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Merioneth, T. Edwards, of Llanfaur, esq.
APPENDIX TO CHRONICLE.
ARTICLES FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE.
From the London Gazette, Satur. troops I had collected at this peday, Fcb: 13.
riod of the service, though few in
numbers, were formidable in galYOPY of a dispatch from colo- lantry; they consisted altogether
forces in Java, to the hon. T. of artillery, and two troops of his S: Raffles, lieut. governor of that majesty's 22nd dragoons. The reisland, dated Djojocarta, June 25, mainder of our force, with our prin1812:
cipal supply of ordnance, were com; Honourable Sir ;-Without en- ing forward under the orders of tering upon any of the political lieut. col. Mac Leod, and were points on which you did me the expected to join my head-quarters honour to consult with me, pre- during the course of that night. vious to the adoption of hostilities Hostilities had in some measure against the Sultan of Djojocarta, I commenced upon the preceding shall proceed to report to you the evening. On our arrival at Djovarious operations of our small jocarta, lieut. col. Watson reforce, and the measures adopted ported, that a considerable body under my authority for bringing of the Sultan's troops had left the this insolent and refraetory sove- Krattan, through the east gate, and reign to a sense of what was due had proceeded upon some offensive to the supremacy of the British go. or predatory excursion, which I vernment upon Java. On the af. thought it my duty immediately to ternoon of the 18th instant, you prevent. I accordingly desired a did me the honour to acquaint me, detachment of fifty dragoons to that the Sultan of Djojocarta had escort me on a reconnoitering parrefused his acquiescence to those ty, and I proceeded with my
staff terms, which in your wisdom you along the east wall of the Krattan, had been pleased to offer ; that, and pursued them on a road to the confident of the strength of his for- eastward, which the people of the tified position, he had determined country reported they had taken. to brave the consequence ourpower After a very circuitous route, we might inflict; and that he had as- arrived again upon the environs of sembled his army from all parts of the town, where we found large the kingdom, who were prepared bodies of the enemy collected, who and determined on resistance. The were well armed, and evidently prepared for resistance. me.
At this royal navy, was wounded, and a period, you had not communicated magazine in the battery, having to me any final determination with accidentally blown up, I lost the respect to the sultan of Djojocar- services of two active officers, ta, and I was therefore withheld captain Young, and lieut. Hunter, by sentiments of honour, from who were severely burnt by the dispersing these people by force of explosion. Light parties were dearms, which I had afterwards rea- tached to scour the villages on the son to regret. Mr. Crawford, the right and left, and a body of the resident, who accompanied me on Sultan's troops kept major Dalton, the excursion, endeavoured, by and a part of his battalion, on the every possible means in his power, alert during the night; they were to induce them to return. His attacked four successive times with solicitations and threats were great spirit, but they repulsed the equally unavailing, and we were enemy with steadiness and good at length so insulted by stones from conduct. At about three o'clock in the houses, and one of our dra- the afternoon, I became exceeda goons was so severely wounded by ingly anxious for the arrival of a spear in the side, that we were lieut.-col. Mac Leod, and his compelled to act upon the defen- party. I had received no report sive, and in a short time they were whatever of his progress, and I dispersed. In this affair, I regret to was apprehensive that he had ensay, that one serjeant and four dra- countered some difficulty upon the goons were wounded, the serjeant road, which might retard the serand one of the privates danger- vice. I therefore detached lieut. qusly; and in another part of the Hale, with twenty-five dragoons, town, a serjeant's patrole of 25 to obtain some information respectdragoons, was fiercely attacked by ing him, and I afterwards supa considerable number of the Sul- ported him with a further reintan's troops, whom they cut their forcement of 40 men, under the way through, with the loss of one command of lieut. Keir, of the man killed, and one wounded. I
same regiment. The first detachshall now return to the afternoon ment under lieut. Hale was reof the 18th, where every thing was peatedly attacked by large bodies prepared for offensive operations, of the Sultan's infantry, in situaas well as our scanty supply of tions where cavalry were unable to ammunition would admit. I am act. The promptitude and celealways an advocate for promptness rity of this officer's advance excited and decision, and I was aware that my warmest approbation; he was any measure of a contrary nature, severely wounded himself, and lost would not only weaken the confi- five of his dragoons in the conflict ; dence of our troops, but increase but notwithstanding his perilous the insolence of the enemy. I and hampered situation, he exetherefore directed major Butler to cuted his important trust by joinopen a fire from our fort, which ing lieut.-col. MacLeod.
On was immediately returned by the the following forenson, the whole Sultan, but with inconsiderable of his party arrived, consisting of effect. Captain Teesdale, of the a detachment of the royal artillery, Vol. LV.
the grenadiers of his majesty's however, discovered by the ene59th regiment, and the flank com- my, before the scaling-ladders were
, panies and rifle company of his planted. The alarm was incesmajesty's 78th. This reinforce- santly given along the works, which ment determined me upon my plan only increased the activity and of operations. The palace or Krato emulation of our troops. Lieut.tan of the Sultan is surrounded by col. Watson advanced in the most regular works about three miles in gallant style, and soon obtained circumference
e ; at each corner possession of the rampart. Part of there is a formidable bastion, enfié major Dalton's battalion crossed lading the curtain, and the princi- the ditch at the N. E. bastion, under pal entrance in front is strongly capt. Leys, and running along the defended by cannon. The whole berm, . admitted lieut-col. Macof the fortification is surrounded Leod with the second column, by a wet ditch, and the gate-ways who blew open the Prince's gate are all provided with drawbridges, and entered. The action then beto prevent the passage across. With came general. Major Dalton, with all these obstacles to our success, part of the light-infantry battalion, I relied upon the gallantry of my led in a spirited style to the south.. troops, and determined upon the gale, where they admitted lieut. assault on the morning of the 20th col. Dewar, and saved the life of inst. In all the preparation ne- the Prince Regent. The gallant cessary, I experienced much as- 14th proceeded to scour the ramsistance from lieut.-col. Macken- parts, and the capture of the Sulzie, of the engineers, and major tan rendered the victory complete. Thorne, deputy quarter-master- I have the honour to report to you, general, who procured every in- that during this arduous conflict, formation that could possibly be the Toomogong Semood Deningrat obtained, and with whom, in con- was killed. Lieut.-col. Dewar had cert, I arranged the plan of attack. the good fortune to encounter his The principal part of the force was party, and as he was known to be divided into two columns; the the most powerful chieftain in leading one commanded by lieut.. the interest of the Sultan, and çol. Watson, of his majesty's 14th his instigator in every hostile profoot, and the other by lieut..col. ceeding against the British governMac Leod, of his majesty's 59th ment, I consider this event as of regiment ; lieut.-col. Dewar, .of the greatest political importance. the 3rd Bengal Native Infantry, About the conclusion of the ascommanded a smaller party, and sault I was myself severely woundmade a detour towards the rear of ed in the arm. Thus, with less the Krattan. Major Grant con. than 1,000 firelocks actually en-' ducted a central attack in front. gaged, we have defeated upwards At half an hour before day, the of 17,000 men, and afforded a columns under the command of lasting proof of our superiority and lieut.-col. Watson, and lieut. power. I shall refrain from entercol. Mac Leod, moved forward to ing into farther particulars, as you the east curtain, under cover of the were present upon the spot, and fire from our fort. They were, our cordial communications with
each other have rendered them the lords commissioners of the unnecessary. I have the honour Admiralty, that his majesty's ship to'enclose you the copy of a gene- Java is no more, after sustaining ral order issued upon the occasion, an action on the 29th instant, for together with a return of killed and several hours, with the American wounded, and ordnance captured. frigate Constitution, which resulted
, I have the honour to solicit your in the capture and ultimate departicular attention to the valuable struction of his majesty's ship. services of Mr. Crawford, resident. Captain Lambert being dangerIt is impossible I can convey to ously wounded in the height of the you, how deeply I am impressed action, the melancholy task of with a sense of his talents and ex- writing the detail devolves on ertions. From the period of my arrival, until the conquest of the On the morning of the 29th inst. Krattan, he was uniformly active at eight, a. m. off St. Salvador and assiduous, and his personal ex- (coast of Brazil), the wind at posure in the assault of the works N. E. we perceived a strange sail ; merits equally my thanks and com- made all sail in chase, and soon mendation. Mr. Robinson, of the made her out to be a large frigate ; civil service, and Mr. Hardie, were at noon prepared for action, the also volunteers upon the occasion. chase not answering our private I cannot speak too highly of their signals, and tacking towards us eagerness and zeal. Mr. Deans, under easy sail; when about four assistant to the resident, was essen- miles distant she made a signal, tially useful in conducting lieut.- and immediately tacked and made col. Dewar's party to the south- all sail away upon the wind. We gate.
soon found we had the advantage I have the honour to be, &c. of her in sailing, and came up (Signed)
with her fast, when she hoisted R. R. GILLESPIE, Colonel. American colours ; she then bore Returned of killed and wounded. about three points on our lee-bow. -Killed, 23, wounded, 76.–To- At fifty minutes past one, po m. tal, 99.
the enemy shortened sail, upon
which we bore down upon her : Admiralty Office, at ten minutes past two, when April, 20, 1813.
about half a mile distant, she openLetters, of which the following ed her fire, giving us a larboard are copies and extract, have been broadside, which was not returned transmitted to this office by rear
till we'were close on her weatheradmiral Dixon, addressed to John bow. Both ships now manæuvred Wilson Croker, esq. by lieut.
to obtain advantageous positions, Chads, late first lieutenant of his our opponent evidently avoiding majesty's ship Java :
close action, and firing high to
disable our masts, in which he sucUnited States Frigate Constitution, ceeded too well, having shot away off St. Salvador, Dec. 31, 1812.
the head of our bowsprit with the Sir,
jib-boom, and our running rigging It is with deep regret that I so much cut as to prevent our prewrite you, for the information of serving the weather.gage.