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Memoir of the Life of Count Rumford. [Oct 1, nected with the object of his beneficent ples on which Warm Baths should be investigations, were rather distinguished constructed. for the useful application of which they 14. Supplementary Observations re. were susceptible, than for their number. lating to the Management of Fires in His only distinct publication was a series Closed Fire-places. of detached essays which appeared at 15. Of the Use of Steam as a Vehicle different times since the year 1796, and for Transporting Heat from one place to now amount to eighteen, forming four another. octavo volumes. Such of our readers 16. Of the Management of Light in Il. as may not possess this work, which luminations; together with an Account comprises a vast mass of practical in- of a new Portable Lamp. formation, will not be displeased to find 17. An Inquiry concerning the Source a sketch of its contents subjoined:- of the Light which is manifested in the
Essay I. Account of an Establishment Combustion of Iudaminable Bodies. for the Poor at Münich, together with a 18. Of the Excellent Qualities of Cof Detail of various Public Measures con- fee, and the Art of making it in perfecnected with that institution, which have tion. been adopted and carried into effect, for The title-page to these Essays deputting an end to Mendicity, and intro- scribes the author as Knight of the Oi. ducing Order and useful Industry among ders of the Whire Eagle and St. Stanisthe more indigent of the Inhabitants of laus, Chamberlain, Privy Counsellor of Bavaria.
State, and Lieutenant-General in the 2. Of the Fundamental Principles on Service of bis Most Serene Ilighness the which General Establishments for the Elector Palatine, Reigning Duke of Relief of the Poor may be formed in all Bavaria; Colonel of his Regiment of Countries.
Artillery, and Commander-in-Chief of 3. Of Food, and particularly of Feed the General Staff of his Army; F. R S. ing the Poor.
Acad. R. Hiber. Berol. Elec. Boic. Palat, 4. Of Chimney Fire-places, with Pro- et Amer. Soc. posals for improving them to save Fuel: The Count lost his wife before be to render Dwelling-houses more comfort- quitted America. He has left ove daughi. able and salubrious; and effectually to ter, the issue of that union. prevent Chimneys from smoking.
A French paper, the Journal des De 5. A Short Account of several Public bats, in announcing his death, paid the Institutions lately formed in Bavaria. following just tribute to his merits:
6. On the Management of Fire, and “The natural philosophers of every the Economy of Fuel.
country must admire his ingenious er: 7. Of the Propagation of Heat in periments on heat, light, combustion, Fluids.
steam, and numberless other subjects, 8. Of the Propagation of Heat in Va- respecting which he bas greatly exteoded rious Substances, being an Account of a the limits of our knowledge. But what number of New Experiments made with will shed superior lustre on his name, and a View to the Investigation of the Causes render it dear to all the friends of buma: of the Warmth of Natural and Artificial nity, are his investigations on the sub. Clothing. (First published in the Phil. ject of the poor, mendicity, and political Transactions.)
economy. The soups named after him 9. An Experimental Inquiry concern- will ever be a benefit to the indigent joy the Source of the Heat which is ex classes. How many persons have been cited by Friction.
relieved hy them tiom the horrors of 10. On the Construction of Kitchen want! Who is ignorant of his numerous Fire-places, and Kitchen Utensils, toge improvements in fire-places, boilers, and ther with Reinarks and Observations re- heating by steam? Who has not heard lating to the various Processes of Cookery, of his houses of industry, workhouses, and Proposals for improving that most and of the Royal Institution of London? useful Art.
Few men have ever had so just a claim 11. Supplementary Observations con- to the regret of the learned bodies who cerning Chimney Fire-places,
did honour to themselves by numbering 12. Observations concerning the Sa- him amung their members; of the poor, lubrity of Warm Rooms in Cold Wca- whose condition he ameliorated; in... ther.
word, of all classes of society, who will 13. Observations concerning the Salu- derive benefit from his useful labours." brity of Warm Bathing, and the Princi.
[ 239 ]
GEORGIANA; OR ROYAL ANECDOTES ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE PRIVATE HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN
DURING THE PERIOD OF ONE HUNDRED YBARS.
l'ariis locis dispersi, in unum fasciculum redegi. BISHOP SHERLOCK.
the death of Headley, of Winchester, THIS excellent prelate being inca- Sherlock, of London, and Gilbert, of pacitated from waiting on the king in York. person, marle up for that deficiency by
A FEVER END PATRIOT. the following beautiful letter :
One of the first acts performed by the Nov. 1, 1760. young monarch after his accession to the Srre, — Amidst the congratulations throne was to issue an order probibiting that surround the throne permit me to any of the clergy who should be called lay before your majesty a heart, which, to preach before himn from paying him though oppressed with age and infirmity, any compliment in their discourses. His is no stranger to the joys of my country. majesty was led to this from the fulsome
When the melancholy news of the late adulation which Dr. Thomas Wilson, king's demise reached us it naturally led prebendary of Westminster thought prous to consider the loss we had sustained, per to deliver in the chapel royal, and and upon what our hopes of futurity de- for which, instead of thauks, he received pended. The first part excited grief and from his royal auditor so pointed a repriput all the tender passions into motion; mand that the reverend orator from that but the second brought life and spirit inoment became a flaming patrioi. The with it, and wiped the tears from every doctor took part with John Wilkes, was face. Oh! bow graciously did the pro- made livery-man of the joiners' comFidence of God provide for a successor pany, and lavished large sums upon able to hear the weight of government Catherine Macaulay, the republican hisiu that unexpected eveui.
torian, in whose honour he was silly You, sir, are the person whom the enough to cause a marble monument to people ardently desire; which affection be crected in his church at it'albrook, of theirs is happily returned by your though before he died be caused it to be majesty's declared concern for their removed, not indeed so much from a prosperity, and let nothing disturb this sense of the impropriety of the thing, as mutual consent. Let there be but one out of resentment in the lady, wbo had contest between them- whether the displeased him by her marriage. king loves the people best, or the people lim: and may it be a long, very long,
ROYAL VIRTUE. contest; may it never be decided; but when the parliament was dissolved let it remain doubtful; and may the pa- six months after his majesty's accession, fernal affection on the one side, and ihe he took an early opportunity ot informblial affection on the other, be had in ing all bis ministers that no money perpetual remembrance.
should be spent to procure the clection This will probably be the last time I of members favourable to the governI'll ever trouble your majesty. I beg nent, saying at the samcrime, that “he ave in express my warmest wishes and would be tried by his country." This prayers on your behalf. May the God gave occasion to the following lives : Of heaven and earth have you always Trieıl by your country! to your people's love, under his protection, and direct you to Am able prince, so soon appeal; seek bis honour and glory in all you do; dolory in all võu do: Stay till th tender sentiments improve,
Stay till th- tende na may you reap the benefit of it by an Ripening to gratitude from zeal. increase of bonines in this world and Years hence (yet, ah! too soon) shall Britain
see, The venerable writer of this affecting u
The trial of thy virtue past, epistic lied in July following, at the ad
Who could ferciel that your first wish would Panceri age of eigbiy-four, without having What all believe will be your last? been en able to pay his personal respects to NE w sovereigu ; and it is worthy of
AN INTERESTING EPISTLE. ration that the same year was re- The choice which the king inade of vardably tatal to the episcopal bench in a partner was worthy of his judgment;
in the next."
Interesting Epistle Royal Voyage.
but perhaps it is not generally known the confusion even those who call themthat he was guided in it by a particular selves our friends create. Even those circumstance. This incident was as from whoin we might expect redress, follows.
oppress with new calamities. From your During the seven yrars' war, the ter- justice, therefore, it is that we hope reritories of Mecklenburg were consider- dress; to you even cluildren and women ably injured by the depredations of the may complain; whose humanity stoops contending parties, and the Prussians to the meanest petition, and wbose were by no means remarkable for their power is capable of repressing the greatmoderation, which induced the Princess est injustice. Charlotte, though then very young, to
“ I am, Sire, &c." address an expostulatory letter to the This letter baving been handed about great Frederick; of which the fullowing the higher circles in Germany, found its is a correct translation.
way to England, where the effect of it "May it please your Majesty, was such as to cxcite a lively sentiment “1 am at a loss whether I should con- in the mind of the beir-apparent towards gratulate or condole with you on your the writer, wbich produced a correlate victories, since the saine success spondence, and finally a happy union. which has covered you with laurels, has
A ROYAL VOYAGE overspread the country of Mecklenburg Lord Anson sailed to fetch the queen with desolation. I know, Sire, that it the 8th of August, 1761, and arrived at seerns unbecoming my sex, in this age Stade on the 15th. Her majesty made of vicious refinement, to feel for one's her public entry into that place on the country, to lament the horrors of war, 22d, and on the 24th went on board the or wish for the return of peace. I know Royal Charlotte yacht, the garrison firing you inay think it more properly my pro- above 120 guns, and all the vessels sa. vince to'sindy the arts of pleasing, or to luting. The following is from the jour inspect subjects of a more domestic na- nal of an officer on board. “At ball Lure; but however unbecoming it may past ten she came in sight in the Admbe in me, I cannot resist the desire of ralty barge, with the royal standard of interceding for this unhappy people. It England flying in the bow, precederl by was but a very few years ago that this Lord Anson's barge, with the union tlag territory wore the most pleasing appear- in her bow. The Royal Charlotte yacht ance. The country was cultivater, thie was dressed in the different colours of peasant looked cheerful, and the towns all nations, to receive her; and the moabounded with riches and festivity. What ment she came on board they were dong an alteration at present from such a in ane instant, and the royal standard charming scene! I am not expert at was hoisted on the main-topmast head, description; nor can my fancy add any the anchor of hope (or Admiralty flag) horrors to the picture; but surely even on the fore-topmast head, and the unioa conquerors themselves would seep at on the mizen-topmast hear, which made the hideous prospects now before me. the finest sight I ever saw. The Lynx The whole country--my dear country- now hoisted the admiral's flag, and gave lies one frightful waste, presenting only the signal, on which all the ships saluted objects to excite terror, pity, and de- with a royal salute of twenty-one gans spair. · The occupation of the husband- each. The queen said, “ Can I be wo? man and the shepherd are quite discon- thy of these honours?" which shewed tinued; the husbandman and the shen- that she was so in reality. This drem here are becoine soldiers themselves, and tears from the Duchess of Ancaster, to help to ravare the soil they forinerly whom and the Duchess of Hamilton, cultivated. The towns are inhabited when they were introduced and were only by old men, women, and children; kneeling to kiss her hand, she as nobly perhaps here and there a warrior, by said, “ She hoped friendship might take wounds or loss of limbs rendered unfit place of ceremony between them;" and for service, lett at bis door; his little saluted them. When the queen was got children hang round bim-ask the his- on board, the wind began to blow fresher tory of every wound--and grow them. The yacht Jay at anchor all that day, selves soldiers before they tind strength The queen's second brother, a very fine for the field. But this were votling, did youth, was with her in the Royal Cbai we not feel the alternate insolence of lotte." each army, as it happens to advance or
LORD ABFRCORN. retreat, in pursuing the operations of The new queen landed at Harwich the campaigo; it is impossible to express from whence she proceeded to the house
1814.) The Coronation- Abp. Secker-Noble Resolution, fc.
of Lord Abercorn, where she slept. this was represented to the king as a This nobleman was remarkable through measure which might be attended with life for his pride and his bluntness, which unpleasant circumstances, his majesty sometimes degenerated into ill manners. replied, “I am determined not to be the Of this he gave a proof when he next ap- oniy slave in a country where it is my peared at court; for, the king thanking wish to see all the people free." him very politely for the entertainment
AMBITION MORTIFIED, which he had given to her majesty, asked On the death of the Earl of Egremont if she had not occasioned a great deal of in August, 1763, a change of administratrouble. “ Yes, indeed," replied his tion took place, previously to which, his lordship, “ more than was agrceable." Majesty sent for Mr. Pitt, and desired THE CORONATION.
him to make the necessary arrangements; The king's whole behaviour at the co- but so elated was he with the prospect ronation was justly admired and com- before him, that he ventured to make mended by every one, and particularly the following demands :- Himself to be his manner of ascending and seating him- secretary of state, and to have the dise self on his throne after his coronation, posal of all offices; Earl Temple to be No actor in the character of Pyrrhus in first lord of the treasury, with three of the Distressed Mother, not even Booth his friends at the board; the Duke of himself, who was celebrated for it in the Cumberland at the head of the arıny. Spectator, ever ascended the throne with with the power of naming the secretary so much grace and dignity. There was at war ; the Duke of Newcastle and another particular, which those only his friends to be in the cabinet; and could observe who sat near the commu- every man who had been concerned in won table, as did the prebendaries of making the peace, or voting for it, exWestminster. When the king approached cept Lord Halifax, to be displaced.' On the communion table in order to receive hearing this preposterous proposal, his the sacrament, he inquired of the arch- majesty said, “Sir, I believe, froni my bishop whether he should not lay aside feelings as a man, I have offered as great his crown? The archbishop asked the sacrifices as ever monarch submitted to, Bishop of Rochester, but neither of them merely for the good of my people, whose knew or could say what had been the minds have been poisoned by ambitious usual form. The king determined within and designing men; but you want to himself that humility best became such reduce me to such a situation, by disa solemn act of devotion, and took off avowing my own act, and what my heart his crown, and laid it down during the approves, and by giving up my friends administration.
to a vain and factious resentment, that ARCHBISHOP SECKER.
I should be unworthy of ever having It is observable of this eminently pious another friend; and you yourself must prelate, that he had the honour of bap- first despise, and then distrust me. No, Lzing lis present majesty, confirming him sir, before I submit to these conditions, when Prince of Wales, marrying him at I will first put the crown on your head, St. James's, and crowning him at West, and then subunit my neck to the axe." minster; besides wbich be christened the
LIBERAL PURSUITS. present Prince Regent, the Duke of The king evinced very early a ripened York, and some others of the royal fa- taste for literature and ihe arts, of which haly, a series of distinguished circum- the following is a proof given in a letter stances, which can haraly be paralleled from a celebrated virtuoso and antiquary in the history of any other archbishop. at Rome, dated Oct. 16, 1762. NOBLE RESOLUTION.
"Nothing gives me more satisfaction Young as the monarch was, he would than to find so many fine things purcha- · 00t suffer his mind to be dazzled by the sed for the king of Great Britain, He splendour of victories in America and is now master of the best collection of Germany, but he prudently listened to drawings in the world, having purchased pacific counsels, though in so doing he two or three capital collections in this acted contrary to the advice of the inost city; the last belonging to Cardinal popular statesmen, and even to the senti- Albanis, for fourteen thousand crowns, ments of the people, who were infatuated consists of three thousand large volumes, by successes which added to the glory of one third of which are original drawDe nation without increasing its riches or ings of the best masters; the others, contributing to its security. The war collections of the most capital engraminister, finding that his influence de vings. And lately there has been purclined, threatened to resign; and when chased for his majesty, all the museum Now MONTHLY MAQ,No. 9.
says: but perhaps it is not generally known the confusion even those you that he was guided in it by a particular selves our friends creat
even those y day in
e second circumstance. This incident was as from whoin we migh; jich shews follows.
oppress with new cp" their orbits, During the seren years' war, the ter- justice, therefore . ritories of Mecklenburg were consider- dress; to you e,,,
The third ably injured by the depredations of the may complaint
nt phases of the contending partics, and the Prussians to the me
of the tides at were by no means remarkable for their power is c
. moderation, which induced the Princess est injus
curious retrograde Charlotte, though then very young, to
shews every day of address an expostulatory letter to the TH'
ar, and likewise the great Frederick; of which the following the
of the week, with apis a correct translation.
as. The calculations "May it please your Majesty,
the wheels for the solar “I am at a loss whether I should con
given by Dr. Bevis; and gratulate or condole with you on yo
s for all the dial plates, with late victories, since the same such
inbers and calculation, and mode which has covered you with laurel
performing the moon and tides, by overspread the country of Meck'
the ingenious Mr. Ferguson." with desolation. I know, Sir seerns unbecoming my sex, v LITERATURE AND THE of vicious refinement, to f country, to lament the S AND SCIENCES. or wish for the return RIyou inay think it mor vince to study the ar biects comprehended in this highly important department inspect subjects
n estly requested from Authors, Booksellers, Artists, the ture ; but however combers of Learned Societies, Patentees, and Men of Letters be in me, I ce r ah. To such persons as wish to give publicity to their interceding f
discoveries, the advantages of such a channel must be suffr was but a territory ance.
PROCEEDINGS OF UNIVERSITIES.. peasar
ust 15.—The following Sept. 12.-The Rev. J. G. Haggitt, abou
UAB Abingdon school, were M. A. fellow of Christ college, wie chur
Lars on Teasdale's founda- elected into the fellowship founded in wwbroke college-R. F. Lau- that college by Edward VI. vacant by
S. Dupuis, and T. Butler, the death of Dr. Fisher, university com DGE, August 25.-At a meet- missary. . the visitor of Christ collegc, and The lord chancellor has given the final ssors, held at Sidney college, on decree on the appeal of Professor Chris peal of the fellows, against the tian against the election of Mr. Sergeant
of Christ college, a sentence of Frere to the headship of Downing college ivation of his mastership was pro- His lordship, after commenting on the inced against the Rev. Dr. Browne, will of the founder, declared that the be the vice-chancellor.
election appeared to him to have beer Froin this deprivation the doctor ap- perfectly conformable to the statutes for Deals, and the case will therefore pro- the regulation of that society, and there bably come before the lord chancellor fore it was his duty to confirm it. for ultimate decision. The grounds of The Rev. T. VAUGHAN, of Leicester accusation against Dr. B. were two-fold, has in the press some account of the viz. for inismanagement of the revenues Life, with original Letters, of the late of that society, , and disregard to that Rev. T. Robinson, of the same town. moral conduct which ought to charac- The Rev.Jounson Grant is preparin terize the presiding guardian of a colle for publication the second volume of the giate body.
History of the English Church and Sects Sept. 5.-The Rev. John Kaye, M. A. with an account of the sect that has adopt fellow of Christ college, was unani- ed the delusions of Joanna Southcott. mously elected master of that society in Dr. Spurzheim, the coadjutor of Dr the room of Dr. Browe,
Gall, is about tu publish ad illustration
(TRAR August codech in Abu erd scholare
mg of the bis Assessors
the appeal of master of ci deprivation