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118

Mr. Broad's Mouse-traps.

[Sept. 1, Dogs should also be prevented approach- each trap. The bait, thus prepared, ing the traps; and no person, except should be put upon the bridge of the those employed previously in baiting and trap whilst warm, and two small spikes setting them, should be permitted to should be there fixed to receive and touch them ; for animals of many kinds bold it. When the traps are to be set in probably distinguish individuals of the the garden, or forcing house, where the human species from each other by their short-tailed field mouse often does much scent and smell; and the rats, after part injury, it will be proper to place a piece of their number have disappeared, will of carrot under the scented cheese ; for sometimes take alarm at a stranger, and this mouse, the only remaining mischieit will on this and other accounts be de- vous species, is not fond of animal sub. siralie to select such places for the traps, stances, tisough it appears as strongly wherever that is practicabie, as can be attracted by oil of carraways, in combisecured by locks.

nation with its favourite food, as any of Should any particular trap be found its congeners. In buildings of every pot to take like the others, it will be kind, the trap will succeed best if placed proper to examine it, and make its doors close against a wall, and at a small disfall, and set it again; for the falling of lance from the passages through which the bridge will sometimes be prevented the mice are supposed to enter, as reby some substance getting under it, and commended for rats; but it will not be it may also, where proper care has not necessary to mask the trap at all, nor to been taken, rest upon the floor of the bait it previously to being set. trap, in which case it cannot possibly Should any of those gentlemen who be disengaged from the trigger by the have placed suficient confidence in the weight of the rats.

author to subscribe for his publication, The preceding are all the instructions or subsequently to purchase it, fail to the author has to give respecting the succeed in a first attempt to the extent destruction of rats; and here his engage- they may bave anticipated, the author ment with the Agricultural Society of trusts that they will not so far withdraw Herefordshire, and those gentlemen who their confidence as to decline further have bonoured him with their confidence trial. In a case where so much preciand patronage, terininates: wishing, sion is required, as in taking rats, the however, to make bis publication as uses causes of failure are numerous: the oil ful as possible, he proceeds to offer of carraways may not have been good of sonne directions for the destruction of its kind; the malt may not have been mice.

proper; and it is the scent of this subThe only kind of trap which he has stance, in combination with that of the lised for this purpose, is similar in con- oil of carraways, which appears to attract struction to those recommended for rats, the rats. Even the quality of the straw but much smaller, being only 7 inches is very important, for as the oil of carralong, 34 inches wide, and 3 inches high, ways must be used in an exceedingly inside measure. A dozen of these traps, sinall quantity, it is easily overpowered. if constantly set, and properly attended The evidence which the author can adto, will be found fully adequate to keep duce of his own success is, he trusts, una very extensive house and granaries questionable ; for it cannot be supposed wholly free from mice, and to diminish that the gentlemen and farmers in whose greatly their numbers in the barns of the presence the rats were taken, and whose farmer. For the latter purpose, how- houses and barns were cleared of them, ever, traps capable of taking many at have been deceived, as to the facts they once, or of perpetually acting, might state; and it is wholly impossible that probably be invented, and employed those gentlemen, and the other membews with much advantage; for the mouse of the Agricultural Society of Herefordwhich frequents the barn is a very sim- shire, could unanimously have joined in ple animal, and is very powerfully at- a plan to deceive the public. iracted by the ingredients which will be Mr. Broad, being anxious that every recommended. As a bait for this and facility should be given to the purchasers the long-tailed field mouse, take about of his paniphlet to secure to them the half an ounce of rich chcese, toast it most complete success, has employed moderately, without burning it, avd,then Mr. W. Garstone, ot Hereford, to make put upon it, with a slender feather, or an adequate number of traps, under.. the point of the finger, a very sinall direction, which are singly inspected by quantity of the oil of carraways, one- the author himself. The rat-trap, capila genth of a grain will be sufficient for ble of taking twelve or fourteen rats at a

1814.)

Dr. Perkins on the Oriental Languages.

110

fall, is sold at 10s. 6d. and that for mice As might naturally be expected, the at 53. 3d. I am, &c.

portal of inquiry, which should have adBristol, July S, 1814. J. Gibson. mitted the light of information, was thus.

unfortunately closed, and the world reINQUIRY RESPECTING the Rev. LEIGH mamed for a long period in darkness RICHMOND'S “ ANNALS of the poor.”

with regard to the incrits of the Ilebrew To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine.

language in particular. It was not perSIR,

mitted us even to conceive it iinperfect, HAVING felt myself much interested or as needing occasional interpretation by the perusal of the Rev. Leigh Rich- 10 its obscure passages by cornparison swoud's recent publication of the" Annals with its sister dialects. Thus, although of the Poor," a work which, in a singular the first of the oriental tongues which and happy in.inner, combines religious excited the attention of the learnsentiment, delineation of moral character, ed, it remained, for a great length of nd beautiful description of natural time, that one whose structure was the scenery, I wish to know whether the Isle least under-tood. of Wight be not the station where the ine By many philologists it was contended cidents of the various narratives took that the carliest of languages was the place. Perhaps the reverend anthor, or Hebrew; and of this opinion were Bosome of your readers whose cve this query chart and Buxtorf, and more recently, may meet, may be willing to afford nie Pfeiffer and Loescher. Some have imathe information. You will oblige, by gined, also, that we should converse in the inscrtion of this letter,

this language when in a better world ; Your humble servant, this was the sentiment of Galatin, of London, July 19, 1814. B. L. Y. Haymo, of Danhauer, Leusden, and

others; while another party were for perOr the ORIENTAL LANGUAGES. mitting us to make use of our inaternal LETTER II.

tongue; and a third, among whom is THE favourable reception given by the celebrated Walton, fabled some unyou to my first letter upon the history of known language of the angels, wbich was the oriental languages, and the neglect of reserved for that purpose.. their study, induces me to continue my Arnong the whimsies of the infancy of observations upon the former of these oriental pbilology, was the belief ihat subjects,

mankind were instructed in the use of There is, perhaps, no circumstance speech by demons or angels; this conmore striking in the bistory of those in- ceit, however, gave way, very shortly, quiries which, since the restoration of to others equally impertinent. Some letters to Europe, have been made into philosophers afirmed that language, in a thie philosophy, the construction, and state of perfection, was taught the papeculiar merits of the languages of the rents of the human species by the Cream cast, than the absurd and superstitious tor himself; while others more rationally Tereries of most of their early admirers, supposed it to have been the natural at The veneration in which the jewishi re- first in perfect and gradually improving cords were held by these philologists, offspring of our organs of voice, influe Induced them to consider these writings enced by our passions and our wants, themselves as stamped with the seal of our errors and our reflections. Ite Almighty, as flowing from his imme- The direct divine ouigin of language, diate dictation, and the very characters as well as oi the immediate interference in which they appear as participating in of the deity, was unquestionably an He dirinity of their supposed author. opinion of eastern birth, whence it found I would be difficult, perhaps, exactly to its way into the schools of Greece, and ascertain how this and similar fancies formed one of Plato's tenets. It was fave originated, and how it has bappened espoused, too, by Mahomet, and has What for a long period they took so deep a since been defended by Brian Walton, hold of the imaginations of many learned Rousseau, and many German philologists.

ebraists; but it appears infinitely pro- The opposite belief of its buman oribable that the Christian expositors bor- gin has also to boast of able and learned

ked these reverential ideas from the defenders. It was favoured by the anWews, the preceptors then generally re- cient mechanical philosophers, by Tersorted to for an insight into the sacred tullian, and in later days by Richard volume. and from the dreams contained Siinon," by Hobbes in his Leviatban.by the Masora and Hebrew commenta. Histoire Critique du V. Test., 1w. ,

cap. 14.

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Ties,

120

Dr. Perkists on the Oriental Languages. (Sept. 1. Maupertuis, by Condillac, by Moses firm that the Chinese is the most ancient Mendelsohn, and particularly and excel- of all languages; I merely maintain the ! lently by Herder, **

idea that it contains indisputable interAll those languages which we are ac- nal tokens of great age, although such an customed to consider as most ancient, opinion has been ably maintained in its nay, all languages whatsoever, re ain, full extent by soine learned philologists.* : indisputably, some indications of the The Chinese are one of those people" original congues froin which they were who were the earliest acquainted with ! first derived; and it is now by far too the use of writing; and their characters, late in the history of the world for us to whose roots are facile of comprehension, decide which of them can most justly but whose combinations are difficult of claiin the priority. Independenily of recollection in consequence of their pecuwhat I have noticed above, a variety of liarity of construction and number, still fancies have employed the pens of the exhibit that inefficient poverty of invenlearned in different countries-- Suution which characterises the infancy of i cuique pulchra Phyllis.Thus the Ara- language.t bic, the Ethiopic, the Syrian, the Syro- The sanie characteristics of antiquity Chaldean, the Samaritan, have found mark the languages of the East, although their partizans : others, again, have differing in origin from the Chinese; but espoused the Chinese, the German, the these appear still one step more pearly, Durch, and the Swedish tcngues; and approximated to cultivation and gramhave contended with eagerness for their matical regularity. The majority of presumed priority. If, however, the words in these latter are dyssyllables, question were fairly put, which ainong and those which exceed that sumber are the different known languages exhibit ever regarded as lieteroclites, or comthe purest indications of seniority, I pounds. should feel disposed to consider it as ca. We have thus gained admittance into pable of easy resolution. Children of all the vestibule of the temple of oriental nations first express their wants in mono- languages, and it now remains to prepare syllabic accents ; hence it follows that the ourselves for inspecting the interior of first, the aboriginal language, consisted the edifice itself. We shall find the of words of one syllable, destitute of many pillars which have supported it rules, little capable of Alexion, and mu from antiquity very different from those sical in its intonations. Hence we may we observe in Europe ; but as soon as conclude, that those languayes which the eye shall have been accustomed to from time immemorial have consisted of the different scale upon which they are monosyllabic words, diitering in meaning constructed, new and unusual beauties only according as the tone with which will appear, and new interest be excited they are enounced, retain in themselves in our bosoms. the surest characteristics of primeval In my next, I shall consider the various antiquity. This is, perhaps, most noto- parts of this structure which are of riously the case with the Chinese lan- Semitic origin, beginning with the Heguage; it is still monosyllabic, consists brew, as the inost in nise, and best known but of tew roots, representing different in this country, and proceeding to those ideas or things according to the ditferent tongues which are related to it, the tone with which they are spoken, or Syrian, Chaldean, and drabic. I shall more correctly, chuunted.

endeavour to give some abridged account It is, however, not my intention to af- of their probable age, their grammatical

formation, the epochs in which they have • In his very learned prize dissertation upon attained their greatest perfection, Ibe the origin of languages, printed at Berlin, in best writers, buth ancient and moderni, 1972. This learned philologist's pamphlet who have written in or upon them, and is but lietle known in this country. Now, their utility, however, that the liberation of Europe has Chope

I hope that it may be in my power to

it may be in man unshackled the chain which confined the dar

the demonstrate that we may turn the study intercourse of the learned, it is not impro. bable that it may be rendered into our lan

of oriental languages to on useful acguage by a learned friend of mine ; but • See John Webb's “ Historical Essay should this not be the case, and if I should endeavouring a probability that the Language recover that part of my library which is now of the Empire of China is the primitive Lanon the continent, I may, however unequal guage.” London, 1669, 8vo. to the task, undertake the translation, rather + Paw's Recherches Philologiques. Rethan let so classical and erudite a work re• naudot sur les Sciences Chinoises.* Kireber, main unknown to my countrymen,

and du Halde,

1814] Will of Mr. Nat. Lloyd- The Black Slug. 121 count, by employing them for the ad- What I am going to bequeath, vancement of our philological knowledge, When this frail part submits to death; and that by imitatiog their power of ex- But still I hope the spark divine, pression, and borrowing from their store With its congenial stars shall shine : of riches, it may even he practicable to My good executors, fulfil ...? benefit our mother tongue. The exer

I pray ve, fairly, my good will, > tions which have of late been made for

With first and second codicit. ) the more general diffusion of the Bible, And first, I give to dear Lord Hintoni in the various languages of the world, At Twiford school--now not at Winton, munt, it appears to me, awaken the stu- One hundred guineas for a ring, dious from their classic lore, and direct Or soine such memorandum ihing : their attention to the language in which And truly much I should have blunder'd. it was originally written, and to those Had I not given another hundred sister dialects which, in a multitude of

To Vere, Eail Poulete's second son, instances, are its best expositors. The

Who dearly loves a little fun. oriental languages have, at different pe Unto my nephew Robert Longdon, riods, been favoured by the patronage of Of whom none says he e'er has wrong done ; European potentates ; the possessors of Tho' civil law he loves to hash, the papal throne were among their ear I give two hundred pounds in cash. liest protectors; their example was fol- One hundred pounds to my niece Tuder, lowed at the Escurial, afterwards by (With loving eyes one Matthew view'd her, France, Holland, Austria, and by private And to her children, just among 'em, individuals of our own country, but of A hundred more, and not to wrong 'em; late. upificently learnedly and solen. In equal shares I freely give it, didly, by the Danish court, which fitted Not doubting but they will receive it. out the inission to Arabia, whose details To Sally Crouch and Mary Lee, have been published by the ingenious If they with Lady Poulett be; Niebuhr, the sole survivor of the em- Because they found the year did dwell bassy. May we not hope that this il- In Twickenham house, and serv'd full well, lustrious example will be followed by:

When lord and lady both did stray our government? Through its firmness

Over the hills and far away : and its wisdom, the din of arms has

The first ten pounds, the other twenty ; ceased, affrighted Pcace has returned to

And girls I hope that will content ye. bless the world by her hallowed presence,

In seventeen hundred sixty nine, and the arts and sciences have obtained This with my hand I write and sign, leisure to flourish in tranquillity, and

itv and The sixteenth day of fair October, claim the assistance and protection of

In merry mood, but sound and sober. our enlightened Prince.

Past my threescore and fifteenth year,

n With spirits gay and conscience clear : Joux PERKINS, M. D.

Joyous and frolicsome tho'old, Coventry, July 12, 1814.

And like this day, serene but cold,

To foes well wishing, and to friends most SINGULAR WILL of NATHANIEL LLOYD,

kind, ESQ.

In perfect charity with all mankind. To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine,

Nat. LLOYD. THE annexed copy of a singular will INQUIRY respecting the BLACK SLUO. I found the other day in looking over To the Editor of the New Munthly Magazine, sone old papers: it has no date on it by

SIR, which I can discover the time of the tes

THROUGH the medium of your very tator's death. If you think it will prove useful and popular work, I will request amusing to your readers, you will oblige the favour of being informed what is me by inserting it. Perhaps some of the use of the large bole which is obthem may have it in their power to give served on the side of the neck of the an account of Mr. Lloyd, 'which I think common black slug or soail. likely to abound with entertaining anec

I am, Sir, yours, &c. Z. dores. I am, &c.

C. A. On the ENCOURAGEMENT OF QUACKS. August, 1814."

To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine.

SER, The following lines are copied from IT has often been matter of astonishthe original will of the late Nathaniel ment and concern to me to observe the Lloyd, esg. who died a few weeks since encouragement that is given in this , abis seat at Twickeábam, Middlesex. country to all sorts of impostors, who

SIR,

122

- On the Encouragement of Quacks. [Sépt. 1, prey upon the vitals of the public by so lightly of empiricism as we do; for in pretending to infallible specifics for every the reign of Edward VI. one Grigg was complaint incident to the human frame. set in the pillory at Croydon, and again No sooner does one of these charlatans in the borough of Southwark, for prebegin to grow too familiar with the public, tending to cure the diseased by looking and his nostrums to fall into disrepute, at their water. Under James the First, than another starts up with some won- who was a believer in the occult sciences, derful discovery to cure all the ills inci- several quacks, and some who assumed dent to our mortal frame. Strange tales the solemn title of doctor in medicine, are told, and some of them sworn to, be- were brought to public justice, and comfore civic magistrates, so that no rea- pelled to find security for their future sonable doubt can be entertained of the good behaviour. Even so late as thie profound skill of the doctor, or of the time of King William, one Fairfax was veracity of his grateful patients. Tiine, fined and imprisoned for vending a spehowever, exposes the ignorance of the cific which he called aqua cælestis, and quack, and destroys the credit of his others of a like description, have at medicines. Well would it be if the in- various times suffered heavily for adtellects of the people could be as easily ministering dangerous drugs to the peopurged; but unfortunately, even repeat ple. How happens it that in this ened detections of the grossest frauds can- lightened æra, our journals should be not prevent the intrusion of fresh de- daily crammed with offensive adverceivers, for the multitude are always tisements, detailing what no modest perready to swallow any new fallacy if it son can read without disgust, tbat the comes sufficiently gilded with the marvel- eye is offended with similar papers at lous. There is at this time living a fellow, every corner of the streets, and that the who from being a journeyman carpen- most ignorant and impudent pretenders ter, has continued to pick up a handsome to the most difficult and important of all fortune by pretending to an infallible re- the branches of science should be suffer. ceipt for the eradicating of worms, and ed to obtrude their filli:y packets into many of your readers must have seen our hands as we walk abroad, and into his shop windows filled with bottles ex- our very houses? Yours, &c. hibiting the figures of strange and direful

VERITAS. animals, said to be of the class of worms, when in fact they were neither more nor

MUSICAL HINTS. less than the ingenious species of me. To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine. chanical contrivance, manufactured from SIR, the intestines of shcep, similar to the AS your miscellany seems the best famous dragon formed out of a dead rat, medium at the present day for conveying by the skilful professor Bobart. I know new ideas, both in the practice and another of this learned tribe, who was theory of art, I transmit you two plans some years ago a journeynian black- for the improvement of musical instru. smith, after which he kept one of those ments, which are likely to be lucrative honest receptacles of miscellaneous arti- to any artist that will undertake them. cles, commonly called an old iron shop, The first is for a ready acquirement of a first in St. Giles's, and next in Wapping, facility in singing duetts, trios, glees, &c. a where also be practised the mysterious species of musical amusement that would art of astrology, his success in which be often undertaken in cheerful domestic enabled him to move farther to the parties in the country, if it were not for westward, till he pitched his tent in a the difficulty of getting together people street near Bedford square, where he sufficiently skilled in the theory of sing. now continues, like the renowned Dr. ing so as to sing at sight; and it will also Case, to cure bodily ailments, and to have the power of producing instrumenunfold the book of fate. How well qua- tally the full effect of vocal harmony, a lificd this impostor is to do either one or thing that cannot now be done by the the other, may be gathered froin this, best performer on the organ, as the that he contrived to help two very wor- treble, tenor, and counter-tenor, being thy acquaintance of mine out of this all played with the right hand, must of world, by mistaking their complaints, course be all played upon stops of the and prescribing violent remedies before I same quality of tone, which is not analoknew any thing of the matter.

gous to an effect of distinct voices exeOur ancestors, who certainly were

estors, who certainly were cuting each separate line. not deficient in credulity, did not think My object, therefore, is to construct

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