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Agricultural Report--Chemical Report.
bay of St. Ives, in Cornwall; and that near Abbotsbury, in Dorsetshire, the number ot turbut was beyond what has ever been remembered.
December 5.--Wild geese migrate.
December 6.--A kingfisher was seen hovering over the water, into which it darted, and in a moment afterwards brought out a sinall fish. The quickness and agility with which thuis was done were quite astonishing.
December 7. From this day to the 16th, the wind has been almost incessantly violent, chietly from the west and south-west quarters.
December 14.-Under the shelter of a south wall I observed a tond. In the meadows and pastures the moles continue to throw up hillocks. In this late season of the rear the weather is unusually mild and warm. •
December 16.-Wagtails run about the newly ploughed grounds for the parpose of picking up insects. The redbreast sings.
December 17.- A purus japonicu in the open air has on it numerous blossoms in the different stages of flowering.
The late heavy rains bave swelled the rivers much, in consequence of which the eels have been enabled to take their departure for the sea. This they always do in the neiubbourhood of the sea coast, with the first autumnal or winter's flood. Considerable quantities have been caught at the different mills.
December 18.--With the exception of mosses and lichens, vegetation now appears to be at a stand for the season.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. The mild open weather through nearly the whole of last month, has been highly favourable to the young wheat plants.
The early soin have thrown out a most luxuriant and verdant flag, which will tend w preserve the roots through the winter. The latter-sown have made a more rapid growth than was expected in the preceding inonth. Upon the whole the wheat crop at this season was never more promising.
The beat cattle in the grazing counties have remained longer in the pastures than is customary in the climate of Englaud.
Rye, winter tares, and all the soiling species, are thick-set upon the ground, and promise a full crop.
Turnips, cabbage, and all the brassica tribe, have grown much through the last monib, but have been difficult to consumic upon tenacious soils, on account of the wet weather.
SMITHFIELD MARKET, Dec. 06.-Beef 5s. 10 7s. Mution 5s. 4d. to 6s. 8d. Vcal 78. to 8s. Pork 75. to 8s. por stone of 8lbs.
Hay 31. to 41, 10s. Suraw 11, 5s. to il. 105. Clover 41. 10s. to 61. 10s,
Coen EXCHANCE, Dec. 26.- English IVbeat 505. to 615. Foreign Wheat 405. to 63s. Rve 28s. to : 8s. Barley 20s. to 38s. Malt 635. 10 709. ibite Pease 5%s. to 603. Crey Pease 375. to 475. Tick Beans 35s. to 405. feed (ais 19s. to 295. Fine (ats 29 s. to 293. Fine Flour 60s. to 65). Seconds 535, to 60s. Rape Seed 281. to 331.
Hups, New Pockets.-Kent 61. 10s. 10 8l. 18s. Sussex 61. to 71. 155. Farnhamn 101. to 131.
CHEMICAL REPORT, THE foreign papers have announced the recent death of a celebrated chemist of Vienna, named Schavinger, in consequence of bariig spilled upon his naked arm a quantity of prussic acid, which he was preparing, and which proved fatal in a few hours. It is well known to chemists that ihe principle of this acid, one of the most subile poisons with which we are acquainted, exists in the leaves of the peach trec, the wild laurel, the almond, and inostoti bose which bear fruits with kernels. The late Duke Charles of orraine had well nigh lost his life by swallowing a few drops of eau de noyau too highly impregnated. It is also generally known how dangerous it is to chew the leaves of the wola laurel. The odious principle of the prussic acid is of the sime nature, and a small quantity of it inbaded when the acid is in the state of gas, is sufficient to produce death, without convulsions, in a few seconds. A tea-spoonful of water or spirits, in pregnated with a small quantity of this acid, will kill the largest dog. It is believed that Scheele, the celebrated Swedish chein ist, who died suddenly wisile engaged in some new experiments upon prussic acid,
. Monthly Commercial Report.
[Jan. 1, was affected by its deleterious quality. These circumstances shew the necessity of extreme caution in the preparation of this dangerous substance..
M. Vauquelin has communitated to the French Institute an account of the results of some recent experiments, which are highly interesting to assayists, gold aud silver-smiths, and all workers in the precious metals. This chemist, placing four grains of silver in a cavity of ignited charcoal, observed that, when he directed a current of oxygen gas on the metal, it produced a conical fiame, the base of whicb had a yellow colour, the middle purple, and the top blue; and that, by collecting the disengaged vapour in a bell glass, he found the receiver covered with a brownish yellow crust, which was almost dissolved in cold very dilute nitric acid. In this experiment the four grains of metal disappeared in less than a minute. M. Vauquelin thinks that the silver burved at the same time with the charcoal, and that it is to this cause the yellow-coloured flame of the latter must be ascribed.
M. Bergman, of Berlin, recently examined with great ininuteness the bark of the prunus padus, and found that it contained a great quantity of prussic acid. Water distilled from this bark has an odour as strong as that of ihe leaves of the laurus oerasus, and an ethereated oil is obtained similar to that of laurus cerasus and bitter alinonds. This water has a peculiarly energetic action on animals. Thus, a dog of middling size, which was made to swallow balf an ounce, died in ten minutes; and another dog died in half an hour, after taking an ounce and a half. This distilled water, the infusion, and the bark in powder, have been employed with success by Dr. Breiner of Berlin, in gouty diseases and in some other cases, M. Berginan purposes to examine the bark of the prunus padus, when taken off the tree at different seasons of the year.
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. Commercial transaccions, generally throughout the past month, have been subject but to little fluctuation, until within the last few days, when the treaty of peace with the United States of America was officially announced, which circumstance gives rise to various conjectures with regard to the general effects likely to be produced upon commercial operations. In consequence of the various impediments commerce has experienced within the last twenty years, cultivation of the soil and manufactures bave, to a considerable extent, been suspended : more particularly so in certain colonial territories; and the aggregate commercial productions of the globe at the present time may be considered not more than adequate to the real wants of its civilized population : but the facility with which the Americans have heretofore carried on commercial operations in every quarter of the globe, and the total disregard of all consistency to which their cominercial transactions became subject, produced such extreme fluctuation and depression wherever they appeared, as to have made an impression upon the minds of ail experienced merchants, amounting almost to an intimidation of competition. Many of the causes, howcver, that tended to give to American commerce the facilities it once possessed, have ceased to exist, by which the same consequences that have heretofore been , experienced, are not likely to occur, at all events not to the same extent. The impressions, however, above described, will doubtless prevail, and cause purchases to be made more limited than they otherwise would be, and a general decline in price of all colonial and American productions throughout Europe. These observations apply more particularly to the effect American competition will produce upon the geveral commercial operations of Europe, as respects Great Britain alone, the event may be greeted as favourable, as the raw productions of American commerce will soon become abundant at moderate prices, and the manufactures of this country experience a very extended demand, causing full employment to the whole inanutacturing class of the community, by which the aggregate prosperity of the country will be promoted.
As three inonths must elapse before it will be ascertained whether the treaty of peace will be ratified on the part of the American government, coinmerce will remain during that time in a state of suspense, and the very limited stock of all American and colonial productions now in Europe, will prerent much alteration in the value during that time. The bolders of cotton and tobacco do not at present manifest any disposition to sell at a much reduced price,
Sugars have been in less demand the latter part of the last month than for some tiine past, Prices, however, bave not declined, except for refined, which, in somne
Monthly Commercial Report.
instances, may be purchased three to four shillings per cwt, less. The present partial cessation of demand may be attributed to the season of the year rather than to any opinion that may be entertained of a general decline in price taking place,
• COFFce continues exactly as at the close of the preceding month. Some purchases have been made in the course of the month at one to three shillings per cwt. advance; but as the season of the year does not admit of its being exported to the north of Europe, transactions in the article are limited, and causes the price to remain without variation.
RUM, PIMENTO, Cocoa, AND DYEWOODs, are all without any demand to cause them deserving of any particular attention. The supply of pimento and cocoa of fine quality is, however, more linited than for several years past; but as hostilities with America will in all probability terminate, so as to render convoys from the West Indies unnecessary the ensuing season, further supplies of those articles, as well as all other Wost India productions, may be expecied to arrive several weeks earlier than in former seasons.
East INDIA MERCHANDIZE of all kinds remain with but little fluctuation. Some partial sales of indigo have been effected at fourpence to sixpence per pound advance on last sale prices, but it has only been for a selection of particular quality, and the large quantity declared for sale in April will, doubtless, cause some decline in the price of this article. The demand for pepper has continued throughout the month, but uo advance in price has been obtained. One cargo of pepper has already arrived since the suspension of the East India Company's charter, and as a succession of arrivals may now be expected, the supply of this article will, in all probability, very soon considerably exceed the demand, and a decline in price consequently be the result. Cloves, inace, cinnamon, and nutmegs, are abundant, and may be expected to decline in price. Cassia still supports a high price, being scarce.
The total supply of coffee, by the last arrivals from the Isle of France and Batavia, in November and December, is about 40,000 bags, making the total importation of East India coffee within the year about that quantity more than in former seasons, and consequently adding so much more to the aggregate supply from the West Indies; the whole, however, does not equal the increased consumption, and the total balance of the stuck of this article is now very considerably less than for several years past. The same limited demand still prevails for East India piece goods, but as it appears by such information already obtained of the articles of the treaty of peace with America, that Great Britain has reserved to herself the exclusive coinmerce of her East India possessions, the cotton manufactured goods of India are not likely for the present to be exposed to the competition of forced sales, that would necessarily result from the admission of the Americans to the conmerce of that part of Asia.' An increased demand for these goods from hence may consequently be expected the ensuing season.
BALTIC PRODUCE.—Hemp has experienced an advance of 6l. to 8l. per ton, owing to considerable purchases having been made by the American markets, and partly on speculation ; but as the utniost extent that may be shipped to America · will not exceed 2,000 or 2,500 tons, whilst a great part of the stock held by go
vernment, amounting to 10 or 12,000 tons, will, in all probability, be offered for sale, the advance on this article can only be temporary. Flax for the present being in a rather short supply, continues to maintain a higb price, particularly the betler kinds. Tallow still maintains its high price, and has experienced witbin the last month an advance of 3s. to 4s. per cwt. The best quality now commands 879. to 88s. per cwt. The quantity of tallow shipped from Russia to Great Britain in 1814, exceeds that of any previous year by 15 to 20,000 casks; the quantity shipped from St. Petersburg being 61,800 casks, averaging seven cwt each, and from Archangel 3,133 tons, or about 10,000 casks: yet, notwithstanding this unusually large supply, speculation has prevailed so much as to cause tallow to bear a price disproportionately high to every other article of commerce, which may ultimately tend to produce an extreme depression,
A reference to the table of the prices of bullion and courses of exchange, will shew the variations to which they have been subject. They have not been such as to produce any material effect upon comniercial operations, but as the suspension of hostilities with America will tend to cause liullion to be more plentiful for individual fpurposes, it may tend more speedily to cause the courses of exchange to approximate to their respective pars. New-MONTHLY MAG-No. 12.
VOL. II. 4H
[ 586 1
[Jan, 1, BANKRUPTS. FROM NOVEMBER 23 TO DECEMBER 23 INCLUSIVE. Where the address of the Solicitor is not mentioned, he must be understood to reside at the
same place as the bankrupt. The Solicitors' names are between Parentheses, ADLAM J. Bath, baker (Wingate
Hobson T. Spilsby, shopkeeper (Waller Ashby R. Poultry, engraver (Kearsey and Spurr, llodgkinson J. and J. Leigh, Liverpool, merchants Bishopszite street
(Crump and Lodge Baxter R. Southwark, ironmonger (Humphreys, Iloimes R. Buckland, miller (Peers, Plymouth Baruari's inn
Jackson J. and W. S. Birmingham, steel manufacBeale T. Little Smeaton, weld merchant (leaton, turers (Mole Doncaster
Jones G. East ludia chambers, merchant (Robias, Bellairs G. Leicester, banker (Dalby
Bloomsbury square Bentley W. Mile End road, victualler (Alling. Kelsey A. jun. Farehamn, corn factor (Miochin hami, St. John's square
and Weduell, Gosport Bird J. St. Martin's lane, cheesemonger (Richard Keppell Z. Alford, builder (Mellersh, Godalming son and Miller, New ion
Knowlton C. Bristol, haberdasher (Langley Blackburn J. Heckmondwike, grocer (Wadsworth Krumbhaar G. F. Hammersmith, vinegar makar Millbridge
(Gregson, Augel court Bolton W. Bury street, St. James's, plumber (Rich. Lane J. Edward street, coach maker (Upsioat, ardson and Co.
Charles street Browell J. Coal Exchange, coal factor (Atelieson, Laugher A. Birmingham, coal merchact (Benson Great Winchester street
Leigh J. Burglem, potter (Griffia, Hanley Brown J. Sandford, farmer (Pring. Credicon Lister J. Netherton, merchant (Baltye, HuddersButford D, T.tunton), grocer (Leigh
field Callow J. Birmingham, mathematical instrument Long C. High Hoyland, surgeon (Jackson, Bank maker (Ilurd, Temple
End, Barosley Chapman J. Axbridge, linen draper (Bayton, Lorymer W. P. Newport, Moninouth, coal mere Bristol
chant (Prothero and Phillips Cherrington W. Cludley, dealer (Morris, Newport, M.Michael J. and Co. Bridguorth, bankers (PritckSalop
ard, Brosely Child R. Weedon Beck, innholder (Oakden, Da Morris J. Unsworth, cotton spinner (Hewitt and ventry
Kuk, Maochester Cooke H. Milland, paper maker (Rhodes, Chi Newman A. Woodstock, shopkeeper (Cecil, or chester
ford Cooke W. Chelsea, chemist (Noy, Mincing lane Osborne E. Falmouth, merchant (Young Cowing J. and S. Calísky, Benford court, woollen Pill D. Fenchurch street, hosier (Noy, Mining drapers (Baltye, Chancery lane
lane Dillicar W. Pickering, horse dealer (Walker, Pittard S. Southampton, shormaker (Smith Malton
Pocock R. Kilmisten, blacksmith (Lipscomb, New Dobson S. Great Duifheld, cabinet maker (Breary, Alresford Scarborough
Povey P. Chester, victualler (Faulkner Dowdall J. Dartmouth street, carpenter (Veal, Rangecroft J. Binfield, grazier (Asbheid, Mark Abiogdon street
Jane Drake R. Teignmouth, ironmonger (Peers, Ply. Robinson J. Stockport, com factor (Waltea mouth
Rogers G. Pimlico, briek layer (Knight. Kensington Edge T. York street, cngineer (lluglies, Dean Rowland J. Erainshott, dealer (Greetham, Peters street, Foiter lane
field Foreman J. Sheermess, carpenter (Debary aud Co. Ryan P. and F. O'Kayne, Pancras lane, merchans Gate street, Lincoln's inn
(Swaine and Co. Frederick's place, Old Jewry Gill W. Bury, grocer (Wayman
Shands T. Providence row, baker (Murd, Corte Glover E. jun Bittersweil, horse dealer (Giay, wainers' hall Tyson place
Shepley A. Newton, manufacturer (Grovdy, Maa Goundry W. Shadwell, bail-cloth maker (Blunt chester and Bowman, Old Bethlein
Shuttleworth J. Copthall court, merchant (Deanett Grant J. F. Chartoite street, Fitzroy square, mer and Co. King's Arms yard chant (Richardson, Clement's inn
Smith J. Chow Bent, cotton spinger (Dact worth Green J. Wood street, merchant (IIarvey, Cursitor and Co. Manchester street
Smith J. Berwick, mealman (Willdry Grimes J. Burton crescent (Martindale, Gray's Suith S. Deptford, baker (Sancion ina
Spicer T. Weeden Beck, shopkeeper (Olden, Halsted S. llorsham, draper (Richardson, Cle Daventry ment's inu
Somers L. IIencage lave, desler in watches (Petr Harrison s. Parliament street, linen draper (Sweet nelt, George street, Mino.jes and Stokes, Basinghall street
Stacey J. Portchester, victualler (Paddon, FareHarkins J. U. Bermondsey, carpenter (Hum ham phreys, Tokenhouse yard
Stephenson P. Leicester, hawker (Goodheli, West *Haydou T. Mitcham, baker (Debary and Co, lingborough Gate street
Still H. S. Lambeth, dyer (Wiltlere and Bxw, Heap J. llepworth, clothier (Stephenson, liolm Old Brnad street firth
Stone R, Garsington, farmer (Tavoton, Oxford Heaton R. Nollingham, hosier (Lowless and Sturge J. Bristol, professor of music (Haberteld Crossr, St. Mildred's cout
Sussum E. Finsbury place, tailor (Alliston and Co. HIcticy W. Alwalton, iniller (Platel, Peterborough Freeman's couit liewett J. and J. lloj kins, Warminster (Davies Swallow J. Bix, corn dealer (Fines, Reading Hilbert R. Wigan; recd maker (Baion and Ditch Tanner E. Hart street, Mark lane, skup agtst field
Taylor T. Shipton under Whichwood, publican Whiteley S. jun. Liverpool, merchant (Leigh,
der (Tilson and Preston, Coleman street
(Pasmore, Warnford court
Garmeson J, C. Lombard street, watch maker,
Gay W. Alby, Citttle jobber. Dec. 24
Gall G. Charles Street, Berkley square, saddler,
Gregory J. Neath, linen draper, Jan. s
Hall J. Lyndhurst, victualler, Dec. 21
Hand ). Wormwood street, Warehousenian, Jap. 3
Harris T. Yaldiug, draper. Dec, 20
Harrison A. Fort street, Spitalfields, tallow chand-
ler, Dec. 31
Harrison R. Maided vead, brandy merciant, Jan.14
Ilarvey J. W. lladlcy hall, banher, Jan. 17
Hayward J. Woolbridge, maltster, Jan, 3
lleara W. Holborn bill, linen draper, Dec. 20
lleath C. Lambeth, carpenter, Dec. 20
Henderson J. and II. Neilson, Mitre court, Milk
street, merchants, Jan. 17
Hendy R. Redbridge, butcher, Jan. 5
lleseitine B. Nicholas lane, tea dealer, Dec. 17
Hunde J. and co. llorsleydown,lcad manufacturers,
Holmes S. Southwark, merchant, Jan. 14
Ingall T. Bawtry, grocer, Jan. 6
Jackson G, Swan str. Kent road, mealman, Dec. 17
Jackson R. M. Liverpool, merchani, Dec. 17
Jacobs W. Exe'er, coal dealer, Jan. 25
Jones M. London road, upholder, D c. 20
Joseph E. Bury street, merchant, Dec, 20
Kemp G. Great Pulteney street, tailor, Dec. 17
Kipling T. Southwark, hosier, Jan. 24
Koutton J, Manchester, cotton dealer, Dec. 29
Lancefield T. Maidstone, grocer, Dec. 91
Langford G. E. Great Russell street, apothecary,
Lee S. Birchin lane, merchant, Feb. 21
Leonard J. Little IIampton, seedsman, Dec. 10
Loog C. Clint, merchant, Jan.g