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17

1814.]

On the Origin of the Gypsies. a high reneration and deep impression with them; wherein it was agreed, that of the miracles which that divinity had they should lay down their arms, and be wrought. With these predispositions he permitted to exercise any trade or proresorted to the temple, where he had a fession, with the same privileges the whole day before him to ponder on his other subjects enjoyed. But the Zin. malady, and on every sort of remedy ganees, having been so long used to a which might have been suggested to him; vagabond and rapacious way of living; how natural was it not, therefore, for his during which, they had lost all sense of busy imagination to fix, in his sleep, religion, and become averse to the folupon one particular remedy more forci- lowing any art or science, began to bly than on another? Add to this, the have recourse to their former way of solemn lonely hour of night was the ap- rapine, and robbery; and though they pointed period for his sleep, which was were often forgiven by the Turks, for preceded by prayers and other inspiring fear of another insurrection, yet it being ceremonies, which would naturally ele- found that they were not to be reclaimvate bis devotion to the highest pitch. ed, the government was compelled to He had also previously perambulated banish them, and power was given to the temple, and with a full heart sure any man to shoot a Zinganee, or make veyed the offerings of those whose sicke him his slave, if he was found in Egypt, ness had departed from them. If all after a certain limited time. This edict these preparations were unavailing, the was so well executed, that a Zingaree officiants of the temple bad still means was not to be found in Egypt for sønie in reserve, by which the credulous years after, at least, any that durst proshould be thrown into that bodily statc fess themselves such; for the great body wbich was indispensable to the divina- of them had agreed to disperse themtory sleep: of these succedanea instances selves into every country in the world, will be hereafter produced. In those As they were natives of Egypt, a country days there were, however, some men wherein the occult sciences were supfrom whom the somniferous faculty was posed to bave arrived at the greatest withbeld: they were, therefore, admo- perfection, which at that time were in nished to repeat their prayers and ob- great vogue with people of all religions, lations, in order to win the divinity's they thought they could not gain a sublavour; and the ultimate and customary sistence in a more effectual manner, and resort was, if success did not crown yet indulge the lazy wandering life they their perseverance, to pronounce it a bad been accustomed to, than by protoken, that such patients were an eye- fessing a more than ordinary skill in sore to the divipity.

foretelling future events. There are (To be continued.)

some to be found in Turkey who wander

about like others, but apply themselves On the ORIGIN of the GYPSIES. to some trade, particularly to making To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine. edged tools, at which they are very exSIR,

cellent. And what tends more to conI hopes that some abler hand would firin the opinion that they were Egyp. have sent you some communication con- tians originally, is a statute made (a few cerning the origin of the Gypsies, accord- years after the banishment of the Zining to the desire you expressed in your ganees from Turkey) in the 28 Henry 8. Magazine of March last, I delayed, till c. 10, wlierein it is recited, That whereas now, to send you the result of my re- certain outlandish people, using no craft Searches on that subject.

or merchandize to live by, but going from They are called in Turkey, Zinganees, place to place in great coinpanies, using from their first captain, Zinganeus, who, subtle and crafty means to deceive the when Sultan Selim conquered Egypt, king's subjects, bearing then in hand, about the year 1517, with several other that they, by palmistry, can tell mnen's Mamelukes, and as many native Eyyp- and women's fortunes, and so, many tians, as refused to submit to the Turkish times subtlely deceive the people of their yoke, retired into the desarts, where money, and commit divers felonies and they lived by rapine and plunder, com- robberies; it is enacted that all such mitting great outrages upon the towns offenders, commonly called Egyptians, upon the river Nile, under the dominion who shall remain in this realm for the of the Turks; and by idle and dissolute space of one month, shall be adjudged people frequently resorting to them, they felons, and that every person who shall encreased io so formidable a body, that import such Egyptians, 'shall forfeit for the Turks were glad to come to a treaty every offence 401. I think from the Nzw MONTALY MAG.–No. 7.

VOL. II.

D

18 The Real Author of the late Revolution in France. [Aug. 1, ahove we may reasonably infer that what wrong has there not been done to some or other of the Zinganees settled in a worthy, modest knight, who never till ile Caucasus, and still retain that ori- now could prevail on himself to come ginal manner which is peculiar to them before the public in his own behalf!! in whatever country they may be. It appears that Louis the XVIIIth has

Yours, &c. G. S. to thank for his throne -- not the Prince Junc, 1814.

Regent of England or his ministers--not P.S. The native Egyptians have a the Emperor of Russia or the Emperor prophecy amongst thein that they shall of Austria--but Sir Richard Phillips ! recover the dominion of Egypt again, and Bow down your head, Sir, with become the Turkish empire, after a certain time, ing reverence, and blush at your ignoshall be clestroyed; which alr. Hill has rance. Yes, Sir Richard Phillips is given in verse as follows:

the cause of the restoration of the Years after years shall roll,

Bourbons! Sir Richard Phillips is the Ages o'er ages slide,

cause of the happiness of France! Sir Before the world's controul

Richard Phillips is the cause of the peace Shall check the crescent's pride. of Europe-the glory of our country and Banish'd from place to place,

the felicity of thousands! Our chilWide is the oceans roar,"

dren's children will bend before his The mighty gypsey race,

statue, and recal bis memory with rap, Shall visit every shore.

turc- praises to his lionoured name!

But you will wish to be intorined hory But when the hundredth year

this is to be made apparent. The wolShall three times doubled be, Then shall an end appear

derful man shall speak for himself, and To all their slavery.

you must, perforce, be convinced.

6 lle feel it but justice to ourselves to Then shall the warlike powers

reprint from the Monthly Magazme putio From distant realms return,

lished two years before(January 1, 1811,) Egypt again be our's, And Turkish laurels burn.

an citract from an article signed COM

NON SENSE,* relative to Louis XTI). The foregoing was extracted from the communication of which article Salmon's Geography, Tol. II. p. 414. prompted the criled monarch to arite

with his own hands, and under the imThe MODEST KNIGHT, or DISCOVERY of pulse of his own benevolent mind, that

the AUTHOR of the late nevOLUTION in proclamation which pared the way to his ITANCE.

restoration; and which he published Tu the Fditor or the New Monthly Magazine. contrary to the feelings of others, hy SIR,

whom he was surrounded, and without WIEN we reflcct on the events of the approbation of the British ministry, the last eighteen inoathis, they appear as they afterwards declared in parliamore like a dreain than reality. In this ment. It is evident, however, that withshort space of time we have seen a out such a royal pledge, no powerful imighty usurper, who commanded even party in France would ever have treated by a nod, three fourths of Europe, hum- with the Bourbons, and that without the vled with the dust. We have seen le- aid of such party, the allies could never gitimacy take place of usurpation, and have advanced to the Rhine, and inuch the most blood v of wars changed into a less have reached or entered Paris! peace that is likely to prove profitable as “ Louis XVIII. waited for a suitable it is honourable to all. For this change opportunity, which was presented at the we render due praise to the Prince Re- beginning of 1813, in the desiruction of gent and his ministers, the bravery of Napoleon's army by the climate of Rise the allies, and the generosity of the Em- sia, and he then issued the following peror Alexander. We say, that to the well drawn proclamation, which bear's a inild and conciliatory conduct of the lat- close analogy, as well in juxtaposition as ter may the restoration of the Bourbons in sentiment, with the preceding propebe attributed, coupled with the just de- sitions (those of Sir R. Phillips. No testation which the execrable tyranny of person can be at a loss to consider ull Buonaparte bad engendered in the minds that has since huppened in France as the of Frenchinen. To this circunstance mere and sole effect of this cause; and.it alone, I say, have late events, and parti- is our opinion that the same effeci would cularly the restoration of the Bourbons have taken place ten years before, if a been referred. But, Sir, bow egregiously . The well known signature of the ingehas the whole world been mistaken, and nious knight.

DU

1814.] Biblical Query-St. Patrick's Purgatory.

10 similar proclamation had then been pub- rately described still continues to be lished, and it there had been no external practised in that country. 8. Y. conitderacy against France, serving to gire nilitary strength to its government, " In the county of Donnegal, at the and to knit and bind all the French in distance of four miles from Louyh Ewins, one impregnable body."*

and in the midst of mountains and moIt will be lamentable, indeed, should rasses, extending every way to a consithe King of France be infected with the derable distance, there is a very fiue "igratitude of princes," and neglect to lake, in ancient times called Lougi. Fins, reward the worthy knight, who has in or White Lakr. This piece of water is Controterlibly proved the cause of the about a mile and a ball in breadt!ı, and secoad Freoch revolution.

somewhat more in length. To an island

MODERATOR, near the centre of it, from the beginning Portsmouth, June 14, 1814.

of May until about the middle of August

every year, popislı penitents resort from BIBLICAL QUERY.

all parts of Ireiand to expiate their sins. To the Editor uj the New Monthly Magazine. This they do in obedience to their conSIR,

fessors, who may enjoin them any other I SHOULD be gratified if, through penance at their discretion nearer home. the medium of your excellent magazine, The number, therefore, of these pilgrims I could have a satisfactory answer to the who take this tour, depends more on the following query: Ilow, by what means, friendship of distant priests to the prior or on whose authority, was St. Mark of Lough Dery, than on the opinion of enabled to convey to us, in the 39th superior efficacy in this particular expiaverse of the 14th chapter of his gospel, tion. However, to keep up that opithe eract words of our Saviour's prayer nion, and to give a countenance to the in the yarden, when the three disciples lucrative practice founded on it, the had fallen asleep, and himself had pre- priests frequently, the titular bishops viously gone to a distance from thein? sometimes, and now and then a Roman

I do not recollect another affirmation ist of some fashion, appear among the in the four gospels so positive as this, penitents. The rest are all of the poorer with such (seemingly) little authority for sort, to the number of three or four it. The above is of very little conse- thousand every year. Of these, the quence to practical religion; but any greater part are only proxies for wealinfurmation on the subject will be to me thier people, who, at a small expense in of more use than the mere gratification cash, ihus discharge their sins through of ruriosity.

the feet and knees of their indigent That the “ New Monthly Magazine" neighbours. Day experience the success it so justly “As soon as a pilgrim hath arrived at merits, is the sincere wish of its admirer the summit of in neighbouring inbuntain, and constant reader,

from whence the holy lake is to be seen,

VISITOR. he or she is obliged to cover both Holborn, June 13, 1814.

hands and feet; thus to walk to the

water-side; and thence, at the expenses ACCOUNT of $1. PATRICK'S PUROATORY.

of sixpence, to be walted into the island. To the Editor of the New Yonthly Magazine.

On this are erected to chapels, and

fifteen other houses, all thatched, for the THE following extract from a letter,

accommodation of priests and penitents.' written by an English gentleman wlio

To these houses there are several conmade the tour of Ireland in the summer

fessionals, yo contrived that the priests of 1765, appears to me to be sufficiently

cannot see the person who disburthens curious for a place in your valuable inis.

bis conscience. Each pilgriin on landcellany, especially as I am assured that

ing bere is confessed anew, and enjoined the superstitions custoin here so accia

a longer or shorter station, (so the per

formance of this penance is called,) ar* The Obseinacy with which this toad

cording to the quality of his sins, his cakt of the fallen Corsican adheres 10 the leisure, or the judgment of his contes. Thost palpable falsehoods, is truly admirable.

sor. He subsists on oatmeal, (sometimes He would insinuate, we suppose, that it was

male into bread,) and on water, during Bot an erternal confederacy which so lately

his stay in the island, wlrich lasts three, Venturned the government of his idul, and to six, or nine days, as the station is more ints and purposes conquered Toarce. or less extenderi. To have a right idea

of that part of the penance now to be

SIR,

all intents and pe EDITOR,

20

Superstitious Notion respecting Children's Cauls.

(Aug. 1,

mentioned, it must first be told, that right to the whole covey, having already there are seven heaps of rude stones, swept away two, and having a prophecy with each of them a cross at top, about in his favour that he shall get a third. five or six yards from one another. At To this is sometimes added, an extraor. a couple of yards distance from each dinary exposure or two in cascs uncomis a circular row of the like stones, not monly criminal, such as selting the deabove a yard in height, drawn round the linquents to roost on beains that go central heap, with a little gap or pas- across the chapel, with their busts sticksage on one side. The pilgrim is obliged ing through the thatch. to foot it, without shoes or stockings, “The sufferings here mentioned do nine times round the outside of each not carry off the whole mass of sins, row, on a path consisting of very rough Some are forced through the feet, some and sharp stones; and he must by no through the knees, but the remainder is means pick his steps, for this would hin so softened and loosened, tbat a good der the emission of his sins at the soles washing is sufficient to scour them away. of his feet, their proper outlet, and, In order to this, the penitent is placed besides, divert bis attention from the on a flat stone in the lake, where, stand. Ave Marias and Paternosters, whereof ing in the water up to his breast or chin he is to numble a certain nuinber, let- according to his stature, and repeating ting fall a bead at each as he circulates; and dropping beads to a considerable for on the holy string depends the arith- amount, he is reduced to the innocence inetic of a devotion which has number, of a child just christened. but no weight. These heaps and rows “ When all is over, the priest bores g are called the beds of so many cele- giinblet-hole through the pilgrim's staff, brated saints in the Roman calendar, near the top, in which he fastens a cross

“ When this is over, and the penitent's peg--gives him as many holy pebbles conscience and pocket are called to a out of the lake as he cares to carry away, fresh account, (for every day, soinetimes for amulets to be presented to his friends more than once a day, he confesses and mand so dismisses him-an object of pays sixpence,) he is sent to traverse, on veneration to all other papists, not thus his bare knees, and on stones as sharp as initiated, who no sooner see the pilgrim's before, the shorter paths within cach cross in his hands, than they kneel down row, and round the little heap nine to get his blessing." times, repeating Aves, and dropping beads, till his account is out; at which

SUPERSTITION attached to the possessione he kisses the cross, and bis knees make

of CHILDREN'S CAULS.

To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine, holiday. After this preparation he is

SIR, admitted into purgatory; which is in IN

IN your number for July, Mr. Marreality nothing more than two parallel shall, of Liverpool, makes some enrows of pretty large stones, set upright,

i uprigut, quiries relative to Children's cauls, wbic! at the distance of scarcely three feet,

y tree jeet; so frequently are offered for sale to the

of with others as large laid over, and all

public, through the medium of advertogether forining a kind of narrow vault,

tisements. The caul so offered is of the of not more than four feet elevation;

last species mentioned by Mr. M. and I pervious here and there to the light.

anı sorry to assure him it is possible that This vault is only so long as to hold

there are “ persons in the nineteenti twelve penitents at once, who sit close

ose century" who'“ harbour notious equally to one another in a row, with their chins

weak and superstitious with those whici almost touching their knees, without

Lampridius ascribes to the lawyers o

I eating, drinking, or sleeping, for the his age.” space of twenty-four hours, dropping"

From the observations, which my beads as above. To prevent in this

opportunities have enabled me to inak situation the danger of a nap, each penitent is armed with a long pin, more

ach pes on the subject, I find this supersti

rion, (as indeed all others,) most prepungent, it should seem, than conscience

valent in the western counties. A herself, to be suddenly inserted into the

person, who happens tro possess one o elbow of his next neighbour at the first

those membranes, considers it no mear approach of a nod. But not to depend

prize, as the advertisement quoted by wholly on either, the priest hath inserted

Mr. Marshall, sufficiently proves. This into his mind an article of faith more stimulating than even the pin, namely, entertained by a great portion of the

supposed value arises from a firm beliet, that if any penitent should fall asleep in

asteep in

lower place

lower class of maritters, that while such purgatory, the devil thereby acquires a

& a thing is about them, they are effectoally

thing

1814.)

Letter from Mr. Barlolozzi. protected from being drowned, under

Lisbon, May 7, 1814." whatezer circumstances : and I have PARDON ine it I have not answered known a case where even a ipaster of a your cordial letter, which I received by merchaotman, to appearance well in- the hands of Mr. James Smith. ----I formed, was fully persuaded of its vir- should have called on him; but the intue; and beiny in possession of one, firmities of my advanced age prevent (which cost him a considerablc sum) he me from going abroad, except to church, contemplated the chances of the ocean and thien not without an atte:dant; iny with the utmost indifference. Many legs being so feeble, and the streets so oder anecdotes have come to my know. bad, that I run the risk of falling every ledge of the same nature, and I never moinent. Your leter has afforded me heard that any other virtue was attributed very great consolation, as it shews that to the caul than what relates to the you keep in remembrance a poor old dangers of a seafaring life.

man already forgotten in the world, Thus, sir, I am enabled to point out though you know that I have done a great the existence of the superstition, and deal, and that my humble performances its object, without being able to throw have been borne with:--now they are any light on its origin. I prosume it to despised; but so it happens when one bare been handed down from a very reaches the age of eighty-six vears. Yet carly age of our country, when maritime God gives me the grace to be able to kaowledge was in a state of infancy.

continue to do something. I am, Sir, &c.

I was in hopes last summer of seeing Portsmouth, July, 1814. ROBERTUS.

London once more; but was detained

by some work which I had in hand, and LETTER from MR. BARTOLOZ21. by the indifferent state of my health, Tutke Editor of the New Monthly Magazine and want of strength : though I had no SIR,

expectation of obtaining employment, It is not too much to assert, that ne- especially as you have so many eminent ver mere the arts and their professors men in our profession. Some of those so bigtly honoured and so powerfully dealers, you well know, have made for. patronized here as at the present mo- tunes by iny poor works--now there beat. So universally is a taste for their is no fortune to be made. Since, howproductions diffused among all classes of ever, divine Providence has wrought so the inhabitants of this opulent country, great a miracle as to send us peace, that living excellence is sure of obtaining let us hope that things will change in this

reward; and deceased merit does respect also. " t ball to receive that homage which I miglit have written to my son, who ou alone be paid to it. Arguing from informed me, he was in hopes that, if I bese circumstances, I presume that the returned, the Prince Regent would do

cused extract of a letter which I have something for me; but I must not trust just received from the venerable Barto- to mere hope, since my good Prince here bozz, will not be read without painful affords me a maintenance: I would, nc

erest. Though he makes no com- vertheless, have sacrificed every thing plaints of his situation; yet it must be with pleasure to revisit that countr"; to eident, I think, from the whole tenor which I owe such a debt of gratiaide of this epistle, that he is fast sinking for the benefits that I have received from into the grare, without those comforts it, that will never be erased from my

which his age and eminence justly memory, and which I shall ever humextitle him: and that bis anxiety to re- bly pray to the Almighty to prosper as it tern to the country where he passed his deserves. best days, and where the finest produc- Here at present we are destitute of teens of liis talents were given to the every requisite in our profession,-grayworld, is restrained solely by apprehen- ers, varnish, tracing paper, and black was respecting his future subsistence. for printing, are all very dear and very An artist who has done so much as bad. I bave engraved one of the views Lartolozzi, might certainly, at the ad- of Lisbon; the copper furnished me retared age of 86, claim the privilege of sembled lead; so that with a bad drawuring from the practice of his pro- ing, and worse copper, I have made a

son; and every feeling mind unust wretched thing of it. Thus is an artist abeat, that at so late a period of life sacrificed! be should be dependent for support on With sincere friendship and esteem, I the precarious bounty of princes. subscribe myself, your poor old man and I am, &c. servant,

É, BARIOLOZZ!. Foley-Place, June 24. J. Moxasi,

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