charter, an appli- report be received to-morrow. cation for licences to trade should The Marquis of Lansdowne be made only to the Board of Con- made a number of animadversions trol, who might, if they thought upon the resolutions, in which it necessary, consult the directors. there were several points of great It was objected, that there appear- importance and delicacy which reed no occasion for licenses at all quired the most deliberate consideto placés not within the charter. ration of the House ; and he move The amendment was, however, ed, as an amendment, that the recarried by 122 votes against 19. port be received that day three The third resolution was then months. After some debate on the passed. All the other resolutions merits of the resolutions, in which were agreed to, except the 13th, nothing new was advanced, the relative to the propagation of the House divided. For the original Christian religion in India, the de- motion, 49; for the amendment bate on which was adjourned ; and 14. Majority 35. leave was given for a bill to be The adjourned consideration of brought in on the other resolutions, the 13th resolution, relative to the and they were ordered to be sent propagation of Christianity in India, to the Lords.

was resumed in the House of ComOn June 18th, the Earl of Buck- mons on June 22nd. The extraoringhamshire stated his intention to dinary zeal for religion which is a move for a committee on the next prominent feature of the present Monday, upon the resolutions re- time, had displayed itself in a great ceived from the Commons.

number of petitions to parliament The Earl of Lauderdale depre- from different places and societies cated precipitation on such an im- in the island, during the course of portant business, and said that he discussions on India affairs, rehad moved some days ago for the questing that, in the new arrangeproduction of papers essential to ment, provision should be made its due consideration, which had for the instruction of the natives not yet been laid before the in the principles of the Christian House.

faith ; and so much attention had The Earls of Liverpool and been paid to these applications in Buckinghamshire spoke of the ne- framing the resolutions, that the cessity of proceeding without fur- 13th expressed the opinion of the ther delay; and it was understood committee, “ that such measures that the papers would be ready at ought to be adopted as may tend the time mentioned.

to the introduction among the naOn June 21st, the House of tives of the British dominions in Lords having resolved itself into a India of useful knowledge, and of committee, the Earl of Bucking- religious and moral improvement, hamshire, un moving the resolu- and that, in furtherance of the tions, went into a detail in order to above objects, sufficient facilities shew the policy and expediency of shall be afforded by law to persons

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desirous of going to, and remain- facts, many of which had appeared ing in India, for the purpose of in publications on the subject, and accomplishing those benevolent de the purpose of which was to do signs."

away the notion of the impossibiLord Castlereagh premised his lity of working any change upon the motion for this resolution with religious opinions of the Hindoos, some observations to correct the to show the present wretched state misconceptions which had prevail- of their morality and the mischiefs ed on this matter. He said that à of their superstitions, and to answer very general idea had gone forth, some of the charges made against that it was intended to encourage the missionaries. After several an unrestrained resort of persons other members bad spoken on each to India for religious purposes, on side of the question, a division the same ground as it was ima- took place, when there appeared, gined that an unrestrained com for the resolution, 89; against it, mercial intercourse for commercial 36. Majority, 53. purposes with that country would On June 28th, Lord Castlereagh be permitted. The House would moved for the House to go into a now be aware that the latter was committee of the whole House on a mistaken notion ; and he could the bill for continuing the charter say the same of the former. It of the East India Company, with was, however, thought by the its new regulations. On this ocframers of the resolution in ques-casion, as if nothing bad already tion, that no danger would arise been said on the subject, speakers. from allowing a certain number of arose, who at great length gave persons, under the cognizance of their opinions on the various tothe court of directors, who were pics connected with it; in parti again controlled by the board of cular, the friends and partizans of commissioners, to proceed as mis. the Company fought their battle sionaries to India. . As the House with great vigour, though with no had adverted to the interests of new weapons. The bill was at ligion in the charter granted in length committed, and a day was 1793, it would seem as if they appointed for receiving the rewere now less disposed to the port. cause of Christianity than former. The committee being resumed ly, if such a proposition had been on Jaly 1st, Lord Castlereagh reomitted. He then made some obé quested that gentlemen would in servations to show that there were this stage contine themselves to the no grounds for apprehension from consideration of the particular such an allowance, under proper clauses of the bill, without any control, and that great good previous discussion on the general might result from it. He then principle. On the reading of the moved the resolution.

second clause, relative to the trade A long debate ensued, in which with China, Mr. Canning rose, in Mr. Wilberforce particularly dis- pursuance of a former notice, to tinguished himself as the advocate move a limitation with respect to for proselyting attempts. In his time. After some preliminary obspeech he adduced a number of servations to show that the conti

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Duance of such a monopoly was the committee to the clause relaa not necessary to the political power tive to the appropriation of the of the Company, he moved as an Company's funds, which, he said, amendment, that theexclusive trade had been generally misunderstood. to China should be granted them It was not the design of the for a period of ten years. A de- framers of the bill to take out of bate followed on this topic, which the hands of the Company the apwas concluded by a division, for. plication of any funds of which the amendment, 29; against it, 69. they were in legal possession, and Majority 40.

of which they might dispose to the Mr. Phillips proposed as an a- general advantage of the propriemendment of the clause that notice tors: the great object in view was, should be given to the Company to draw a precise line between the on the 10th of April, 1813, that territorial and the commercial their exclusive trade was to termi- transactions of the Company. nate in three years, the substitu, On the clause providing that tion of April 10, 1821.

20,000 of the king's troops should This amendment was rejected be maintained in India by the by 59 votes against 18.

Company, Mr. R. Thornton obWhen the clause respecting the jected that it was a larger number propagation of Christianity was than was hitherto allowed by law read, a decided opposition to it to be employed. Lord Castlereagh was declared ; and Sir T. Sutton said, that although a much smaller moved the omission of the words number had been named in the in the preamble of the clause de- last act, yet that in point of fact claring the purposes for which mis- many more troops had been found sionaries were to be sent to India, necessary, and that the number and the substitution of the words employed was above 20,000. Our 66 for various lawful purposes.” This territory in the East had trebled moțion rekindled the debate be- since 1793, whence an increased tween the opposers and the pro- military establishment was requimoters of the scheme for Christian. site. izing India; of the former of whom On the clause respecting the were the greater number of those appointment of a bishop and three who had resided in that country; archdeacons, Mr. W. Dundas stat. of the latter, those at home who ed that a majority of the British are distinguished by the name of residents in India were of the the evangelical party. The sub- Scotch church, and therefore would stance of the debate being only a have no provision for their public repetition of the matter of prior worship; he therefore proposed a discussions, it will suffice to state clause for the appointment of three ' the result, which was a division, Scotch clergymen, one at each when there appeared for the origi- presidency, with a salary of 1,0001. nal clause, 54; for the amendment, each. This clause was discussed, 32. Majority 22.

and no other argument was brought The consideration of the bill be.' against it, than that its principle ing resumed on July 2nd, Lord would require that wherever there Castlereagh called the attention of : was an establishment for the epis

copal church, there should also be tived, and the third reading took one for the presbyterian. On a place on July 13. division, the clause was rejected by In the House of Lords the pro20 against 18. At a subsequent dis- gress of this bill was much more cussion it was made known, that the silent than in the Commons, few Company had given an assurance members seeming to interest them. for the maintenance of ministers selves in its rovisions after they of the Scotch church at its own had given a general opinion of it expence.

at its first introduction. The earl of the further proceedings of of Lauderdale was most conspithe House of Commons respecting cuous in opposition, and he enthis bill to its final passing the tered upon the journals of the House, it is unnecessary to detail House a protest against the second the particulars. Complaints of pre- reading, in strong terms of cencipitation were made by the friends sure, particularly of the enactment of the Company to the last; and which directs the yearly issue in the court of proprietors instructed India, for the purpose of investthose directors who have seats ments, of a sum equal to the payin parliament, to move for a delayment made from the funds at till the bill in its amended shape home on account of the territorial should have undergone their consi- charges of the preceding year. deration, but the minister was The bill passed into a law just firm in resisting such motions. before the close of the session. An Some new

clauses and amendabstract of its clauses will be found ments were proposed, and nega. in another part of our volume.

VOL. LV.

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CHAPTER

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