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first shall include the departments in commending certain measures to be purwhich grain is usually dearer than in the sued, and particularly that an expedition rest of the kingdom; the second, those should be sent out from France, in the where it keeps at a medium price; and beginning of November, which petitions the third, those in which it is generally were referred to a committee of the lowest. The corn, four, and pulse, on chamber of deputies. On the 16th the their cxportation froin France shall be subject was brought into discussion in subject only to a duty of balance, while the chamber, by M. Desfournaux, who wheat shall be below 21 francs, the hec- admitted, that the recent intelligence lolitre, in the departinents of the first from St. Domingo was by no means class; below 19 francs in those of the authentic; and concluded with statsecond class; and 17 francs in those of ing, as the report of the cornmittee, that the third class. When wheat shall bave an humble address be presented to his attained in each of those respective majesty, requesting him to propose a classes of departments the price of 21, law for reguating the internal regime of 19, or 17 francs, it shall pay on exporta- St. Domingo, as to the state of the blacks tion a duty of 1 franc 50 centimnes, per already there, or who may be hereafter metrical quintal. Rye, barley, oats, imported; a second, fixing the civil and maize, and other ioferior grain and pulse, political rights to be granted to men of shall pay only half the duty fixed for all colours, proprietors in the colony; a wheat, and flour of all kiods a mere duty third, fixing the period for the payment of Malance. The produce of the duties of all sums due by proprietors prior to levied on the exportation of grain shall 1st April, 1814; and, 4thly, that his mabe expended in premiums and useful jesty be requested to order the necessary works, for the inprovement of agricul- dispositions for the expedition, and the ture. The exportation shall be suspend- sending to St. Dominyo of colonists, and eit in every frontier department, when such military and naval forces as he the price of wbeat shall have risen to may judge necessary to the success of an twenty-three francs the hectolitre for the operation so eminently interesting to the fir t class, twenty-one francs for the se- prosperity of France, and the happy recond, and nineteen for the third. The sull of which may restore commerce to sospension shall not be taken off till the its former splendour. This report was price shall have fallen below the limits agreed to, ordered to be printed, and reabove-mentioned.

ferred to the committees. The second French expedition sailed On the 25th of August the Duke of from Brest to take possession or the re- Wellington was introduced to Louis stored West Iodia colonies, on the 8th XVIJI. as ambassador extraordinary of of September, and a third was expected bis Britannic Majesty. The certmony to follow immediately The valuable displayed all the pomp of which it was and extensive island of St. Domingo is capable, and an evident anxiety to pay naturally an object of much speculation, his excellency and his country all due and various contradictory reports are honour. On his introduction to Moncirculated with equal confidence respect- sieur, the latter addressed him in these ng it. The French, influenced no doubt words :-“ The king and all the royal by their wishes, assert that Petion, one family receive the highest pleasure from of the rival rulers of the empire of Haiti, the choice which the prince regent has tas declared in favour of the new go- made of a hero, worthy to be his repreFernment, and signitied his readiness to sentative. It is our desire and hope to resign his authority to the king; while see a durable peace established between the English accounts maintain that the two nations made rather to esteem than appearance of a French force would be to waye war with one another." the signal for a reconciliation between Such, we have no doubt, are the real Ibat chief and his sable antagonist. The sentiments of every member of that illusprobability certainly is, that after the trious family; but that there are still struggles which the prople of that island in France perturbed spirits who would, if have made for independence, they will possible, rekindle the fames of discord not be very easily brought to submit among the powers of Europe, the papers their necks again to a foreign yoke. of that country daily afford abundant

So much is certain that the state of evidence. We allude to different artithe island has been pressed upon the con- cles which carry on the face of them the sideration of the representatives of the stamp of fabrications designed to excite nation in petitions from several planters jealousies among the great potentates by "St. Domingo, stating their wants, re- whom the pride of the French nas been 264

Netherlands Germany-Switzerland, Italy. (Oct. 1, lately bumbled, and their inordinate and the King of Saxony, besides all the self-love so cruelly wounded. Their minns German Princes, will personally hatred of England is as unequivocally attend to their respective interests; manifested: and we are convinced that while Viscount Castlercagh and I alles. it will require as much address as sim- mind will appear as the representatives of nes in the sovereign to prevent the dun- England and France. Spain, also, will gerous cheion of these furious and de- have her !ninister at Vicana, and it bas glading pa sions,

even been asserted that an abassac.or Monsieur lett Paris on the 8th of Sep. Wuld be sent thither by the Oliuman tember on a tour through the western and Porte. southern dearments of the kingdomn; The forcign prints assert that the and Tallerrand, neinister for foreign Arciruke Charle is about to receive the affairs, quitted the capial on the 15th to hand of lie Duchess of Oldenburg, and attend the Congress at Vienna.

bint that other marriages of illustrious NETHERLİNDS.

persous are ex rected to take place dur Strong reinforcements of troops bare my the session of the congress been sent during the past month into the

SWITZERLAND. Belgian provinces both from togland Jo consequel.ce of the disputes bra and Hanover; and these, together with tween the cantons of Berne, Argovia, and the Dutch force in that quarter, will Vaud, a nor was addressed by the forin a total of upwards of 50,000 inen. ministers of England, Russia, and Austria, It will, doublless, be polit!C to maintain to the governments of those cantous, an in posing attitude on tiis side, till the threatening thein, in case they could not congress of Vienna shall bare confiried adjust their differences, with an armed the prince sovereign in these new posses- mediation on the part of their respecure sions. Lord Lunedoch has resigned the countries. This nicnace seems to hare chiet command of the British troops to produced the desired effect. Berne bas the Hererlitary Prince of Orange. ronounced its claims on condition of the

Expeditions are equipping to take pose payment of a certain sum of money, by session of the colonies that are to be instalments. ceded hy England. It is understood

ITALY. that Java in the east, and Surinam, Cura- The Popc has issued to decrees coa, and St. Eustatia in the west, will be which have excited considerable sensarestored to Holland : but that we shall lou. By the first, he re-establishes the retain Demerara, Issequibo, Berbice, and order of ibe Jesuits, a measure which, as the Cape of Good Hope.

he says, “the catholic world demands - GERMANY,

with one imanimous voice;" and by the The fate of Saxony is a subject of deep second, all secret associations, and partiinterest to the various German powers. cularly those called Freemasons are forNotwithstanding the positive statements bidden under severe penalties. The late that Prussian troops were to take posses. ter bare likewise been suppressed in the sion of this unfortunate country, and that Italian states of the Emperor of Austria. Frederic William III. would assume the Murat has raised his army to the full title of King of Saxony in addition to complement of 55,000 men. The pride Prussia, we cannot bring ourselves to cipal division, we are told, is to occupy believe that such measures will be the countries contested with the Pope, adopred previously to the congress. “ as during the late war." We have Whether any and what provision is long been convinced that all is not right intended for the monarch who has been in this quarter; for conspiracies are now precipitated from that throne we are not talked of, and Murat has even denounced informed.

in the official journal, the attempt of a Great preparations are making for ile Prince Mcliterno to excite insurrecht02 approaching Congress of Vienna which is in the marquisate of Ancona and the expected to open in the last days of Sep- Abruzzos. The insignificance of the tember or beginning of October. Such preparations is ridiculed; but the acan assemblage of crowned heads, states- knowledgment that Prince Moliterno men, and distinguished persons, as will has found an asylum at Ronne, where he be there collected was perhaps never arranges his measures, gives hin rank witnessed. The Emperors of Russia either as an agent of the Pope, or of the and Anstria; the Kings of Prussia, Den- King of Sicily suffi jently, ab re coin mark, Sardinia, Wirtemberg, and Bava- mon disaffection to render him worthy sia, the Crown Prince of Sweden, and, of all the attention of the last potentate according to report, the Pope, Murat, oithe Buonaparte family.

1814.)

Spain, Poland, Sweden, and Norway.

205

The apprehensions of King Joachiin this feeling is said to have lately occurare, indeed, betrayed in all his official red at Madrid, where a respectable feacts. Thus, alarmed at the suspicion of male, in passing a church, was torn in a correspondence with his brother-in-law pieces by the congregation of a monk, and benefactor, Napoleon, in Elba, be who had just been delivering a furious has thought fit to assure the world that sermon against the fashions of France. be never had any intercourse with that Recent advices from Spanish America island. He has also issued a decree, announce the coinplete reduction of the recalling all nilitary men, subjects of province of Venezuela by the royalists, Naples, from Sicily, by the 15th of Oc- after' a sanguinary engagement on the tober next, uniler pain of being excluded 17th of June, in which several thousands for crer from their native country of the insurgents perished. Those who

Savoy has been completely evacuated were left in possession of the Caraccas, by the Austrian force, which occupied precipitately quitted that city, which the different provinces.

was entered on the 7th of July by The Queen of Sicily died suddenly at the royalists, who were masters also Vienda, in the night of Sept. 8, in ner of La Guira, and the other principal 63d year.

places. SPAIN.

POLAND. A treaty of peace with France has been Most of the accounts from abroad signed at Paris, 'by Don Pedro Gomez agree that Polanıt is to resume her rank Labrador, and Talleyrand, Prince of as an independent kingdom. On the Benevento. The treaty itself is exactly other hand, it is positively affirmed that the same as that concluded by the dif. the Einperor Alexander is to be her ferent Allied Powers with France, and is king, and the Archduke Constantine bis accompanied with the following addi- viceroy. That such an arrangement tional articles:

would be highly flattering to the ambition 1. The property, of what nature soever of Russia, cannot be doubted; but it may be, possessed by Spaniards in whether it would prove equally satisFrance, and by Frenchmen in Spain, factory either to the Poles themselves, or shall be respectively restored to thein in to the two powers who must in this casc the state in which it was at the moment relinquish their portion of the spoil, to of sequestration or confiscation. The aggrandize their already overgrown colremoval of the sequestration shall er league, may justly be questioned. We tend to all property in this predicament, shrewdly suspect that this will he one of at what period soever it may bave been the most difficult points to be settled at sequestrated. The disputes respec:ing the approaching Congress. money matters, at present existing, or

SWEDEN AND NORWAY. which may hereafter arise, between The successful operations of the SweSpaniards and French, whether they dish army, under Bernadotte, have began before the war, or originated brought the northern war to a speedly since, shall be adjusted by a mixed com- termination. According to the Swedish mission; and if these disputes fall under bulletins, the second corps d' armée, the exclusive cognizance of the courts of near 20,000 strong, under Field-marshal justice, the respective tribunals shall be Count Essen, crossed the frontiers on exhorted on both sides to adıninister due the 30th of July; while a smailer body and speedy justice,

of troops, under Major-general Gabu, 2. A treaty of coininerce shall be entered Norway in a different quarter. concluded as soon as possible between This last corps, in its advance, suffered Nie two powers; and till this treaty can very severely from the enemy, who, by be carried into effect, the commercial a circuitous route', threw themselves in relations between the two countres shall its rear. On the 4th of August, FredeDe re-established on the footing on which rickstadt capitulated ; and the same they were in 1792.

evening the Swedish troops entered that The ratification took place at Madrid, place and Kongstein, the garrisons of the 2d, and at Paris, on the oth of which were suffered to return to their

homes. On the 7th the Crown Prince How far this treaty may tend to abate moved his head quarters to Frederickat anveterate animosity which the stadt, where his Swedish majesty arrived opanish nation in general still manifests on the 9th. After several actions, the kunst the French, we cannot pretend issue of which is represented by the

determine, A striking instance of Swedes to have been iiniformly in their NEW MONTHLY MAG, No. 9.

Vol. II.

August.

Nn

206

Transactions in Norway and America.

(Oct. 1:

favour, the Crown Prince, on the 14th, listen so soon to terms of accommodation, made preparations to surround the army A serious tumult has since taken place of Prince Cbristian, in his position be- in the capital, and the popular fury was tween Moss, Isebro, and Kjolbergsbro, particularly directed against General with an overwhelming force, on which Haxthausen. the latter accepted proposals for an The latest accounts represent Prince armistice. A convention was accord- Christian as very much indisposed, from ingly concluded at Moss on the same chagrin at the unfavourable issue of day, stipulating that Prince Christian affairs, and the desertion of those on should resign his authority; that the whom he had depended : thev add, that states-general should be convoked at he was daily expected at Copenhagen, Christiania as early as possible, and that the King of Sweden should communicate

AMERICA. directly with that body. His majesty On the 25th July a severe engagement promises to accept the constitution was fought at Lundy's Lane, near the framed by the Diet, and to propose such falls of Niagara, where the division of changes only as are necessary for the the British army under Major-general union of the two kingdoms. By a mili- Riall was posted. The Americans aptary convention, concluded at the same prized of the advance of Lieut.-general time, it was agreed, chat hostilites should Drummond's division, planned a comcease till fifteen days after the opening bined attack upon the former, in the of the Diet, with eight days notice be- hope of annihilating his force before the yond that time; that the blockade of junction should be effected. The naval che Norwegian ports should be raised; part, however, under Commodore Chaunthat the fortress of Frederickstein should cey, did not sail till a week after the be surrendered to the Swedes, who, with action, and the army was thus left to its the exception of two divisions, should own unaided operations. With the latreturn to their own country; that the ter, about 5,000 in number, General troops of both nations should confine Brown, on the 25th July, attacked the themselves to a certain line of demarka- far inferior force of General Riall. The tion, and that neither should approach same morning General Drummond pushwithin a certain distance of the place ed on to the Falls to his support; but where the Dier shall hold its situngs : instead of finding bis whole division ocand a proclamation issued on the 16th cupying that position, as he expected, of August, by Prince Christian, summons he met his advance in full retreat. The che Diet to meet at Christiania, on the enemy bad almost gained the position, 7th of October.

bis columns bejvg close at hand, and the In this short contest, instances of the surrounding woods filled with his troops. highest spirit and warmest patriotism To forin an armıy under such circumhave not been wanting on the part of stances required no ordinary promptithe Norwegians. Among the rest, the Tude; and this was scarcely effected, formation of a corps of female rolun- when the whole British front was warmiy teers, under the daughter of a clergyman, and closely engaged. The principal efnamed Pihl, deserves to be recorded; forts of the enemy were directed against but we regret to learn, that these mo- the left and centre. After repeated atdern Ainazons were nearly all killed or tacks, the former was partially driven wounded, in one of the actions with the back, and Major-general Riall was enemy. This spirit, however, appears to wounded and taken prisoner: the ceuhave been by no means universal; and the 'tre, however, was "úniformly successinvaders seem to be partly indebted for ful, and the enemy constantly repulsed their successes to the discord and trea- with heavy loss. So determined were chery of the Norwegians themselves, these attacks, that the American guos The commandant of Frederichstadt is were advanced within a few yards of the said to have given up that fortress with- Britishi-the artillerymen of the latter ont firing a shot; and two other geveral were bayonetled in ihe act of loading, officers to have behaved so ill, that they and so mixed was the conflict in the were casbiered. General llaxtlausen, darkness of the night, that the pieces of governor of Christiania, suffered the the enemy were in some instances missrmv to be three days without provi- . taken for our own. The action consions; while an opposition party opeply menced at six o'clock in the evening, declared its sentiments against á farther and continued unul dine, when there resistance. All these circumstances to. was a sbort interın ission, the enemy be gether, induced Prince Christian to ing employed in bringing up the whole

1814.)

Incidents in and near London,

207

of his reserve. He shortly after renewed tempting any thing. General Drummond the attack with his whole force, but was states in his dispatches, that the Amerievery where repulsed with equal gallan- cans, in their retreat to Fort Erie, set fire try and success. The battle laster till to Street's Mills, and destroyed the bridge midoight, when the enemy retreated in at Chippewa. For this, and the atroci. great disorder towards his camp beyond ties previously commilted by thein at Chippewa. The following day he aban- Long Powt, Queension, and St. David's, doned his camp, threw the greatest part Admiral Cochrane bas resolved to retaof his baggage, camp-equipage, and pro- liate, and has given the necessary orders visions, into the Rapids, and. harassed for that purpose by our lighit troops, continued his retreat On the 9 of August, the Britisha towards Fort Erie. In this severe ac- made an attack on the town of Stoningtion our force for the first three hours ton, fourteen iniles from New London; was ooly 1,600 men, and did not, with but it was supposed to be subordinate to reinforcements, at any time exceed 2,800. a more serious aitempt upou the latter The loss sustained by the enemy is esti- place, where the enemy have the Mace. mated at 1,500, of whom several hun- donian and United States frigates, and dreds are prisoners, and their two com- Hornet sloop. These our gallant sea. manding generals Brown and Scott were men are determined to take or desiroy. wounded. Of the British, 84 were killed, A detachment of British troops has also and 559 wounded; 193 are inissing, and lauded and taken possession of Montauk 42 taken prisoners; total 878. As the Point, the eastern extremity, of Long second and third divisions of the British Island. in fine, all the assailable points army fro:u Bourdeaux, amounting to 10, of the coast are in a state of aiarm and or 12,000 men, were expected to arrive momentary expectation of a visit. at Quebec early in August, we may rea- The negociations at Ghent are contisonably hope that this will be the last nued; but we still remain of opinion that time our gallant soldiers will have to we must look to the sword, and not the encounter such disproportionate odds. pen, for the adjustment of our diffe

By the latest advices, which coine rences with the United States. It is undown to the 4th of August, the Ameri- derstood that we have demanded an excans were then strongly entrenched at tension of our limits, and the dismanFort Erie, expecting an attack from the thing of the fortified posts on the CanaBritish army lying before it. The fleet dian frontier; and that these are the ou Lake Ontario, it was supposed, would points of which the American commishave engaged in some enterprise; but sioners have thought fit to send tome on the 11th of August it was off King- Mr. Dallas, one of their secretaries, to ston, which is at the opposite end of the apprize their government. lake from the Niagara line, without at- Sept. 23.

INCIDENTS, PROMOTIONS, BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, DEATHS, &c

IN LONDON AND MIDDLESEX ;
With Biographical Accounts of Distinguished Churacters.

· THE reports of the commissioners for exe- 1812, their receipts were 6,436l, including cuting the acts relative to the improvement cash under a warrant for 4,4301. Their out. of Westminster, containing the accounts of goings in the same period left a balance in their receipt and expenditure from May the the bank of 1,6451. The produce of the 8th, 1811, to December the 31st, 1812, are sales of the buildings pulled down was printed by order of the House of Cominons 1,9951 5s 8d. Receipts from Dec. 31, It appears that from May 8, 1811, 10 April 1812, to Dec. 13, 1813, were 3,4731. 125. 27, 1812, their receipts, consisting of 1,4341. The disbursements, including two law balance remaining in the bank, of cash under charges, one of 5ool. and another of 6551, the king's warrant 14,5451. 1,9951. from were 2,3061 18s. Then follows the consent sale ot old materials, and from divers rents, of the treasury to a grant of land for the amounted to 18,3831. 6s. 8d. Their out. Westminster free school, and for the removal poings in the same period for compensations of Saint Margaret's watch-house to the New for different interests affected by the altera - Way, Almonry, the parish of St. Margaret tions, surveyors' charges of near 5ool, and a paying 150l. towards the expense. Their bill for law business of 7661, were less than Lordships decline purchasing the New Courttheir receipts by the sum of 1,3181. left in house, but recommend the removal of the the bank, From April 27, to December 31, portico from the south to the east side of

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