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CORRESPONDENCE. We have received a letter from Mr. Good 'relating to our review of his Transa lation of the Book of Job, which we insert' without hesitation,
To the Editor of the Eclectic Review, Sus,-Is your account of my " Translation of the Book of Joh” inserted in your Review for last month, there are numerous errors of so gross and injurious a pature, as they have been pointed out to me by a friend, that I must request you to insert this letter in your next number in order to correct a few of them.
lo p. 134 the writer of the article, after commending my arrangement of the poem, takes especial care to frustrate the value of his approbation by adding, ** this judicious and natural division had already been suggested by Schultens and Grey; a circumstance which Mr. Good should not have neglected to record.” Now before the writer had ventured to inflict this castigation, he shonld have been certain of the truth of his charge. He should have read the works he * refers to had he done so, he would have found that his chargé is uttely
groundless, and consequently his castigation uncalled for, since no two divisions can be more unlike than the divisions here brought into comparison.
The division of Grey is that of Schaltens, and the division of both is that of ' the Bible; for they hare no other breaks than those of the ordinary chapters. • Schultens, indeed, has given a few hints upou the structure of the poem in his prefixed commentary; and Grey has copied that part of his commentary which contains them. In the course of these hints, all we meet with is, that Schultens conceived the middle part of this ancient production to be poetic, and of a dramatic cast, but its beginning and ending to be prosaic, and added afterwards. Yet be is uncertain' whether the dramatic part should end with ch. xli, or at ch, xlii. 7. Having reached in his commentary, which examines chapter after chapter, the close of chi xiv. “ here, says he, the first round of discussions baving terminated, Eliphaz takes occasion to thunder forth severely, &c."'* and, arriving at ch. xxxii. he tells us that the reply of Elihu, which begins with it, follows up the battle, " as though with a THIRD ACT.”+ And beyond these few aud indistinct intimations, we have not a word of any kind with respect to arrangement. Extending, however, the views of Mr. Schulteng as widely as a light so glimmering will allow us, we may conjecture that, after lopping off the opening and closing of the poem as adsistitious matter, he regarded the body of the work as consisting of a DRAMA of three acts : the first extending from the beginning of cb. iii. to a part of the poem not pointed out, but probably conceived to close with this single chapter ; the second, wherever he supposed it to begia, terminating with ch. xiv; and the third extending from ch. xv. to the end of ch. xli. or to ch, xlii. 7. which Mr. Schultens leaves equally uncertain.
In direct opposition to this bypothesis, I have ventured to submit that the poem, instead of being a drama, is a regular epic; instead of being partly genuine and partly adsistitious, is wholly genuine; and, instead of consisting of THREI ACTS, is composed of sıx BOOKS; not one of which runs parallel with either of these three acts, excepting possibly book III. with act II.; while even this parallellism is uncertain, because, as already observed, Mr. Schultens has himself left it uncertain where he conceived his second act to commence, Perhaps no two hypotheses more incongruous, or at variance with each other ever existed. Yet the reviewer boldly teils the public that the last was suggested by the first; and then adds that this is “ a circumstance which Mr. Good should should not have neglected to record ! !” What would every other critic have said if, with equal boldness, I had escaped from this charge of neglect, by appealing, with equal ignorance or error, to the opinion of Schultens as the foundation of my own arrangement ? :
In p. 138 the reviewer affirms, with the same unlucky looseness of reading, that I consider Job xiv. 10-15," demonstrative of the doctrine of a future state." I have considered no such thing; but I have considered and affirmed that such a doctrine was known and admitted at the time in question, and that the passage adverted to is “ demonstrative of the existence of the doctrine of a future state :
$ * Hinc, orbe primo certaminum evoluto, ansa ministrata Eliphazo-detonandi, &e. p. 13.
+ Pugnam vehementissime depugnatam excipit, tertio veluti Actu, p. 14.
and not of the truth of the doctrine," as this strange misquotation necessarily imports.
With inaccuracies of the same or of a similar kind the article abounds. Having quoted a passage from the notes, in which I point out under what circumstances the Hebrew , may become an imperfect negative, and in what cases an imperfect negative may, in all languages, take the place of a full negative, and have its imperfection supplied by being made the connecting wedium of two opposite propositions, the writer, in page 139 observes as follows. " In support of this canon we have three examples in English, and one in Latin : but not a single instance of such usage is produced from the Hebrew scriptures in its confirmation.” Now the whole of the note here referred to, is a comment upon a direct instance of such usage ; and till this writer shall 'venture to controvert the canon here laid down, which he has not done, one direct instance will be of itself a sufficient confirmation, and as good as a hundred. It was not, indeed, felt necessary to load the note with other examples; for the rule being laid down, its application was supposed easy. As the critic, bowever, seems to wish for further proofs, and admits himself to be incapable of tracing out other exa amples, let him turn to Eccles. i. 4, and he will find one quite in point. The Royal Moralist opens the chapter with the impressive apophthegm“ vanity of vanitiesmall is vanity !” which he immediately proceeds to support by exemplifying that every thing in nature is transient and unstable ; deducing his instances from the passing generations of mankind, and the earth they dwell upon; from the restless journeyings of the sun; the changeableness of the winds; the perpetual current of the rivers; and the ebbing and flowing of the sea. A more apt or "congruous asseinblage of images candot be put together, But, unfortunately, from understanding the particle, in an affirmative or conditional, instead of in a balf-negative sense ; in that of et or sed, instead of in that of nec, (the other half negation being supplied by the coulrast of the verbs pass away and come with the verb abide for ever) the aptness and congruity, and consequently the beauty of the passage has been destroyed by every previous translation, as far as I have examined them. The original is as follows;
: 82 7979 The 17
והארץ לעולם עמרת:.
Generation cometh, and generation passeth away;
Nor doth the earth abide for ever. Thus rendered, the passage is clear and true to itself; and furnishes a singular! parallelism with the well known lines in Shakespear,
The great globe itself,
Yea all which it inherits, shall dissolve. The common rendering, however, is as follows; equally adverse to the sense and beauty of the passage; “ one generation passeth away, and another cometh, sur the earth abideth for ever.” .
I have not time, nor have you space, for other examples; since it would be useless to point them out without explaining them. But I will, nevertheless, fure nish you with more publicly, or the writer privately, upon the expression of such a wish. For the same reason I avoid *pointing out more mistakes in the article before us. I cannot, however, help thinking it a pity that, after waiting upwards of three years for a proper person to undertake the task of reviewing my Translation, you should at last have fallen into the hands of so incompetent a judge. The man who would translate or criticize the book of Job, ought to be well acquainted with both Hebrew and Arabic; and the man who would review the translation in question, with its explanatory Notes, ought also to be acquainted with many other languages, as well modern as ancient. Yet the present critic makes no pretension to any other tongues than English and Hebrew, while he gives evident proofs that he is but indifferently acquainted with the latter, and has not fairly studied the helps on which he has depended. It is, hence, not to be wondered at that the opinion he has put forth at the close of his account, far less modestly than magisterlally, should, whether in. tended to recommend or discountenance the work (for it is of doubtful intera pretation) be utterly at variapce vith the reputation which every scholar
knows, or may easily know, it has for a long time been fortunate enough to acquire, not only in our domestic universities, but in many of those on the continent, as well as among critics of the first character in British India and the American States. Caroline Place, .
· JOHN MASON GOOD. 1 February 18, 1816. Having satisfied Mr. Good's request by the insertion of his letter, we shall now, in justice to ourselves, subjoin a very concise comment on its contents. The Reviewer of the article in question, who is altogether unacquainted with Mr. Good, disclaims eyery improper feeling towards that Gentleman. We pronounced Mr. Good's volume to be on the whole creditable to him; which opipion surely is not consistent with any attempt to disparage his reputation, an imputation which we repel from us.
Our remarks (E. R. p. 134) do not touch the question of hypothesis, but refer solely to the distribution of the matter of the book. On this point we lay before . our Roaders the following comparisop. Sehultens and Grey, in common with Mr. Good, regard the first two Chapters as constituting the exordium. “ Part II. extends from the beginning of the third to the end of the fourteenth Chapler; and comprises the first colloquy, or series of argument.” “ Part III. comprises the second series of controversy, and extends from the fifteenih to the close of the twenty-first Chapter." " Part IV. comprises the third and last series of contro.. versy, and reaches from the twenty-second to the close of the thirty-first Chapter.", “ Part V. contains the summing up, of the controversy; which is allotted to Elihu, Ch. xxxii.” “ Part VI. the Almighty appears to pronounce judgement, Ch. Xxxviii." Good. Introd. Disser. pp. xxv. xxx. xxxiji. xxxvi. xxxix.
Now turn we to Grey, Liber Jobi. Cap. xv.-" Hucusque primus orbis acrium i certaminum ---in học secondo orbe oppugnationis." Cap. xxii."Tertius nunc volvitur orbis disputationum.". Cap. xxxii.' Hic ergo tertius Libri nostri actus quatuor decurrit sermonibus, ab arbitro quasi totius Controversiæ habitis, &c." Cap. xxxviii." Ultimus hicce actus exhibet geminam apparitionem--hæc lis et contentio ita finitur, quem admodum par erat; atque Horno piusad officium placide reducitur.” These are the passages on which we founded our remark that the arrangement of the matter of the book of Job in Mr. Good's work was suggested by Schultens and Grey. Of the probability docti judicent. In Mr. Good's letter, these passages are completely passed over.
Every fair Reader of our work, we feel convinced, must have perceived that our words in p. 138, have reference to the existence or non-existence of the doctrine of the resurrection and a future life in the mind of the speaker, as developed in the passage Ch. xiv. 10–15. Why should Mr. Good charge upon us looseness of reading in the matter of the paragraph in our work, p. 138, when he himself exhibits the same kind of language in p. lxxx.?-where he remarks that the passages opposed to the opinion that the doctrine of a future life was known to Job, cannot strictly be said to annihilate the doctrine of a resurrection
We leave to the appreciation of our Readers the observations of Mr. Good in support of his canon that the 'Hebrew, may, in certain cases, become an imperfect negative.' We certainly do not consider Job ch. i. v. 5, as presenting : a direct instance of such usage, and, as this is the only passage in the Hobrew Scriptures which appears as proof in Mr. Good's note on the verse, we could pot admit his rule as an established canon. It was Mr. Good's business, not oors, . to supply confirmation of his position.
It is unnecessary to notice the concluding part of Mr. Good's letter. The Re-. viewer will only say that he does make pretensions to other languages thau English and Hebrew; that whatever may be the measure of his Biblical learning, it would, could Mr. Good have had the benefit of it, have saved his book from many gross errors; and that his knowledge of Hebrew, such as it is, would effectually preserve him from attributing mbo a mill-stone, to the same root as 5', and construing oon as a pronoun singular.
In conclusion, the Reviewer asserts the accuracy and justice of his remarks ; and with the qualified measure which he has already used, repeats his recom-' mendation of Mr. Good's work, that it is creditable to him, and that the money of the Biblical Student will be well expended in its purchase.'
For APRIL, 1816.
Art. I. 1. The Reasons of the Protestant Religion ; A Discourse delivered at a Monthly Association of Protestant Dissenting Ministers and Congregations, held at the Meeting House in Islington, May 4, 1815. By John Pye Smith, D.D. pp. 60. Price 2s.
Conder. 2. An Examination of the Arguments for the pre-eminency of the
Roman Catholic Episcopacy, adduced by the Rev. John Ryan, in a Sermon preached in Townsend-Street Chapel, Dublin, at the Consecration of the Right Rev. Dr. Plunkett, and the Right Rev. Dr. Waldron, on the 24th Feb. 1815. By the Rev. James Carlyle, of
the Scots Church, Mary's Abbey, Dublin. pp. 109. 3. A Defence of the Reformation, in Answer to a Book entitled . Just
Prejudices against the Calvinists :' Written in French by the Reverend and Learned Monsieur Claude, Minister of the Reformed Church at Charenton; and faithfully translated into English, by T. B.-M. A. To which is prefixed, A Sketch of the Author's Life, including some Observations on the Spirit of Popery. By John Townsend. 2 Vols. 8yo. pp, xc. 345. 351. Price 1l. 2s. Hatchard,
Conder, 1815. W ERE the New Testament put into the hands of an intelli
' gent person, imperfectly acquainted with the records of ecclesiastical history, for the purpose of deducing from the apostolic writings, not a system of polity, but correct ideas of what is involved in the profession of Christianity, he would feel assured, that both the doctrines and the discipline of the Church of Christ, had an exclusive relation to the moral and spiritual improvement of mankind." He would entertain no suspicion that there could be supposed to exist in the Scriptures, any basis for a monopoly of religion by human enactments; or that the efficacy of its truths could have any dependence on human regulations. He would find that the Apostles were fully satisfied with the submission of their converts to the faith and holy precepts of the Vol. V. N. S.
Gospel, and that in this result of their ministry, according to their own appreciation of the design of Christianity, all its objects were accomplished.
Let us imagine such a person transported from the assembly of the primitive Christians at Corinth, or at Ephesus, where he had been familiarized with the unostentatious spirit and lowly circumstances of the first teachers of Christianity, and brought into contact with the Church of Rome in the zenith of its power, or even as it now exists in some European countries. Then unfold to him its history; inform him of the lofty pretensions it makes to spiritual monarchy; exbibit its ritual; and explain the offices and ordinances of its hierarchy :-and what would be his astonishment and horror! Shew him the Pope in the assumed character of St. Peter's successor, encircled with reverence and majesty, having a large silver cross carried before him as a sacred banner, and the multitude kneeling in adoration as he passes ; cárdinals, archbishops, arch-priests, archdeacons, prebendaries, canons, choristers, &c. clothed in purple, and other coloured robes ; wearing the mitre, the stole, the alb, the cope, the rochet, the hood, the pall, the dalmatica, the tunica, and other apparatus of the hierarchy; and he would be utterly confounded! He would recognise in these splendid fopperies and habits, something very different from the lowly forms in which he had seen the pastors of the Christian flocks in the purest of all Christian periods and assemblies. He might find in the former the magnificence of Pagan temples and of idolatrous
altars; but nothing to remind him of the Church of Christ at - Corinth, or at Ephesus. Now rehearse to him the intrigues and
daring projects, in the success of which its power was acquired and consolidated ;-throw open the doors of its dungeons, and conduct him through the secret chambers of its Inquisition ;lead him to the numerous victims of its vengeance, expiring on racks, and consuming in flames :-will he not now recognise the mystery of iniquity--the woman drunk with the blood of the saints and of the martyrs of Jesus ?And while he wonders with . great admiration at the strange spectacle, he finds one more proof of the truth of Revelation, in the fulfilment of its most awful predictions.
The long period during which this power was in the plenitude of its influence, ferociously sporting itself with the miseries of mankind, was emphatically “ 'The mystery of God," which, challenging the faith and patience of the saints, presented at the same time the most ample occasions for their display. How inany prayers fraught with earnest supplications for the destruction of a tyranny which had taken peace from the earth, were in secret ascending to heaven, while the souls of the faithful