Biographical Memoir of Dr. J. J. Griesbach.


part of his youth had been passed among diligence upon his lectures and literary books, and in literary avocations, to labou:s. Residing in the house of Seme mingle more freely in society, and to ler, and in close friendship with his fuunite experience and a knowledge of the ture brother-in-law, the celebrated phiworld with the ardent desire of moving, logist C. G. Schütz, he devoted vot only at some future time, in a more extensive the day, but also great part of the night, sphere.

to his studies, and thus laid the foundaIn April, 1769, he commenced his tion of many subsequent infirmitics, grand tour. He first visited the most especially of the habitual weakness and considerable libraries and the principal swelling of his legs. But a happiness universities in the south and west of was reserved for him which not only emGermany, and then proceeded to Hol- bellished, animated, and cheered his land, where he made but a short stay at early years, but attended him in old Gröningen, Amsterdam, Leyden, the age. In 1775, Frederica Juliana, the Hague, Utrecht, and Rotterdam, because accomplished sister of his friend Schütz, he cherished a hope, in which; however, became his wife. He was now relieved he was afterwards disappointed, that he from the necessity of attending to the should bave an opportunity of revisiting eares of life; and after bis hours of lathat country. He next embarked for bour, his often so arduous researches and England, and in September, 1769, arrived inquiries, he found in her society recreain London. There, in the British Mu- tion, refreshment, and a tender particiseum, as also in the Bodleyan library, at pation in all bis concerns. Oxford, in the college libraries, and other Already in 1774 lié had announced his public and private collections at Cam- first great work, bis masterly critical édia bridge, he prosecuted his researches with tion of the historical books of the New an assiduity and perseverance, and Testament--Libri liistorici N. T. græce; availed hinıself of their literary treasures, Part I. containing the synopsis of the with a diligence which few travellers have first three Gospels (which appeared also displayed. He then repaired to France, under the title of Synopsis Evangeliorum and reached Paris on the 13th of June, Matth. Marc. et Luc. Hal. 1776. 8vo.) 1770. There, too, he spent most of his The second part was published in 1775. time in the principal libraries, and his So early as 1777 a new edition was clear, comprehensive judgment and pe- called for, which, without any synoptical netration, every where met with a rich arrangement of the gospels, was given reward. Both in England and France, to the world with this title-N. T. græce, mutual esteem united him with the most texlum ad fidem Codicum, Versionum et eminent scholars : Schurrer, the friend Patrum emendavit, et lectionis parieof his youth, and afterwards an orna- tutem adjecit J. J. G. Vol. I. et II. in sent to the university of Tübingen, was which the text of the whole of the New his fellow traveller, and during this tour Testament is corrected, with such crihe formed a permanent friendship with tical care, and illustrated with such erua the meritorious Bruns, who had devoted dition, that this work is justly classed himself to the same kind of studies. among the most valuable and excellent

In October, 1770, he returned to of the time. It was not completed at Frankfort, and spent the winter in sift. Halle; for in June, 1775, the author reing, arranging, and completing, the rich ceived an invitation to Jena, where he Inaterials which he had collected, against was installed on the 2d of December as the last preparation for the functions of the third Frofessor of Divinity. The reacademical tuition. In March, 1771, he cords of that seminary will transinit to delended, at Halle, with his respondent, posterity the day on which it gained such f. A. Stroth, (afterwards rector at Go- a teacher, on which this light began to tha,) bis learned, acute, and critical shine upon it, as one of the most auspie Diss. de Codicibus quatuor Evangeliorum cious in its anuals. Unigeniaris, Partic. 1, (Hal, 1771, 410.) lle entered upon his functions with a and then commenced his lectures with public discourse, to which he invited the the most decided approbation.

students by the simply eloquent and luliis merits were acknowledged, and minous programme: De Historia eccleon acquired him distinction, for, in siasticæ, nostri seculi usibus sapienter ac

Fuary, 1779, he was appointed extra- commodatæ, utilitate (Jen. 1776. 410.) dinary professor of divinity. Froni This was soon followed by the two pro* youth he was accustomed to inces- grammes, written on academical occaSånt Dt and indefatigable activity; he now sions : De vera notione vocabul meupa in stowed his undivided and uncompion cap. VIII. Epistolæ ad Romanos. I. and NEW MONTALY MAG-No. 8.

'Vol. II.



Biographical Memoir of Dr. J.J. Griesbach.

(Sept. 1,

II. (Jen. 1776-7. 4to.) On taking the on church history, which be subsequently degree of D. D, on the 7th of Feb. 1777, composed after Schrökb's Epitome, and he defended the admirable Diss. Cu- gave only thrice a week. The third be rarum in historiam textus græci Episto- devoted alternately to popular doglarum Paulinurum, specimen I. (Jena matics, and the introduction to the New 1777. 4to.) which displays throughout Testament, but at a later period his inthe shrewdest critical acumen. It bas, firmities compelled him to confine himself been generally and justly regretted that to two hours a day. he never had leisure to produce the con- As a guide to his lectures he printed tinuation. After his reception into the in 1799, at his own expense, bis Introtheological faculty, he wholly devoted duction to Popular Dogmatics. This his time, his labour, and his life, to the work, which was more particularly deuniversity, as is honourably attested by a signed for the use of his bearers, became long series of performances composed on known and esteemed abroad, and reacademical occasions. The following is peated solicitations induced him, seven a list of them in chronological order: years afterwards, to put to press a second

Comment. in Eples. 1. 19 sq. 1778.- edition, ander the title of Introduction De potentiore ecclesiæ Romanæ princi- to the Study of Popular Dogmatics, palitate ad loc. Irenai. I. III. c. 3. 1779. (Jena, 1786. 8vo.) In June, 1787, a third

Comment, ad loc. Pauli I. Cor. 12. edition was called for, and in 1789, a 1-11. 1780.—Pr. de mundo a Deo fourth. Patre condito per Filium. 1781.---Pr. de With his functions as a public teacher fontibus unde Etangeliste suas le resur- were soon associated other duties, which rectione Domini narrationes huuserint, occupied much of his time and atten1784.- Pr. de Spiritu Dei, quo abluti, tion. In March, 1780, he was appointed sanctificati et justificati dicuntur Corin- inspector over the students from Weimar thii, I. Cor. 6. 11. 1784.- Pr. de rerbo and Eisenach ; in August, the same year, firmo prophetico II. Pet. 1. 16–21. Part. he was elected to the office of vice-rec11. 1784.Pr. de Neru inter virtutem tor, with which he was afterwards free et religionem, 1784.–Stricture in locum quently invested. From that period he de theopneustia librorum sacrorum. Par- entered more and more deeply into all tic. V. 1784–8.--Pr. quo probatur, the concerns of the academy, of which Marci Evangelium totum e Mutth. et he soon became one of the most expeLucæ commentariis ercerptum esse, 1789, rienced and active conductors, exerting Continuativ, 1790.-- Pri de Imaginibus himself with such assiduity, and taking Judaicis, quibus auctor epistolæ ad He- part in the complicated and arduous bræos, in desribenda Messie provincia business of the accounts, with such inusus est. Partic. I. et II. 1791-2.- Pr. tegrity and ability, as could not fail 10 quid Hebr. III. 7. 10. 11. rata TAVTEDY JEOX gain him universal confidence. imagine adumbrelur, 1792.- Pr. sistens N eiller did the illustrious patrons of locorum N. T. ad ascensum Christi in bis serninary remain ignorant of his mecælum spectantium sylloge, 1793.--Pr. rits. In 1781 he was nominated ecclein quo Eutychis de unione naturarum in siastical counsellor to the Duke of Sase Christo sententia illustratur, 1794.– Weimar, and in 1784 received the title Commentarii critici in græcum Matthæi of privy ecclesiastical counsellor. In tertum. Specimen I.-IX. 1794–1800. 1782 he was chosen prelate and deputy Epimetron ad commenturium criticum in of the district of Jena; he soon made Alatth. tertum 1801--Commentarii in himself familiar with this new vocation, græcum Msarci textum critici. Partic. and was a most active and respected 1.--IX. 1802–1810. These program- member of the general diet till the spring mes were mostly written in the name of 1811, when he attended that assembly of the university for Whitsuntide, and for the last time, tbough suffering under some of thein are reprinted in the severe bodily infirmities. collections of academical pieces. The T hese, and other public employments, eighteen Comment. crit. in gr. tert. occupied no inconsiderable portion of Niatth. et Marc. are collected in his time; yet he never neglected his acathe Comment. crit. in text. græc, demical duties, but by a judicious disN. T. P. I. et II. the second part of tribution and appropriation of his time, which likewise contains the valuable he even gained hours which he could Meletemata de vetustis tertis recensioni devote to learned researches. This is bus.

abundantly proved by his farther critical So long as his strength was unimpaired labours, especially the Symbola critice and his health good, he held three lec- ad supplendas et corrigendas varias N. turcs daily; one exegetical, the second T. lectiones, Accedit multorum N. 1.


Biographical Memoir of Dr. J. J. Griesbach.


codicum græcorum descriptio et examen. ted his room. At intervals, when he was Pars. I. Hal. 1785. P. II. 1793. 8vo. comparatively easy, he anticipated with We may likewise adduce his profound pleasure the return of spring, and the communications to periodical works; for possibility that it might restore him once instance, to the Repertory of Biblical more to his disciples. The last ray sudand Oriental Literature, and his elabo- denly vanishedhe could no longer rise rate criticisms on books in the General from his bed. His mind yet remained German Library and General Literary vigorous; but his body was exhausted; Gazette. If we finally consider how every motion cost a painful effort; and much of his time was engaged by an ex- thus he awaited his dissolution with comtensive correspondence, and by the nu- posure and resignation. He expired in merous visits of strangers and students, the Passion Week, on Tuesday, March to whom he always behaved with kind- 24th; and early in the morning of Goud ness; how much he lost by frequent ill- Friday his remains were consigned to the ness; and how many hours he was fond grave. of devoting to the society of his wife of a large athletic make, Griesbach's and friends; we cannot forbear adıniring figure indicated at first sight the firmthe man who knew how to make so good ness, solidity, decision, and integrity of a use of his days.

his character. The gravity that dwelt As long as his health permitted, he upon his brow, the penetrating keenness bestowed his attention on his New Tes- of his eye, the austerity that strangers tament and its perfection. This work read in his features, were tempered by at length appeared in a forin more wore the alınost hidden kindness, the expresthy of its author, who himself took an sion of benevolence and love which illuactive part in the typographical arrange- nined his countenance, won the coufiments for the fine edition. The first dence or the tinid, and often attracted volume was finished in 1803, the second bis more intimate friends with silent but in 1804, the third in 1806, and the fourth irresistible force. It was not his grey in 1807. By a convenient common edin hair alone in the latter years of his life tion, which he was ansious to render as that inspired veneration- his whole figure complete as possible, he supplied in 1805 commanded reverence: a tranquil dig. a want tbat was sensibly felt. A larger nity, acknowledged by all, was diffused edition, begun in 1796 and finished in over it; not of that spurious kind which 1806, was calculated for England as well only seeks to display itself, but the unas Germany. The secoud volume of the sophisticated, the living expression of Comment.Critic. which appeared in 1811, inward worth, independence of mind, was his last publication.

bobleness of sentiments, and well.earned In the spring of 1810 he undertook a reputation. He was, in short, all that journey to the south of Germany, where his exterior denoted : a model of bumhe revisited many an old friend of his ble ardent piety, clearness and decision, youth, and many a favourite spot, and truth and 6delity, magnanimity and love. returned greatly invigorated from this His generous heart was thoroughly peo excursion. In the following year his netrated with the universal philanthropy strength rapidly declined. During the which was manifested in his volunsummer he suffered severely from opo tary renunciation of personal enjoyments pression on the chest, and a violent and indulgence, in the most disinterested debilitating cough. His friends trembled activity, the most cheerful sacrifice of for his life. At Michaelmas he recom- bis strength, experience, wisdom, time, menced his lectures; for so long as lie nay even of life itself. When once had any strength left he could not be gained over by the celebrated seminary prevailed upon to relinquish his profes- to which he belonged, no offers, however sional duty. The exertion was, however, seducing—no vocation, however honourpainful and fatiguing. The winter de- able-could prevail upon him to leave it: stroyed all hopes, and at the beginning he chose rather to renounce the most of 1812 he was obliged to give up his brilliant aud lucrative appointnsents, and lectures. He took leave of his hearers to be satisfied there with what was suffinot without hope, but with decp emo- cient to supply his simple wants, than Lion; and their profound regret and to desert the temple of philosophy to veneration accompanied him in his re- whose service he was attached. tirement. From that time he never quita

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Variis locis dispersa, in unum fasciculum redegi.


was no other way of doing so but by When the rebellion broke out in 1745, this mode of conveyance, and, besides the cabinet ministers asseinbled to take this, there is another cart-load on the proper measures for the security of the road.”—“ The devil there is !” replied kingdom. While they were sitting, the the king; " then you may go and make king entered the council-chamber, and a bonfire of the whole for me. I would requested to know what was the subject as soon be made a galley-slave as venof their deliberations, and on being told ture to look over any part of the beap; that they were consulting how to pro. so take away the cargo that is already vide for the safety of bis inajesty's per- here,' countermand the other, and let son and government; “ Aye, is it so ?” me hear no more complaints." replied the monarch, laying his hand up

PITT, EARL OF CHATHAM. on the hilt of his sword,“ my lords and The violence with which Mr. Pitt had gentleinen take care of yourselves; but attacked Sir Robert Walpole, rendered for me, it is my resolution to live and that gentleman very obnoxious to his die king of England !

majesty, who, whatever bis failings might PCBLIC ACCOUNTS.

be, was certainly not deficient in gratiDuring the administration of the Duke ţude to those who served hi'n faithfully. of Newcastle, many and heavy were the At length, when a change of ministers complaints with respect to the delay in became inevitable, the king, who had settling public accounts; and severe re- little objection to the principal characmonstrances were perpetually published ters of the new cabinet, all at once reon the injury done to individuals, as well sisted the appointment of Mr. Pitt, with as to the national interests, by ihe want an obstinacy which indicated personal of regularity and dispatch in the public dislike. But it was impossible for the offices. These things at length came to rest of the party to come into power the knowledge of the king, who called without him, and the monarch was the prime minister to a reckoning in no obliged, at last, reluctantly to submit; very gentle language; telling him at the this, however, he did with such an ill same tinie, that, for the purposc of grace, that when Pitt appeared in the seeing where the fault lay, and to drawing-room, to kiss hands on his apthe minds of the people, he would in- pointment, the king turned aside, and spect the accounts bimself. “Is your shed tears. majesty in earnest?” said the duke; and in cornes said he duke . and I

LORD BUTE. ou being told that such was bis intention, The following anecdote is related very he bowed, and promised to send the pa- ainbiguously by Mr. Seward, but with pers. The next morning the king heard some appearance of probability. “Of an unconimon bustle in the court-yard the rise of a great favourite in this counof the palace, and, om' going to the win- try, (Lord Buie,) this account has been dow, observed a cart loaded with large given. Ile resided in the vicinity of hundles of paper, tied up with red tape. Richmond, and had an apothecary for This unusual spectacle excited his curio- bis neighbour, who kept a chariot. The sity; and on being told that 'these were apothecary intending to go to see public accounts, sent for his majesty's cricket match, proposed to take his perusal by the Duke of Newcastle, he neighbour with him in his carriage. ordered his grace to be called. When This kind offer was accepted, and they the minister appeared in the royal pre- went together to the ground. It beginsence, the king, in a passion, asked what ping, however, to rain, whilst they were he meant by insulting him with a waggon there the great personage at whose como load of books and papers at'the door of inand the cricket match was played took his palace.' “ May it please your ma- to his tent and wished very much to play jesty," said the duke, '“ I understood at whist until the weather should bethat it was your wish to examine the come fair. There was no small embardocuments with your own cyes, and there rassment to find a fourth; at last, some


Political Artifice-Death of George II. &c.


body spying his lordship in the apothe- pounds in value, merely for gratuitous cary's carriage, asked him if he would distribution; an instance of judgment, have the honour of filling up the prince's discrimination, and liberality, very rarely party. To this he consented, and so equalled. pleased the august personage by his con

A ROYAL WILL. versation and manners, that he desired In 1758, died, the Princess Caroline, him to come and see him at Kew. younger daughter of George the Second;

“How often do great events arise from and, as ber will is remarkable for its trifting causes," exclaims Mr. Seward. brevity and simplicity, it may be pro“ An apothecary keeping his carriage perly here inserted. may have occasioned the peace of Paris, “I leave iny sister Amelia all I have the American war, and the national as. in possession, and make her my sole exesembly in France !"

cutrix, excepting these few legacies : POLITICAL ARTIFICE,

To my dear sister Anne, an enamello About the year 1753, the Duke of case, and two bottles of the same sort. Newcastle and his brother Harry Pel- To my dear sister Mary, my emerald set bam, who had long possessed an ascen- with diamonds, and the brilliant drops dancy over the mind of the sovereign in hanging to it, and my ruby ring with the such a degree as to be almost his masters queen's hair. To my dear sister Louisa, in the disposal of places, took upon them my diamond ear-rings, and all my rings. to meddle in the internal affairs of the To my brother William, my enamelled family of the Princess Dowager of Wales. watch. This is my last will, writ with They wanted to have the entire manage- my own hand, ment of the heir apparent; being appre- “ Șt. James's,

“ CAROLINA. hensive, no doubt, that, in the event of his coming to the crown, their power would « Witness, S. H. DE BILLERBECK. cease, or be abridged. To effect their

G. L. TEISSIER." object, they began to infuse into the king's

DEATH OF THE KING. mind a jealousy of the persons who had George the Second died very suddenthe charge of the prince's education, and ly of a rupture of the aorta at Kensing. in a long memorial they went so far as to ton palace, about seven o'clock, in the accuse the noblemen and others about morning of October the 25th, 1760. his royal bighness of being infidels and He was a remarkably early riser, and on jacobites, and with having put dangerous that morning he as usual lighted his books into the hands of their pupil. own fire, drank his chocolate, look. The king was alarmed, but instead of ed out of the window to see how the taking the course which the accusers ex- wind was, and said that he would take pected, and turning the persons out of a walk in the gardens. His chocolate their employment, he ordered a commit. maker, however, who was the last pertee to examine into the truth of the story. son with his majesty, observed him sigh The comınissioners discharged their trust as he left the room, and shortly afterwith fidelity, and the only shadow of wards heard a noise like the falling of a proof that appeared to warrant the com- billet of wood from the fire, on which he plaint was the fact that the young prince returned and found the king dropt from sceing Echard's History of the Revolu- his chair as if he had been in the act of Lion in the hand of a domestic requested attempting to ring the bell. Proper asthe loan of it, which, of course, was sistance was immediately procured, and granted.

he was put to bed, but without any apPROMISING VIRTUE.

pearance of life, and in a very little Haviny mentioned the education of while his death was certain. the young prince, it is proper to relate,

HIS CHARACTER. that this was so well conducted, both The following sketch of the venerable With respect to literature and morals, monarch was drawn up by the masterly religion and politics, as to have produced pen of Mr. Burke, within a few months the happiest effects; of which posterity after the king's death. will be sensible, when the particulars “ He lived with his queen in that kind are fully recorded, and the turbid stream of harmony and confidence that is seen of party shall have entered the gulph of between the best suited couples in prioblivion. On the publication of Dr. Le- vate life. He had a numerous issue, Jand's adınirable 'View of Deistical in which he had great cause of sa

riters, his royal highness, though then tisfaction and very little of disquiet, but the bloom of youth, purchased a num- what was almost the necessary conseof to the amount of one hundred quence of a lifc protracted to a late

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