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killed and wounded; and I have commends them both for promo. the honour to be, &c.
tion. FREDERICK PAUL IRBY, The following is the report of
Captain. the above affair transmitted to sir John Wilson Croker, Esq. &c. G. Prevost :Total killed 46:-wounded dan
Prescott, Feb. 22, 1813. gerously 16, severely 35, slightly Sir ;-I have the honour to ac44.—Total 95.
quaint you, for the information of
his excellency the commander of COLONIAL DEPARTMENT.
the forces that, in consequence of
the commands of his excellency Downing-street, June 2. to retaliate, under favourable cirSir George Prevost, in a dis- cumstances, upon the enemy, for patch, dated Niagara, February 27, his late wanton aggressions on this 1813, acquaints lord Bathurst, frontier, I, this morning about sethat on the 21st of February, he ven o'clock, crossed the river St. arrived at Prescott, within a mile Lawrence, upon the ice, and atof the enemy, posted at Ogdens. tacked and carried, after a little burgh, who had availed them more than an hour's action, his poselves of the frozen state of the sition in and near the opposite St. Lawrence, in that neighbour- town of Ogdensburgh, taking 11 hood, to carry on repeated noctur- pieces of cannon, and all his ordnal enterprises against posts of nance, marine, commissariat, and communication which were occu- quarter-master-general's stores, 4 pied by the militia, and to commit officers and 70 prisoners, and burnfrequent depredations upon the ing two armed schooners and two persons and property of his ma- large gun-boats, and both his barjesty's subjects, carefully selecting racks. My force consisted of aobjects beyond the immediate sup- bout 480 'regulars and militia, and port and protection of a regular was divided into two columns: the military force.
right commanded by captain JenIn order to put a stop to these kins, of the Glengarry light indepredations, sir George deemed fantry fencibles, was composed of it necessary to dislodge the enemy his own flank company, and about. from his position at Ogdensburgh, 70 militia ; and from the state of which was effected in a very spi- the ice, and the enemy's position rited manner, by a detachment un- in the Old French Fort, was dider the command of major Mac- rected to check his left, and interdonnel, of the Glengarry light in- rupt his retreat, whilst I moved fantry fencibles, whose report sir on with the left column, consistG. encloses.
ing of 120 of the king's regiment, Sir George praises the gallant 40 of the Royal Newfoundland conduct of captain Jenkins, of the Corps, and about 200 militia, toGlengarry fencibles, and lieutenant wards his position in the town, Impey, of the Dundas militia, the where he had posted his heavy former of whom lost an arm, and field artillery. The depth of the the latter a leg. Sir G. warmly re- snow in some degree retarded the
advance of both columns, and ex- consequence) of his men would posed them, particularly the right, admit, he ordered a charge, and to a heavy cross fire from the bat- had not proceeded many paces, teries of the enemy, for a longer when his left arm was broken to period than I had expected; but pieces by a grape-shot; but still pushing on rapidly after the bat- undauntedly running on with his teries began to open upon us, the 'men, he almost immediately afterleft column soon gained the right wards was deprived of the use of bank of the river, under the direct his right arm by a discharge of case fire of his artillery and line of mus- shot; still heroically disregarding ketry, posted on an eminence near all personal consideration, he nothe shore ;-moving on rapidly bly ran on, cheering his men, to my advance, consisting of the de- the assault, tili exhausted by pain tachment of the Royal Newfound- and loss of blood, he became unland and some select militia, I able to move. His company gallantturned his right with the detach- ly continued the charge, under ment of the king's regiment, and lieut. M-Auley; but the reserve after a few
discharges from his ar- of militia not being able to keep up tillery, took them with the bayo- with them, they were compelled, net, and drove his infantry through by the great superiority of the enethe town, some escaping across the my, to give way, leaving a few on Black river into the fort, but the a commanding position, and a few majority fled to the woods, or of the most advanced in the enesought refuge in the houses, from my's possession, nearly about the whence they kept such a galling time that I gained the height abovefire, that it was necessary to dis- mentioned. The enemy hesitating lodge them with our field-pieces, to surrender, I instantly carried his which now
came up from the eastern battery, and by it silenced bank of the river, where they had another which now opened again, stuck.on landing, in the deep and ordering on the advance, the
detachment of the king's, and the Having gained the high ground Highland company of militia, un
the brink of the Black River der capt. Eustace, of the king's opposite the fort, I prepared to regiment, he gallantly rushed into carry it by storm'; but the men be the fort; but the enemy retreating ing quite exhausted, I procured by the opposite entrance, escaped time for them to recover breath,by into the woods, which I should efsending in a summons, requiring fectually have prevented, if my an unconditional surrender. Dure Indian warriors had returned sooner. ing these transactions,captain Jen- from a detached service on which kins. had gallantly led on his co- they had that morning been emlumn, and had been exposed to a ployed. I cannot close this stateheavy fire of seven guns, which he ment without expressing my adbravely attempted to take with the miration of the gallantry and selfbayonet, though covered with 200 devotion of capt. Jenkins, who of the enemy's best troops : ad- has lost one arm, and is in danger vancing as rapidly as the deep of losing the other. I must also resnow, and the exhausted state (in port the intrepidity of capt. Le.
lievre, of the Newfoundland regi- lowing is a copy, was this morning ment, who had the immediate received by earl Bathurst, from charge of the militia under col. lieuto-general sir John Murray, Fraser; of capt. Eustace, and the Bart. other officers of the king's regi- Head quarters, Castalla, ment, and particularly of lieut.
April 14, 1813, Ridge, of that corps, who very My Lord,- I have the satisfacgallantly led on the advance; and tion to inform your lordship, that of lieut. M'Auley and ensign the allied arıny under my com. M.Donnell, of the Glengarry re
mand defeated the enemy on the giment; as also lieut. Gangueben, 19th instant, commanded by marof the royal engineers; and of shal Suchet in person. ensign M.Kay, of the Glengarry It appears that the French
gelight infantry; and of ensign Kerr,neral had, for the purpose of atof the militia, each of whom had tacking this army, for some time charge of a field-piece; and of been employed in collecting his lieut. Impey, of the militia, who whole disposable force. has lost à leg. I was also well His arrangements were comsupported by capt. Fraser and the pleted on the 10th, and in the other officers and men of the mi. morning of the 11th, he attacked litia, who emulated the conspicu- and dislodged, with some loss, a ous bravery of all the troops of the Spanish corps, posted by general line. I enclose a list of the killed Elio, at Yecla, which threatened ånd wounded. The enemy had 500 his right, whilst it supported our men under arms, and must have left flank. sustained a considerable loss.
In the evening he advanced in I have the honour to be, &c. considerable force to Villena, and (Zigned) G. MACDONALD, I am sorry to say, that he capMajor Glengarry light infantry, tured, on the morning of the 12th,
Lieut.-col. commanding in a Spanish garrison, which had the Eastern district of Upper been thrown into the Castle by Canada.
the Spanish general, for its de[True copy.] (Signed) fence.
NOAH FREER, Mil. Sec. On the 12th, about noon, marReturn of the killed and wounded shal Suchet began his attack on
in the action of the 22nd February, the advance of this army, posted 1813
at Biar, under the command of Total loss serjcant, 7 rank col. Adam. and file kiled; I field officer, 2 Col. Adam's orders were to fall captains, 5 subalterns, 4 serjeants, back upon Castalla, but to dispute 40 rank and file, wounded.
the passage with the enemy, which he did with the utmost gallantry
and skill, for five hours, though Supplement to the London Gazette attacked by a force infinitely suof Tuesday, May 18, 1813.
perior to that which he com
manded. Downing-street, May 18. The enemy's advance occupied A dispatch, of which the fole the pass that evening, and col.
Adam took up the ground in our titles them to the highest praise, position which had been allotted stormed the whole line, which is to him.
not less than two miles and a half On the 13th, at noon, the ene. in extent. But gallantly as the my's columns of attack were form- attack was made, the defence of ed, composed of three divisions the heights was no less brilliant ; at of infantry, a corps of cavalry of every point the enemy was reabout 1,600 men, and a formidable pulsed, at many with the bayonet. train of artillery.
He suffered a very severe loss ; The position of the allied army our gallant troops pursued him for was extensive. The left was posted some distance, and drove him, on a strong range of hills, occupied after a severe struggle, with preciby major general Whittingham's pitation on his battalions of redivision of Spanish troops, and the serve upon the plain. The cavalry, advance of the allied army under which had slowly advanced along col. Adam.
our right, gradually fell back to This range of hills terminates at the infantry. At present his suCastalla, which, and the ground to periority in that arm enabled him the right, was occupied by major- to venture this movement, which general Mackenzie's division, and otherwise he should have severely the 58th regiment, from that of repented. lieut.-general Clinton.
Having united his shattered batThe remainder of the position talions with those which he kept was covered by a strong ravine, in reserve. Marshal Suchet took up behind which lieuto-general Clin- his position in the valley; but which ton was stationed, supported by it would not have been creditable three battalions of general Roche's to allow him to retain.' · I there. division; as a column of reserve. fore 'decided on quitting, mine,
A few batteries had been con- still, however, retaining the heights, structed in this part of the line, and formed the allied army in his and in front of the castle of Cas- front, covering my right flank with talla. The enemy necessarily ad. the cavalry, whilst the left rested vanced on the left of the position. on the hiilis. The army advanced The first movement he made, was in two lines to attack him a conto pass a strong body of cavalry siderable distance, but unfortualong the line, threatening our nately marshal Suchet did not right, which was refused. Of this choose to risk a second action, movement no notice was taken ; with the defile in his rear. the ground to which he was point- The lines of the allies were ing is unfavourable to cavalry, and scarcely formed when he began as this movement was foreseen, the his retreat, and we could effect necessary precautions had been nothing more than driving the taken : when this body of cavalry French into the pass with defeat, had passed nearly the half of our which they had exultingly passed line of infantry, marshal Suchet in the morning. The action teradvanced his columns to the foot minated at dusk, with a distant of the hills, and certainly his troops, but heavy cannonade. with a degree of gallantry that en- I am sorry to say that I have no VOL. LV.
trophies to boast of. The enemy with much satisfaction, that this took no guns to the heights, and action has not cost us the lives of he retired too expeditiously to en- many of our comrades. able me to reach him. Those which Deeply must be felt the loss, he used in the latter part of the however trifling, of such brave and day, were posted in the gorge of gallant soldiers ; but we know is the defile, and it would have cost is inevitable, and I can with truth us the lives of many brave men to affirm, that there was not an offitake them.
cer or soldier engaged, who did not In the dusk, the allied army court the glorious termination of returned to its position at Castalla, an honourable life, in the discharge after the enemy bad retired to of his duty to his king and to his Biar. From thence he continued country. his retreat at midnight to Villena, The gallant and judicious conwhich he quitted again this morn- duct of these that were engaged, ing in great_haste, directing his deprived much more than half the march upon Fuente de la Higuera army of sharing in the perils and and Onteniente,
glory of the day : but the steady But although I have taken no countenance with which the divicannon from the enemy, in point sions of generals Clinton and of numbers his army is very con- Mackenzie remained for some siderably crippled; and the defeat hours under a cannonade, and the of a French army, which boasted it eagerness and alacrity with which never had a check, cannot fail, I the lines of attack were formed, should hope, in producing a most sufficiently proved to me what I favourable effect in this part of the had to depend on from them, had Peninsula.
marsbal Suchet awaited the attack. As I before mentioned to your I trust your lordship will now lordship, marshal Suchet com- permit me to perform the most manded in person.
pleasing part of my duty, that of The generals Harispe, Habert, humbly submitting, for his royal and Robert, commanded their re- highness the Prince Regent's apspective divisions. I hear from all probation, the names of those offiquarters that general Harispe is
which have had the killed ; and I believe, from every fortunate opportunity of distinaccount that I can collect, that the guishing themselves, in as far, at loss of the enemy amounts fully to least, as has yet come to my know3,000 men; and he admits 2,500. ledge. Upwards of 800 have already been Colonel Adam, who commands buried in front of only one part of the advance, claims the first place our line; and we know that he has in this honourable list. I cannot carried off with him an immense sufficiently praise the judicious arnumber of wounded.
rangements he made, and the abi. We had no opportunity of mak- lity with which he executed his ing prisoners, except such as were orders on the 12th instant. wounded; the numbers of which The advance consists only of the have not yet reached me.
2nd battalion 27th regiment, comI am sure your lordship will hear manded by lieut. col. Reeves ;