object. In this way it may be rendered 'to natch's, namely, from some evil or danger ; but it never is, or can be, used, as expressing the taking away in a hostile or unfriendly manner, which is the import of Mr. Good's interpretation of the word. This is a specimen of the manner in which Mr Good interprets in numerous instances, and in which he manifests a radical want of Hebrew learning and the insufficiency of his skill in philological discriinination. He evidently knows nothing of the origin or import of the word 17%DN

Job, xxxvi. 14. “ They shall die in the youth of their soul) A most forcible and elegant phraseology, but which is strangely mutilated in our common version by the total omission of Sud, “of their soul."--Good's Notes. p. 410.

The common version reads, “ They die in youth." The margin has—“their soul dieth, i. e. in youth.” The Hebrew, is DUD VII non, wbicli, literally rendered, is--" Their soul shall “ die in youth;" in exact accordance with the marginal reading, and the proper import of which is preserved in the textual rengird. non never can be rendered “They die.”

What we have cited constitute but a small proportion of the gross inaccuracies and blunders with which Mr. Good's Book abounds. Many errors pervade the text in cases in which nothing in reference to the passages appears in the notes,

For instance, obwch. xiv. 18. is translated by—“for ever," instead of

truly,” or “surely.” 797999, ch. xxii. 4. is rendered - will he smite thee," &c. &c. &c.

Mr. Good's canon for the use of the Hebrew i vau, as an imperfect negative, remains to be examined. It is as follows :

Whenever i vau is employed negatively, it has the precise force of, and in its general range runs precisely parallel with, our own nor, and the Latin nec or neve; and hence is only an imperfect or half negative, requiring a preceding negative, as nor and nec require, to make the negation complete.-The imperfect negative may be employed alone in every sentence composed of two opposite propositions, when it becomes the means of connecting the one with the other such propositions being in a state of reciprocal negation, and the former of course supplying the place of an antecedent negative to the subsequent and imperfect connecting particle.'-Notes; p. 6.

This canon is applied by Mr. Good in explanation of

• Job i. 5. nx 13751 93 xon, sinning against, and serving or blessing God, are opposite propositions, constituting negations to each other; and are united by an imperfect negative particle, whose imperfection is cured or supplied by the relative negation of the first of the two propositions.'

In his letter to the Editor of the Eclectic Review, Mr. Good furnishes another example of the application of his canon :


.4 .Eccles . i דור הלך ודור בא והארץ לעולם עמדת

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. • Here', says Mr. Good, the 1 vau preceding yon is used in a half-negative

sense, the other half negation being supplied by the contrast

of the verbs pass away, and come with the verb abide for ' ever.' The passage is rendered by him, ' Generation cometh, ' and generation passeth away; nor doth the earth abide for ever. What is a canon? A canon is a general rule.

But Mr. Good's canon is so far from being a general rule, that it is no rule at all. If it be applicable in one case, it must be applicable in another, where the requisite circumstances are not wanting. Let us try it in reference to the very passage selected by Mr. Good, from Eccl. i. 4. Coming and going are as much opposed to each other as pass away and abide for ever; the former verbs constitute negations to each other as completely as the latter; and the one set of verbs is also connected by the particle 1, in the same manner as the other. According to Mr. Good's canon, then, the words 83 77797617 917 must be rendered "Generation cometh, nor does generation go.'

Again: in the cii. Psalm, v. 27. we have yon ADN 17389. ODM. Here we have all the requisites of Mr. Good's canon, in a passage exactly parallel to Eccl. i 4. The verb abide is in contrast with the verb to perish, and the particle 1 connects them, which is cured of its imperfection by the negation contained in the first proposition as related to the second, in exactly the same manner as 1 is cured of its imperfection in Eccl. i. 4. The passage in cii. Psalm, if rendered according to Mr. Good's canon, will appear as follows : “ They shall perish, nor shalt

thou continue.' We need not remind our readers that the latter words refer to the Deity. This, we think, constitutes a reductio ad absurdum, and would be sufficient to demonstrate the fallacy of Mr. Good's 'canon.' It is, in fact, built on sand. Notwithstanding his confidence and his parade, it is a mere assumption throughout. Mr. Good's philological talents must be estimated by the proper proofs; but if he persist in urging' any of the points to which the present remarks relate, he will only expose himself the more. Were he to act ingenuously, he would at once acknowledge his numerous and palpable errors ; errors of which no accomplished Hebrew scholar could be guilty. Mr. Good was indebted to our lenity in the review of his work, which is in truth the most radically erroneous hook we recollect ever to have read. Our extracts speak for themselves.

Articles on Clarke's Travels, Southey's Poet's Pilgrimage, Jones's History of the Waldenses, Accum on Gas, &c. will appear in he next Number.



In the press, Memoirs and Remains Northumberland, containing accounts of the late Rev. Charles Buck: collected of the fatal explosions within the last and arranged from his papers; with a ' twenty years, and the weans proposed brief Review of his various Publications. for their remedy. By John Styles, D. D.


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