Memoir of the Life of Count Rumford.

[Oct 1,

nected with the object of his beneficent ples on which Warm Baths should be investigations, were rather distinguished constructed. for the useful application of which they 14. Supplementary Observations re. were susceptible, than for their number. lating to the Management of Fires in His only distinct publication was a series Closed Fire-places. of detached essays which appeared at 15. Or the Use of Steam as a Vehicle different times since the year 1796, and for Transporting Heat from one Place to now amount to eighteen, forming four another. Octavo volumes. Such of our readers 16. Of the Management of Light in Il. as may not possess this work, which luminations; together with au Account comprises a vast mass of practical in- of a new Portable Lamp. formation, will not be displeased to find 17. An Inquiry concerning the Source a sketch of its contents suhjoined:- of the Light which is manifested in the

Essay I. Account of an Establishment Combustion of Iudammable Bodies. for the Poor at Münich, together with a 18. Of the Excellent Qualities of Cof. Detail of various Public Measures con- fee, and the Art of making it in perfecnected with that institution, which have tion. been adopted and carried into effect, for The title-page to these Essays de putting an end to Mendicity, and intro- scribes the author as Knight of the Oro ducing Order and useful Industry among ders of the White Eagle and St. Stanisthe more indigent of the Inhabitants of laus, Chamberlain, Privy Counsellor of Bavaria.

State, and Lieutenant-General in the 2. Of the Fundamental Principles on Service of bis Most Serene Highmes, the which General Establishments for the Elector Palatine, Reiyning Duke of Relief of the Poor may be formed in all Bavaria; Colonel of his Regiment of Countries.

Artillery, and Commander-in-Chief of 3. Of Food, and particularly of Feed- the General Staff of his Army; F. R S. ing the Poor.

Acad. R. Hiber. Berol. Elec. Boic. Palat, 4. Of Chimney Fire-places, with Pro- et Amer. Soc. posals for improving them to save Fuel ; The Count lost his wife before be to render Dwelling-houses more comfort- quitted America. He has left one daug.. able and salubrious; and effectually to ter, the issue of that union. prevent Chimneys from smoking.

A French paper, the Journal des De 5. A Short Account of several Public bats, in announcing his death, paid the Institutions lately formed in Bavaria, following just tribute to liis merits:

6. On the Management of Fire, and “ The natural philosophers of every the Economy of Fuel.

country must admire his ingenious er 7. Of the Propagation of Heat in periments on heat, light, combustion, Fluids.

steam, and numberless other subjects, 8. Of the Propagation of Heat in Va- respecting which he bas greatly extended rious Substances, being an Account of a the limits of our knowledge. But what uumber of New Experiments made with will shed superior lustre on his name, and a View to the Investigation of the Causes render it dear to all the friends of bumaof the Warmth of Natural and Artificial nity, are his investigations on the subClothing. (First published in the Phil. ject of the poor, mendicity, and political Transactions.)

economy. The soups named after him 9. An Experimental Inquiry concern- will ever be a benefit to the indigent ing the Source of the Heat which is ex- classes. How many persous have been cited by Friction.

relieved hy them from the horrors of 10. On the Construction of Kitchen want! Who is ignorant of his numerous Fire-places, and Kitchen Utensils, toye improvements in fire-places, boilers, and ther with Remarks and Observations re- heating by steam? Who has not heard lating to the various Processes of Cookery, of his houses of industry, workhouses, and Proposals for improving that most and of the Royal Institution of London? useful Art.

Few men have ever had so just a claim 11. Supplementary Observations con- to the regret of the learned bodies who cerning Chimney Fire-places.

did honour to themselves by numbering 17. Observations concerning the Sa- him amung their members; of the poor, lubrity of Warm Rooms in Cold Wca. whose condition he aineliorated; in . ther.

word, of all classes of society, who will 13. Observations concerning the Salu- derive benefit from his useful labours." brity of Warm Bathing, and the Princi.

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Variis locis dispersil, in unum fasciculum redegi.

the death of Headley, of Winchester, THIS excellent prelate being inca- Sherlock, of London, and Gilbert, of pacitated from waiting on the king in York, person, made up for that deficiency by the following beautiful letter :

One of the first acts performed by the Nov. 1, 1760. young monarch after his accession to the Stre, — Amidst the congratulations throne was to issue an order probibiting that surround the throne permit me to any of the clergy who should be called lay before your majesty a heart, which, to preach before him from paying bir thongh oppressed with age and infirmity, any compliment in their discourses. His is no stranger to the joys of my country. majesty was led to this from the fulsome

When the melancholy news of the late adulation which Dr. Thomas Wilson, king's demise reached lis it naturally led prebendary of Westminster thought prous to consider the loss we bad sustained, per to deliver in the chapel royal, and and upon what our hopes of futurity de- for which, instead of thanks, he received pended. The first part excited grief and from his royal auditor so pointed a repriput all the tender passions into motion; mand that the reverend orator from that but the second brought life and spirit inoment became a flaming patriot. The with it, and wiped the tears from every doctor tok part with John Wilkes, was face. Ob! bow graciously did the pro- made livery-man of the joiners' comtidence of God provide for a successor pany, and Invished large sunis upon able to hear the weight of government Catherine Macaulay, the republican hisiu that unexpected eveut.

torian, in whose honour he was silly You, sir, are the person whom the enough to cause a marble monument to people ardently desire'; which affection be erected in his church at Walbrook, of theirs is happily returned by your though before he died be caused it to be majesty's declared concern for their removed, not indeed so much from a prosperity, and let nothing disturb this sense of the impropriety of the thing, as

Let there be but one out of resentment in the lady, who had contest between them—whetber the displeased him by her marriage. king loves the people best, or the people

ROYAL VIRTUE. kim: and may it be a long, very long, contest; may it never be decided; but When the parliament was dissolved let it remain doubtful; and may the pa- six months after bis majesty's accession, ternal affection on the one side, and ihe he took an early opportunity of infornifilial affection on the other, be had in ing all his ministers that no money perpetual remembrance.

should be spent to procure the election This will probably be the last time I of members favourable to the govern

ever trouble your majesty. I beg mnent, saying at the same time, that “he leave tn express my warmiest wishes and would be tried by his country." This prayers on your behalf. May the God gave occasion to the following lives : of learen and earth have you always Triel by your country! to your people's love, under his protection, and direct you to

Am able prince, so soon appeal; sceh his honour and glory in all you do ; Stay till th-tender sentiments improve, and may you reap the benefit of it by an Ripening to gratitude from zeal. increase of happiness in this world and Ycars hence (yer, ah! too soon; shall Britain The venerable writer of this affecting who could foretel that your first wish would

The trial of thy virtue past, epistle lied in July following, at the ad

be ranceci aye of eighỉy-four, without having been able to pay his personal respects to

What all believe will be your last? the new sovereigo; and it is worthy of

AN INTERESTING EPISTLE. observation that the same year was re

The choice which the king made of tarkably tatal to the episcopal bench in partner was worthy of his judgment;

mutual consent.


in the next."



Interesting Epistle--Royal Voyage.

(Oct. 1, but perhaps it is not genera!ly known the confusion even those who call therthat he was guided in it by a particular selves our friends create. Even those circumstance.

This incident was as from whoin we might expect redress, follows.

oppress with new calamities. From your During the seven years' war, the ter- justice, therefore, it is that we hope reritories of Mecklenburg were consider- dress; to you even children and women ably injured by the depredations of the may complain; whose humanity stoops contending partics, and the Prussians to the meanest petition, and whose were by no ineans remarkable for their power is capable of repressing the greatmoderation, which indyced the Princess est injustice. Charlotte, though then very young, to

“ I am, Sire, &c." address an expostulatory letter to the This letter baving been hapded about great Frederick; of which the following the higher circles in Germany, found its is a correct translation,

way to England, where the effect of it "May it picase your Majesty, was such as to exciie a lively sentiment “I am at a loss whether I should con- in the mind of the beir-apparent towards gratulate or condole with you on your the writer, which produced a correInte victories, since the same success spondence, and finally a happy union. which has covered you with laurels, has overspread the country of Mecklenburg Lord Anson sailed to fetch the queen with desolation. I know, Sire, that it the 8th of August, 1761, and arrived at seerns unbecoming my sex, in this age Stade on the 15th. majesty made of vicious refinement, to feel for one's her public entry into that place on the country, to lament the horrors of war, 22d, and on the 24th went on board the or wish for the return of peace. I know Royal Charlotte yacht, the garrison firing you inay think it more properly my pro- above 120 guns, and all the vessels savince toʻsındy the arts of pleasing, or to luting. The following is from the jourinspect subjects of a more domestic na- nal of an officer on board. « At hallture ; but however unbecoming it may past ten she came in sight in the Admibe in me, I cannot resist the desire of ralty barge, with the royal standard of interceding for this unhappy people. It England flying in the bow, preceded by was but a very few years ago that this Lord Anson's barge, with the union tlag territory wore the most pleasing appear- in her bow. The Royal Charlotte yacht ance. The country was cultivater, the was dressed in the different colours of peasant looked cheerful, and the towns all nations, to receive ber; and the moabounded with riches and festivity. What ment she came on board they were down an alteration at present from such a in one instant, and the royal standard charming scene! I am not expert at was hoisted on the main-topmast head, description; nor can my fancy add any the anchor of hope (or Admiralty flag) horrors to the picture; but surely even on the fore-topmast head, and the union conquerors themselves would neep at on the mizen-topmast head, which made the hideous prospects now before me. the finest sight I ever saw. The Lynx The whole country--my dear country now hoisted the admiral's flag, and gave lies one frightful waste, presenting only the signal, on which all the ships saluted objects to excite terror, pity, and de- with a royal salute of twenty-one gans spair. The occupation of the husband- each. The queen said, “ Can I be worman and the shepherd are quite discon- thy of these bonours?" which shewed tinued; the husbandman and the sher. that she was so in reality. This drew herd are become soldiers themselves, and tears from the Duchess of Ancaster, to help to ravave the soil they formerly whom and the Duchess of Hamilton, cultivated. The towns are inbabited when they were introduced and were only by old men, women, and children; kneeling to kiss her hand, she as nobly perhaps here and there a warrior, by said, " She hoped iriendship might take wounds or loss of limbs rendered unfit place of ceremony between thein ;" and for service, left at bis door; his little saluted thens. When the queen was got children hang round him-ask the his. on board, the wind began to blow fresher, tory of every wound--and grow them. The yacht ļay at anchor all that day. selves soldiers before they tind strength The queen's second brother, a very fine for the field. But this were nothing, did youth, was with her in the Royal Charwe not feel the alternate insolence of lotte." each army, as it happens to advance or

LORD ABFRCORN. retreat, in pursuing the operations of The new queen landed at Harwich, the campaigo; it is impossible to express from whence she proceeded to ibe house


1814.) The Coronation-Abp. Secker-Noble Resolution, fc. 241 of Lord Abercorn, where she slept this was represented to the king as a This nobleman was remarkable through measure which might be attended with life for bis pride and his bluntness, which unpleasant circumstances, his majesty sometimes degenerated into ill manners. replied, “ I am determined not to be the Of this he gave a proof when he next ap- only slave in a country where it is my peared at court; for, the king thanking wish to see all the people free.him very politely for the entertainment which he had given to her majesty, asked On the death of the Earl of Egremont if she had not occasioned a great deal of in August, 1763, a change of administratrouble. “ Yes, indeed," replied his tion took place, previously to which, his fordship, “ more than was agrceable." Majesty sent for Mr. Pitt, and desired THE CORONATION.

him lo make the necessary arrangements; The king's whole behaviour at the co- but so elated was he with the prospect ronation was justly admired and com- before him, that he ventured to make mended by every one, and particularly the following demands:–Himself to be his manner of ascending and seating him- secretary of state, and to have the dis. self on his throne after his coronation, posal of all offices ; Earl Temple to be No actor in the character of Pyrrhus in first lord of the treasury, with three of the Distressed Mother, not eren Booth his friends at the board; the Duke of himself, who was celebrated for it in the Cumberland at the head of the army, Spectator, ever ascended the throne with with the power of naming the secretary so much grace and dignity. There was at war ; the Duke of Newcastle and another particular, which those only his friends to be in the cabinet; and could observe who sat near the commu- every man who had been concerned in mion table, as did the prebendaries of making the peace, or voting for it, exWestminster. When the king approached cept. Lord Halifax, to be displaced.” On the communion table in order to receive hearing this preposterous proposal, his the sacrament, be inquired of the arch- majesty said, “Sir, I believe, froni my bishop whether he should not lay aside feelings as a man, I have offered as great his crown? The archbishop asked the sacrifices as ever monarch submitted to, Bishop of Rochester, but neither of them merely for the good of my people, whose kaew or could say what had been the minds have been poisoned by ambitious usual form. The king determined within and designing men; but you want to himself that humility best becaine such reduce me to such a situation, by disa solemn act of devotion, and took off avowing my own act, and what my

heart his crown, and laid it down during the approves, and by giving up my friends administration.

to a vain and factious resentment, that

I should be unworthy of ever having · It is observable of this eminently pious another friend; and you yourself must prelate, that he had the honour of bap- first despise, and then distrust me. No, Lizing his present majesty, confirming him sir, before I submit to these conditions, when Prince of Wales, marrying bim at I will first put the crown on your head, St. James's, and crowning him at West, and then submit my neck to the axe." minster; besides wbich he christened the present Prince Regent, the Duke of The king evinced very early a ripened York, and some others of the royal fa- taste for literature and ite arts, of which naily, a series of distinguished circum- the following is a proof given in a letter stances, which can haraly be paralleled from a celebrated virtuoso and antiquary in the history of any other archbishop. at Rome, dated Oct. 16, 1762. NOBLE RESOLUTION.

'Nothing gives me more satisfaction Young as the monarch was, he would than to find so many fine things purcha- · apt suffer his mind to be dazzled by the' sed for the king of Great Britain. He splendour of victories in America and is now master of the best collection of Germany, but he prudently listened to drawings in the world, having purchased pacific counsels, though in so doing he two or three capital collections in this acted contrary to the advice of the inost city; the last belonging to Cardinal popular statesmen, and even to the senti- Albanis, for fourteen thousand crowns, ments of the people, who were infatuated consists of three thousand large volumes, by successes which added to the glory of one third of which are original drawthe nation without increasing its riches or ings of the best masters; the others, contributing to its security. The war collections of the most capital engraminister, finding that his influence de vings. And lately there has been purclined, threatened to resign; and when chased for his majesty, all the museum Nsw MONTHLY MAQ-No. %.

Vol. II. Kk




Proceedings of Universities.

[Oct. 1


of Mr. Smith, at Venice, consisting of lengthening and shortening of the days: his library, prints, drawings, designs, &c. it likewise shews the time of the day in I think it is highly probable that the several parts of the earth. The second arts and sciences will flourish in Great front has a solar system, which shews Britain, under the protection and en- the motion of the planets in their orbits, couragement of a monarch, who is him- according to Copernicus. The third self an excellent judge of merit in the shews the age and different phases of the fine arts."

moon, with the time of the tides at thirty-two different sea-ports.

The In 1765, Mr. Norton, of St. John's fourth and last, by a curious retrograde Street, executed for his majesty, agree. motion in a spiral, shews every day of able to the directions which he had re- the month and year, and likewise the ceived, a curious time-piece, of which months and days of the week, with apthe following description was given in propriate emblems. The calculations some of the journals:--- This clock has and numbers for the wheels for the solar four faces, the first and principal of system, were given by Dr. Bevis; and which shew's true and apparent time, the designs for all the diał plates, with with the rising and setting of the sun the numbers and calculation, and mode every day in the year, by a morning ho- of performing the moon and rides, by rizon, which consequently shews the the ingenious Mr. Ferguson."



On all the different subjects comprehended in this highly important department conmunications are earnestly requested from Authors, Booksellers, Artists, the Secretaries or other members of Learned Societies, Patentees, and Alen of Letters and Science in general. To such persons as wish to give publicity to their worls, innentions, or discoveries, the advantages of such a channel must be sufi eiently obvious.

PROCEEDINGS OF UNIVERSITIES. OXFORD, August 15.-The following Sept. 12.---The Rev. J. G. Haggitt, gentlemen in Abingdon school, were M. A. fellow of Christ college, was elected scholars on Teasdale's founda- elected into the fellowship founded in tion in Pembroke college-R. F. Lau- that college by Edward VI. vacant by rence, C. S. S. Dupuis, and T. Butler. the death of Dr. Fisher, university com

CAMBRIDGE, August 25.-At a meet- missary. ing of the visitor of Christ college, and The lord chancellor has given the final his assessors, held at Sidney college, on decree on the appeal of Professor Christhe appeal of the fellows, against the tiar against the election of Mr. Sergeant master of Christ college, a sentence of Frere to the headship of Downing college. deprivation of his maste was pro- His lordship, after commenting on the nounced against the Rev. Dr. Browne, will of the founder, declared that the by the vice-chancellor.

election appeared to him to have been From this deprivation the doctor ap- perfectly conformable to the statutes for peals, and the case will therefore pro- the regulation of that society, and therebably come before the lord chancellor fore it was his duty to confirm it. for ultimate decision. The grounds of The Rev. T. Vávchan, of Leicester, accusation against Dr. B. were two-fold, has in the press some account of tbe viz. for mismanagement of the revenues Life, with original Letters, of the late of that society, and disregard to that Rev. T. Robinson, of the same town, moral conduce which ought to charac- The Rev.Jounson GRANT is preparing terize the presiding guardian of a colle- for publication the second voluine of the giate body.

History of the English Church and Sects

, Sept. 5.-The Rev. John Kaye, M. A. with an account of the sect that has adoptfellow of Christ college, was unani- ed the delusions of Joanna Southcott. mously elected master of that society in Dr. Spurzheim, the coadjutor of Dr. the room of Dr. Browne.

Gall, is about to publish an illustration

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