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the 1st Italian regiment, com- repulsed: at many, at the point manded by lieut.-col. Burke; the of the bayonet. At one point in calabrian free corps, commanded particular I must mention, where by major Carey; one rifle com- a French grenadier battalion had pany of the 3rd and 8th battalions gained the summit of the hill, but king's German Legion, command was charged and driven from the ed by captains Lueder and Brauns heights by a corps under the comof those corps; and a troop of fo- mand of col. Casans. reign hussars, under the orders of Major.gen. Whittingham highly captain Jacks, of the 20th dra. applauds, and I know it is not goons, with four mountain guns, in without reason, the conduct of charge of captain Arabin, royal col. Casans, col. Romero, col. artillery.
Campbell, colonel Casteras, and The cnemy attacked this corps lieutenant-col. Ochoa, who comwith from 5 to 6,000 men, and for manded at various points of the five hours (and then only in con- bills. To the chief of his staff, sequence of order) succeeded in col. Serrano, he likewise expresses possessing himself of the pass. himself to be equally obliged on
This fact alone says more in fa- this, as well as many other occavour of colonel Adam, and in sions; and he acknowledges with praise of those he commands, than gratitude the services of colonel aby words of mine can express. 1 Catinelli, of the staff of the Italian shall, therefore, confine myself to levy, who was attached to him assuring your lordship, that the during the day. conduct of all engaged in this These, my lord, are the officers brilliant affair, merits, and has met and corps that I am most anxious with, niy highesť approbation. to recommend to his Royal High
Col. Adam was wounded very ness's notice and protection; and early in the attr.ck, but continued, I earnestly entreat your lordship and still continues, in charge of will most respectfully, on my part, his division.
report their merits to the Prince On the 13th, the attack of the Regent, and to the Spanish goenemy on colonel Adam's division
vernment. was very severe, but the enemy It now only remains for me to was defeated at every point, and acknowledge the cordial co-operaa most gallant charge of the 2nd, tion and support I have met with 27th, led by colonel Adam and from the several general officers lieutenant-col. Reeves, decided the and brigadiers, as well as from the fate of the day, at that part of the various officers in charge of defield of battle.
partments attached to this army. The skill, judgment, and gal- To major-general Donkin, quarlantry displayed by major-general termaster-general, I am particularWhittingliam, and his division of ly indebted for the zeal and ability the small army, rivals, though it with which he conducts the duties cannot surpass, the conduct of of his extensive department, and col. Adam and the advance. the gallantry he displays on every At every point the enemy was occasion,
: Major Kenah, who is a: the fought them till it was impossible head of the adjutant-general's de- quite to get them off, had such partment, affords me every satis- been colonel Adam's desire. faction. Lieut.-col. Holcombe, and (Signed)
J. M. under his orders, major Williamson, conducted the artillery branch of Return of killed, wounded, and the service in a manner highly cre- missing ditable. The different brigades of General total.-4 lieutenants, 1 guns, under captains Lacy, Thom- serjeant, 1 drummer, 139 rank and son, and Gilmour (and Garcia, of file, killed; 1 colonel, 1 major, l' the Sicilian army), and lieutenant captain, 12 lieutenants, 1 ensign, Patton of the Aying artillery, were 15 serjeants, 1 drummer, 449 rank extremely useful, and most gal- and file. wounded; 42 rank and lantly served; and the Portuguese file missing; 8 horses killed; 10 artillery supported the reputation horses wounded; 1 horse missing. their countrymen have acquired. (Signed) THOMAS KENAH, The army is now in niarch. I
Major Assist.-Adj. Gen. proceed to Alcoy, in the hope, but not the sanguine hope, that I may be enabled to force the Albaya Pass, and reach the entrenched London Gazette Extraordinary, position of the enemy of San Fe
Sunday, July 25. lipe, before he can arrive there. I consider this movement as pro
COLONIAL DEPARTMENT. mising greater advantages than a direct pursuit, as the road which Downing-street, July 24, 1813. he has chosen being very favour- Captain M.Doual, aide-de-camp able for cavalry, in which arm he to lieutenant-general sir George is so much superior, I should pro- Prevost, arrived this day with disbably be delayed too long to strike patches, addressed to earl Bathurst, any blow of importance.
one of his majesties principal seI beg leave to enclose a return of cretaries of state, of which the folkilled and wounded of the allied lowing are copies and extracts :army. I have the honour to be, &c. Head-quarters, Kingston, Upper J. MURRAY, Lieut.-Gen. Canada, May 18, 1813.
My Lord ;-I have the honour P.S. I have omitted to mention, of transmitting to your lordship, that in retiring from Biar, two of a copy of a dispatch which I have the mountain guns fell into the received from major-general sir hands of the enemy; they were R. Sheaffe, containing the particudisabled, and colonel Adam very lars of an attack made by the land judiciously directed capt. Arabin, forces, and the flotilla of the enemy, who then commanded the brigade, upon York, in Upper Canada, on to fight them to the last, and
then the 27th ult. to leave them to their fate. Cap- The
left York on the 8th tain Arabin obeyed his orders, and instant, and proceeded to Niagara,
where I understand they landed, were immediately seen assembling on the American side of the lake, near their commodore's ship, under 1,200 'men, under general Deare cover of whose fire, and that of born, for the purpose of strength other vessels, and aided by the ening their army on that line, and wind, they soon effected a landing, probably with a view to make a in spite of a spirited opposition further attempt on Fort Erie or from major Givens and about forty Fort George. The flotilla after- Indians. A company of Glengarry wards returned to Sackett's Har- light infantry, which had been bour, where I find, from a flag of ordered to support them, was, by truce which came over the day some mistake (not in the smallest before yesterday, they remained on degree imputable to its commanthe 14th,
der) led in another direction, and From the information I have re- came late into action. The other ceived from an officer of the lake troops, consisting of two companies marine taken at York, and sent of the 8th, or king's regiment, and over in the flag of truce, I find the about a company of the royal Newenemiy's force at Sackett's barbour foundland regiment,
with some amounts to near 5,000 men, and militia, encountered the enemy in that they were making prepara- a thick wood. Captain M Neal, tions for another expedition, but of the king's regiment, was killed . to what point the attack was to be while gallantly leading his comdirected, I have not been able to pany, which suffered severely. The ascertain.
troops at length fell back'; they I have the honour to be, &c.? 'rallied several times, but could not
GEORGE PREvost. maintain the contest against the Earl Bathurst, &c.
greatly superior and increasing
numbers of the enemy. They reKingston, May 5, 1813. tired under cover of our batteries, Sir;—I did myself the honour of which were engaged with some of writing to your excellency, on my the enemy's vessels that had nioved route from York, to communicate nigher to the harbour. By some the mortifying intelligence that the unfortunate accident the magazine enemy had obtained possession of at the western battery blew up, that place on the 27th of April. I and killed and wounded a consishall now give your excellency a derable number of men, and cripfurther detail of that event.
pled the battery. In the evening of the 26th, in- It became too evident that our formation was received that many numbers and means of defence vessels had been seen to the east- were inadequate to the task of ward. Very early the next morn- maintaining possession of York ing they were discovered lying-to, against the vast superiority of force not far from the harbour; after brought against it. The troops some time had elapsed they made were withdrawn towards the town, sail, and to the number of sixteen, and were finally ordered to retreat of various descriptions, anchored on the road to Kingston: the powoff the shore, some distance to the der magazine was blown up, and westward. Boats full of troops the new ship and the naval" stores
destroyed. Lieut.-colonel Cher- 36 rank and file, 1 driver, woundvett and major Allan of the militia, ed and prisoners; 6 rank and file, residents in the town, were in- 1 bombardier, 3 gunners, prison structed to treat with the Ameri- ers; 6 rank and file, 1 gunner, can commanders for terms: a. missing. statement of those agreed on with major-general Dearborn and com- Terms of the capitulation entered modore Chauncey, is transmitted into on the 27th of April, 1813, to your excellency, with returns for the surrender of the town of of the killed and wounded, &c. York, in Upper Canada, to the The accaunts of the number of the
army and navy of the United enemy vary from 1,890 to 3,000. States, under the command of We had about 600, including mili- Major-General Dearborn, and tia and dock-yard men. The quality Commodore Chauncey. of these troops was of so superior That the troops, regular and a description, and their general militia, at this post, and the naval disposition so good, that under less officers and seamen, shall be surunfavourable circumstances, I rendered prisoners of war; the should have felt confident of suc- troops, regular, and militia, to cess, in spite of the disparity of ground their arms immediately on numbers. As it was, the contest, the parade, and the naval officers which commenced between six and and seamen be immediately surseven o'clock, was maintained rendered on the parade. nearly eight hours.
That all the public stores, naval When we had proceeded some and military, shall be immediately miles from York, we met the light given up to the commanding officompany of the king's regiment, cers of the army and navy of the on its route for. Fort George: it United States. retired with us, and covered the That all private property shall retreat, which was effected with. be guaranteed to the citizens of out molestation from the enemy. the town of York. I have the honour to be,
the papers belonging to the R. H. SHEAFFE, civil officers shall be retained by
Major-General, them. His Excellency Sir George That such surgeons as may,
be Prevost, &c.
procured to attend the wounded of
the British regulars and Canadian Return of killed, wounded, prison- militia, shall not be considered as
ers, and missing of the troops prisoners of war. engaged at York, under the com- That one lieutenant-colonel, one mand of Sir Roger Hall Sheaffe, major, thirteen captains, nine lieuon the 27th of April.
tenants, eleven ensigns, one quarTotal.-1 captain, 1 serjeant- ter-master, and one deputy adjumajor, 4 serjeants, 1 drummer, 52 tant-general, of the militia ; ninerank and file, 3 gunners, killed; teen serjeants, four corporals, 204 1 ensign, 2 serjeants, 1 drummer, rank and file; of the field train 30 rank and file, wounded ; 1 lieu- department,, William Dunbar; of tenant, 4 serjeants, 1 drummer, the provincial army, one captain,
one lieutenant, two midshipmen, my command, and led by a gunone clerk; one boatswain, fifteen boat, under the direction of capnaval artificers; of his majesty's tain Mulcaster, royal navy, proregular troops, one lieutenant, one ceeded towards Sackett's harbour, serjeant-major; and of the royal in the order prescribed to the artillery, one bombardier, and troops, in case the detachment was three gunners, shall be surrendered obliged to march in column, viz. prisoners of war, and accounted the grenadier company, 100th, for in the exchange of prisoners with one section of the royal Scots, between the United States and two companies of the 8th, or king's, Grcat Britain.
four of the 104th, two of the Cana
dian voltigeurs, two six-pounders, Extract of a letter from Lieutenant- with their
gunners, and a company general Sir George Prevost, dated of Glengarry light infantry, were head-quarters, Kingston, June 1, embarked on board a light schoon1813.
er, which was proposed to be towAlthough, as your lordship will ed, under the direction of officers perceive by the report of colonel of the navy, so as to ensure the Baynes, which I have the honour guns being landed in time, to supherewith to transmit, the expedi- port the advance of the troops. tion has not been attended with Although the night was dark, with the complete success which was rain, the boats assembled in the expected from it, I have great vicinity of Sackett's harbour, by satisfaction in informing your lord- one o'clock, in compact and reguship, that the courage and patience lar order, and in this position it of the small band of troops em- was intended to remain until the ployed on this occasion, under cire day broke, in the hope of effecting cumstances of peculiar hardship a landing before the enemy could and privation, have been exceeded be prepared to line the woods with only by their intrepid conduct in troops, which surround the coast : the field, forcing a passage at the but unfortunately a strong current point of the bayonet, through a
drifted the boats considerably, thickly-wooded country, affording while the darkness of the night, constant shelter and strong posi- and ignorance of the coast, pretions to the enemy; but not a vented them from recovering the single spot of cleared ground fa- proper station, until the day dawovourable to the operations of dis- cd, when the whole pulled for the ciplined soldiers.
point of debarkation.
It was my intention to have Kingston, May 30, 1813. landed in the cove formed by Sir ;- I have the honour to re- Horse Island, but on approaching port to your excellency, that in it, we discovered that the enemy conformity to an arranged plan of were fully prepared by a very operations with commodore sir heavy fire of musketry from the James Yeo, the fleet of boats as- surrounding woods, which were sembled astern of his ship at ten filled with infantry, supported with o'clock on the night of the 28th a field-piece. I directed the boats instant with the troops placed under to pull'round to the other side of