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BY BENJAMIN SMITH BARTON, M. D.
President of the Philadelphia Linnean and Medical Societies; one of the Vice
Presidents of the American Philosophical Society; Member of the Imperial
Society of Naturalists at Moscow in Russia; and Professor of the
Theory and Practice of Medicine, of Natural History, and

Botany, in the University of Pennsylvania.

THE SECOND EDITION,
CORRECTED AND GREATLY ENLARGED.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

PHILADELPHIA:

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR,

1814.

Pirtan. Lalu

। 1898 Senin 23

bom
H, U. Herbarium

DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, TO WIT:

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the 16th day of March, in the SEAL.* thirty-eighth year of the independence of the United States of Ame.

rica, A. D. 1814, Benjamin Smith Barton, of the said district, hath

deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he, claims as author, in the words following, to wit: “ Elements of Botany; or Outlines of the Natural History of Vegetables.

Illustrated by forty plates. By Benjamin Smith Barton, M. Ď. President of the Philadelphia Linnean and Medical Societies; one of the Vice-Presidents of the American Philosophical Society; Member of the Imperial Society of Naturalists at Moscow in Russia; and Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, of Natural History and Botany, in the University of Pennsylvania. The second edition, cor

rected and greatly enlarged. In two Volumes. Vol. II.” In conformity to the act of the congress of the United States, intituled," An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned.” And also to the act entitled " An act supplementary to an act, entitled “ An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical anıl other prints.

D. CALDWELL,
Clerk of the District of Pennsylvania.

PREFACE.

THE new edition of my Elements of Botany being now completed, as far as I am able to complete it, the work is presented to the public, with a confident persuasion, that it will be found much more perfect than the former edition. Besides many corrections, or minor additions, and besides the new plates,--ten in number,which the present edition contains, it is easy to perceive, that it is much enlarged, especially by the addition of two entire sections, in Part Second: and by much new matter in Part Third. The principal of these additions have, indeed, been hinted at, or pointed out, in the Preface to the First volume.

The work, the author is fully sensible, is still imperfect; and it must continue so, until a future, perhaps very distant period, when a third edition may, possibly, be called for by the public. In the meanwhile, he flatters himself, that the Elements of Botany, originally published under great difficulties, in sickness, and at his own expense, will not cease, in a more improved style, to be read, or consulted, by the American student of botany, by the scientific agriculturalist, by the amateur of plants.

Although in consequence of his new and more important appointment in the University of Pennsylvania*,

* Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, in the room of the jate Dr. Benjamin Rush.

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