be used to prevent the operation of local prejudices and party interests. It is to be recollected that both Commissioners aud visiters, in case of their decisions being inconsistent with justice, are liable to be convicted of improper conduct, by the act giving to the aggrieved person a power of appea!.

With respect to the right of removal being in the hands of the visiters, we think, upon the whole, that this is calculated to have a salutary effect as an in terrorem preventive of abuses; and it is not likely that the censors in question would very readily take upon themselves the heavy responsibility of ordering the liberation of any individual, unless the proofs of sanity were 'of too marked a character to admit of indecision or doubt.

That clause in the Act, which requires the visiters of asylums to direct that one or more accessible pumps 'be placed in certain parts of the premises, we think liable to all the objections which the Author brings against it. We think too, that his charge of injustice is valid against that clause of the bill relating to payments of licenses for a part of the year however small. But our limits prevent us from pursuing the subject further, and we shall now bring the discussion to a close, by again stating, in a very few words, our general sentiments respecting the

treatment of insanity, and on what has been already, and ought further to be done, towards meliorating the condition of the unhappy subjects of mental derangement.

It will have been gathered from what has been advanced in the course of these pages, that our dependence on medicine, merely, is exceedingly small. There is a want of tangible decision, if we may so express it, in the pathology of lunacy; and its treatment must, by consequence, be, at present at least, in a great measure empirical. If any medicinal agents deserve to be preferred to others in affections of the mind, they are, perhaps, purgatives, regularly and perseveringly administered, and the warm-bath. Our few short extracts afford sufficient evidence of what is to be done by air, exercise, cleanliness, classification of patients, duly regulated bodily and mental occupation, and lastly, assiduous endeavours on the part of the superintendents to excite new trains of thought, and new habits and associations. It will have been remarked, that in those establishments in which the above advantages were insared to the sufferers by the skill and humanity of the keepers, good was in the same proportion invariably effected.

In regard to legislative enactment, we really think that Mr. Rose's bill, a little modified, might effect all that is desirable to be done. There is, however, in our judgement, a Voz, V. N. S.


loud call for County Establishments. These ought pot to be optional, but compulsory, and each county should bear its own expenditure. The erections ought not to be suffered, until a plan of the building, its situation, and dimensions, shall have been presented to, and approved of, by the commissioners of lunatic asylums. These buildings, when erected and occupied, should be subjected to precisely the same regulations and restrictions as the private asylums; and it would of course be desirable to avoid every expense that is not necessary to the comfort and well-being of the inmates of the respective houses, We may in conclusion express our belief, that a certain degree of reform must be the consequence of the investigation that has been excited, and of the regulations that are proposed; and although experience teaches us in cases of this kind not to expect perfection, yet we feel convinced that much and lasting good will be conferred upon the community, by the recent labours of the House of Commons to improve the condition of Madhouses in England.


Page 164, line 10 from bottom, for sublimity, read subtlety.

167, line 20, for literally, read liberally.

We are obliged by want of room, to defer several articles of Literary

Information, and other matter.


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