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Scattering their deepening horrors o'er the skies ;
Then seeks with headlong prow the nether pole.
To bear the wanderer to his destin'd strand.' pp. 7, 8. This may suffice for a specimen of the performance. We cannot dismiss Mr. Bellamy, however, to whom, as devoted to the Christian ministry, poetical fame must be a very subordinate ubject, without one word of severer animadversion, in reference to the passage beginning,
• Ye cheerless blossoms-fade, that coldly spread.'' These lipes appear to be a palpable, but indifferent, imitation of some of the finest lines in the "5 Pleasures of Hope, but they have this further disadvantage; that the total negation of all peculiarly Christian sentiment, the omission of any reference to the dictates of Revelation on the subject of the world to come, is, in a poem professedly founded on Old Testament history, particularly offensive and reprehensible. It indicates, what is obvious from the extract given above, that the poet neither felt nor properly understood his subject. Jonah was indeed a Jew, but if, as our Author has properly represented him, though he makes no use of the reference, he was a type of • Israel's King', it is not to be supposed that he was unacquainted with the Christian doctrine of immortality, as ( brought to
light' by the Gospel. Such lines as the following are destitute of all propriety in a poem on a sacred subject. . .
No-beneath Heaven's firm shield, in peril's hour
We are much better pleased with Mr. Smedley's performance. Not half of his poem, indeed, is occupied with the suba ject of Jonah ; and he must therefore be considered as having eluded, rather than surmounted, its difficulty as a theme for poetry. Still, in the brief and rapid narrative which he gives of the history, more of the circumstances recorded in Scripture, are included, than in Mr. Bellamy's diffuse description.
The poem commences with the destruction of Nineveh, as predicted by Nahum, Zephaniah, and Jonah ; and a very judicious use is made of the bold and vivid language of prophecy. The transition is then made to the story of Jonah, in the following lines :
.Yea! Nineveh is fallen -but not before
The Lord had shewed her that his wrath was sore :
“ 'Strange was the mystery which the Lord prepard
...". The flood-springs, and the eternal roots which bound
The innermost secrets of this upper ground.
The fourth the monster yielded up his prey. pp. 5-7. The remainder of the poem is devoted to the death and entombment of “a greater than Jonah," of which the prophet's story is considered as a typical representation. This part of Mr. Smedley's production is entitled to no ordinary praise : it is every way worthy of a Christian poet. The portraits of the Mother of our Lord, the Magdalene, and the beloved disciple, are very finely conceived, and in strict harmony with the Gospel narrative. On perusing these lines, we felt no disposition to retract what we have remarked respecting the difficulty of treating scriptural subjects, but they convinced us still more strongly, that they are, after all, the finest which can employ the imagination, when no attempt is made, by the injudicious addition of poetical ornaments, to fill up the outline of inspired history, at the expense of its truth and severe simplicity. We must make room for the concluding lines in the poem.
So they--but he for whom they mourn'd had gain'd
The third day comes-Oh! not within the grave
'A Spirit as immortal in its folds. ... . . Him
To us the living and the dead are one."
Art. X. 1. Report together with the Minutes of Evidence, and on
Appendix of Papers, from the Committee appointed to consider of Provision being made for the better Regulation of Madhouses in England. Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed, 11th July, 1815. Each Subject of Evidence arranged under its distinct Head, by J. B. Sharpe, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London. Reprinted for Baldwin and Co. 47, Paternos
ter-Row. 8vo. pp. 399. Price 13s. 1815. 2. A Letter addressed to the Chairman of the Select Committee of the
House of Commons, appointed to enquire into the State of Mad: houses ; to which is subjoined Remarks on the Nature, Causes,
and Cure of Mental Derangement By Thomas Bakewell, Author . f“ A Domestic Guide in Cases of Insanity," and Keeper of Spring
Vale Asylum, near Stone, Staffordshire. pp. 100 Stafford. 1815. 3. Practical Hints on the Construction and Economy of Pauper
Lunatic Asulums. Including Instructions to the Architects who offered Plans for the Wakefield Asylum, and a Sketch of the most
approved Design, By Samuel luke. pp. 55. York, 1815. . 4. Observations on the Laws relating to Private Lunatic Asylums,
and particularly on a Bill for their alteration which passed the House of Commons in the Year 1814. 8vo. pp. 112. price 3s. 6d. Conder, London. 1816. AFTER a sanguinary conflict, especially when it has been n of unusual and unexpected severity, as in the case of the victory of Waterloo, we hear with horror of numbers, who, although not the immediate victims of death on the field where they had fought and bled, nevertheless, subsequently lose their limbs and their lives for want of timely medicinal aid, and in consequence of that pressure and hurry in the business of healing, which directly succeed to the business of slaying. But the feelings which are excited by this consideration, must sink very low in comparison of those which are occasioned by the reflection, that mental soundness, and mental life, if we may so express it, are frequently lost for want of opportunity and of pecuniary resources, to preserve them. How many wretched beings do the wards of a public lunatic asylum enclose, who, having been once as we are, are now reduced to a state of worse than brutal ferocity, uttering horrid blasphemies, and denouncing malignant menaces on all who pass by ; but who, had their circumstances been such as to coinmand the exercise of tenderness and skill equal to the exigencies of their cases, might now have been taking their places in the social circle formed by sympathy and affection, thinking, and feeling, and acting, like ourselves! In the great round of human misery and wo, there cannot surely be found any case that comes at all near to this in dreadful and heart-appalling interest.
. That this statement is not a figment of the imagination, but a recital of facts, has been repeatedly asserted with all the confidence of conviction; and if such be the shocking state of things, in reference to lunatic hospitals, no wonder that in this age of reformation and of public spirit, the attention of the legislature should have been called to the consideration of this momentous inquiry.--" Whether the circumstances and treatment of lunacy are susceptible of melioration and amendmeot.'
This question has indeed been recently agitated in the British Senate, with an earnestness and interest which will command the admiration of posterity. ..
• The labours of Mr. Rose and his associates,' (as is well ob. served in one of the pamphlets before us) were labours of simple humanity and benevolence unmixed with party feeling, and of too partial an influence to produce them fame. While the unhappy objects of their compassion are shut out, perhaps for ever, from the world, and generally unable to express or even to feel gratitude. May they live (adds the writer), to receive the only reward they appear to aim at or desire, in the certainty that their completed delibera. tions and exertions have removed all the evils which occasioned them.'
Before we proceed to a more detailed account of this investigation and its results, we shall say a few words on the recently much agitated inquiry, which immediately and obviously arises out of the preceding one, and which was repeatedly urged by the members of the Committee of investigation in the course of their individual examinations. It is this-Whether is insanity under the control of remedial agents, in the same manner as are those maladies which are more properly and strictly regarded affections of the bodily frame? Is madness to be cured by medicine? The remarkable discrepancy which was displayed before the Committee, in reference to this very im-.. portant question, must have necessarily excited some degree of scepticism, or at least of uncertainty, in the minds of those who entered upon the inquiry with anxious but unprejudiced minds. We are told by one person, a man of unquestioned talents and extensive experience, that he considers vomiting rather injurious than beneficial in cases of insanity; another, of equal experience, and of great name, stated his dependence upon the medicinal power of emetics ; and in this opinion he is countenanced by a recent writer of great merit on the subject of mental affections. One physician, who has directed his knowledge and attention principally to these unhappy affections, approves generally of venesection ; a second, similarly circumstanced, describes this practice, as fraught with extreme danger. Purgatives are the sole dependence of some, alteratives and