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1815.] Etymology; or, Philological Ventilations.

523 For the New Monthly Magazine. at length, on the return of the thaw, STYMOLOGY; or, PHILOLOGICAL VENTI- oaths, curses, prayers, blasphemies, deLATIONS. BY HUMFREE TELLFAIR, famation, &c. began to crack and bounce 31. A.-Part III.

about the ears of the astonished ship's(Concluded from No. 11, p. 427.) company; for who would care what he IN conclusion of these learned la- utiered where nothing could be heard ? bours, and to crown all our etymologi- There are alsą, I think, in the same discal researches, it may be proper, lastly, trict, the names Overdumfiddling and to apply our ventilatory engine to proper Underdumfiddling, which are proofs of names, whether of places or persons; the frost's being so severe, that even the and to try what intellectual instruction fiddle-strings became inaudible; and may be thence elicited. As for places, this may shew us low wrong it is to beginning frum the east, the very cradle question any gentleman's veracity, Sir of the new born world, we might be able, John's, for instance, or my own, &c. perhaps, by a sort of etymological box- merely upon the strength of pre-coning of the compass, to give a sketch of ceived opinions. --- The geography of nominal propriety through the four Scotland, indeed, scems oddly confused, quarters of the globe. Due east from for could it be turned topsy-turvy, Dumus lies Po-land, of which I can only ne. fries would be at the northern extremity, gatively say, that it seems not northerly and Sutherland where it should be. enougli to mean Pole-land; and far too · Turning westward, we find a kingdom northerly, and wrongly placed, to be too justly, I fear, called Ire-land, from wasbed by the river Po--but let that its unhappy propensity to duelling, pass. As to its capital, it might be con- Now, as I promised, (V. I. p. 341,) to jectured to have been named by trans- notice the odd circumstance of Dublin's position, Ilar-suw, because, from its be- having been anciently styled Deviling, ing unluckily placed amongst the nations, (Strype's Ann, of Ref. p. 263,) let me si so often saw war at its gates. From here conjecture that it might have been the wise measures now pursuiny, let us at first the city of Duelling, and then, as hope that it will not be so in future. the devil used formerly to be printed Anuther name of a place at no very great diuel, or, because he is the inspirer of distance, scems to have been given in such animosities, it might come to be anticipation of a future event, for pos- spelt Diuelling, or Deviling. Stretching terity will know that one of the first from hence across the Atlantic, we beteeth, or tusks, of the tyrant, was pulled hold a shameful phenomenon-infant out at the battle of Pull-tusk.

colonies, to whose assistance the motherVeering, hence magnetically towards country rushed forwards with ardour, the northi, we may learn that ibat word, when they cried out, that “ the enemy from its broad pronunciation by the na- was pushing them into the sea;" but tives, who should know it best, noarth, now, the moment they have acquired must have arisen from an opinion, how. strength of their own, rushing forward ever erroneous, that there was no-eurth with equal ardour io assist the same Deyond the frozen sea. But what shall enemy, for the parricidal purpose of de. ve say to the curious blunder of calling stroying the most generous of parents!! one of the most northern counties of But what I meant to note was, that they Scotland (it should have been of Ire- had long ago evinced their democratical aand,) Souther-land, or Sutherland? love of dis-union and dis-memberment, Another Caledonian name, (by the way, by the very name of one of their pro

Caledonia is from calidus, or caleo, it vinces; by which the unnatural child s as big a blunder as the other,) I mean seems to say to the parent-state, “ You Dumfries, from dumb and freeze, (just as may strive for union and friendship, and

e write Friesland for Freezefand,*) talk of affection and gratitude, and even dough more southerly, indicates a lia- of my own interest, but it won't do, for, ility to intenseness of frost. May not see! as fast as you CONNECT-I-CUT."

is tend to justify the report of the Lastly, directing our ideas southward, oted Sir John Mandeville, about the we may find, in a newly-rescued kinga eezing of words in the north seas, till dom, another name, Vittoria, which geems

* Ice-land is fairly spelt; and it is hoped to have been given in anticipation of a at in the present apportionment of states, glorious event; for, if the tyrant's first e litue ullima Thule will fall to our share, tooth was drawn at Pull-tusk, here, it at with a fostering hand we may ame- might be said, his very jaw was broken. rate its wretched condition. It is not Our matchless hero, indeed, has strewed cly to repay us with base ingratitude, the Peninsula all over with Vittorias

524

Etymology; or, Philological Ventilations.

[Jan. 1,

from one end to the other.-Onward, ing* and accursed minister of that terrifar beyond this, we may arrive at a ble tribunal which is just now re-esta. mighty empire, which heaven bas per- blishedt in Spain, in obedience to a Vir mitted British valour to subdue, (with Dei (!!) as he is styled by his Irisb sycothe view, let us hope, of diffusing liglit pbanls in their late congratulatory adand truth amongst benighted nations ;) -and here two names occur apposite to

* Wickliffe informs us, (see his Life in our present subiect When the Maoul Wordsworth, V. I. p. 57,) that of the two signed over to us the provinces of Ben- popish curses, the lesser is that of the Al, gal, Bahar, and Orixa, (Aug. 11, 1765,)

mighty, and the greater, or more curse, that Lord Clive, and the rest, observed,

of the pope. Hence, he who was doomed to $6 Aye, we're in luck nou, in luck now,

set himself' above all that is worshipped,' is however ;” and the place has ever since the first of Hen. I11. “the pope's nuncio ac

said not merely to curse, but to accurse. In been entitled the city of Luck-now. But cursed Lewis and all bis adherents;" for, as the empire so acquired was nearly over the crown of England had been resigned to thrown by a rebellion that reared its the pope, he thought proper to protect it. hydra-bead in 1810, and a very bnd (Kennet's Hist. V. 1. p. 171.) Johnson also hudra it was, whence the place of its quotes from Sir Walter Raleigh, “When Hil. origin is with equal propriety styled debrand," (the founder of the papal tyranny,) Hydra-bad.

** accursed and cast down from his throne We come now to proper names of in HIV. there were none so hardy as to defend dividuals; and here I might pretend their lord." This was Spenser's 'Sir Bourbon that New-ton was so called because he

who threw a way his shield.' Our H. IV. like gave a new ton to philosophy and human

all usurpers from Phocas to Buonaparte, clung knowledge; and Shake-spear, (so spelt

to the pope, and first brought burning into in spite of Mr. Capel's anatheina, and

England ; otherwise Wickliffe might have his own careless signature, a thing con

reaped all the glory that Luther did after

i wards, and effected much sooner a real mon in those times,) because be could

emancipation. And here, having entered shuke the literary spear, 1. e. the pen, upon serious matters, I shall produce that more powerfully than all his competitors. admirable erratum hinted at in my first noie, But as any thing fanciful might only dis- In Rivington's edit. of Secker's Lectures, grace these profound speculations, let 1971, Vol. II, p. 214, after the archbishop us rather try whether we cannot substi- had obseryed that the , popish sacraments .tute two names of equal celebrity, and had not been fixed above 200 years, the prinwhose etymologies will be undeniable. ter goes on to say, “and now they accurse

First and foremost shall march our re- us for acknowledging only two." The archnowned Al-fred, properly so called, bishop had tamely and insipidly written, since by bim not only all were freed, accuse us !" Romanists, however, deceive but by his last will he ordained. Čo that themselves, if they think that any of thich the people of England should be as free ever had, or can have, 7 sacraments. The is their own thoughts." (Hume, V. I. p.

pope and his priests have not matrimony *** 100.) A royal boon! and which by

They, and their favourites, do not do peo

nance-millions die without extreme unction. Toyalty may best be secured and per

The laity, and all women, (Pope Joan (1 petuated. Nor less renowned is our se

cepted,) are without orders, and can receive cond deliverer, or spiritual champion, but half the Eucharist. Baretti has recork Luther, from £288820s, free, for he bim- that “ he would not take orders, becaus self was free, az Emry, and rescued from then he could not marry, and he would slavery, not the bodies, but the souls, of marry, because then he could not take men. And bere let me subjoin two or three ders ;" so a sensible man befooled hi other classical derivations:--Columbus, out of both! Lay persons, then, can from xoautouw, to swim or sail-Doctors most have but 5 sacraments and a halt; } Mead and Akenside, from medeor and the council of Trent accurses therr Expat, to heal-nt forgetting our late they refuse to believe that this half is equal patriotic, and truly respectable poet- to the whole !! laureat, Pye, or Pie, from Pierides.

+ The Inquisition is twofold. One end A very significant and expressive name

of it is a house of torture, into which the tou is given us by Dr, Buchanan, in his

British ambassador would be cast, did not Christian Researches, in 1608, who tells

its managers stand in awe of this nation, 11s (p. 147) that the second inquisitor at

much more than they do of their Maker.

the brave Goa was called Joseph a Doloribus. This

The brave and virtuous Alava, aid-dk-camp

to their great Deliverer, is already im last name is highly appropriate ; though within these “ gaies of hell." The nothing can be inore unlike than the end is a brothel, to which such fema ampiable patriarch Josepb to an accurs whatever quality, as the inquisitors may

mured

other

525

1815.) Etymology; or, Philological Ventilations. dress. As Dr. B. has not told us the the chalk at ale-houses, that the landname of the principal inquisitor, I am lady might chalk double behind the door; glad that I happen to be gifted with an and hence the poet Cleaveland talks of insight into concealed names, because it “ the nick, and the froth, of a penny enables me to inform the public that it pot-house." But supposing this verb lo is Dominick de Horroribus.

refer to Old Nick, then it reminds me Here let me just observe, what of my promise to say something more I had almost forgotten, that even about imp-posing, i. e. posing the imps an bistorical incident may sometimes themselves, or cheating the devil, which give rise to a familiar phrase. Take the monks perpetually brag of doing, the following instance:-“ May 25th, because monks, and not insps, were the 1660, Charles II. landed near Dover authors of popish legends. Of this I pier, where the general (Monk) stood shall crave leave to produce two inready to receive biin on his knees, and stances, the latter of which will furnish was raised, kissed, and embraced by his us with a further etymology. Majesty." “ Then the King took coach," The first of these attempts at imp(the only one, we'll suppose,) “his bro- posing was successful,- it was shewn thers and the general sitting with him, me in one of his curious books by Dr. and the Duke of Buckingham in the Farmer,* the substance of which was as boot." (Kennet's Hist. vol. iii. p. 241.) follows ::—“ St. Bernard was one day Nlight not this, then, be the first instance told by the satyr-hoofed gentleman, (who of saying, “ So and so were together, seems to have forgotten bis wonted in. and such-a-one to boot ?"*

fallibility on this occasion, that a cerBut to return :--As to names, that of tain passage in the Psalms, if repeated Old Nick, which is clearly a nick-nume, every day, would ensure salvation. Unmay have given rise to the verb to nick, able to get any thing fartber out of cheat, or cajole. I own, indeed, that Belzv, the saint at last formed the resothere is another derivation of this, which lution of reading the whole Psalter every the sagacity of Johnson did not olfact-- day. Here the baffled fiend,-shaking I mean the custom of making a nick in his ears, no doubt, and cursing his folly, a fancy tv, are fetched at midnight by their rather than suffer the saint to acquire myrmidons, consigned to a bawd, and treated so much additional holiness, e'en told with every delight, amongst the sisterhood, to him the secret !" Here Oll Nick was induce compliance. If refractory, they are nicked bimself. But what a rascal must shewn the engines of torture, which is al- this boasted saint have been, for keepways effectual. When the holy fathers are ing entirely to himself the spiritual nossatiated, they are somehow got rid of, to trumn of so curious a doctor, instead of make room for others. (Hist. of Inquis. charitably divulving it for the benefit of Stockdale, 1610 ; or, as that is costly, see

mankind! Anti-Jacobin, for July, 1810, p. 295 ; also

Far less wise, or successful, was my Quarterly Rev. No. XII.; and Brit. Crit. for March, 1811.) Does this vir Dei, as they

second hero, the Eniperor Leopold I.,

who, like many others, fancied he could call him, mean to restore both these depart

dupe the Old One by being buried in a ments ? * This was a season of joy and exultation,

capuchin's hood, whereas he was only d in th

the dupe himself of his own monks and of Allan Rainsay, But though we have lately

confessors. Thus sings our divine poet : experienced a similar jubilee, we should by “ And they who, to be sure of Paradise, no means deem ourselves safe on that ac- Dying, put on the weeds of Dominic, count. Foreign enemies are conquered— Or in Franciscan think to pass disguis'd.” domestic ones are scarcely checked; the And we read in Wordsworth(vol.ï. p. 18) temporal tyrant is put down - his spiritual brother is more and more confident ; under * Johnson - Farmer. Though liberties miners are daily and hourly at work, laying have been here taken with the former of Priestley's gunpowder, grain by grain, under these great men, yet the writer of these paour citadel; and puritans are as numerous, pers knew him well, which is the same and as active as heretofore, though disguised thing as saying-loved and revered him. under different names. (See Norris on the Early in 1765 he had the singular happiness Bible Society.) The great danger, therefore, of introducing these two literary luminaries is, lest we should be lulled by our successes to their first personal interview, at Em. Coll, into a fatal security,

Camb. and of enjoying the intellectual ban“ Unconscious of the sweeping whirlwind's quets which ensued, especially that attemptsway,

ed to be described by Dr. Sharp of Benet, That, hush'd in grim repose, expects his in the Gent's Mag, for March of that year. csening prey."

Sed non nunc his locus.

char

526

Etymology; or, Philological Ventilations. [Jan. I, that “ to be buried in a cowl or hood, ledge that, adhering strictly to his and the rost of a frier's habit, especially molto, he has not been merry with if accompanied with a letter of frater- out a serious intention of doing good. nity," (to St. Peter, I presume," was a His unwillingness to part has given sure protection against all harm !" Yet this section an updue prolixity; and surely the above imperial wiseacre should yet, having been forced occasionally by have known that his brother monarch of bis subject into horrible ideas, or into the infernal regions was far loo knowing a more frequent repetition of the name and subtle to be so egregiously hood of the Evil Being than some, perhaps, winked ? and this derivation of hood- may deem eligible or decorous, he wishes wink will not, I think, be disputed. This to efface all disagreeable impressions by indeed is priestcruft, if human credulity closing his researches with the following can be so far imposed upon as to believe etymological anecdote:-A gentleman that the next world may be entered in having purchased an elegant walkingmasquerade! But, allowing this for a cane for five guineas, met a friend who moment, yet surely, since the prince of secmed to have got the fellow to it. On darkness is constituted the grand INQUI- comparing them no difference could be SITOR, and the final FRIER of all who perceived, though the friend had given commit deliberate murder, and especi- , but two guineas for his, at the very same ally under the prostituted name of reli- shop. Enraged at the discovery, the gion, the assuined habit of a brother party aggrieved vowed that he would frier, instead of repelling, would have make the fellow feel the weight of his rather forcibly attracted him, through its own cane for his rascality. On his en congeniality of appearance.

tering the shop, full of choler, for that The indulgent reader may, perhaps, be purpose, the vender, with great composurprised, as I own I was myself, at sure, begged him to be pacified, and to first, on a revision of these papers, suffer him to examine the cane. Ilaving that so many opportunities have been accordingly received, and silen:ly confound for bolding up a mirror to the ned it over with the most profound atItalian superstition. In truth, many more tention, “ Phoo!" said he, « why this is opportunities miglit have been found; as clear as noon-day. Bless me, Sir, nor do I regret having, once at least, why yours is a right bamboo, whereas his lighted up a fire with faggots, that the was nothing in the world but a plain true lineaments of its features might be dragon !"-Hence evidently the verb to the more discernible. I well know that bamboozle; and persuaded I am that the its votaries are most politicly restrained great Bamboozlebergius himself, were he from reading any thing respecting them- here present, could produce not the selves; but my aim and wish is, that, sinallest objection to so obvious an etywhatever may be thought of these Es- mology. says, they should have less and less rea- And here, as the moral of my tale, son for saying, that “ English stupidity* let me in the most serious mood express is become proverbial."

my hope and confidence, that the truly But now, gentle reader, whether our worthy and beneficent Mr. Bull will in intercourse be grave or gay, it is high future be less liable to be hood-rcinked by line that it should cease; and thun- monks and friars, or bamboozled by sham free Tellfair hopes you will acknow- patriots and re-formers. My heart tells

- me that I have been aiming at something • Though deep policy first engendered far better than amusement only. And let the Catholic Question, yet it was not so me beseech my countrymen, that they much through stupidity, as through a con- would study to know things by their right fiding goodness of heart, that such vast in

names; and jealously to scrutinize and dulgences were granted. Some of the best,

examine into all specious and alluring preas well as the most learned and ingenious

tensions; lest an inordinate good-nature men I have the happiness of knowing, are

should render them the dupes of hyposo enamoured of concord, as to regard even its phantom with complacency. But they

crisy, or an ill. placed LIBERALITY EXfail to perceive that truth and falsehood were

pose them to the most sanguinary malenot created to coalesce; so that they can volence. never safely meet half way, shake hands,

N. B. I have to request the attention and be friends. The Grand Apostacy is á of your readers to the following grand prolation, and when this great end is

ERRATA. answered, we may rest assured that the Al. Vol. I. p. 223, col. 2, line 50, for i dy, i an, reais mighly will no longer tolerate a rival, under i avgiáv. the assumed character of a viergerent. Vol. I. p. 339, col. 2, line 3 from the commence

1815.

Miscellaneous Inquiries.

5:27

ment of the article, after the word “ speaker," Vol. II, p. 227, col. 1, line 17 from the bottom, insert, and the speakee,

for, all of them yet refuse, read, yet all of Same page, line 14--15, for, “ what can there be thein refuse.

irregular (supposing u to mean the second Vol. II. p. 424, col. 1, line 17-02, read, who are person, as it ought to do) that v and 6 together

fixed to ng station: nor do I see that, even form we?" read, what can be more regular

when keeping a shop, they are, &c. Omitling

all the interuening words. (supposing u to mean the second person, as it ought to do) than that v and together should form we?

MISCELLANEOUS INQUIRIES. INVENTION for DISENGAGING HORSES in frames. Your compliance will conferfrom CARRIAGES.

a great obligation on To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine. Nov. 17, 1811. A CONSTANT READER.

SIR,
I WISH much to be informed by any

ORIGIN of " THREE CHILDREX SLIDING of your correspondents, if a patent has

on the ice." been taken out for an apparatus by

To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine. which a carriage can be instantaneously

• SIR, disengaged from the horses at full speed.

TURNING over the scrap book of a

deceased friend, I was much astonished I have been told that some experiments have been made, but with what success

at finding in it the popular nursery tale,

beginning, “ Three children sliding on I cannot learn. Perhaps some of your

the ice, all on a summer's day," in elecorrespondents may be able to give me some information respecting this

gant Greek verse, I shall feel grateful to invention, on what principle it acts,

any of your readers who will inform me and whether any contrivance is made to

whether it was originally written in keep the carriage on the road when it

Greek or English, and who was the au

thor, and who the translator. has a direction to run to one side at the

Yours, &c.

Logos. time the horses are disengaged. I put this query in consequence of having

London, Nov. 1814. lately seen in the country a very inge- LIEUTENANT GENERAL CHARLES FRAMPnious contrivance which seemed to com

TON. bine every possible requisite. I am, &c. To the Editor of the New Monthly Maguzine: London, Nov. 17.

J. E.

SIR,

AS your entertainining and interestPUNISHMENT for VOLUNTARY PERJURY.

ing miscellany is open for enquiries on To the Editor of the Veu Monthly Magazine.

general subjects, permit me, through its

medium, to solicit information from any SIR, I WISH to enquire, through the me

of your correspondents and readers whe dium of your excellent Magazine, it

7 may be able to give it, respecting the latthere is a law in existence to punish per

ter part of the life and decease of Lieut.sons who go voluntarily before a magis

Gen. Charles Frampton, of the foot trate, and make oath to any particular

guards, who died in the year 1749, more circumstance, provided that oath can be

particularly in regard to his family confalsified by counter oaths. The moral

nexions and relations. I have undernecessity of such a law, to me, appears

stood be died at Butlev Abbey, Suffolk ; evident, otherwise we appoint our ma

hut on this bead, as well as the above, gistrates to answer the purposes of any

I wish to obtain the inost correct and

certain information. one who may wish to pull the public,

I am, &c. either to prevent suspicion, or for sinis

Dec. 1814.

INVESTIGATOR, ter purposes. I am, &c.

MISCELLANEOUS QUERIES. London, Nov. 14.

W.E.

To the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine.

• SIR, CULTIVATION of MELONS.

BEING a constant reader of your exTo the Editor of the New Monthly Magazine. cellent magazine, you will much oblige SIR,

me by inserting the following questions : ALLOW me to enquire of such of 1. Has mankind a natural language ? your correspondents as are in the habit 2. Why does it never rain at Lima in of perusing extensive lists of publica. Peru? tions, whether any of them can inform 3 . Why docs a piece of bread take off nie, through your Magazine, of any mo- the pungent sinell of onions, mustard, &c.? dern tract on the inanagement of melons

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