Voyage to South America, Performed By Order of the American Government in the Years 1815 And 1610 in the Frigate Congress

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22 ページ - ... with strangers, and the free introduction of foreign customs, particularly English, American, and French. Great prejudices prevail against whatever is Spanish. It is even offensive to them, to be called by this name; they prefer to be identified with the aborigines of the country. The appellation which they have assumed, and in which they take a pride, is that of South Americans. A powerful stimulus must necessarily have been given to their industry, by two important circumstances : 'the diminution...
xvii ページ - Wha will be a traitor knave? Wha can fill a coward's grave? Wha sae base as be a slave? Let him turn and flee! Wha for Scotland's king and law Freedom's sword will strongly draw, Freeman stand or freeman fa', Let him follow me!
15 ページ - ... goods imported, or articles exported ; the impost furnishes the principal part of the revenue. A copy of their tariff, as at first established, was some time since transmitted, I believe, to the department of state ; in this, the duties were generally specific and high. I understand they have been lately reduced, as their exorbitancy had occasioned much smuggling Voluntary contributions from those friendly to the revolution, and forced loans from the Old Spaniards, have constituted another portion...
173 ページ - ... with trees which remain in constant verdure ; a climate always temperate. and healthy; small islands scattered here and there,: equally covered with verdure ; the soil extremely productive; all combine to render it in appearance the most delightful country in the world.
7 ページ - Believing the latter paper might be thought worthy of perusal, a translation has been annexed. (Appendix B.) The salutary influence of this bold and decisive step was at once felt throughout the country. It gave new life and strength to the patriotic cause, and stability to the government. The victories of Chacabuco and Maipu, achieved by the arms of Chili and Buenos Ayres, have produced and confirmed a similar declaration of independence by the people of Chili, which is also annexed, (Appendix C.)...
35 ページ - ... some changes for the better have been made. Much care seems to be taken to educate the rising generation, and as those who are now coming on the theatre of action have grown up since the commencement of the revolution, and have had the advantage, of the light thrown in by it, it is fair to suppose that they will be better prepared to support and administer a free government than those whose habits were formed under the colonial government of Spain. The commerce and manufactures of the country...
16 ページ - Mr. Tagle expressed himself perfectly satisfied, and he disclaimed for his government, any privity or participation in the lodgments made at those places, by persons acting in the name of the patriots of South America. In reference to the acts of...
5 ページ - Liniers and Pueyrredon. These incidents fortunately gave to the people a just idea of their own strength ; and they afterwards repelled, with a firmness and bravery that did them great honour, the formidable attack of the British under General Whitelock.
18 ページ - On one occasion, the proposition was made that the Banda Oriental should remain independent of Buenos Ayres, and merely send deputies to the General Congress to concert measures against the common enemy. On another, when the Portuguese army was approaching the frontiers of the Banda Oriental, an effort was made by Pueyrredon to reconcile him, and to unite him in the common defence.
27 ページ - ... acclamation, of those who have been chosen, will gradually cease. Rather than disturb the order of society, they will endure with patience, until the time arrives for effecting a regular and constitutional change. Since the election of the present Director, none of these tumults before so frequent have occurred. These tumults have seldom been attended with bloodshed; yet they produce great • confusion and disorder, and give rise to habits of insubordination, at the same time that they are ruinous...

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