On the Origin of the Gypsies.

17 a high reneration and deep impression with them; wherein it was agreed, that of the miracles which that divinity had they should lay down their arms, and be wrought. With these predispositions he permitted to exercise any trade or proresorted to the temple, where he had a fession, with the same privileges the whole day before him to ponder on his other subjects enjoyed. But the Zin. malady, and on every sort of remedy ganees, having been so long used 10 a which might have been suggested to him; vagabond and rapacious way of living; how natural was it not, therefore, for his during which, they had lost all sense of busy imagination to fix, in his sleep, religion, and become averse to the folupon one particular remedy more forci- lowing any art or science, began to bly than on another? Add to this, the have recourse to their former way of solemn lonely hour of night was the ap- rapine, and robbery; and though they pointed period for his sleep, which was were often forgiven by the Turks, for preceded by prayers and other inspiring fear of another insurrection, yet it being ceremonies, which would naturally ele- found that they were not to be reclaimvate bis devotion to the highest pitch. ed, the government was compelled to He had also previously perambulated banish them, and power was given to the temple, and with a full heart sure any man to shoot a Zinganee, or make veyed the offerings of those whose sick- him his slave, if he was found in Egypt, ness had departed from them. If all after a certain limited time. This edict these preparations were unavailing, the was so well executed, that a Zingaree officiants of the temple bad still means was not to be found in Egypt for sønie in reserve, by which the credulous years after, at least, any that durst proshould be thrown into that bodily statc fess themselves such; for the great body wbich was indispensable to the divina- of them had agreed to disperse themtory sleep: of these succedanea instances selves into every country in the world. will be hereafter produced. In those As they were natives of Egypt, a country days there were, however, some

wherein the occult sciences were supfrom whom the somniferous faculty was posed to bave arrived at the greatest withbeld: they were, therefore, admo- perfection, which at that time were in nished to repeat their prayers and ob- great vogue with people of all religions, lations, in order to win the divinity's they thought they could not gain a subfavour; and the ultimate and customary sistence in a more effectual manner, and resort was, if success did not crown yet indulge the lazy wandering life they their perseverance, to pronounce it å had been accustomed to, than by protoken, 'ihat such patients were an eye- fessing a more than ordinary skill in sore to the divipity.

foretelling future events. (To be continued.)

some to be found in Turkey who wander

about like others, but apply themselves On the ORIGIN of the GYPSIES. to some trade, particularly to making To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine. edged tools, at which they are very exa SIR,

cellent. And what tends more to conIN hopes that some abler hand would firın the opinion that they were Egyphave sent you some communication con- tians originally, is a statute made (a few cerning the origin of the Gypsies, accord- years after the banishment of the Zin. ing to the desire you expressed in your ganees from Turkey) in the 28 Henry 8. Magazine of March last, I delayed, till c. 10, wherein it is recited, That whereas now, to send you the result of my re- certain outlandish people, using no craft searches on that subject.

or merchandize to live by, but going from They are called in Turkey, Zinganees, place to place in great coinpanies, using from their first captain, Zinganeus, who, subtle and crafty means to deceive the when Sultan Selim conquered Egypt, king's subjects, bearing then in hand, about the year 1517, with several other that they, by palmistry, can tell men's Mamelukes, and as many native Euyp- and women's fortunes, and so, many tians, as resused to submit to the Turkish tirnes subtlely deceive the people of their yoke, retired into the desarts, where money, and commit divers felonies and they lived by rapine and plunder, com- robberies; it is enacted that all such mitting great outrages upon the towns offenders, commonly called Egyptians, upon the river Nile, under the dominion who shall remain in this realm for the of the Turks; and by idle and dissolute space of one month, shall be adjudged people frequently resorting to them, they felons, and that every person who shall encreased to so formidable a body, that import such Egyptians, shall forfeit for the Turks were glad to come to a treaty every offence 401. I think from the Nzw MONTHLY Mag.–No. 7.



There are


18 The Real Author of the late Revolution in France. [Aug. 1 ahore we may reasonably infer that what wrong has there not been done to some or other of the Zinganees settled in a worthy, modest knight, who never til the Caucasus, and still retain that ori- now could prevail on himself to come ginal manner which is peculiar to them before the public in his own behalf! in whatever country they may be.

It appears that Louis the XVIII ba Yours, &c. G. S. to thank for his throne--not the Prince Junc, 1814.

Regent of England or bis ministers-10 P.S. The native Egyptians have a the Emperor of Russia or the Empero prophecy amongst them that they shall of Austria--but Sir Richard Phillips l'ecover ibe dominion of Egypt again, and Bow down your head, Sir, with becom the Turkish empire, after a certain time, ing reverence, and blush at your igno shall be destroyed; which air. Ilill has

Yes, Sir Richard Phillips i given in verse as follows:

the cause of the restoration of the Years after years shall roll,

Bourbons! Sir Richard Phillips is thAges o'er ages slide,

cause of the happiness of France! Si Before the world's controul

Richard Phillips is the cause of the peac Shall check the crescent's pride. of Europe--the glory of our country ane Banish'd from place to place,

the felicity of thousands! Our chil Wide as the oceans roar,

dren's children will bend before bi The mighty gypsey race,

statue, and recal bis memory with rap Shall visit every shore.

ture-praises to his bionoured name! But when the hundredth year

But you will wish to be informed hos Shall three times doubled be,

this is to be macie aprarent. The wou Then shall an end appear

derful man shall speak for limself, au To all their slavery.

you must, perforce, be convinced. Then shall the warlike powers

“We feel it but justice to ourselves t From distant realms Icturn,

reprint froin the Monthly Magazine pul Egypt again be our's,

Lisbed two years before (January 1, 1811, And Turkish laurels burn.

an extract from an article signed Con

NON Sense,* relative to Lonis XVII The foregoing was extracted from the communication of which ürtica Salmon's Geography, Vol. 11. p. 474.

prompted the criled monarch to ari

with his own hands, and under the in The MODEST KNIGHT, or DISCOVERY of pulse of his own benevolent mind, tha the AUTHOR of the late T.EVOLUTION in proclamation which paved the way to hi

restorution; and which le publishe To the Editor of the New Vonthly Magazine. contrary to the feelings of oilers, b SIR,

whom he was surrounded, and withio WIIN we reflect on the events of the approbation of the British ministry the last eighteen inoathis, they appear as they afterwards declared in parli: more like a dreain than reality. In this It is evident, however, that wit! short space of time we have seen a out such a royal pledge, no powerii mighty usurper, who commanded even party in France would ever have create by a nod, three fourths of Europe, hum- with the Bourbons, and that without the bled withi the dust. We have seen leo aid of such party, the allies could neve gitimacy take place of usurpation, and have advanced to the Rhine, and inue the most bloody of wars changed into a less bave reached or entered Paris! peace that is likely to prove profitable as “ Louis XVIII. waited for a suital, it is bonourable to all. For this change opportunity, which was presented at il we render due praise to the Prince Re- beginning of 1813, in the de-truction gent and his ministers, the bravery of Napoleon's army by the climate of Ru the allies, and the generosity of the Em- sia's and he then issued the followin peror Alexander. We say, that to the well drawn proclamation, which bears inild and conciliatory conduct of the lat- close' analogy, as well in juxtaposition a ter may the restoration of the Bourbons in sentiment, with the preceding props be attributed, coupled with the just de- sitions (those of Sir R. P'billijs.) testation which the execrable tyranny of person can be at a loss to consider Buonaparte had engendered in ile minds that has since happened in France tis of Frenchien. To this circunstance mere and sole effect of this cuuse; and alone, I say, have late events, and parti- is our opinion that the same effect woul cularly the restoration of the Bourbons have taken place ten years before, if been referred. But, Sir, bow egregiously The well known signature of the inge has the whole world been mistaken, and nious knight.



1914.) Biblical Query-St. Patrick's Purgatory.

10 Amilar proclamation had then been pub- rately described still continues to be kshed, and if there had been no external practised in that country.

X. Y. copiederacy against France, serving to gire inilitary strength to its government, "In the county of Donnegal, at the and to knit and bind all the French in distance of four miles from Lough Ewins, one impreunable body."*

and in the midst of mountains and moIt will be lamentable, indeed, should rasses, extending every way to a consithe King of France be infected with the derable distance, there is a very fiue " ingratitude of princes," and neglect to lake, in ancient timts called Louglı Fins, reward the worthy knight, who has in- or White Lakr. This piece of water is Controtertibly proved the cause of the about a mile and a halt in breudt!ı, and secoad French revolution.

somewhat more in length. To an island

MODERATOR. near the centre of it, from the beginning Portsmouth, June 14, 1814.

of May until about the middle of August

every year, popislı penitents resort from BIBLICAL QUERY.

all parts of Ireland to expiate their sins. To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine.

This they do in obedience to their conSIR,

fessors, who may enjoin them any other I SHOULD be gratified if, through penance at their discretion nearer home. the medium of your excellent magazine, The number, therefore, of these pilgrims I could have a satisfactory answer to the who take this tour, depends more on the following query:-Ilow, by what means, friendship of distant priests to the prior or on whose authority, was St. Mark of Lougli Dery, than on the opinion of enabled to convey to us, in the 39th superior efficacy in this particular expiaverse of the 14th chapter of his gospel, tion. However, to keep up that opithe exact words of our Saviour's prayer pion, and to give a countenance to the in the garden, when the three disciples lucrative practice founded on it, the had fallen asleep, and himself had pre- priests frequently, the titular bishops viously gone to a distance from thein? sometimes, and now and then a Romana

I do not recollect another affirmation ist of some tashion, appear among the in the four gospels so positive as this, penitents. The rest are all of the poorer with such (seemingly) little authority for sort, to the number of three or four it. The above is of very little conse- thousand every year. Of these, the quence to practical religion; but any greater part are only proxies for wealinformation on the subject will be to me thier people, who, at a small expense in of more use than the mere gratification cash, ihus discharge their sins through of curiosity.

the feet and knees of their indigent That the “ New Monthly Magazine" neighbours. may experience the success it so justly As soon as a pilarim hath arrived at merits, is the sincere wishi of its admirer the summit of' in neighbouring mountain, and constant reader,

from whence the holy lake is to be see!),

INQUISITOR. he or she is obliged to mcover both Holborn, June 13, 1814.

hands and teet; thus to walk to the

water-side; and thence, at the expenses ACCOUNT Of 1. PATRICK'S PURGATORY.

of sixpence, to be walted into the island. To the Editor of the New Yonthly Magazine.

On this are erected to chapels, and

fifteen other houses, all thatched, for the THE following extract from a letter, To these houses there are several con

accomodation of priests and penitents. written by an English gentleman who fessionals, so contrived that the priests made the tour of Ireland in the summer of 1765, appears to me to be sufliciently vis conscience. Each pilgrim on land,

cannot see the person who disburthens cellany, especially as I am assured thint ing bere is confessed anew, and enjoined the superstitious custom here so accula

a longer or shorter station, (so the per

formance of this penance is called,) acThe obstinacy with which this tonda cording to the quality of his sins, his cater of the fallen Corsican adheres to the leisure, or the judgment of bis contesmnost palpable falsehoods, is truly admirable.

sor. He subsists on oatmeal, (sometimes He would insinuate, we suppose, that it was

maile into bread,) and on water, during Rot an external confederacy which so lately his stay in the island, wlrich lasts thrce, Oferturned the government of his idol, and to six, or nine days, as the station is more all intents and purposes conquered Truee.--


or less extendeil. To have a right idea of that part of the penance now to be



20 Superstitious Notion respecting Children's Cauls. [Aug. 1, mentioned, it must first be told, that right to the whole covey, having already there are seven heaps of rude stones, swept away two, and having a prophecy with each of them a cross at top, about in his favour that he shall get a third. five or six yards from one another. At To this is sometimes added, an extraora couple of yards distance from each dinary exposure or two in cases uncomis a circular row of the like stones, not monly criminal, such as setting the deabove a yard in height, drawn round the linquents to roost on beains that go central heap, with a little gap or pas- across the chapel, with their busts sticksage on one side. The pilgrim is obliged ing through the thatch.

pot it, without hoes or stockings, “ The sufferings here mentioned do nine times round the outside of each not carry off the whole niass of sins. row, on a path consisting of very rough Some are forced through the feet, some and sharp stones; and he must by no through the knees, but the remainder is means pick his steps, for this would hin- so softened and loosened, that a good der the emission of his sins at the soles washing is sufficient to scour them away. of his feet, their proper outlet, and, In order to this, the penitent is placed besides, divert bis attention from the on a flat stone in the lake, where, stand. Ave Marias and Paternosters, whereof ing in the water up to his breast or chin he is to numble a certain number, let- according to his stature, and repeating ting fall a bead at each as he circulates; and dropping beads to a considerable for on the holy string depends the arith- amount, he is reduced to the innocence metic of a devotion which has number, of a child just christened. but no weight. These heaps and rows “ When all is over, the priest bores a are called the beds of so many cele- giinblet-hole through the pilgrim's staff, brated saints in the Roman calendar, near the top, in which he fastens a cross

“ When this is over, and the penitent's peg--gives him as many holy pebbles aonscience and pocket are called to a out of the lake as he cares to carry away, fresh account, (for every day, soinetimes for amulets to be presented to his friends more than once a day, he confesses and anand so dismisses him-an object of pays sixpence,) he is sent to traverse, on veneration to all other papists, not thus his bare knees, and on stones as sharp as initiated, who no sooner see the pilgrim's before, the shorter paths within each cross in his hands, than they kneel down row, and round the little heap nine to get his blessing." times, repeating Aves, and dropping beads, till his account is out; at which SUPERSTITION attached to the possessione he kisses the cross, and bis knees make


To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine, holiday. After this preparation he is

SIR, admitted into purgatory; which is in reality nothing more than two parallel shall

, of Liverpool, makes some en

IN your number for July, Mr. Marrows of pretty large stones, set upriglt, quiries relative to Children's cauls, wbic! at the distance of scarcely three feet, with others as large laid over, and all public, through the medium of adver

so frequently are offered for sale to the together forining a kind of narrow vault, tisements. The caul so offered is of the of not more than four feet elevation; last species mentioned by Mr. M. and pervious here and there to the light. This vault is only so long as to hold there are a persons in the nineteenth

ani sorry to assure him it is possible iha twelve penitents at once, who sit close to one another in a row, with their chins century" who'“ harbour notions equally

weak and superstitious with those whici almost touching their knees, without eating, drinking, or sleepiny, for the Lampridius ascribes to the lawyers o

his age.” space of twenty-four hours, dropping

From the observations, which my beads as above. To prevent in this situation the danger of a nap, each

opportunities have enabled me to inake

penitent is armed with a long pin, more tion, (as indeed all others, most pre

on the subject, I find this supersti pungent, it should seem, than conscience valent in the western counties.-A herself, to be suddenly inserted into the elbow of his next neighbour at the first those membranes, considers it no mear

person, who happens t' possess one o approach of a nod. But not to depend prize, as the advertisement quoted by wholly on either, the priest hath inserted Mr. Marshall, suficiently proves. This into his mind an article of-faith more supposed value arises from a firm belief, stimulating than even the pin, namely, entertained by a great portion of the that if any penitent should fall asleep in lower class of mariners, that while such purgatory, the devil thereby acquires a a thing is about them, they are effectoally




Letter from Mr. Bartolozzi. protected from being drowned, under

Lisbon, May 7, 1814." whaleter circumstances; and I have

PARDON me if I have not answered known a case where even a paster of a your cordial letter, which I received by merchantman, to appearance well in- the hands of Mr. James Smith. Í formed, was folly persuaded of its vir- should have called on bim; but the intue; and being in possession of one, firmities of my advanced age prevent (which cost him a considerable sum) lie me from going abroad, except to church, contemplated the chances of the ocean

and then not without an attendant; iny with the utmost indifference. Many legs being so feeble, and the streets so other anecdotes have come to my know- bad, that I run the risk of falling every ledge of th:c same nature, and I never

Your letier has aiforded me heard that any other virtue was attributed very great consolation, as it shews that to the caul than what relates to the you keep in remembrance a poor old dangers of a seafaring life.

man already forgotten in the world, Thus, sir, I am enabled to point out though you know that I have done a great the existence of the superstition, and deal, and that my humble performances its object, without being able to throw have been borne with :-now they are any light on its origin. I presume it to despised; but so it happens when one have been handed down from a very reaches the age of eighty-six years. Yet early age of our country, when maritime God gives me the grace to be able to knowledge was in a state of infancy.

continue to do sounething. I am, Sir, &c.

I was in bopes last summer of secing Portsinouth, July, 1814. ROBERTUS. London once more; but was detained

by some work which I had in hand, and LETTER from MR. BARTOLOZZI. by the indifferent state of my health, To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine. and want of strength : though I had no SIR,

expectation of obtaining employment, IT is not too much to assert, that ne- especially as you have so many eminent ver were the arts and their professors men in our profession. Some of those so highly honoured and so powerfully dealers, you well know, have made forpatronized here as at the present mo- tunes by iny poor works- now there ment. So universally is a taste for their is no fortune to be made. Since, howproductions diffused among all classes of ever, divine Providence has wrought so the inhabitants of this opulent country, great a miracle as to send us peace, that living excellence is sure of obtaining let us hope that things will change in this its reward; and deceased merit does respect also. not fail to receive that homage which I might have written to my son, who can alone be paid to it. Arguing from informed me, he was in hopes tbat, if I these circumstances, I presume that the returned, the Prince Regent would do inclosed extract of a letter which I have something for me; but I must not trust just received from the venerable Barto- to mere hope, since my good Prince here lozzi, will not be read without painful affords me a maintenance: I would, ncinterest. Though he makes no com- vertheless, have sacrificed every thing plaints of his situation; yet it must be with pleasure to revisit that countr" to evident, I think, from the whole tenor which I owe such a debt of gratiaide of this epistle, that he is fast sinking for the benefits that I have received from into the grave, without those comforts it, that will never be erased from my to which bis age and eminence justly memory, and which I shall ever huma entitle him: and that bis anxiety to re- bly pray to the Almighty to prosper as it turn to the country where he passed his deserves. best days, and where the finest produc- Here at present we are destitute of tions of his talents were given to the every requisite in our profession,-gravworld, is restrained solely by apprehen- ers, varnish, tracing paper, and black sions respecting his future subsisience. for printing, are all very dear and very An artist who has done so much as bad. I have engrared one of the views Bartolozzi, might certainly, at the ad- of Lisbon; the copper tirnished me reVanced age of 86, claim the privilege of sembled lead; so that with a bad drawn retiring from the practice of his pro- ing, and worse copper, I have made a fesyon; and every feeling mind must wretched thing of it. Thus is an artist lament, that at só late a period of life sacrificed ! he should be dependent for support on With sincere friendship and esteem, I the precarious bounty of princes. subscribe myself, your poor old man and I am, &c. servant,

F. BARTOLOZZ!. Foley.Place, June 24. J, Minasi,

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