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AS ESTABLISHED BY THE BISHOPS, THE CLERGY, AND LAITY OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL
CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, IN CONVENTION, ON THE TWELFTH DAY OP SEPTEMBER, IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1801.
Art. I.' Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. First Book
of Samuel, The Second Book
of THERE is but one living and true God, ever. Samuel, The First "Book of Kings, The lasting, without body, parts, or passions ; of Second Book of Kings, The First Book of infinité power, wisdom, and goodness ; 'the Chronicles, The Second Book of Chronicles, maker and preserver of all things both visible of Esdras, The Book of Hester, The Book
The first Book of Esdras, The Second Book and invisible. And in unity of this GODHEAD, there be three persons, of one substance, power, šiastes or Preacher, Cantica or Songs of
of Job, The Psalms, The Proverbs, Eccle. and eternity; the FATHER, the Son, and the Solomon, Four Prophets the greater, Twelve Holy Ghost.
Prophets the less. ART. II. Of the WORD, or SON OF GOD, which
And the other books, (as Hierome saith) the was made very man.
Church doth read for example of life and The Son, which is the Word of the FATHER, instruction of manners ; but yet doth it not begotten from everlasting of the FATHER, the apply them to establish any doctrine ; such are very and eternal God, of one substance with these following: the FATHER, took man's nature in the womb of
The Third Book of Esdras, The Fourth the blessed virgin, of her substance : so that Book of Esdras, The Book of Tobias, The two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, Book of Judith, The rest of the Book of the GODHEAD and manhood, were joined Hester, The Book of Wisdom, Jesus the Son together in one person, never to be divided, of Sirach, Baruch the Prophet, The Song of whereof is one CHRIST, very God, and very the three Children, The Story of Susanna, man; who truly suffered, was crucified, dead, Of Bel and the Dragon, l'he Prayer of and buried, to reconcile his FATHER to us, and Manasses, The First Book of Maccabees, to be a sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but The Second Book of Maccabees. also for actual sins of men.
All the books of the New Testament, as they ART. III. Of the going down of Christ into are commonly received, we do receive and Hell.
account them canonical. As CHRIST died for us, and was buried; so ART. VII. Of the Old Testament. also is it to be believed, that he went down into The Old Testament is not contrary to the hell.
New ; for both in the Old and New Testament ART. IV. Of the Resurrection of CHRIST. everlasting life is offered to mankind by CHRIST,
who is the only mediator between God and CHRIST did truly rise again from death, and man, being both God and man. Wherefore took again his body, with flesh, bones, and all they are not to be heard, which feign, that the things appertaining to the perfection of man's old fathers did look only for transitory promises. nature, wherewith he ascended into heaven, Although the law given from God bý Moses, as and there sitteth, until he return to judge all touching ceremonies and rites, do not bind men at the last day.
Christian men, nor the civil precepts thereof Art. V. Of the Holy Ghost.
ought of necessity to be received in any com
monwealth; yet notwithstanding, no Christian The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the man whatsoever is free from the obedience of FATHER and the Son, is of_one substance, the commandments which are called moral. majesty, and glory, with the FATHER and the Son, very and eternal God.
ART. VIII. Of the Creeds. ART. VI. of the Sufficiency of the Holy
The Nicene Creed, and that which is com. Scriptures for salvation.
monly called the Apostles' Creed, ought
thoroughly to be received and believed : for Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary they may be proved by most certain warrants to salvation : so that whatsoever is not read of Holy Scripture. therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it shouid be believed ART. IX. Of Original or Birth-Sin. as an article of faith, or be thought requisite or Original sin standeth not in the following of necessary to salvation. In the name of the Adam (as the Pelagians do vainly talk ; )but it Holy Scripture we do understand those canon is the fault and corruption of the nature of every ical books of the Old and New-'i estament, of man, that naturally is engendered of the off. whose authority was never any doubt in the spring of Adam, whereby man is very far gone Church.
from originai righteousness, and is of his own
nature inclined to evil, SO that the flesh or of the names and number of the Canonical Books.
lusteth always contrary 10 the Spirit ; and
therefore in every person born into this world, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri, it deserveth God's wrath and damnation. Anú Deuteronomium, Joshue, Judges, Ruth, Thé ! this infection of nature doth remain, yea, in
them that are regenerated; whereby the lust ART. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. of the flesh, called in Greek, opovnua sapkos, which some do expound the 'Wisdom, some after baptism, is sin against the HOLY GHOST,
Not every deadly sin, willingly committed Sensuality, some the Affection, some the Desire and unpardonable. Wherefore the grant of of the Flesh, is not subject to the law of God. repentance is not to be denied to such as fal: And although there is no condemnation for them into sin after baptism. After we have received that believe and are baptized; yet the Apostle the HOLY GHOST, we may depart from grace doth confess, that concupiscence and lust hath given, and fall into sin, and by the grace of God of itself the nature of sin.
(we may) arise again, and amend our lives.
And therefore they are to be condemned, which Art. X. Of Free-Will.
say, they can no more sin as long as they live The condition of man after the fall of Adam here, or deny the place of forgiveness to such is such, that he cannot turn and prepare him.
as truly repent. self, by his own natural strength and good Art. XVII. Of Predestination and Election. works, to faith, and calling upon God: where. fore we have no power to do good works pleasant
Predestination to life is the everlasting pur. and acceptable to God, without the grace of pose of God, whereby (before the foundations God by Christ preventing us, that we may of the world were laid) he hath constantly have a good will, and working with us when decreed, by his counsel, secret to us, to deliver we have that good will.
from curse and damnation, those whom he hath
chosen in CHRIST out of mankind, and to bring Art. XI. Of the Justification of Man. them by CHRIST to everlasting salvation, as
vessels made to honour. Wherefore they which We are accounted righteous before God, only be endued with so excellent a benefit of GOD, for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus be called according to God's purpose by his Christ by faith; and not for our own works Spirit working in due season: they through or deservings. Wherefore, that we are justified grace obey the calling : they be justified freely: by faith only, is a most wholesome doctrine, they be made sons of God by adoption: they and very full of comfort, as more largely is be made like the image of his only begotten expressed in the Homily of Justification.
Son Jesus CHRIST: they walk religiously in ART. XII. Of good Works.
good works; and at length by God's mercy
they attain to everlasting felicity. Albeit that good works, which are the fruits As the godly consideration of predestination, of faith, and follow after justification, cannot and our election in CHRIST, is full of sweet, put away our sins, and endure the severity of pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly God's judgment; yet are they pleasing and persons, and such as feel in themselves the acceptable to God in Christ, and do spring out working of the Spirit of CHRIST, mortifying necessarily of a true and lively faith ; insomuch the works of the flesh and their earthly memthat by them a lively faith may be as evidently bers, and drawing up their mind to high and known, as a tree discerned by the fruit. heavenly things, as well because it doth greatly
establish and confirm their faith of eternal Art. XIII. Of Works before Justification. salvation, to be enjoyed through CHRIST, as
Works done before the grace of Christ, and because it doth fervently, kindle their love thuc inopiration of his Spirit, are not pleasint to towards GOD : so, for curious and carnal perGod, forasmuch as they spring not of faith in sons, lacking the Spirit of Onnist, to have JESUS CHRIST, neither do they make men continually before their eyes the sentence of meet to receive grace, or (as the School-God's predestination, is a most dangerous authors say) deserve grace of congruity : yea downfall, whereby devil doth thrust them rather, for that they are not done as God hath either into desperation, or into wretchlessness willed' and commanded them to be done, we
of most unclean living, no less perilous than doubt not but they have the nature of sin. desperation
Furthermore, we must receive God's proART. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation.
mises in such' wise as they be generally set
forth to us in holy Scripture : and in our Voluntary works, besides over and above doings, that will of God is to be followed, which God's commandments, which they call Works we have expressly declared unto us in the word of Supererogation, cannot be taught without of God. arrogancy and impiety. For by them men do declare, That they do not only render unto GOD ART. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal Salvation as much as they are bound to do, but that they
only by the Name of CHRIST. do more for his sake than of bounden duty is required: whereas Christ saith plainly, When
They are also to be had accursed, that pre. ye have done all that are commanded to you, the law or 'sect which he professeth, so that
sume to say, that every man shall be saved by say, We are unprofitable servants.
he be diligent to frame his life according to ART. XV. Of CHRIST alone without sin.
that law, and the light of nature. For holy
Scripture doth set out unto us only the name Christ in the truth of our nature, was made of Jesus CHRIST, whereby men must be saved. like unto us in all things, sin only except, from which he was clearly void, both in his flesh,
ART. XIX. Of the Church. and in his spirit. He came to be a Lamb The visible Church of CHRIST is a congregawithout spot, who by sacrifice of himself once tion of faithful men, in the which the pure made, should take away the sins of the world ; word of God is preached, and the sacraments and sin (as St. John saith) was not in him. be duly ministered according to CHRIST'S ordi But all we the rest (although baptized and born nance, in all those things that of necessity are again in CHRIST) yet offend in many things; requisite to the same. and if we say we have no sin, we deceive As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
and Antioch, have erred ; so also the Church
of Rome hath erred, not only in their living | wholesome effect or operation : but they that and manner of ceremonies, but also in matters receive them unworthily, purchase to them. of faith.
selves damnation, as St. Paul saith. ART. XX. Of the Authority of the Church. Art. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of Minis. The Church hath power to decree rites or
ters, which hinders not the effect of the
Sacraments. ceremonies, and authority in controversies of faith : and yet it is not lawful for the Church Although in the visible Church the evil be to ordain any thing that is contrary to God's ever mingled with the good, and sometime the word written ; neither may it so expound one evil have chief authority in the ministration of place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to the word and sacraments : yet, forasmuch as another. Wherefore, although the Church be they do not the same in their own name, but a witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, yet as it in CHRIST's, and do minister by his commission ought not to decree any thing against the same, and authority, we may use their ministry, both so besides the same ought it not to enforce any in hearing the word of God, and in receiving thing to be believed for necessity of salvation. the sacraments. Neither is the effect of
CHRIST's ordinance taken away by their wick: Art. XXI. Of the Authority of General
edness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished Councils. *
from such, as by faith, and rightly, do receive ART. XXII. Of Purgatory. the sacraments ministered unto them, which The Romish doctrine concerning purgatory, be effectual, because of CHRIST's institution and pardons, worshipping, and adoration, as welí promise, although they be ministered by evil of images, as of reliques, and also invocation of men. saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil rather repugnant to the word of God.
ministers, and that they be accused by those
that have knowledge of their offences : and ART. XXIII. Of Ministering in the finally being found guilty, by just judgment, be Congregation.
deposed. It is not lawful for any man to take upon him ART. XXVII. Of Baptism. the office of public preaching, or ministering the sacraments in the congregation, before he mark of difference, whereby Christian men are
Baptism is not only a sign of profession, and be lawfully called, and sent to execute the same.
discerned from others that be not christened : And those we ought to judge lawfully called but it is also a sign of regeneration, or new and sent, which be chosen and called to this birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that work by men who have public authority given receive baptism rightly are grafted into the unto them
in the congregation, to call and send Church : the promises of the forgiveness of sin, mhisters into the LORD's vineyard.
and of our adoption to be the sons of God by ART. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congre- the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed:
gation in such à tongue as the People faith is confirmed, and grace increased by understandeth.
virtue of prayer unto GOD. The baptism of It is a thing plainly repugnant to the word young children is in any wise to be retained in of God, and the custom of the primitive Church, the Church as most agreeable with the institu. to have public prayer in the Church, or to
tion of CHRIST. minister the sacraments in a tongue not under.
Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. standed of the people.
The Supper of the LORD is not only a sign of ART. XXV. Of the Sacraments,
the love that Christians ought to have among
themselves one to another; but rather it is a Sacraments ordained of CHRIST be not only sacrament of our redemption by CHRIST'S badges or tokens of Christian men's profession; death: insomuch that to such as rightly, but rather they be certain sure witnesses, and worthily, and with faith receive the same, the effectual signs of grace, and God's good will bread which we break is a partaking of the towards us, by the which he doth work | body of Christ ; and likewise the cup
of blessinvisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but ing is a partaking of the blood of CHRIST. also strengthen and confirm our faith in him. There are two sacraments ordained of Christ substance of bread and wine) in the Supper of
Transubstantiation (or the change of the our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, the LORD, cannot be proved by Holy Writ; but and the Supper of the LORD.
it is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, Those five commonly called Sacraments, that, overthroweth the nature of a sacrament, and is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, hath given occasion to many superstitions. Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be
The body of Christ is given, taken, and counted for sacraments of the Gospel, being eaten in the supper, only after an heavenly and such as have grown, partly of the corrupt spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the following of the apostles, partly are states of body of Christ is received and eaten in the life allowed by the Scriptures; but yet have. Supper, is faith. not like nature of sacraments with Baptism and The sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not the Lord's Supper, fox that they have not any | by CHRIST's ordinance reserved, carried about, visible sign or ceremony ordained of God. The sacraments were not ordained of CHRIST
lifted up, or worshipped. to be gazed upon, or to be carried about, but | Art. XXIX. Of the wicked, which eat not that we should duly use them. And in such of the Body of Christ in the use of the only as worthily receive the same, they have a
The wicked, and such as be void of a lively • The Twenty-first of the former Articles faith, although they do carnally and visibly is omitted, because it is partly of a local and press with their teeth (as St. Augustine saith) civil nature, and is provided for, as to the the sacrament of the body and blood of CHRIST; remaining parts of it, in other articles. yet in no wise are they partakers of CHRIST ;
but rather to their condemnation do eat and
3. Of repairing and keeping clean of drink the sign or sacrament of so great a thing.
4. Of good Works : first of Fasting. The cup of the LORD is not to be denied to
5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. the lay people : for both parts of the Lord's
6. Against Excess of Apparel. sacrament by CHRIST's ordinance and com
7. Of Prayer. mandment, ought to be ministered to all
8. Of the Place and Time of Prayer. Christian men alike.
9. That Common Prayers and Sacra.
ments ought to be ministered in a ART. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of CHRIST
known Tongue. finished upon the Cross.
10. Of the reverent Estimation of God's The offering of Christ once made, is that Word. perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction 11. Of Alms-doing. for all the sins of the whole world, both original 12. Of the Nativity of CHRIST. and actual; and there is none other satisfaction 13. Of the Passion of CHRIST. for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacri. 14. Of the Resurrection of CHRIST. fice of masses, in which it was commonly said, 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacra. that the priest did offer CHRIST for the quick ment of ihe Body and Blood of and the dead, to have remission of pain or
CHRIST. guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy GĦOST. deceits.
17. Bor the Rogation-days. Art. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
18. Of the State of Matrimony.
19. Of Repentance. Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not commanded by God's law, either to vow the estate
20. Against Idleness. of single life, or to abstain from marriage :
21. Against Rebellion. therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other [This Article is received in this Church, so Christian men, to marry at their own discretion, far as it declares the Books of Homilies to be an as they shall judge the same to serve better to explication of Christian doctrine, and instructive godliness.
in piety and morals. But all references to the
constitution and laws of England are considered ART. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, as inapplicable to the circumstances of this how they are to be avoided.
Church, which also suspends the order for the That person which by open denunciation of reading of said Homilies in churches until a the Church is rightly cut off from the unity of revision of them may be conveniently made, the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be for the clearing of them, as well from obsolete taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as words and phrases, as from the local references. ] an Heathen and publican, until he be openly | ART. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops reconciled by penance, and received into the
and Ministers. Church by a judge that hath authority thereunto.
The Book of Consecration of Bishops, and ART. XXXIV. of the Traditions of the Ordering of Priests and Deacons, as set forth Church
by the General Convention of this Church in It is not necessary that traditions and cere- 1792, doth contain all things necessary to such monies be in all places one, or utterly like; for consecration and ordering; neither hath it any at all times they have been divers, and may be thing that, of itself, is superstitious and ungodly : changed according to the diversity' of countries, and, therefore, whosoever are consecrated or times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordered according to said form, we decree all ordained against God's word. Whosoever, such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consethrough his private judgment, willingly and crated and ordered. purposely doth openly break the traditions and Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil ceremonies of the Church, which be not repug:
Magistrates. nant to the word of God, and be ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be
The power of the civil magistrate extendeth rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the to all men, as well clergy as laity, in all things like) as he that offendeth against the common temporal;, but hath no authority in things order of the Church, and hurteth the authority purely spiritual. And we hold it to be the of the magistrate, and woundeth the consciences duty of all men who are professors of the of the weak brethren.
Gospel, to pay respectful obedience to the civil Every particular or national Church hath authority, regularly and legitimately constituted authority to ordain, change, and abolish cere. ART. XXXVIII. of Christian Men's Goods, monies, or rites of the Church, ordained only
which are not common. by man's authority, so that all things be done to edifying.
The riches and goods of Christians are not
common, as touching the right, title, and posART. XXXV. Of Homilies.
session of the same, as certain Anabaptists do The second Book of Homilies, the several falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, ought of such things as he possesseth, liberally doth contain a godly and wholesome doctrine, to give alms to the poor, according to his ability. and necessary for these times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oath in the time of Edward the Sixth, and therefore
As we confess that vain and rash swearing is we judge them to be read in churches by the forbidden Christian men by our Lord JESUS ministers diligently and distinctly, that they CHRIST, and James his Apostle : so we judge may be understanded of the people.
that Christian religion doth not prohibit, but
that a man may swear when the magistrate Of the Names of the Homilies.
requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it 1. Of the right Use of the Church. be done according to the prophet's teaching in 2. Against Peril of Idolatry.
justice, judgment, and cruth.
FORM AND MANNER OF MAKING, ORDAINING, AND CONSECRATING
BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS,
ACCORDING TO THE ORDER OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES 0
AMERICA, AS ESTABLISHED BY THE BISHOPS, THE CLERGY, AND LAITY OF SAID CHURCH, IN GENERAL CONVENTION, IN THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER, A. D. 1792.
It is evident unto all men, diligently reading holy Scripture and ancient authors, that from the
Apostles' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in CHRIST's Church,-Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. Which offices were evermore had in such reverend estimation, that no man might presume to execute any of them, except he were first called, tried, examined, and known to have such qualities as are requisite for the same; and also by public prayer, with imposition of hands, were approved and admitted thereunto by lawful authority. And therefore, to the intent that these Orders may be continued, and reverently used and esteemed in this Church, no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said functions, except he be called, tried, examined, and admitted thereunto, according to the form hereafter following, or hath had
Episcopal Consecration or Ordination. And none shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except he be of the age which the Canon
in that case provided may require. And the Bishop knowing, either by himself, or by sufficient testimony, any person to be a man
of virtuous conversation, and without crime; and, after examination and trial, finding him sufficiently instructed in the holy Scripture, and otherwise learned as the Canons require, may, at the times appointed, or else, on urgent occasion, upon some other day, in the face of the Church, admit him a Deacon, in such manner and form as followeth.
THE FORM AND MANNER OF MAKING DEACONS.
When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended, there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as come to be admitted Deacons ; how necessary that Order is in the Church of CHRIST, and also how the people
ought to esteem them in their office. * A Priest shall present unto the Bishop, sitting which he ought not to be admitted to
in his chair near to the holy table, such as that Office, let him come forth in the desire to be ordained Deacons, each of them name of God, and show what the crime being decently habited, saying these words :
or impediment is. REVEREND father in God, I pre- . And if any great crime or impediment be sent unto you these persons present, to objected, the Bishop shall cease from Ordering be admitted Deacons.
that person, until such time as the party
accused shall be found clear of that crime. 1 The Bishop.
1 Then the Bishop (commending such as shall TAKE heed that the persons whom
be found meet to be Ordered, to the prayers
of the congregation) shall, with the clergy ye present unto us, be apt and meet for
and people present, say the Litany. their learning and godly conversation, Then shall be said the Service for the Comto exercise their ministry duly to the
munion, with the Collect, Epistle, and Gospel,
as followeth. honour of God, and the edifying of his Church.
The Collect. 1 The Priest shall answer :
ALMIGHTY God, who by thy I HAVE inquired concerning them, divine Providence hast appointed divers and also examined them, and think them orders of ministers in thy Church, and so to be.
didst inspire thine Apostles to choose
into the Order of Deacons the first Then the Bishop shall say unto the People :
martyr Saint Stephen, with others; BRETHREN, if there be any of mercifully; behold these thy servants you, who knoweth any impediment, or now called to the like office and adminotable crime in any of these persons nistration; so replenish them with the presented to be ordered Deacons, for the truth of thy doctrine, and adorn them