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ITALIAN SCHOOL. 000000 AN. CARRACCHIO. 000000 PRIVATE COLLECTION.
Of an illustrious roman family, saint Gregory was at first prætor at Rome. Contemning riches and grandeur, he retired into a monastery he had caused to be built at the invocation of saint Andrew. Pope Pelage II drew him from his relreat to make him one of the seven deacons of Rome, next sent him in quality of nuncio to Constantinople, and afterwards named him his secretary. At the death of his patron the pope, in 590, he was elected his successor.
The new pope exerted all his zeal to arrest the progress of the plague, which had just began to manifest itself, and to extinguish the schism which then existed. He assembled several councils to maintain ecclesiastical discipline, and repress the incontinence of the clergy. He reformed the service of the church, but it is believed he had several works burnt of the ancients, which however, was more owing to the gothic ignorance of that age than to his own personal character; as in seeking to convert heretics, he wished persuasion and not violence to be employed. He put a stop to the vexations exercised against the Jews for bringing them over to christiany. He was the first also who took the title of servant of the servants of God.
This picture, one of the best of Annibal Carrachio, represenls the pope praying in the company of two angels; it formerly decorated the church of Saint-Gregory at Rome, was brought to England at the beginning of the present century, and sold to lord Rodstock; it has been since transferred to the marquis of Stafford's gallery.
Height, 8 feet; breadth, 4 feet 9 inches.
ECOLE ITALIENNE. o00ococe J. RIBERA. 0000-00-00 GAL. DE L'ESCURIAL.
JOSEPH DANS LA PRISON.
Pharaon, roi d'Égypte, mécontent de la conduite de son grand échanson et de son grand panetier, les fit mettre en prison; ils s'y trouvèrent réunis avec Joseph, que Putiphar y avait aussi envoyé.
Si nous voyons maintenant quelques personnes avoir recours aux tireurs de cartes, dans l'espoir de connaître leur bonne ou mauvaise aventure, il en arrivait de même dans l'antique et sage Égypte. Les deux officiers du roi ayant eu chacun un songe dans la même nuit, cherchèrent à en avoir l'explication afin de connaître leur destinée. Ils racontèrent à Joseph ce qu'ils avaient vu pendant leur sommeil. Le grand échanson lui dit qu'il avait vu un cep de vigne qui avait trois provins, où il poussa premièrement des boutons, ensuite des fleurs, et enfin du raisin : « Je pris ces raisins, les pressai dans la coupe du roi , et la lui présentai. , Joseph lui dit : « Ces trois provins sont trois jours, et alors le roi se souviendra de vous, et vous rétablira dans votre charge. »
Le grand panetier dit à son tour que pendant son sommeil il portait sur sa têle trois corbeilles remplies de pain très blanc, ainsi que de tous les gâteaux qu'on peut servir sur la table du roi, et les oiseaux venaient en manger. Joseph lui dit : « Les trois corbeilles désignent aussi trois jours, après lesquels le roi se souviendra de vous, mais pour vous ôler la vie; on vous attachera à une croix, et les oiseaux viendront déchirer vos entrailles. »
Ce tableau est au palais de l'Escurial; il a été gravé par Bannerman.
ITALIAN SCHOOL. 00000000 J. RIBERA. 04000000 ESCURIAL GALLERY.
JOSEPH IN PRISON,
Pharaoh, king of Egypt, displeased at the conduct of his chief butler and first baker, sent them to prison , wbere they were confined in the same place with Joseph , incarcerated by Potiphar.
If in our days there are people who seek to know their destinies by fortune-tellers, the same thing happened formerly in The antique and wise Egypt. The king's two officers having each had a dream the same night , sought an explanation of them to become acquainted with their fate. They related to Joseph what they had seen in their sleep. The chief butler said ; «In my dream behold a vine was before me; and in the vine were three branches; and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot fort; and the clusters thereof brought forth ripe grapes; and I took these grapes and pressed them in the king's cup and presented it to him. » Joseph then said : « The three branches are three days, within which time Pharaoh shall remember thee and restore the into thy place. »
The chief baker in his turn said that in his dreain he had three baskets on his head full of white bread and baked meats, and the birds came and eat of them. Joseph answered : « The three baskets signify also three days, within that time the king shall lift up thy head from of thee and hang it on a cross; and i he birds shall eat thy flesh from of thee. o
This picture is at the palace of the Escurial; it has been engraved by Bannerman.