« 前へ次へ »
bo beter that we could exchange, a poem in the opinion of those who the p opensity for a pliilosophical confine this itim to what is heroic piry; but it is easier and more or mai vellous ; but it is a poem in ce. tain to employ the malice natu those who mare poely lo consist ral io maiškind in the correction of in invention and picture.
To some the vines ; as
we employ the it appears, that a Comedy which is pois is of one diamond to poiish in verse is a poem, and that a Comano:-.er. This improvement is edy in prosc is not so ; and they the objuce or the end of Conicdy. argue, thal measure is as esaential
10 poetry as lo music. But this is It is a common error to distin- , the mere squeamishness of critiguish Trandy from Comedy by cism. the rank of its personages; for the King of Thebis, and even Jupiter The approximation of the fichimself. are comic pe so a, esin' tion to real life is the generale rule Ao.phy rion. di is a
of dramatic composition But this to distinguish the former fiom the approximation must be greaier latter, by the heights of the pas. in Comedy than in Tragedy ; for sions which it represents ; for the the acuon of Comedy is more fa. despair of the miser for the loss of miliar , there is of consequence, a his purse, is as great as the des
more rigid attention io iife expecpair of the most accomplished lov. ted frosa the comic than the tragic er for the supposed or real deser-! poet. Hence, it is, that in Comedy tion of his mistiess. Misfurtues
the theatrical illusion must esult perils, dansers, and built at senti- from the unity of the piece, the ments, characterise Tragedy ; but
exactness of characier, the ease common interests and common
ank' simplicity of the plot, the facharacters are peculiar to Come
mi iar proprieiy of the dialogue, cy. The former paints men as
the jusiness of the sentiments, they are sometime: ; the latier and the are which conceals art in describes them as they are
the production of the situations. monly. Tragerly is a representa. If we consider the multitude tion of history : Comedy is a por
of Strokes which ale nccessatrait, not indeed of one individual,
ry to charucierize a comic perbut of several, or of a society. It snage, we shall be api lo conought not, however, 10 be forgot, ciude, that a Coniedy is an exthat vice is not appropriated to aggerated imitation of life. In Comedy, but in so far as it excites fact, it is difficult to conceive, that ridicule or contempt,
one man in one day should give so
many examples of avarice as the Some authors have asked, Is Miser in Moliere. But this exagComedy a poem? This is a des geration, while it is produes by
covered by art ; and it is this 'arı ll which ough: pever to appear in which is the most dificult pro omedy ; but which often disvince of the comic drama.
Face many celebrated dramas.
T'ne first is a play of words. This In a country where every man jeebie source of wit ought to be is in some measure a part of the eli lo those miserable wriiers who legislature, and takes a pride in jave 1o abuity, no learning, and being independent, there must ex no lase. The second is obsceniist a great many original charac- llty. There are men so involved in ters, and there must rise up per vice, and so accustomed to impu: petual materials for Comedy.
-itics, that they a. e delighted with Affectations of singularity give a strokes of this kind. Bat the dan. zest to pleasantry. Such is the ger to manieis, and the delicacy high and fruitful sources of the that is due to women, ought to comic drama of England. It is proscribe ali sallies of this kind.simple, natural, and philosophical ; It is wrong, however, to suppose but it is sometimes careless, and that there can be no wit in ob sometimes obscene.
sceni'y. There may be a feat
deal. The thi d is a propensity In France, a country where the
to parody. This defect is comforms of the government give a mon among writers who have no stability to polished and soft man- Winvention. A Burlesque imiration ners, there are fewer distinctions
or parody of a great author may of character. One man is a repre. indeed dispose an audience to sentative of the nation. Here, liauch: but while it is meant to the: efore, Comedy is less rich and vilify any noble passages, it is at various. But it is more polite. e same time so easy, that the ef. more elevated, and more refined.
fort can merit no praise. AristoWith reyard to utility and mollplanes was the first author who rals, it is to be thought that Com- lindulged in this practice ;. but this edy is more advantageous than merit cannot give a sanction to its Tragedy. The scenes it describes and perhaps it ought never to be are more in the ordinary course of followed but to humble some wri. human irfe. The examples it holds ter of eininence, who is disposed out are therefore more striking to be impudent or vain. interesting, and instructive. Iis ridicule excites shame ; and the Some pious divines have expride of men is piqued to avoid claimed against Comedies, as de: contempt. Indeed virtue may rank Structive to religion and morality : pride among the chief of its sup. but these grave and insipid perports.
sonages did not perceive, that it is.
the object of Comedy to reform There are three circumstances ll mankind, by exhibiting their de
fects and ridicuting the vices. It in professing love, but in endeayaccordingly has produced a great oring io ve like our father in hea. deal of sood in go iey. Perhaps, veli, wio is kind to the evil and unindeed, it has been more success thankful. Where dirine love is fu, in this way ihut even the pul- made the mo.ion to social, the pit; and this very ciscumstance Darrow anu se fish vanish in the may very possibly be the secret expanded sliean of benevolent reason, why the clergy have been sensulions. Christian love glowSO as duvus to delame the theatre.
by warm and genuine in the Bu: the theatre will last as long «S heari, consumes the force of the the church; and, as Comedians selfish principle ; as the rod of A
now growing in o respect, aio swallowed up the rods of the they may take a fancy to instruci magicians. more by heir wives and conversation, than the bench of Bishops. Short intervals of absence from They act their paris, at least, with the peopled world, are indeed, ausinfinitely greater care and coter-picions to virtue ; but continued, tainment.
and habitual solitude cbills the bo. som against the warm impulses of
benevolence, and freezes the best $ ELECTED
bluod, that the sympathetic affec.
tions would circulate thiough the For the Lady's Miscellany. heart. In Paradise it was not CHIARITY.
good for man to be alone; and
Certainly, in that state of complicalThe love of God, to be pure and ed joy and surrow 10 which we are holy,must be identified with the love! born, and in which we have to live, of our neighbour. It other words it cannot be good for us to be a. divine love, impelling us to do lone. the fading spirits require good to all men as we have oppor- ! the refreshing intercoui se of socitunity. His bosom, therefore, pos- el. sesses the genuine principle of divine love, the elementary Blaine of The messenger of immortality immorial happiness, whose actions has denounced the selfish in this and affections are consonate to the aulul sen:ence-"Go ye cursed two great commandmicots. Thus into everlasting ;" while they, who the Christian system blends reli- fccling the divine glow of love ungion and mortality in an indissolu. feigneu, labor, like ministering anble union. "The ncglcct of one is gels, to soothe the diversified misthe neglecl of both. To disjoin cries of human life, shall be called devotion and morals is to renounce blessed of my Father ,' and when the Gospel. The purest adoration all the grandeur of the world which we can pay to God, is not' crumbles into dust, shall shine like
the s'ars forever. Thus it appears your eyes, because I am so strange Wat the iese of visai religion, is not a fellow as to consider them phiLigh professions nor meiely the losophically. They are very brileffervessing sensations of devotion liant, to be sure ; but wiat are al zeal but the exercise of those they? What are they, madan, ab benevolent sympathies, which en origine? Fops, fools, and poets dear men to God while they en. would in their usual airy manner, dear them to each o her. Let us tell you, that they were made of constantly try ourselves by this celesial fire ; that they were two iest, and we shall not be deceived. animated balls of beauty ; two
love-darting mirrors, formed by But if we make religion to con
the graces, and a pack of such sist in those 'umultuous emotions stuff: but I scorn 'o figure away which do not lead us to be hum
at the expence of fair truth. I ble, compassionate or kind, or in a
write in honest prose, madam ; bare assent to those doctrines and therefore, in honest piose I which have no influence on human tell you, that those same balls of conduct, we are only opening a etherial beauty, those same lovedoor by which fanaticism and ny- dar:ing mirrors, are at best two pocricy may enter into this sanc pieces of ordinary clay varnishtuary and usurp the name of that ed. The varnish I allow is good, Spirit which abounds in the fruits
and well put on ; thanks to the of righteousness.
sound health of your father and
mother : but what of all this? I From the Freemason's Magazine.
am not such a short-sighted amo
rous puppy, but I can look forGENUINE LOVE-LETTER
ward, a little beyond the length of Peter Plainman to Priscilla Pru.
my nose, to the time when the dish.
gloss will all be worn away ; when MADAM,
the japan of nature will be utterly I am a little afraid you and I gone ; and the devil a spark of shall never come together. There | fire will you have about you. If is that expectation of flattery about you live long enough, you will be you that I cannot bear. Yet, as I purblind ; and then what becomes love you well enough to be honest of your love darters ? don't be -a bold word that I will once for quite so vain, iny young beauty. all speak my mind ; and I desire Another mighty maller upon your aftention. I believe I do not which you have, il seems, to pique admire you or value you for any yourself is your face : I mean such one of those charms which you tbings as we cail cheeks, lips, and admire and value yourself. I complexion. I wish it io be known do not for instance, pay any adora- | to you, that I have but a very poor tion to the present brightness allopinion of these divine graces, as
you call them.
Some time ago, I hear, or read of such idle and vain remember you showed ine, in a flattery, I exclaim, with the modgreat air of triumph, a paper esicontempt for which my charac. sciawied upon by some florid pup ter is noted, py of your acquainiance, who swore, (in very sorry verses) that The De'el take these wits, they're your cheek threw into utier des jackasses !
Tumble down their vile books from pair all the lillies and roses in the
my sientes; crea 101 ; your skin, 100, was, if I
The goddesses makes of our lasses, recollect, polished marble ; ' the
And simpleloas make of themselves. veins were compared to the azure of the third heaven i and the co Fidelity, my dear Priscilla, prolor was whiter than alabaster.- duces the endearing tie of mu: ual Tis a lie, Priscilla, 'uis a sad jie ; love increasing every day, and end. you are indebied to poetical fic- ing but with life i for want of this tion for all this trash : the rogues many a girl is foolishly betrayed : who deal in it have, as they tell Seduced by flattering lies, which us, a license from Apollo to play il cancel every lie and noble virive in such tricks with idle girls and the breast ; for what is begun boys ivlo believe them. For my with lies ends usually with sorrow. part I never could be taken in by Piain sincerity, whooing unadornthe tag of rhynie, nor the callenge ed simplicity, will produce better of a couplei, nor the transposition frui than all the contagious levi. of ten sällcy syllables si C. I was cies courived by the dreamers upon bo n.
I always looked upon the the two-lopt hill they call Parnas. as mere ear-traps Whal a colec sus can do. lios of falsics is cra, indeed ! I never saw a pair of checks in my Sincerity is now so little known, life that were fairer than a lilly.nor and so arely praciised, that the a pair of lips that were redce than name alonc is scarcly remembered. a rose. As to alabaster, I will take Courtship is now only carried on as upon me to say, there never was a a trial of dexterity; hypocrisy sup. woman's skin half so white in the
ports the faul, uill avarice or in. whole world i and I should be very terest find a fii occasion to wiib. glad to see a complexion so well diaw the mask ; then, Priscilla, polished as a picce of Egyptian protestations and artificial graces marble.
No, no: these fighis vanish into air ; and the phanwon't pass upon men of cool prose. rom, called friendship, gives way They won't do with men of cool re to the most sordid vices.
Love, ficcion, who consider things not or whatever it is called, flies out as they ought to be, but as they of the window : and the deluded are, and as they will become a victims to their imaginations, SOOR little time hence : so that when I discoverthey dreamed only in court