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ments, was called the army of troops at Vera and those under Spain, and re-formed into nine lieutenant-general sir Thomas divisions of infantry, forming the Graham, and Mariscal del Campo right, centre, and left, under the Giron, on the great road. command of general Reille, comte The conde del Abisbal blockadd'Erlon, and general Clauzel, ased Pampeluna. lieutenant-generals, and
On the 24th, marshal Soult colo serve under general Villatte ; and lected the right and left wings of two divisions of dragoons and one his army, with one division of his of light cavalry, the two former centre, and two divisions of caunder the command of generals valry, at St. Jean de Pied de Port, Treillard and Tilly, and the latter and on the 25th attacked, with under the command of general between thirty and forty thousand Pierre Soult. There was besides men, general Byng's post at Ronallotted to the army a large pro- cesvalles. Lieutenant-general sir portion of artillery, and a consider. Lowry Cole moved up to his supable number of guns had already port with the fourth division, and joined.
these officers were enabled to The allied army was posted, as maintain their post throughout the I have already informed your lord- day. But the enemy turned it in ship, in the passés of the moun the afternoon; and lieutenanttains. Major-general Byng's bri- general sir Lowry Cole considered gade of British infantry, and it to be necessary to withdraw in general Murillo's division of Spa. the night, and he marched to the nish infantry, were on the right, neighbourhood of Zubiri. in the
pass of Roncesvales. Lieu- In the actions which took place tenant-general sir Lowry Cole was on this day, the 20th regiment disposled at Viscarret, to support those tinguished themselves. troops; and lieutenant-general sir Two divisions of the centre of Thomas Picton, with the third di- the enemy's army attacked sir vision, at Olaque, in reserve. Rowland Hill's position in the
Lieutenant-general sir Rowland Puerto de Maya, at the head of Hill occupied the valley of Bastan the valley of Bastan, in the afterwith the remainder of the second noon of the same day. The brunt division, and the Portuguese divi- of the action fell upon majorsion, under the conde de Ama- general Pringle's, and major-gerante, detaching general Camp-neral Walker's brigades in the bell's Portuguese brigade to Los second division, under the comAlduides, within the French teré mand of lieutenant-general the ritory. The light and seventh hon. W. Stewart. These troops divisions occupied the heights of were at first obliged to give way; Santa Barbara, and the town of but having been supported by Vera, and the Puerto de Echalar, major-general Barnes's brigade of and kept the communication with the 7th division, they regained that the valley of Bastan; and the sixth part of their post, which was the division was in reserve at San Este- key of the whole, and would have van. General Longa's division kept enabled them to reassume it, if the communication between the circumstances bad permitted it: but sir Rowland Hill having been Ostiz to Pamplona, and their right apprised of the necessity that sir resting upon a height which deLowry Cole should retire, deemed fended the high road from Zubiri it expedient to withdraw his troops and Roncesvalles. General Mu. likewise to Irurita ; and the enemy rillo's division of Spanish infantry, did not advance on the following and that part of the conde del day beyond the Puerto de Maya. Abisbal's corps not engaged in the
Notwithstanding the enemy's blockade, were in reserve. From superiority of numbers, they ac- the latter, the regiment of Travia, quired but little advantage over and that of El Principe, were den these brave troops during the seven tached to occupy part of the hill hours they were engaged. All the on the right of the fourth division, regiments charged with the bay. by which the road from Zubiri was onet. The conduct of the 82nd defended. regiment, which moved up with The British cavalry under lieumajor-general Barnes's brigade, is tenant-general sir Stapleton Cot. particularly reported.
ton were placed near Huarte on Lieutenant-general the hon. W. the right, being the only ground Stewart was slightly wounded. on which it was possible to use the
I was not apprised of these cavalry. events till late in the night of the The river Lanz runs in the val. 25th and 26th ; and I adopted ley, which was on the left of the immediate measures to concentrate allied, and on the right of the the army to the right, still pro- French army, along the road to viding for the siege of San Se- Ostiz, Beyond this river there is bastian, and for the blockade of another range of mountains .conPamplona
nected with Ligasso and MarcaThis would have been effected lain, by which places it was now early on the 27th, only that liệu, necessary to communicate with the tenant-general sir Lowry Cole and rest of the army, lieutenant-general sir Thomas I joined the third and fourth diPicton concurred in thinking their vision just as they were taking up post at Zubiri not tenable for the their ground on the 27th: and time during which it would have shortly afterwards the enemy formbeen necessary to wait in it. They ed their army on a mountain, the therefore retired early on the front of which extends from the 27th, and took up a position to high road to Ostiz to the high road cover the blockade of Pamplona, to Zubiri, and they placed one dihaving the right, consisting of the vision on their left of that road on 3rd division, in front of Huarte, and a height, and in some villages in extending to the hills beyond front of the third division. They Olaz, and the left, consisting of had here also a large body of cathe 4th division, major-general valry. Byng's, and brigadier-general In a short time after they had Campbell's Portuguese brigade, on taken up their ground, the enemy the heights in front of Villalba, attacked the hill on the right of the having their left at a chapel behind fourth division, which was then Şorausen, on the high road from occupied by one battalion of the 4th Portuguese regiment, and by fire on their front, both flanks, and the Spanish regiment of Pravia. rear.
The troops defended their ground, lo order to extricate their troops and drove the enemy from it with from the difficulty in which they the bayonet. Seeing the import- found themselves in their situation ance of this hill to our position, I in the valley of the Lanz, the reinforced it with the 40th regi- enemy now attacked the height on ment; and this regiment with which the left of the fourth division the Spanish regiments of El Prin- stood, which was occupied by the cipe and Pravia held it from this seventh Caçadores, of which they time, notwithstanding the repeat- obtained a momentary possession. ed efforts of the enemy, during the They were attacked, however, again 27th aod 28th, to obtain possession by the seventh Caçadores, supof it.
ported by major-general Ross, at Nearly at the same time that the head of his brigade of the the enemy attacked this height fourth division, and were driven on the 27th, they took possession down with great loss. of the village of Sorausen on the The battle now became generoad to Ostiz, by, which they ac- ral along the whole front of the quired the communication by that heights, occupied by the fourth road, and they kept up a fire of division, and in every part in our musketry along the line till it was favour, excepting where one batdark.
talion of the tenth Portuguese reWe were joined on the morning giment of major-general Campof the 28th by the sixth division of bell's brigade was posted. This batinfantry, and I directed that the talion having been overpowered, heights should be occupied on the and having been obliged to give left of the valley of the Lanz; and way immediately on the right of that the sixth division should form major-general Ross's brigade, the across the valley in rear of the left enemy established themselves on of the fourth division, resting their our line, and major-general Ross right on Oricain, and their left was obliged to withdraw from his upon the heights above-men- post. tioned.
I, however, ordered the 27th and The sixth division had scarcely 48th regiments to charge, first that taken up their position when they body of the enemy which had first were attacked by a very large force establishedthemselves onthe height, of the enemy, which had been as- and next those on the left. Both sembled in the village of Sorausen. attacks succeeded, and the enemy
Their front was, however, so were driven down with immense well defended by the fire of their loss; and the 6th division having own light troops from the heights moved forward at the same time on their left, and by the fire from to a situation in the valley nearer the heights occupied by the fourth to the left of the 4th, the attack division brigadier-general upon this front ceased entirely, and Campbell's Portuguese brigade, was continued but faintly on other that the enemy were soon driven points of our line. back with immense loss, from a In the course of this contest, the gallant fourth division, which has occupied in strength the crest of so frequently been distinguished in the mountain on our left of the this army, surpassed their former Lanz, opposite to the sixth and good conduct. Every regiment seventh divisions; thus connecting charged with the bayonet; and their right in their position with the 40th, the 7th, 20th, and 23rd, the divisions detached to attack four different times. Their offi- lieutenant-general sir Rowland cers set them the example, and Hill. major-general. Ross had
I, however, determined to attack horses shot under him. The Por- their position, and ordered lieutuguese troops likewise behaved tenant-general the earl of Daladmirably; and I had every reason housie to possess himself of the top to be satisfied with the conduct of of the mountain in his front, by the Spanish regiments del Principe which the enemy's right would be and Právia.
turned, and lieutenant-general sir I had ordered lieutenant-ge- Thomas Picton to cross the heights neral sir Rowland Hill to march by on which the enemy's left had Lanz upon Lizasso, as soon as I stood, and to turn their left by the found that lieutenant-generals sir road to Roncesvalles. All the arThomas Picton and sir Lowry Cole rangements were made to attack had moved from Zubiri ; and lieu- the front of the enemy's position, tenant-general the earl of Dal- as soon as the effect of these movehousie, from St. Estevan, to the ments on their flanks should begin same place, where both arrived on to appear. Major-general the hon. the 28th, and the seventh division Edward Pakenham, whom I had came to Marcalain.
sent to take the command of the The enemy's force which had sixth division, major-general Pack been in front of sir Rowland Hill having been wounded, turned the followed his march, and arrived at village of Sorausen, as soon as the Ostiz on the 29th. The enemy earl of Dalhousie had driven the thus reinforced, and occupying a enemy from the mountain, by position in the mountains which which that flank was defended: appeared little liable to attack, and the sixth division, and majorand finding that they could make general Byng's brigade, which no impression on our front, de- had relieved the fourth division on termined to endeavour to turn our the left of our position on the road left by an attack on sir Rowland to Ostiz, instantly attacked and Hill's corps.
carried that village. They reinforced with one divi- Lieutenant-general sir Lowry sion the troops which had been Cole likewise attacked the front of already opposed to him, still oc- the enemy's main position with the cupying the same points in the 7th Caçadores, supported by the mountain, on which was formed 11th Portuguese regiinent, the their principal force, but they drew 40th, and the battalion under cointo their left the troops which lonel Bingham, consisting of the occupied the heights opposite the Queen's and 53rd regiment. All third division, and they had, during these operations obliged the enemy the night of the 29th and 30th, to abandon a position which is one Voz. LV.
of the strongest and most difficult sir Rowland Hill. They withdrew of access that I have yet seen oc. from his front in the night, and cupied by troops.
yesterday took up a strong
position, In their retreat from this posia with two divisions, to cover their tion, the enemy lost a great num. rear in the pass of Dona Maria. ber of prisoners.
Lieutenant-general sir Rowland I cannot sufficiently applaud the Hill, and the earl of Dalhousie, at. conduct of all the general officers, tacked and carried the pass, notofficers and troops, throughout withstanding the vigorous resist. these operations. The attack made ance of the enemy and the strength by lieutenant-general the earl of of their position. I am concerned Dalhousie was admirably conducted to add, that lieutenant-general by his lordship, and executed by the hon. Wm. Stewart was woundmajor-general Inglis and the troops ed upon this occasion. composing his brigade; and that I enclose lieutenant-general sis by major.general the hon. Ed- Rowland Hill's report. ward Pakenham and major-gene- In the mean time I moved with ral Byng, and that by lieutenant-major-general Byog's brigade and general sir Lowry Cole, and the the 4th division, under lieutenantmovement made by sir Thomas general sir Lowry Cole, by the Picton merit my highest commen- pass of Velate upon Irurita, in order dation.
to turn the enemy's position on The latter officer co-operated in Dona Maria. Major-general Byng the attack of the mountain by took, in Elizondo, a large convoy detaching troops to his left, in going to the enemy, and made which the hon. lieutenant-colonel many prisoners. Trench was wounded, but I hope We have this day continued the not seriously.
pursuit of the enemy in the valley While these operations were go- of the Bidassoa, and many priing on, and in proportion as I ob- soners and much baggage have served their success, I detached been taken. Major-general Byng troops to the support of lieutenant- has possessed himself
of the valley general sir Rowland Hil).
of Bastan, and of the position on The enemy appeared in his front the Puerto de Maya ; and the army late in the morning, and immedi. will be this night nearly in the same ately commenced an extended ma- positions, which they occupied on næuvre upon his left flank, which the 25th of July. obliged him to withdraw from a I trust that H. R. H. the Prince height which he occupied behind Regent will be satisfied with the the Lizasso to the next range. He conduct of the troops of his man there, however, maintained him- jesty and of his allies on this occa self, and I enclose his report of the sion. The enemy having been conduct of the troops.. I continued considerably reinforced and rethe pursuit of the enemy, after equipped after their late defeat, their retreat from the mountain to made a most formidable attempt Olaque, where I was at sunset, to relieve the blockade of Pampimmediately in the rear of their lona with the whole of their forces, attack upon lieutenant-general excepting the reserve under ge