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THE

NEW MONTHLY
M A G A ZINE

AND

Universal Register.

COMPREHENDING

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE.

ACCOUNTS OF NEW PATENTS.
ExOIRS OF EMINENT PERSONS.

NEW ACTS OF PARLIAMENT.
MISCELLANEOUS ANECDOTES.

ORIGINAL POETRY.
CORIOUS FRAGMENTS, &c.

DIGEST OF POLITICAL EVENTS, WITi or-
ORIGINAL LETTERS.

FICIAL DOCUMENTS.
UNIVERSITY PROCEEDINGS.

REMARKABLE INCIDENTS, PROMOTIONS,
INTELLIGENCE IN LITERATURE, THE BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATIIS,
ARTS AND SCIENCES, &c.

WITH BIOGRAPHICAL PARTICULARS.
NEW PUBLICATIONS, WITH CRITICAL RE- || NATURALIST'S REPORT.
MARKS.

CHEMICAL REPORT.
REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS. AGRICULTURAL REPORT.
REVIEW OF THE FINE ARTS.

COMMERCIAL REPORT, INCLUDING LISTY
DRAMATIC REGISTER.

OF BANKRUPTS, DIVIDENDS, AND CER-
TRANSACTIONS OF PUBLIC SOCIETIES, FO TIFICATES, STATE OF THE MARKETS,
REIGN AND DOMESTIC.

PUBLIC FUNDS, EXCHANGES, COMPA-
ABSTRACTS OF PARLIAMENTARY AND NIES' SI A RES, &c.
PUBLIC REPORTS,

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT.

VOL. II.
FROM JULY TO DECEMBER,

1814.

EMBELLISHED WITH A PORTRAIT OF THOMAS CAMPBELL, ESQ.

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LONDON:

Printed by J. Gillet, Crown-court, Fleet-street.
PUBLISHED BY H. COLBURN, CONDUIT-STREET, HANOVER-SQUARE;
BY WHOM COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE EDITOR (POST PAID) ARE RECEIVED.

AND SOLD BY ALL BOOKSELLERS.
[Price 12s. Beards ; or 14s. Half-bound.)

PREFACE
TO THE SECOND VOLUME.

Since the commencement of our work the stream of tiine has exhibited, in rapid and brilliant succession, events of far greater importance than any which have been recorded either by ancient or modern historians. The restoration of peace to a distracted world has brought with it innumerable blessings, which, while they call for our liveliest gratitude, are stimulants to the most active exertions in the pure cause of literature and religion as opposed to licentiousness and infidelity. It is peculiarly gratifying to reflect that the principles on which our Miscellany was originally established, have been acknowledged by the family of nations, as those only that can cement the union which has been so happily effected after a frightful storm of anarchy and tyranny. But the pleasure resulting from this consideration, and the joy which naturally fills our minds, in common with the friends of social order throughout the civilized world, cannot induce the persuasion that it would be prudent to cast a veil over the horrors that are past, or to relax in our vigilance, to prevent the recurrence of those evils from which we have so happily been delivered. .

Nothing can be more obvious than this truth, for, like the prophetic roll, it exhibits in letters of BLOOD, MOURNING, LAMENTATION, and wow, that laxity of sentiment is the source of every vice. When, therefore, the press which has such a powerful influence on the mind, and contributes so much to the thoughts and actions of men, is made the vehicle of ambiguous notions in morality, corrupt doctrines in religion, seditious maxims in politics, and loose counsels in manners, it is plain that the danger must be of a magnitude proportioned to the ingenuity with which the instrument is managed, and to the facility of its operation. Every human discovery has been mixed with imperfections, and no invention of man has yet been found wholly exempt from abuse. If, then, the art of diffusing knowledge by multiplying the means of acquiring it, has in a considerable degree afforded opportunities to the turbulent to sow the seeds of mischief, the perversion of

knowledge

the degree affordea. If the perversion

PREFACE.

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the good is to be lamented, and the benefit itself is not therefore to be despised.

Where opposite effects are so liable to be produced, the natural course for the wise and the virtuous to adopt is to check the corruption of bad principles by the propaga. tion of sound doctrines, and to labour with zealous activity in counteracting those peroicious errors which would destroy all virtue under the specious plea of advancing truth, and loosen the foundations of society with the hypocritical pretence of promoting uiversal happiness. In this country liberty is too universally felt and appre. ciated by every man, to be in any real danger from those who are in authority, but there would be too much reason to apprehend the entire loss of that inestimable blessing, were it once to be deprived of that Palladium by which it has hitherto been secured, the MORALITY and LOYALTY of the people,

To cherish this permanent security of our internal comforts and greatness ; to invigorate the tried principles of faith by which the natives of these realms have been hitherto so gloriously distinguished; and to provide, as far as lay in our power, an antidote against those acts of seduction and imposition which would, if the success were commensurate with the intention, turn our blessings into curses-this, and this alone, constituted the motive and the object of the proprietors of the NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE

On reviewing the course which they have pursued, it is satisfaction beyond all praise to observe that their labours have been rewarded by the public confidence, and that the encouragement which their design met with at the beginning has experienced a progressive increase. The early friends of the work have continued unabated in their attachment, and an influx of communications from various quarters, while it remunerates past exertions, will urge to renewed endeavours, in an equal zeal to further the general interests of science and the welfare of the British empire.

Dec. 30, 1815.

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MONTILY MAGAZINES have opened a way for every kind of inquiry and information. The inlligaoce and discussion contained in them are very extensive a

d in them are very extensive and various; and they have been the neaps of diffusing a general habit of reading through the nation, which in a certain degree hath enlarged Die public aoderstandiog, HERE, too, are preserved a niultitude of useful hints, observations, and facts, which otherwise might have never appeared.--Dr. Kippis.

Erery Art is improved by the emulation of Competitors.--Dr. Johnson.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

For the Yeu Monthly Magiezine. out to the officer commanding the depôt REPORT of the SURVEY of the EAST COAST at Yarmouth. of CREAT BRITAIx from the souTIERN Caistor.-From the nature of this EXTREMITY of NORFOLK to the Friti shore, many circumstances of distress Of FORTI. By CAPT. G. W. MANBY. have occurred here; and as vessels are [Few of our readers, we presume, can be iga generally driven within 60 or 70 yards norant of the indefatigable zeal and lauda. of the shore, a 6-pound mortar with ble activity with which Captain Mandy, stores, and a coil of one and a half inch barrack-master at Yarmouth, has been for ropc to haul a boat off by, will effectually several years engaged in bringing to perfec- remedy future calamities. tion and making known his various con- TVinterton.-The outer bank which tripances for rescuing shipwrecked persons, runs parallel with the town, has always and others, from a premature grave. The been found to present great danger to principal of these expedients consists in vessels when stranded here, particularly projecting ropes attached to cannon-balls, when of large draught of water, and geby means of ordnance, from the shore over

nerally fatal to the unfortunate crews. stranded vessels : and it was with a view

On minute investigatien, I find there are to the general introduction of this plari, and the selection of proper stations for

two banks, recently formed more to the mortars, &c. along the coast, that the sur

northward of the town, produced by the rey, of which he has made the following

remains of .wrecks having diverted the Report, was undertaken in 1812. Inde

course of the current: they are from 250 pendently of the national and beneficial to 300 yards from the shore at high w 1object which it was designed to promote,

ter, and extend from N. E. to E. by N. is general interest will render it peculiarly

of the light house. In the event of reso acceptable to our readers.)

sels not being able to wcather the Nesa, YARMOUTH.-To the uncommon new and increased dangers will from this fatness of this shore, producing such cause be created; but I am persuaded fish and lengthened surfs, inust be at- the mortar already planted here is ample inbuted the number of lives that an- security to rescue the lives of such unBually perished here, previous to the fortunate persons as may be on board method now brought into use for saving them. At the distance of about two shipwrecked persons; and although the miles, parallel with the Winterton shore, application of projecting a rope, bas siic- lies the Cockle Sand, recorded for its Cessively saved the crews of eight mcr- manifold circumstances of shipwreck, Chant vessels at this spot, it will be ne- and total destruction to the generality Cesary to guard against and provide for of the crews. In liard easterly gales the say casualties that may vecur from those violence of the surf prevents boats being a large draught of water, sharp-built, launched from the shore, to render them er vessels of war, being driven on shore, assistance, which can only be effected by

consider it proper, in addition to a having two pair of anchors laid out by plece of ordnance, to have a 42 pounder the rule prescribed by me, one pair half Switzer, and a 6-pound mortar, as a a mile to the northward of the town, Portable piece for prompt and incidental and one pair at the same distance to the purposes, and for using from a boat, southward ; this will insure the certainty Niere a vessel has grounded on the bar, of boats hauling through the surf to their when running for the harbour, with such relief. Fates and ammunition as will be pointed Husborough.-The outer bank at this NEW MONTHLY MAG-No, 7.

VOL. II. is B

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