DNA Fingerprinting: State of the Science

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Sergio D. Pena
Springer Science & Business Media, 1993/07/01 - 468 ページ
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DNA fingerprinting had a well-defined birthday. In the March 7, 1985 issue of Nature, Alec Jeffreys and coworkers described the first develop ment ofmu1tilocus probes capable of simultaneously revealing hypervari ability at many loci in the human genome and called the procedure DNA fingerprinting. It was a royal birth in the best British tradition. In a few months the emerging technique had permitted the denouement of hith erto insoluble immigration and paternity disputes and was already heralded as a major revolution in forensic sciences. In the next year (October, 1986) DNA fingerprinting made a dramatic entree in criminal investigations with the Enderby murder case, whose story eventually was turned into a best-selling book ("The Blooding" by Joseph Wambaugh). Today DNA typing systems are routinely used in public and commercial forensic laboratories in at least 25 different countries and have replaced conventional protein markers as the methods of choice for solving paternity disputes and criminal cases. Moreover, DNA fingerprinting has emerged as a new domain of intense scientific activity, with myriad applications in just about every imaginable territory of life sciences. The Second International Conference on DNA Fingerprinting, which was held in Belo Horizonte, Brazil in November of 1992, was a clear proof of this.
 

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目次

Brief introduction to human DNA fingerprinting
1
Notes on the definition and nomenclature of tandemly repetitive DNA sequences
21
On the essence of meaningless simple repetitive DNA in eukaryote genomes
29
Detection cloning and distribution of minisatellites in some mammalian genomes
47
Frequency of restriction site polymorphisms in the region surrounding VNTR loci
59
Human VNTR mutation and sex
63
Variation of minisatellites in chemically induced mutagenesis and in gene amplification
71
Iterons of stringently controlled plasmids and DNA fingerprinting
79
Forensic DNA typing by the solidphase minisequencing method
275
The use of polymorphic Alu insertions in human DNA fingerprinting
283
Applications of DNA fingerprinting in plant population studies
293
DNA and PCRfingerprinting in fungi
311
DNA fingerprinting reveals relationships between strains of Trypanosoma rangeli and Trypanosoma cruzi
321
The use of RAPDs for the analysis of parasites
331
The use of RAPDs for the study of the genetic diversity of Schistosoma mansoni and Trypanosoma cruzi
339
DNA fingerprinting applied to the solitary bee Megachille rotundata
347

A transspecies approach
87
Arbitrary primed PCR fingerprinting of RNA applied to mapping differentially expressed genes
103
Rapid analysis of PCR components and products by acidic nongel capillary electrophoresis
117
Application to DNA typing and mutation analysis
125
A new paradigm
141
Statistical considerations of determining relatedness and population distances
153
The forensic significance of various reference population databases for estimating the rarity of variable number of tandem repeat VNTR loci profiles
177
Population genetics of 14 ethnic groups using phenotypic data from VNTR loci
193
Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation and allele frequencies of several nuclear genes
211
Microsatellite and HLA class II oligonucleotide typing in a population of Yanomami Indians
221
A Bedouin village in Switzerland?
231
Paternity testing with the F10 mult Hocus DNA fingerprinting probe
237
The formal analysis of multilocus DNA fingerprints
249
Results of a multicenter study on reliability and validity
257
Testing deficiency paternity cases with a Ylinked tetranucleotide repeat polymorphism
261
Application to forensic and human remains identification
267
Poeciliidae as determined by DNA fingerprinting
363
Quantitative traits in chicken associated with DNA fingerprint bands
371
Influence of extrapair paternity on parental care in great tits Parus major
379
Paternity testing of endangered species of birds by DNA fingerprinting with nonradioactive labelled oligonucleotide probes
387
Characterization and applications of multilocus DNA fingerprints in Brazilian endangered macaws
395
DNA fingerprinting of traitselected mouse lines and linkage analysis in reference families
403
Dog genetic polymorphism revealed by synthetic tandem repeats
411
Characterization of canine microsatellites
415
Application of human minisatellite probes to the development of informative DNA fingerprints and the isolation of locusspecific markers in animals
421
The individualization of large North American mammals
429
Racial differences and association with SINEelements
437
Paternity assignment and comparison of heterozygosity
445
Use of highly repeated DNA polymorphisms for genome diagnosis and evolutionary studies in the genus Beta
453
Subject Index
461
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