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ty first struck out by Swift which their private views ; the supinewas attended with the greatest ness of others arising from debenefit to numbers of ihe lowest spondency; the general informaclass of tradesmen. He lent ont tion of the richer sort, in adopting 500 pounds to poor industrious certain modes and customs to the tradesmen in small sums of 5 & 10 | last degree ruinous to their counpounds, to be repaid weekly, at 2 try ; together with the miseries of or 4 shillings without interest. As the poor, and the universal face of the suine thus weekly paid in poverty and distress that overspread were lent out again to others at a | a kingdom, on which nature had particular day in each month, this scattered her bounties with a lavish quick circolation doubled the bene- hand, and which properly used fit arising from the original gum. might have rendered it one of the In order to insure this fund from happiest regions in the world : all destruction, he laid it down as a these acted as a perpetual corrorule that none should be partakers | sive to the free and generous spi
from curity for the regular repayment of possessing his soul in peace. it in the manner proposed. Thus
Whenever Swift fell into comdid this fund continue undiminish
pany of any person for the first ing to the last ; and small as the lume, it was his custom 10 try their spring was, yet, by continual fowing, it watered and enriched the abrupt question that bore the ap
tempers and disposition, by some húinble'vale through which it ran,
pearance of madness. If this were still extending and widening its well taken, and answered with course.
good humour, he afterwards made Swift was raised by his country- | amends by his civilities. But if he men to a rank beyond the power of
saw any marks of resentment from monarchs to bestow; he was con- alarmed pride, vanity, or conceit, sidered by all the first men in the
he dropped all further intercourse realm the general object of vene- ll with the party. falion to all who wished well to their country, and of dread to those There was no vice in the world who betrayed its interests; yet he Swift so much abhored as hypocwas far from being at all satisfied ricy; and of consequence nothing with his situation. The load of he dreaded so much as to be susoppression under which Ireland |pected of it. This naturally led, groaned for the tyrannic system of to make him verge sometimes too government over that country es. much to the other extreme; and tablished by the false politics of made him often conceal his piety, England : the base corruption of with more care, than others take some of the principle natives, who to conceal their vices. I have been acrificed the public interest to" assued by Doctor Delany who
lived for a considerable time in his impression he had made on their house, that he resided with him minds. No sooner was his death for more than six months, before announced, than the citizens gathhe knew, or so much as suspected ered from all quarters and forced that he ever read prayers to his their way in crowds into the house, family. Which nevertheless he to pay the last tribute of grief to consantly did, at a fixed hour erery their departed benefactor. Nothing "might in his own bed-chamber; to but lamentations were heard all which the servants regalarly & si around the quarter where he lived. "Icatiy resorted at the time appoint- | Happy were they wlio first got ined without any notice from a bell, to the chamber where he lay, to or audible call of any kind, except i procure, by bribes to the servants, the striking of a clock. And I am locks of his hair, to be handed well assured, that when he lived | down as sacred relics to their posin London, his constant way was terity. And so eager
were numto go'to early prayers and sacra. bers to obtain at any price this ment; which he thought made precious memorial, that in less him less distinguished in his devo- | than an hour, his venerable head tionts, yet when his duty called on was entirely stripped of all ils silhim either as a parish priest, or ver ornaments, so that not a hair dean, no one performed all the remained. He was buried in the functions of that sacred office in a most private manner, according more exemplary manner, because
lo directions in his will, in the in this case nothing of ostentation great aisle of St. Patrick's Cathecould be imputed to him.
dral, and by way of a monument, Lord Bolingbroke, who knew
a slab of black maible was placed Swift well, in two words, summed against the wall, on which was up his character in this respect, by engraved the following Lalin episaying that Swift was a hypocrite il taph, written by himself. reversed. He always appeared to Hic depositum est corpus the world in a mask, which he Jonathan Swift, S. T. P. never took off but in the company Hugus Ecclesiæ Cathedralis of his most intimate friends.
Ubi saeva indignatio ry was greatly impaired, and his Ulterius cor lacerare nequit. other faculties of imagination and
Abi, viator, intellect decayed, in proportion as
Et imitare, si potenis, the stores front which they were Strenuum pro virilli libertatis van. supplied diminished.
dicem, He died October 29, 1745.
Obiit anno (1745) The behaviour of the citizens Mensis (Octobris) die (19) of Dublin, on this occasion, gave Aetatis anno (78.) the strongest proof of the deep
The above is a correct drawing For the Lady's Miscellany. of my new invented instrument, It will be exactly two years on and the subjgined are the experithe next anniversity of American.
ments made with it: they would independence, since I first com
bave been more numerous, if my menced working at a LITERARY
collection of books had been more THERMOMETER, Various occurrences not worth mentioning, hin. extensive, but as 1. purpose visita dered its completion until the 17th ing the City Library, the public of March, 1811, on the moining
may expect to hear from me of that day 1 completed it, and
gain. now send a drawing of my instrument, with a few hasty experj. ments.
Junathan S-visi-On applying Although I purpose going to my, Thermometer to the writings Washington in a few days 10 sec of this justly celebrated Irish wit, cure a patent for my invention, I have no objection to the publicity of different calents ; so much good
I found such a wonderful display of this article, accempanied by a wood cut, discriptive of my instru. sense and.“ strength of reasoning, ment, if executed by the ingeni- joined to so pure and wasterly a ous Mr. Anderson.
style," that I was induced to place My nalive country is entirely him first on my list. ' free from serpents. My adopted nearly so of criticks; with the assistance of my. Thermometer, and
Wben Swift's earliest produce 2 work I am about giving to the tion, the Tale of a. Tub, came in. world, · Every man bis own critic,'
contract with my instrument, the great hopes. may be entertained that those pests to society will critique, or liquid contained in the soon be compelled to resign the glass iube, was thrown in great quill, shut up shop, and finally be commotion. It played with the utcome useful members to society. mast velocity between 5 and 9.; 6 LITERARY THERMOMETER. and 9 however appeared to be the
peints of greaļest attraction. When Genius improved by learn- bis Discourse of the Contest and 8! Genius.
[ing. Dissentions in Athens and Rome 7 Learning
was brought in contract, the critiWit and Humour.
que appeared to be stationary at 7,
but when his argument against aOriginality.
bolishing christianity was brought Pathos.
to the test, the critique again got Bombast.
in commotion and played from 2 Plagiary.
5 to 7. It kept the same points 1 Insipidity.
when I turned to those brazen ol
monuments of his fame, the Dra, Ignorance.
pier's I.eltere. I found little variation on trying his Examinera, &c.
&c. but when Gulliver's Travels of this justly celebrated French came to be examined, the critique critic, will deny it deserves to be flew to the top of the tube, with a clàssed at o; and all who have force that nearly destroyed the in read his sattires,or his poem “Le struinent, and gave my hand which Lutrin," will concur at my placing held it a shock equal to that from them at 6. His works, taken 10a powerful electrifying machine. -- gether, entitle him to rank high When turning over the leaves of on the Thermometer. this moral political romance, the
Corneille-The Shakespeare of critique played from 5 to 9 ard from 9 to 5 in the most curious
the French stage. His work en
tiile him to credit at 8 and 7. 8, manner ; its motion was quick with a distinct pause at each point
the point of greatest attraction. of criticism, When his letters to
Racine--when his Phedre came Dr Sheridan, at the time Stella's in contract, the critique stood at 9, jife was despaired of, came in con
it remained at that point when tract, the critique flew to 4, it re- Iphigene, Athalie, and Brittaricus, mained at that point on turning o
came to the test. His Epigrams ver his letters to Stella, giving an
and Les Plaideurs, caused a variaaccount of the stabbing of Mr.
tion to 5 and 6. Harley, as also at the account of the illness and death of poor Iar Moliere-On first applying his ‘rison.-Swift's works may with comedies, the critique stood appajustice be set down 5 to 9. rently fixed at 6, but it soon got in
motion and played from 5 to 7. Burk-On turning over the leaves of this great man's work ? Shakspeare. When the dramat. was found the most prevalent | ic works of this sweet poet of napoint, yet 9, 8 and 6; caused many ture" came in contract with the variations. A momentary pause Thermometer, the critique was of the coitique was once observed observed in the greatest commo. between 6 and 5, 5 appeared to tian playing from 8 to 6, and frehave greater attraction than 6.
quently to 5 and 4.-8 and 6 the Cumberland - When the instru.
inost at ragtive. ment was Arst applied to the work's
Laurence Sterne--Twice have of this man, the critiquc made a
I been consumptive, and twice dead set at 6, from that it rose to 7,
have I laughed myself out of it, and then to 8, from this point it by the perusal of this odd fellows made many flights 10 4, 6 and 7
works. My wife attributes my the greater puinis of attrac:ion.
last cure entirely to the use of the Muns. Boileau Despreeux-Who Alcornoque wood; on this point that has ever read "L'art Poetique" she and I differ, yet I am not fear.
ful of saying, that to remove con- li opposite 2.
opposite 2. This supposed varia . sumptive cases, the utmost confi- tion was soon accounted for, for on, denice might be placed on the ef- rubbing the tube I found it nothing ficacy of this wood.
more than a little blood from the
finger of this would be wit., Sierne's laugh and be fat medi
MACTWOLTER. cine, may not be equally applicable to all constitutions; goats milk by many is considered preferable, and
THE OBSERVER, in stubborn cases the Alcornoque is prefered to either ; yet in my
NUMBER VIII. opinion every family should pos
'The value of supposed advant-.. sess Sterne's works, and all cap
ages is best known by comparison.. tains of vessels to be as particular They who possess groveling minds, in having them on board, as they seek others that are like their own, would the medicine chest. But
and delight themselves with a to my subject. When the instru
combination of interest. Men oft ment was applied to S:erne's Tris
corrupt minds, abandon'd wretch, tram Shandy, the critique appear-les, of profligate principles, herd ed stationary at 6, but it soon got
together like beasts of the fields, in inotion and played from 4,to 9.
and lay plans to riot on the destruc8 and 6 were the greatest points tion of others ;-the baccanalion of attraction. When the Sentiment.
roar is let loose, and the yeil of al Journey came in contract, 4 was anticipated triumph already refound the most attractive, yet 6 sounds ;--slaves to a base and tycaused many flights to 7; 8, and 9, ranical master, whose wages are, but little variation was found on Jeath, thus hie to deeds of misapplying the instrument to the chief under his influence, and glut Fragments, Letters, Koran, &c.
their passions on the basest indul
gencies; and yet value themselves A person looking over my shoul
happy, der who had made many unsuccessful attempts in imitation of These are the sons of vico, who Sterne's style, shewed great un. assume the titles of libertines and easiness at the motion of the criti free-thinkers ;-when in truth; que in my experiments, and play- they are druilges, hard labourers, ing with a penknife to hide his un and disorganizers. They whọ thus easiness, unfortunately run it into pursue the service of Lucifer, his finger. This accident caused drag with them, the badges of me for a short time to suspend my bondage, and weary themselves . amusement, on resuning it, I was with their own vanity; their fancisurprised to find a red liquid, re. ed pleasures, pierce their own souls; senbling the critiquos on the tube | imaginary joys, are like the grapes